The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at a ceremony in New York City. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre, several discretionary non-competitive awards are given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette Tony Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, the rules for the Tony Awards are set forth in the official document Rules and Regulations of The American Theatre Wings Tony Awards, which applies for that season only. It forms the fourth spoke in the EGOT, that is someone who has won all four awards, the Tony Awards are considered the equivalent of the Laurence Olivier Award in the United Kingdom and the Molière Award of France. From 1997 to 2010, the Tony Awards ceremony was held at Radio City Music Hall in New York City in June and broadcast live on CBS television, except in 1999, in 2011 and 2012, the ceremony was held at the Beacon Theatre.
From 2013 to 2015, the 67th, 68th, and 69th ceremonies returned to Radio City Music Hall, the 70th Tony Awards were held on June 12,2016 at the Beacon Theatre. The 71st Tony Awards will be held on June 11,2017, as of 2014, there are 24 categories of awards, plus several special awards. Starting with 11 awards in 1947, the names and number of categories have changed over the years, some examples, the category Best Book of a Musical was originally called Best Author. The category of Best Costume Design was one of the original awards, for two years, in 1960 and 1961, this category was split into Best Costume Designer and Best Costume Designer. It went to a category, but in 2005 it was divided again. For the category of Best Director of a Play, a category was for directors of plays. A newly established non-competitive award, The Isabelle Stevenson Award, was given for the first time at the ceremony in 2009. The award is for an individual who has made a contribution of volunteered time and effort on behalf of one or more humanitarian.
The category of Best Special Theatrical Event was retired as of the 2009–2010 season, the categories of Best Sound Design of a Play and Best Sound Design of a Musical were retired as of the 2014-2015 season. Performance categories Show and technical categories Special awards Retired awards The award was founded in 1947 by a committee of the American Theatre Wing headed by Brock Pemberton. The award is named after Antoinette Perry, nicknamed Tony, an actress, producer and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing, who died in 1946. As her official biography at the Tony Awards website states, At Jacob Wilks suggestion, proposed an award in her honor for distinguished stage acting, at the initial event in 1947, as he handed out an award, he called it a Tony
Elizabeth Victoria Montgomery was an American film and television actress whose career spanned five decades. She is best remembered for her role as Samantha Stephens on the television series Bewitched, in the 1960s, she became known for her role as Samantha Stephens on the ABC sitcom Bewitched. Her work on the series earned her five Primetime Emmy Award nominations, both roles earned her additional Emmy Award nominations. Throughout her career, Montgomery was involved in forms of political activism. She has been cited as one of the earliest celebrities to support gay rights and advocate for AIDS victims, volunteering with the AIDS Project Los Angeles and amfAR at the height of the AIDS epidemic. Montgomery was born on April 15,1933, in Los Angeles, the daughter of actor Robert Montgomery and his wife, Broadway actress Elizabeth Daniel Bryan Montgomery, a native of Kentucky. She had a sister, Martha Bryan Montgomery, who died as an infant. Montgomery was of Irish and Scottish descent and her great-grandfather, Archibald Montgomery, was born in Belfast, and emigrated to the United States in 1849.
Montgomery had played Borden, not knowing of their real-life relationship and she attended Westlake School for Girls. After graduating from Spence School in New York City, she attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts for three years, Montgomery made her television debut on her fathers series Robert Montgomery Presents. In October 1953, Montgomery made her debut on Broadway, starring in Late Love and she made her film debut in Otto Premingers The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell. Montgomery returned to Broadway in 1956, appearing in The Loud Red Patrick and she played the part of Rose Cornelius in the Rawhide episode Incident at El Crucero. Montgomery played the role of lovable witch Samantha Stephens with Dick York as her husband in the ABC situation comedy Bewitched. Starting in the season of the series, she played the role of Samanthas mischievous cousin, Serena. The series aired for eight seasons, from 1964 to 1972, as a consolation to ABC, Montgomery and Asher offered a half-hour sitcom, The Paul Lynde Show, to the network for the 1972–1973 season.
