Morgan v. Illinois, 504 U. S. 719, is a case decided by the United States Supreme Court. In an elaboration of the Witherspoon v. Illinois doctrine, the Rehnquist Court considered challenges to the selection of jurors who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty on a defendant convicted of a capital offense. In a 6-3 decision, Justice White wrote for the majority that a defendant facing the death penalty may challenge for cause a prospective juror who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty in every case. Just as a juror, unalterably opposed to the imposition of the death penalty must be excluded because he or she cannot conscientiously fulfill the oath to follow the law and the instructions to the jury pursuant thereto, so should one who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty be excluded for the same reason; such a juror, he emphasized, would lack the qualities of impartiality and indifference required by due process. Furthermore, Justice White noted, jurors who would automatically vote to impose the death penalty would not "in good faith... consider evidence of aggravating and mitigating circumstances" as may be required by law and included in jury instructions.
List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 504 List of United States Supreme Court cases Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court Belt, John C.. "Morgan v. Illinois: The Right to Balance Capital Sentencing Juries as to Their Views on the Death Sentence Is Finally Granted to Defendants". New Mexico Law Review. 24: 145–170. Dillehay, Ronald C.. "Life under Wainwright v. Witt: Juror Dispositions and Death Qualification". Law and Human Behavior. 20: 147–165. Doi:10.1007/BF01499352. Text of Morgan v. Illinois, 504 U. S. 719 is available from: Findlaw Justia Library of Congress Oyez
Atticus Ronald Shaffer is an American actor known for playing Brick Heck on the ABC sitcom The Middle, as well as for voicing Edgar in the film Frankenweenie and Ono on the Disney Junior series The Lion Guard, for his brief appearance in Hancock. The role for which Shaffer is thus far most well-known is that of Brick Heck, a character in the American television sitcom The Middle; the role was played by Shaffer during the show's entire nine-season run, from 2009 to 2018. Brick is the youngest of the three Heck siblings, is intelligent and smarter than most people his age, he has an ongoing fascination with fonts. Brick is awkward, overlooked by the members of his family, such as via forgotten birthdays; the series and its cast were nominated dozens of times for awards, won over a dozen collectively. In a Wired magazine interview published in January 2013, Shaffer said his role as Brick was similar to his own life, as he is a "big reader" and "nerd out over the weirdest stuff". In May 2011, a TV Guide article had reported the closeness as well.
Brick's characterization, including his idiosyncratic palilalian repetition of words and phrases at the end of sentences, is based on The Middle co-creator Eileen Heisler's son, Justin. Shaffer, named after Atticus Finch, the lawyer in To Kill a Mockingbird, was born in Santa Clarita, the son of Ron and Debbie Shaffer, he lives in California. Shaffer has type four osteogenesis imperfecta, a condition involving a defect in type 1 collagen, which causes fragile bones, short stature. Shaffer is a devout Christian, has a daily Bible study with his mother, alternating between the Old and the New Testaments; as of 2015, the year he was baptized, he was a fan of Christian rock music and identified several Christian bands among his favorites. Shaffer has official YouTube and Twitch video gaming pages, titled "atticusshaffervlog", the latter of which he announced in December 2019, he plays Call of Duty: Modern Warfare among other video games. Atticus Shaffer on IMDb Atticus Shaffer Vlog on Youtube Atticus Shaffer Vlog on Twitch
The Northern Cambria School District is a small, public school district located in northwestern Cambria County in Pennsylvania. The district encompasses: the borough of Northern Cambria along with Barr and Susquehanna Township; the geographic area is just 62 square miles. According to 2000 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 8,342. By 2010, the federal census data found the district resident population had declined to 7,898 people; the educational attainment levels for the Northern Cambria School District population were 85.7% high school graduates and 16.2% college graduates. The District is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania. According to the Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, 41.9% of the district's pupils lived at 185% or below the Federal Poverty Level as shown by their eligibility for the federal free or reduced price school meal programs in 2012. In 2009, the district residents’ per capita income was $13,144, while the median family income was $32,989.
In the Commonwealth, the median family income was $49,501 and the United States median family income was $49,445, in 2010. In Cambria County, the median household income was $39,574. By 2013, the median household income in the United States rose to $52,100. According to district officials, Northern Cambria School District provided basic educational services to 1,183 pupils in 2011, it employed: 89 teachers, 69 full-time and part-time support personnel, eight administrators during the 2011-12 school year. The district received $11,627,480 in state funding for the 2011-12 school year. In school year 2007-08, NCSD provided basic educational services to 1,238 pupils, it employed: 97 teachers, 74 full-time and part-time support personnel, 9 administrators. Northern Cambria School District received more than $10.9 million in state funding in school year 2007-08. Northern Cambria School District operates: Northern Cambria High School and Northern Cambria Elementary/Middle School. Students in grades K-8 attend the elementary/middle school while students in grades 9-12 attend the high school.
