2754 Efimov

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2754 Efimov
Discovery [1]
Discovered by T. Smirnova
Discovery site Crimean Astrophysical Obs.
Discovery date 13 August 1966
Designations
MPC designation (2754) Efimov
Named after
Mikhail Efimov (Russian aviator)[2]
1966 PD · 1933 WF
1966 RB · 1973 YR1
main-belt · (inner)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 66.15 yr (24,160 days)
Aphelion 2.7464 AU
Perihelion 1.7085 AU
2.2274 AU
Eccentricity 0.2330
3.32 yr (1,214 days)
100.35°
0° 17m 47.4s / day
Inclination 5.7096°
275.17°
91.098°
Known satellites 1[4]
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 4.98 km (derived)[3]
2.44967 h (0.102070 d)[3]
0.20 (assumed)[3]
SMASS = Sa [1] · S[3] · L[5]
13.6[1] · 13.92[3]

2754 Efimov, provisionally named 1966 PD, is a stony asteroid and binary system from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 13 August 1966, by Russian astronomer Tamara Smirnova at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nauchnyj, on the Crimean peninsula.[6] The asteroid was named after Russian aviator Mikhail Efimov.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Efimov orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.7–2.7 AU once every 3 years and 4 months (1,214 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.23 and an inclination of 6° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the SMASS classification, Efimov is a Sa-type asteroid, which belong to the larger group of S-type asteroids,[1] it is also characterized as a L-type asteroid by PanSTARRS photometric survey.[5]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for stony asteroids of 0.20 and derives a diameter of 4.98 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.92.[3]

Satellite[edit]

Efimov is a binary asteroid. In 2006, astronomers discovered a minor-planet moon, designated S/2006 (2754) 1 around Efimov using lightcurve observations, with a diameter of 1.29 kilometers and an orbital period of 14 hours and 46 minutes.[3][4]

Mikhail Efimov (right) in 1910

Naming[edit]

This minor planet named in memory of Russian aviator Mikhail Nikiforovich Efimov (Russian: М. Н. Ефимов; 1881–1919), who was the first to realize steep turns and dives.[2][7]

The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 31 May 1988 (M.P.C. 13173).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2754 Efimov (1966 PD)" (2017-03-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2754) Efimov. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 226. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "LCDB Data for (2754) Efimov". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Johnston, Robert (21 September 2014). "(2754) Efimov". johnstonsarchive.net. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "2754 Efimov (1966 PD)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "First Russian Aviator – Mikhail Nikiforovich Efimov (1881-1919) Bolshevik Revolutionary". thesanghakommune.org. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 

External links[edit]