Lyndes series lasted one year. In a parody of her Samantha Stephens role, she made an appearance as a witch at the end of the beach party film How to Stuff a Wild Bikini. This was directed by William Asher, her husband at the time and that same year she provided the voice of Samantha for an episode of the animated series The Flintstones
Esther Elizabeth Rolle was an American actress. Esther Rolle was born in Pompano Beach, Florida, to Bahamian immigrants Jonathan Rolle, a farmer and her parents were both born and raised in Nassau, New Providence, The Bahamas and moved to Florida some time after their marriage. She was the tenth of 18 children, Rolle graduated from Blanche Ely High School in Pompano Beach, Florida. She initially studied at Spelman College in Atlanta, but she moved to New York City, while in New York, she attended Hunter College. Rolle transferred to The New School and, Yale University in New Haven, for many years, Rolle worked in a traditional day job in New York Citys garment district. Rolle was a member of Asadata Daforas dance troupe, Shogolo Oloba and she became the troupe’s director in 1960. Rolles earliest roles were on the stage, her New York stage debut was in the 1962 play The Blacks and she was often cast in plays produced by Robert Hooks and the Negro Ensemble Company. She appeared in productions of The Crucible and Blues for Mr.
Charlie, rolles most prominent early role was as Miss Maybell in the 1973 Melvin Van Peebles play, Dont Play Us Cheap. In 1977, Rolle portrayed Lady Macbeth in Orson Welles Haitian-influenced version at the Henry Street New Federal Theater in Manhattan, Rolle is best known for her television role as Florida Evans, the character she played on two 1970s sitcoms. The character was introduced as Maude Findlays housekeeper on Maude, and was spun off in the second season into Good Times. Rolle was nominated in 1975 for the Best Actress in a Musical/Comedy Golden Globe Award for her role in Good Times, Rolle was 19 years older than the actor who played her husband James Evans. The James Evans character was added after Esther Rolle fought hard for a father figure. Rolle had fought for the character on the show, more relevant themes and scripts and was unhappy when the success of Jimmie Walkers character. Evans, took the show in a frivolous direction, john Amos agreed with Rolle about Walkers character and was fired from the show after the third season ended.
Later on, in a stand-off with Good Times producer Norman Lear, although the show continued without her for the fifth season, she returned for the shows final season. In 1979 she won an Emmy for her role in Summer of My German Soldier, among her guest star roles was one on The Incredible Hulk in an episode entitled Behind the Wheel where she played a taxicab business owner. In the 1990s, Rolle was a surprise guest on RuPauls VH-1 talk show and her Maude co-star Bea Arthur was the guest, and Rolle was brought out to surprise Arthur. The two had not seen each other in years, Arthur said, and embraced warmly, Rolle appeared in a series of psychic hotline TV commercials in the 1990s
Nancy Walker was an American actress and comedian of stage and television. She was a film and television director, Walker was born in 1922 as Anna Myrtle Swoyer in Philadelphia, the elder of two daughters of vaudevillian Dewey Barto and Myrtle. Walker and her father both stood 411 and her younger sister, Betty Lou, had a musical career. The sisters were raised in a trunk by their father, an entertainer with George Mann in the comedic and acrobatic dance act, Barto. In 1937, as Nan Barto, Walker appeared on the NBC radio programs Coast to Coast On A Bus and she made her Broadway debut in 1941 in Best Foot Forward. The role provided Walker with her debut when she signed a contract with M-G-M to make a movie version. In 1943, she appeared with Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland in the second film version of Girl Crazy. Her next film, Broadway Rhythm, in which she had a musical number backed by Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, Keep Those Bottles Quiet. Her dry comic delivery enabled her to continue acting throughout the 1940s and 1950s, originating the roles of Hildy Eszterhazy in On the Town and Lily Malloy in Look Ma, Im Dancin.
on Broadway. She was nominated for a Tony Award in 1956 for her work in the musical revue Phoenix 55, Walker starred in the short-lived Broadway musical comedy Copper and Brass in 1957, and appeared in the 1958 New York City Center production of Wonderful Town. For the early 1970s revival of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, she appeared again opposite Silvers, because of her T. V. work, she was unable to transfer with the show to Broadway. Her appearances in musicals led to record releases, and Dozens of television guest appearances and recurring roles followed, providing her with steady work. Her career spanned five decades and included comedies and television variety shows such as Faye Emersons Wonderful Town, The Garry Moore Show, in the 1960-61 television season, she appeared in two episodes of NBCs The Tab Hunter Show. In 1970, she secured a role as Emily the housekeeper on the television series Family Affair. However, after four seasons, the ratings of Family Affair had plummeted opposite NBCs popular The Flip Wilson Show, and the series was cancelled at the end of that season.