High school students may choose to attend Admiral Peary Area Vocational Technical School for training in the construction and mechanical trades. The Appalachia Intermediate Unit IU8 provides the district with a wide variety of services like specialized education for disabled students and hearing, background checks for employees, state mandated recognizing and reporting child abuse training and visual disability services and professional development for staff and faculty; the Northern Cambria School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members, the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly. The federal government controls programs it funds like: Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills; the superintendent and business manager are appointed by the school board.
The superintendent is the chief administrative officer with overall responsibility for all aspects of operations, including education and finance. The business manager is responsible for budget and financial operations. Neither of these officials are voting members of the school board; the school board enters into individual employment contracts for these positions. In Pennsylvania, public school districts are required to give 150 days notice to the superintendent regarding renewal of the employment contract. In 2015, Northern Cambria School District ranked 378th out of 493 Pennsylvania public school districts, by the Pittsburgh Business Times; the ranking is based on the last 3 years of student academic achievement as demonstrated by PSSAs results in: reading, writing and science and the three Keystone Exams in high school. Three school districts were excluded; the PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th. Adapted PSSA examinations are given to children in the special education programs.
Writing exams were given to children in 8th grades. 2014 - 368th 2013 - 368th 2012 - 284th 2008 - 228th 2007 - 284th out of 501 school districts. In 2012, Northern Cambria School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress status. In 2011, Northern Cambria School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress. In 2011, 94 percent of the 500 Pennsylvania public school districts achieved the No Child Left Behind Act progress level of 72% of students reading on grade level and 67% of students demonstrating on grade level math. In 2011, 46.9 percent of Pennsylvania school districts achieved Adequate Yearly Progress based on student performance. An additional 37.8 percent of Pennsylvania public school districts made AYP based on a calculated method called safe harbor, 8.2 percent on the growth model and 0.8 percent on a two-year average performance. Northern Cambria School District achieved AYP status each year from 2003 to 2010. In 2014, Northern Cambria School District's graduation rate was 80.58%. 2013 - 83.84% 2012 - 84.9% 2011 - 82% 2010 - 84.9%, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate.
According to traditional graduation rate calculations 2009 - 92.9% 2008 - 86.4% 2007 - 86.4% The high school is located at 813 35th Street, Northern Cambria. In 2014, enrollment was reported as 386 pupils in 9th through 12th grades, with 44% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 11% of pupils receiv
The Berner Platte is a traditional meat dish of Bernese cuisine in Switzerland. It consists of various meat and sausage varieties such as smoked pork and beef, pork belly, sausage and pork ears or tails cooked with juniper-flavored sauerkraut, other foods such as potatoes and green and/or dried beans, which are served on a large plate; the Berner Platte is not a stew. Berner Platte dishes are sometimes served within the context of a buffet. Berner Platte originated on March 5, 1798, when the Bernese defeated the French army at the Battle of Neuenegg and returned as the victor, a victory celebration had to be organized in a short time. For this purpose, the community contributed the best of their supplies. Due to the late winters durable or preserved foods were used, which were combined to create the well-known dish. Choucroute garnie – a similar French dish Schlachteplatte – a similar German dish List of meat dishes Swiss cuisine Media related to Berner Platte at Wikimedia Commons Berner Platte: a gourmet celebration.
Chelsea Creek, shown on federal maps as the Chelsea River, is a 2.6-mile-long waterway that runs along the shore of Chelsea and separates that community from the cities of Boston and Revere, as well as feeding part of the current Belle Isle Marsh Reservation that separates Boston from Revere. It is one of 10 designated port areas in Massachusetts; the creek starts as Mill Creek at a former pond at the intersection of Revere Beach Parkway and U. S. Route 1, now a shopping center. Mill Creek meanders east for 0.5 miles takes a sharp turn south, becoming Chelsea Creek, widens as it runs between Chelsea and the neighborhood of East Boston. In that area, the waterway is used by oil tankers to transport fuel to adjacent oil tanks; the creek turns southwest and runs into the Mystic River shortly before it empties into Boston Harbor. All of the jet fuel used at Logan International Airport is stored along the Chelsea Creek, with 70-80 percent of the heating fuel in New England, road salt for 350 communities across the region.
In May 1775, the American colonists won the first offensive victory of the American Revolution over the British, in a naval battle known as the Battle of Chelsea Creek. Chelsea Parkway Plaza, between Chelsea and Revere Broadway, between Chelsea and Revere former Slade Mill at Mill Street, Revere MBTA Commuter Rail Newburyport/Rockport Line Chelsea Street Bridge Andrew P. McArdle Memorial Bridge