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Ursinus of Bourges

Saint Ursinus of Bourges is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church and is considered the first bishop of Bourges. Gregory of Tours' legendary account associated him with a Nathaniel, friend of Philip the Apostle, that he was present at the Last Supper, read a lesson there, it states that he was present at the martyrdom of Saint Stephen, that Saint Peter sent him to Gaul as a missionary. Ursinus is not alone among founding bishops in France whose time of flourishing was moved back to the apostolic period, bolstering episcopal claims of primacy: as Hippolyte Delehaye writes, "To have lived amongst the Saviour's immediate following was...honorable...and accordingly old patrons of churches were identified with certain persons in the gospels or who were supposed to have had some part of Christ's life on earth." Saints of November 9: Ursinus of Bourges Saint Ursin Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints, 37

Finchley Children's Music Group

Finchley Children's Music Group is a UK youth choir based in North London for children aged 4 to 18. Finchley Children's Music Group was founded in 1958 after a group of singers and instrumentalists came together to give the first amateur performance of Benjamin Britten’s Noye's Fludde; some members participated in the London Boy Singers choir organized by Britten. Today, FCMG is a versatile group of mixed-voice choirs producing a natural, vibrant vocal quality together with a high level of musicianship and professionalism. One of FCMG’s most important aims is to encourage young people to take up and to enjoy singing in a choir and to promote appreciation of choral music to as wide a public audience as possible. To this end, FCMG holds weekly rehearsals for all its choirs and creates opportunities for public performance of choral music. FCMG is invited to perform in professional concerts with major orchestras such as LSO, LPO and the BBC Symphony Orchestra and with other children and adult choirs.

The main performing choir of upper voices and the SATB Chamber Choir sing in major London venues, a recent appearance being at the BBC Proms in September 2008 when the Senior Choir performed La damnation de Faust with the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Tanglewood Festival Chorus under James Levine. FCMG makes regular appearances at the BBC Proms and has performed at the premier of two works commissioned by the BBC: Sir Peter Maxwell Davies’ A Little Light Birthday Music for the Queen’s 80th Birthday in 2006 and Alex Roth’s Earth and Sky in 2000; the choir performed in Britten’s War Requiem in the 2004 series and Beethoven’s 9th Symphony in 2005. FCMG offers training and performance opportunities for singers aged between 4 and 18. At present there are over 150 members; the Beginner and Intermediate Choirs are open to all, whilst admission to the Senior and Chamber Choirs is by audition. FCMG has no core funding: running costs are met from members’ subscriptions; the children are drawn from a wide variety of social and economic backgrounds and financial support is available for those of necessitous financial circumstances so that as many children as possible may benefit from being part of the Group.

This support derives from local authority grants or from our own bursary fund, sourced by voluntary donations from parents. Since its formation, FCMG has pursued an ongoing commitment to the commissioning of new music for children's voices, one of the objectives of its founding. Composers who have written for the Group in the past include Brian Chapple, Judith Bingham, Elizabeth Maconchy, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, Alex Roth, Malcolm Williamson, Piers Hellawell and Christopher Gunning. Many of these works are now prominent in the established canon of choral music, available for upper voices. FCMG continues to perform these works regularly. Brian Chapple's two works Songs of Innocence and its companion Songs of Experience have become an integral part of the repertoire of the Choir. In 2008/2009 FCMG celebrated its 50th Anniversary and this celebration was marked by further commissions: Two song cycles for children's choir from composers John Pickard and James Weeks; these were premiered at St Pancras New Church, London, in July 2008 and were given their second performance the following January at Kings Place.