That same year Walker made her first appearance playing Ida Morgenstern, the role proved to be ideal for her. Walker thereafter became an annual guest star on the show for the three years. In 1974, when the MTM spinoff series, Rhoda premiered, from 1971-76, she was a regular on the successful Rock Hudson detective series McMillan & Wife, playing the McMillans housekeeper, Mildred
Alfredo James Al Pacino is an American actor of stage and screen and screenwriter. DeMille Award, and the National Medal of Arts and he is one of few performers to have won a competitive Oscar, an Emmy and a Tony Award for acting, dubbed the Triple Crown of Acting. He achieved international acclaim and recognition for his role as Michael Corleone in Francis Ford Coppolas The Godfather. He received his first Oscar nomination and would reprise the role in the successful sequels The Godfather Part II. Pacinos performance as Corleone is now regarded as one of the greatest screen performances in film history, for his performances in The Godfather, Dick Tracy and Glengarry Glen Ross, Pacino was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. A lifelong fan of Shakespeare, Pacino directed and starred in Looking for Richard, a film about the play Richard III. He has acted as Shylock in a 2004 feature film adaptation, since 1994, Pacino has been the joint president of the Actors Studio with Ellen Burstyn and Harvey Keitel.
Pacino was born in New York City, to Sicilian-American parents Salvatore Pacino and Rose and his mother moved to The Bronx to live with her parents and James Gerardi, coincidentally, had come from a town in Sicily named Corleone. His father, who was from San Fratello in the Province of Messina, moved to Covina, California, in his teen years Sonny, as he was known to his friends, aimed to become a baseball player, and was nicknamed The Actor. Pacino went through Herman Ridder Junior High School, but in secondary school dropped out of many classes and he attended the High School of Performing Arts, but dropped out of school at age 17. His mother disagreed with his decision, they argued and he left home and he worked at low-paying jobs, busboy and postal clerk, to finance his acting studies. He once worked in the room for Commentary magazine. He began smoking and drinking at age nine, and took up casual cannabis use at age 13 and his two closest friends died from drug abuse at the ages of 19 and 30.
Growing up in The Bronx, he got into fights and was considered something of a troublemaker at school. He acted in basement plays in New Yorks theatrical underground but was rejected for the Actors Studio while a teenager, Pacino joined the Herbert Berghof Studio, where he met acting teacher Charlie Laughton, who became his mentor and best friend. In this period, he was unemployed and homeless, and sometimes slept on the street, in theaters. In 1962, his mother died at the age of 43, the following year, Pacinos grandfather James Gerardi, one of the most influential people in his life, died. After four years at HB Studio, Pacino successfully auditioned for the Actors Studio, the Actors Studio is a membership organization of professional actors, theatre directors and playwrights in the Hells Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City
Florence Agnes Henderson was an American actress and singer with a career spanning six decades. She is best remembered for her role as matriarch Carol Brady on the ABC sitcom The Brady Bunch from 1969 to 1974. Henderson appeared in film, as well as on stage and she appeared as a guest on many scripted and unscripted television programs and as a panelist on numerous game shows. She was a contestant on Dancing with the Stars in 2010, the youngest of 10 children, was born on Valentines Day,1934, in Dale, Indiana, a small town in the southwestern part of the state. She was a daughter of Elizabeth, a homemaker, and Joseph Henderson, during the Great Depression, she was taught to sing at the age of two by her mother, who had a repertoire of 50 songs. By the time she was eight, her family called her Florency, Henderson graduated from St. Francis Academy in Owensboro, Kentucky, in 1951, and shortly thereafter, went to New York City, enrolling in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. She was an Alumna Initiate of the Alpha Chi chapter of Delta Zeta sorority, Henderson started her career on the stage performing in musicals, such as the touring production of Oklahoma.
And South Pacific at Lincoln Center and she debuted on Broadway in the musical Wish You Were Here in 1952, and starred on Broadway in the long-running 1954 musical, Fanny in which she originated the title role. Henderson appeared with Gordon MacRae in the Oklahoma, segment of the 90-minute television special, General Foods 25th Anniversary Show, A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein. She appeared in The Abbe and the Nymph, an episode of the 1950s TV series I Spy and she portrayed Meg March in a CBS-TV musical adaptation of Little Women, which aired October 16,1958. Henderson appeared in two episodes of The United States Steel Hour and she portrayed Mary Jane in an episodic adaptation of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which aired on November 20,1957. She appeared in A Family Alliance, an adaptation of a short story from A Harvest of Stories by Dorothy Canfield Fisher. Henderson, along with Bill Hayes, appeared in the Oldsmobile commercials from 1958 through 1961 on The Patti Page Show for which Oldsmobile was the sponsor and she made a musical performance in the January 13,1960, broadcast of Tonight Starring Jack Paar.
Henderson appeared on Broadway in The Girl Who Came to Supper and she joined the ranks of what was called The Today Girl on NBCs long-running morning show, doing weather and light news, a position once held by Barbara Walters. She made musical performances in Paars subsequent talk show in 1963, including the January 25 and she performed in the May 19,1963, broadcast of The Voice of Firestone, alongside baritone Mario Sereni. She released her albums under RCA Victor as part of her music career and her most widely recognized role was as Carol Brady in The Brady Bunch which aired on ABC from 1969 until 1974. Primarily owing to her role on The Brady Bunch, Henderson was ranked by TV Land, an avid game-show fan, Henderson was a frequent panelist on the original version of Hollywood Squares and made occasional appearances on The $25,000 Pyramid. Henderson was the spokeswoman for Wesson cooking oil from 1974 to 1996, during that time, she hosted a cooking show on TNN, Country Kitchen, and did ads for Pranges, a former Wisconsin department store chain
Carol Elaine Channing is an American actress, dancer and voice artist. Notable for starring in Broadway and film musicals, her characters typically radiate a fervent expressiveness and an easily identifiable voice, whether singing or for comedic effect. She began as a Broadway musical actress, starring in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes in 1949, and Hello, Dolly. in 1964 and she revived both roles several times throughout her career, most recently playing Dolly in 1995. Channing was nominated for her first Tony Award in 1956 for The Vamp followed by a nomination in 1961 for Show Girl and she received her fourth Tony Award nomination for the musical Lorelei in 1974. As a film actress, she won the Golden Globe Award and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Muzzy in Thoroughly Modern Millie, other film appearances include The First Traveling Saleslady and Skidoo. On television, she appeared as an entertainer on variety shows and she had a standout performance as The White Queen in the TV production of Alice in Wonderland, and had the first of many TV specials in 1966, An Evening with Carol Channing.
Channing was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981 and she continues to perform and make appearances, singing songs from her repertoire and sharing stories with fans, cabaret style. She released an autobiography, titled Just Lucky I Guess, in 2002, and Larger Than Life, a documentary film about her career, was released in 2012. Channing was born in Seattle, Washington, on January 31,1921, the child of George and Adelaide Channing Her mother was of German-Jewish descent. Her father was born George Christian Stucker but changed his surname before his daughters birth, a city editor at the Seattle Star, he took a job in San Francisco and the family moved when Channing was two weeks old. He became a Christian Science practitioner and teacher, Channing attended Aptos Junior High School and Lowell High School San Francisco, graduating in 1938. She won the Crusaders Oratorical Contest and a trip to Hawaii with her mother in June 1937. When she was 16, she left home to attend Bennington College in Vermont, and her mother told her for the first time that her fathers mother was African American and his father was German-American.