In 2008 FCMG commissioned composer Malcolm Singer and poet Nick Toczek to create a new children's opera for the same forces as Benjamin Britten's children's opera Noye’s Fludde – 3 adult roles, children's choir and soloists, strings and percussion. The result was The Jailer’s Tale, premiered by three professional adult soloists together with some 170 young people, aged 5 to 18 years, from FCMG with the orchestra from the Yehudi Menuhin School conducted by Grace Rossiter in February 2010; the Jailer’s Tale received its premiere staged performances at the Pentland Theatre - artsdepot, Finchley on Friday February 26 and Saturday February 27, 2010. Prior to this it received a concert performance at The Menuhin Hall, Stoke D’Abernon, Surrey on Sunday February 7, 2010. FCMG has recorded for radio, film and on the Hyperion, Somm, EMI and Decca labels. Over the last two years the choir has been used extensively to record tracks for Sing Up, the UK government initiative to encourage singing in primary schools.

FCMG London Children’s Choir The Jailer's Tale

National Reso-Phonic Guitars

National Reso-Phonic Guitars is a manufacturer of resonator guitars and other resonator instruments including resonator mandolins, resonator ukuleles. Though the name and product line resemble the original National String Instrument Corporation, this company bears no historical connection to the prior company; the company was formed in 1989 by McGregor Gaines in a California garage. They began producing resonator guitars under the name "National Reso-Phonic Guitars". Since 1990, the factory has been located in California, it produces over 1000 instruments annually, in more than 50 different models. The company repairs any vintage National guitar to original condition. In 2008 Don Young and Eric Smith, an employee of the company since 1991, bought McGregor Gaines' interest out. In 2012 Smith became a 50% owner, in 2014 sole owner. National Reso-Phonic Guitars model range includes not only the tricone and biscuit mechanisms used on the original National instruments, but the inverted cone design used on the Dobro.

National builds and finishes small parts for other North American guitar makers. Official website National Resonator Guitars - An American Tradition at the Bob Brozman official website

List of prime ministers of Finland

This is a list of prime ministers of Finland since the establishment of that office in 1917. In 1918, the Finnish Senate was transformed into the Finnish Government, the position of Vice-Chairman of the Economic Division of the Senate was transformed into that of a Prime Minister. Kesäranta, located in the Meilahti neighborhood of Helsinki, has been the official residence of the prime minister of Finland since 1919. Since its independence, Finland has had 75 cabinets, including the current one, the longest lasting being the cabinet of Prime Minister Juha Sipilä, lasting 1,469 days. Before the 1980s cabinets tended to be short-lived: the president was the most important political figure and he had the right to form a new cabinet whenever he wanted. From the 1980s onwards cabinets have tended to serve full terms and the prime minister has become more powerful a figure than the president. Under the current constitution, the prime minister is chosen by the Parliament and only appointed by the president.

Finnish cabinets and prime ministers are numbered sequentially. A prime minister can serve as the head of multiple cabinets. For example, Matti Vanhanen is the 70th prime minister. Politics of Finland Lists of incumbents President of Finland List of presidents of Finland Senate of Finland Media related to Prime ministers of Finland at Wikimedia Commons Official site From Senate to independent Government


Neo-Advaita called the Satsang-movement and Nondualism, is a New Religious Movement, emphasizing the direct recognition of the non-existence of the "I" or "ego," without the need of preparatory practice. Its teachings are derived from, but not authorised by, the teachings of the 20th century sage Ramana Maharshi, as interpreted and popularized by H. W. L. Poonja and several of his western students, it is part of a larger religious current called immediatism by Arthur Versluis, which has its roots in both western and eastern spirituality. Western influences are western esoteric traditions like Transcendentalism, "New Age millennialism, self-empowerment and self-therapy". Neo-Advaita makes little use of the "traditional language or cultural frames of Advaita Vedanta", some have criticised it for its lack of preparatory training, regard enlightenment-experiences induced by Neo-Advaita as superficial; the basic practice of neo-Advaita is self-inquiry, via the question "Who am I?", or the direct recognition of the non-existence of the "I" or "ego."