Her mother felt that the time was right to tell her since now that she was going off to college and would be on her own, Channing writes, I know its true the moment I sing and dance. Its one of the strains in show business. My father was a dignified man and as white as I am. My grandparents were Nordic German, so apparently I took after them and she majored in drama at Bennington, and during an interview in 1994 admitted that she first wanted to perform on stage as a singer when she was in the fourth grade. She recalls being emotionally drawn to the stage after seeing Ethel Waters perform and she has stated that in the fourth grade she ran for and was elected class secretary, I stood up in class and campaigned by kidding the teachers
Henry Jaynes Fonda was an American film and stage actor with a career spanning more than five decades. Fonda made his mark early as a Broadway actor and he appeared in 1938 in plays performed in White Plains, New York, with Joan Tompkins. Throughout six decades in Hollywood, Fonda cultivated a strong, appealing screen image in such classics as The Ox-Bow Incident, Fonda was the patriarch of a family of famous actors, including daughter Jane Fonda, son Peter Fonda, granddaughter Bridget Fonda, and grandson Troy Garity. His family and close friends called him Hank, in 1999, he was named the sixth-Greatest Male Star of All Time by the American Film Institute. Fondas ancestors from Genoa, migrated to the Netherlands in the 15th century, in 1642, a branch of the Fonda family immigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland on the East Coast of North America. They were among the first Dutch population to settle in what is now upstate New York, establishing the town of Fonda, by 1888, many of their descendants had relocated to Nebraska.
Henry Fonda was born in Grand Island, Nebraska, to advertising-printing jobber William Brace Fonda, Fonda was brought up as a Christian Scientist, though he was baptized an Episcopalian at St. Stephens Episcopal Church in Grand Island. He said, My whole damn family was nice and they were a close family and highly supportive, especially in health matters, as they avoided doctors due to their religion. Despite having a background, he became an agnostic. Fonda was a bashful, short boy who tended to avoid girls, except his sisters, and was a skater, swimmer. He worked part-time in his fathers print plant and imagined a career as a journalist. Later, he worked after school for the phone company, Fonda was active in the Boy Scouts of America, Teichmann reports that he reached the rank of Eagle Scout. When he was about 14, his father took him to observe the lynching of a black man accused of rape. This enraged the young Fonda and he kept a keen awareness of prejudice for the rest of his life, by his senior year in high school, Fonda had grown to more than six feet tall, but remained shy.
He attended the University of Minnesota, where he majored in journalism and he took a job with the Retail Credit Company. He was fascinated by the stage, learning everything from set construction to stage production, Fonda decided to quit his job and go East in 1928 to seek his fortune. He arrived on Cape Cod and played a role at the Cape Playhouse in Dennis. A friend took him to Falmouth, MA where he joined and quickly became a member of the University Players
Lesley Ann Warren
Lesley Ann Warren is an American actress and singer. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1982 film Victor/Victoria. She is an Emmy Award nominee and five-time Golden Globe Award nominee, Warren made her Broadway debut in 1963, and her film debut in The Happiest Millionaire in 1967. Her other film appearances include Clue, Cop, Color of Night and she has appeared in numerous television shows, including Mission, Desperate Housewives, Will & Grace, and In Plain Sight. Warren was born in New York City, the daughter of Margot, a singer, and William Warren and her family was Russian Jewish, on both sides, and her fathers original surname was Warrenoff. She attended the Professional Childrens School and The High School of Music & Art, the 5-foot-8-inch Warren began her career as a ballet dancer, training at the School of American Ballet. She entered the Actors Studio at the age of 17—reputedly the youngest applicant ever to be accepted and her Broadway debut came in 1963 in the musical 110 in the Shade.
She won the Theatre World Award for her performance in the 1965 flop musical Drat, in 1973, she portrayed Scarlett OHara in the Los Angeles production of the musical Scarlett, the play was poorly reviewed and did not continue to Broadway as planned. She played the part of Dana Lambert, the female on the Mission, Impossible team. According to The Complete Mission, Impossible Dossier by Patrick White, she was considered too inexperienced for the part, despite her departure, throughout the 1970s Warren became a leading lady of TV movies, TV series, and TV miniseries. She appeared as a guest star in the season of The Muppet Show. Warren played Lois Lane in the 1975 TV special Its a Bird. Its a Plane. Its Superman adapted from the Broadway musical of the same name. Warren went on to screen-test for the role of Lois Lane in the 1978 Superman film, in 1981, she starred with Ken Wahl, George Peppard, and Donald Pleasence in Race for the Yankee Zephyr, a New Zealand suspense-action-thriller film directed by David Hemmings.