This recognition is taken to be equal to the Advaita Vedanta recognition of the identity of Atman and Brahman, or the recognition of the "Formless Self." According to neo-Advaitins, no preparatory practice is necessary, nor prolonged study of religious scriptures or tradition: insight alone suffices. Poonja, credited as one of the main instigators of the neo-Advaita movement, saw this realization as in itself liberating from karmic consequences and further rebirth. According to Poonja "karmic tendencies remained after enlightenment, the enlightened person was no longer identified with them and, did not accrue further karmic consequences." According to Cohen, Poonja "insisted that the realization of the Self had nothing to do with worldly behavior, he did not believe transcending the ego was possible." For Poonja, ethical standards were based on a dualistic understanding of duality and the notion of an individual agent, therefore were not indicative of "non-dual enlightenment: "For Poonja, the goal was the realization of the self.

According to Lucas and Frawley, the spiritual root of neo-Advaita is Ramana Maharshi, whose teachings, method of self-inquiry,could be transposed to North America’s liberal spiritual subculture. Popular interest in Indian religions goes as far back as the early 19th century, was stimulated by the American Transcendentalists and the Theosophical Society. In the 1930s Ramana Maharshi's teachings were brought to the west by Paul Brunton, a Theosophist, in his A Search in Secret India. Stimulated by Arthur Osborne, in the 1960s Bhagawat Singh started to spread Ramana Maharshi's teachings in the USA. Since the 1970s western interest in Asian religions has seen a rapid growth. Ramana Maharshi's teachings have been further popularized in the west via H. W. L. Poonja and his students. Poonja, better known as Papaji, "told, inferred, or allowed hundreds of individuals to believe they were enlightened because they'd had one, or many, powerful experiences of awakening." It were those students who initiated the "neo-Advaita", or "satsang" movement, which has become an important constituent of popular western spirituality.

It is being spread by websites and publishing enterprises, which give an easy access to its teachings. Lucas has called the popularisation of Ramana Maharshi's teachings in the west "the Ramana effect". According to Lucas, Ramana Maharshi was the greatest modern proponent of Advaita Vedanta, well known for emphasizing the enquiry of the question "Who am I?" as a means to attain awakening. According to Lucas, following Thomas Csordas, the success of this movement is due to a "portable practice" and a "transposable message". Ramana Maharshi's main practice, self-inquiry via the question "Who am I?", is practiceable in a non-institutionalized context. His visitors and devotees did not have to adopt the Vedantic culture, nor to commit themselves to an institution or ideology, to be able to practice self-inquiry. Ramana's teachings are transposable into a western context. Ramana Maharshi himself did not demand a shift in religious affiliation, was himself acquainted with western religions, using quotes from the Bible.

Neo-Advaita teachers have further deemphasized the traditional language and worldframe of Advaita, using a modern, psychologized worldframe to present their teachings as a form of self-help, accessible to a larger audience. The western approach to "Asian enlightenment traditions" is eclectic, drawing on various Asian traditions, as well as "numerous Western discourses such as psychology and politics." Neo-Advaita uses western discourses, such as "New Age millennialism, self-empowerment and self-therapy" to transmit its teachings. It makes little use of the "traditional language or cultural frames of Advaita Vedanta," and is framed in a western construction of experiential and perennial mysticism, "to the disregard of its social and political aspects." This "modern experiential and perennialist mystical framework" emphasizes Perennialism, the idea that there is a common, mystical core to all religions, which can be empirically validated by personal experience. It has pervaded the western understanding of Asian religions, can be found in Swami Vivekananda and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's Neo-Vedanta, but in the works of D.

T. Suzuki and his "decontextualized and experiential account" of Zen Buddhism, it can be found in the Theosophical Society, the contemporary New Age culture, with influences like Aldous Huxley's The Perennial Philosophy and The Doors of Perception, writers like Ken Wilber. Gregg Lahood mentions Neo-Advaita as an ingredient of "cosmological hybridizatio