For her portrayal of dim-witted gangsters moll Norma Cassidy in the 1982 musical-comedy Victor Victoria, Warren is a five-time Golden Globe nominee and won for the 1977 miniseries Harold Robbins 79 Park Avenue. She was Emmy-nominated for the TV movie Family of Spies, in 1975, Warren played a mental patient opposite Peter Falk and George Hamilton in the Columbo episode A Deadly State of Mind. Warren played Princess Jeanetta in the Shelley Duvalls Faerie Tale Theatre episode The Dancing Princesses and she starred as one of the prime murder suspects, Miss Scarlet, in the comedy film version of the popular board game Clue. In 1986, Lesley was prominently featured in Bob Segers popular music video for his hit song American Storm, in 1989, she appeared in the Aerosmith video Janies Got a Gun, wherein she played Janies mother. She was featured in a video for the Eagles Life in the Fast Lane, however, it was successful on the home video market
Lynn Redgrave, OBE was an English actress. A member of the Redgrave family, Lynn trained in London before making her debut in 1962. By the mid-1960s, she had appeared in films, including Tom Jones and Georgy Girl which won her a New York Film Critics Award and nominations for an Academy Award. In 1967, she made her Broadway debut and performed in stage productions in New York while making frequent returns to Londons West End. She performed with her sister Vanessa in Three Sisters in London and she made a return to films in the late 1990s in films such as Shine and Gods and Monsters for which she received another Academy Award nomination. Redgrave is the person to have been nominated for all of the Big Four American entertainment awards without winning any of them. Redgrave was born in Marylebone, London, to actors Sir Michael Redgrave and her sister is actress Vanessa Redgrave, her brother was actor and political activist Corin Redgrave. Her grandfather was silent screen leading man Roy Redgrave, after training in Londons Central School of Speech and Drama, Redgrave made her professional debut in a 1962 production of A Midsummer Nights Dream at the Royal Court Theatre.
Following a tour of Billy Liar and repertory work in Dundee, she made her West End debut at the Haymarket, hunters The Tulip Tree with Celia Johnson and John Clements. During that time, she appeared in such as Tom Jones, Girl with Green Eyes, The Deadly Affair. For the last of these roles, she gained the New York Film Critics Award, the Golden Globe, in 1967, she made her Broadway debut in Black Comedy with Michael Crawford and Geraldine Page. London appearances included Michael Frayns The Two of Us with Richard Briers at the Garrick, David Hares Slag at the Royal Court, in 1974, she returned to Broadway in My Fat Friend. There soon followed Knock Knock with Charles Durning, Mrs. Warrens Profession with Ruth Gordon, and Saint Joan. In the 1985-86 season, she appeared with Rex Harrison, Claudette Colbert, in 1983, she played Cleopatra in an American television version of Antony and Cleopatra opposite Timothy Dalton. In 1988, she narrated a television documentary, Silent Mouse. In the early winter of 1991, she starred with Stewart Granger, highlights of her early film career include The National Health, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex*, The Happy Hooker, and Getting It Right.
In the United States, she was seen on television series as Teachers Only, House Calls, Centennial. She starred in BBC productions such as The Faint-Hearted Feminist, A Woman Alone, Death of a Son, Calling the Shots, and Fighting Back
Elliott Gould is an American actor. He began acting in Hollywood films during the 1960s, more recently, he has gained recognition for his recurring supporting roles as Jack Geller on Friends, as Reuben Tishkoff in the Oceans Trilogy, and as Ezra Goldman in Ray Donovan. Until its cancellation, he had a role in the TV series Doubt. Gould was born in Brooklyn, New York and his mother, sold artificial flowers to beauty shops, and his father, Bernard Goldstein, worked in the garment business as a textiles buyer. His family was Jewish, and his grandparents were immigrants from Ukraine, Poland and he graduated from the Professional Childrens School. Gould began acting in the Broadway theatre in the late 1950s, other credits include Irma La Douce, Darling, Drat. He purchased the rights to Little Murders, and in addition to acting in the film version. As a film actor, Goulds performance in Paul Mazurskys 1969 comedy Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice proved to be his breakout role, indeed, he earned a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
He is perhaps best known for playing Trapper John in Robert Altmans satirical 1970 film MASH, time magazine placed him on one of its covers in 1970, when he was at the brief height of his long career, calling him a star for an uptight age. Gould played the detective Philip Marlowe in Altmans 1973 film noir The Long Goodbye and he soon collaborated with Altman again, as a gambling addict alongside George Segal in California Split. He cameoed as himself in the Altman films Nashville and The Player, in 1980, Gould filmed two movies for Disney studios, The Last Flight of Noahs Ark and The Devil and Max Devlin, in which he co-starred with Bill Cosby. Other notable roles during this time include performances in A Bridge Too Far, Capricorn One, and he starred in a sitcom called E/R in 1984–1985, and had a notable recurring guest role on Friends as Jack Geller, the father of Monica and Ross Geller. More recently he has had a prominent recurring role on Ray Donovan and had a role in the sitcom Mulaney.
Gould received critical praise for his performances as a mobster in Warren Beattys 1991 film Bugsy. He co-starred as Reuben Tishkoff in the caper film Oceans Eleven and its sequels, Oceans Twelve. Other recent films roles include supporting turns in Contagion and Ruby Sparks and he has loaned his voice to several animated series, most notable among them, the Disney Channel animated series Kim Possible and the 2006 video game Scarface, The World Is Yours. Gould currently serves on the Screen Actors Guild National Board of Directors, Gould has said that he has a very deep Jewish identity. He has been married three times, twice to the woman, Barbra Streisand Jennifer Bogart
He was twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, first for Murder, Inc. and again for Pocketful of Miracles. Director William Friedkin said of Falks role in his film The Brinks Job and he could break your heart or he could make you laugh. Falk was the first actor to be nominated for an Academy Award, in 1968, Falk starred with Gene Barry in a ninety-minute television movie about a highly skilled, laid-back detective. Columbo eventually became part of a series titled The NBC Mystery Movie, along with McCloud, McMillan & Wife. The detective series stayed on NBC from 1971 to 1978, took a respite, Falk was everyones favorite rumpled television detective, wrote historian David Fantle. In 1996, TV Guide ranked Falk number 21 on its 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time list. Born in New York City, Falk was the son of Michael Peter Falk, owner of a clothing and dry goods store, and his wife, Madeline, an accountant and buyer. Both of his parents were Jewish, coming from Poland and Russia on his fathers side, and from Hungary, Falks right eye was surgically removed when he was three because of a retinoblastoma, he wore an artificial eye for most of his life.
The artificial eye was the cause of his trademark squint, despite this limitation, as a boy he participated in team sports, mainly baseball and basketball. In a 1997 interview in Cigar Aficionado magazine with Arthur Marx, Falk said, I got so mad I took out my glass eye, handed it to him and said, Try this. I got such a laugh you wouldnt believe, Falks first stage appearance was at the age of 12 in The Pirates of Penzance at Camp High Point in upstate New York, where one of his camp counselors was Ross Martin. Falk attended Ossining High School in Westchester County, New York, after graduating from high school in 1945, Falk briefly attended Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, and tried to join the armed services as World War II was drawing to a close. Rejected because of his eye, he joined the United States Merchant Marine. Falk said of the experience in 1997, There they dont care if youre blind or not, the only one on a ship who has to see is the captain. And in the case of the Titanic, he couldnt see very well, Falk recalls this period in his autobiography, A year on the water was enough for me, so I returned to college.
After a year and a half in the Merchant Marine, Falk returned to Hamilton College and he transferred to the New School for Social Research in New York City, which awarded him a bachelors degree in literature and political science in 1951. He traveled in Europe and worked on a railroad in Yugoslavia for six months, Falk obtained a Master of Public Administration degree at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University in 1953. The program was designed to civil servants for the federal government