2S19 Msta

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2S19 Msta
AlabinoTraining0904-34.jpg
2S19M2 Msta-S of the Russian Army
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 1989 – present
Used by see Operators
Wars Second Chechen War
War in Donbass
Production history
Designer Uraltransmash
Designed 1980
Manufacturer Uraltransmash
Produced 1988
Specifications
Weight 42 tonnes (92,593 lbs)
Length 7.15 m (23 ft 5 in)
Width 3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)
Height 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 5

Elevation -4° to +68°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 6-8 rounds per minute
Maximum firing range Base bleed: 45km (18 mi)
RAP: 62 km (38.525 mi)

Armor Classified
Main
armament
152.4 mm howitzer 2A65
Secondary
armament
12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine Diesel V-84A
840 hp (626.39 kW)
Power/weight 20 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
500 km (311 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Msta-S - TankBiathlon2013-26.jpg

The 2S19 "Msta-S" (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a 152.4 mm self-propelled howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the 2S3 Akatsiya. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.

Development[edit]

The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).

Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 316. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.

The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM).[original research?] The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter "Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.

Operational Use[edit]

Msta-S howitzers were used by Russian Army to deliver artillery strikes against Chechen separatists during the Second Chechen War.[1]

Msta-S howitzers have also been used in the War in Donbass by the Ukrainian Army as well as pro-Russian separatists who captured one machine during the conflict.[2]

Operators[edit]

Map of 2S19 operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

Specifications[edit]

Msta-S specifications provided by manufacturer

  • Range:
    • 29 km (18 mi) base-bleed
    • 36 km (22 mi) rocket-assisted
  • Rate of fire: 6-8 rounds per minute
  • Weapon elevation: -4° to +68°
  • Weapon traverse: 360°
  • Deployment time: 22 minutes
  • Unit of fire: 50 rounds

Variants[edit]

  • 152 mm howitzer 2A65 - a towed version of the same gun.
  • 1K17 Szhatie - a "laser tank" armed with a battery of lasers meant to disable optoelectronic systems; uses Msta-S chassis and turret.
  • 2S19M1 (2000) - Improved version with automatic laying system and Glonass.
  • 2S19M2 "Msta-SM" (2013) - Improved version equipped with a new automatic fire control system which increases the rate of fire. Digital electronic maps are now available which significantly speeds up the terrain orientation in difficult geographical conditions and allows performing faster and more efficiently firing missions.
  • 2S33 "Msta-SM2" (2017) - An improved version currently in production armed with a new 2A79 152mm cannon which has a greater range of fire. The 2S33 artillery howitzer has a range of more than 40 km, compared to the 2S19 which has a maximum firing range of 25 km.
  • 2S19M1-155 (2006) - 155mm export version of the 2S19M1, fitted with an L/52 gun with a range of 40+ km.
  • 2S27 "Msta-K" - Wheeled variant (K = kolyosnij), based on a 8x8 truck chassis. There were several different prototypes, including one based on a KrAZ-ChR-3130 and two based on the Ural-5323 (with and without turret).
  • 2S30 "Iset" - Improved version, prototype only.
  • 2S35 "Koalitsiya-SV" - Project for a new artillery system for the Russian land forces (SV = sukhoputniye voyska). Early prototypes consisted of a 2S19 chassis with modified turret, fitted with an over-and-under dual autoloaded 152mm howitzer. Development of this variant was abandoned in favour of an entirely new artillery system using the same designation.[29]

Similar Vehicles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pashin, Alexander. "Russian Army Operations and Weaponry During Second Military Campaign in Chechnya". Moscow Defense Review. Archived from the original on January 29, 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  2. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (2014). "Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine. (Research Report No. 3)" (PDF). ARES. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  3. ^ ВЕДОМОСТИ - Россия вооружает Азербайджан Archived June 18, 2013, at WebCite
  4. ^ John Pike. "Belarus Army Equipment". Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  5. ^ "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database". sipri.org. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Archived from the original on 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  6. ^ "Georgia Georgian army land ground armed forces military equipment armoured armored vehicle UK - Army Recognition". Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Военные в Чечне получили новые самоходные гаубицы". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  8. ^ "TASS: Russia - Russia's annual arms supply plans 30-70% fulfilled — defense official". TASS. Archived from the original on 16 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  9. ^ John Pike. "Russian Army Equipment". Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Firsts modernized self-propelled artillery howitzer 2S19M2 enter in service with the Russian army". June 28, 2013. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.
  11. ^ "ria.ru Forces". Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
  12. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / Юрий Борисов: Минобороны в ходе форума «Армия-2016» заключило контракты на 130 млрд. рублей". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  13. ^ Sputnik. "Russia's UVZ Corporation to Deliver 42 Self-Propelled Artillery by 2019". sputniknews.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  14. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / Новые самоходные гаубицы поступили на вооружение в тяжелую мотострелковую бригаду, дислоцированную в Оренбуржье". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  15. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / Главком Сухопутных войск сообщил о поступлении новых вооружений". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 14 December 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  16. ^ http://mail.armyrecognition.com/december_2016_global_defense_security_news_industry/over_60_tornado-g_mlrs_and_20_msta-sm_howitzers_delivered_to_russian_army_in_2016_72912163.html[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ joffrey. "Russian 1st Guards units receives 2S19M2 howitzers 81606171 - June 2017 Global Defense Security news industry - Defense Security global news industry army 2017 - Archive News year". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  18. ^ ngain. "Russian Central Military District receives 'dozen' of new Msta-S self-propelled howitzers 22906172 - June 2017 Global Defense Security news industry - Defense Security global news industry army 2017 - Archive News year". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  19. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / В учебный центр ВВО в Забайкалье поступили модернизированные самоходные гаубицы «Мста-С»". armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 4 October 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  20. ^ "New artillery brigade of Combined Arms Army receives modified Msta-S howitzers, Western MD : Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation". eng.mil.ru. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  21. ^ Administrator. "New 2S33 MSTA-SM2 152mm howitzer for Russian army - December 2017 Global Defense Security news industry - Defense Security global news industry army 2017 - Archive News year". www.armyrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  22. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / На вооружение общевойсковой армии ЮВО на Северном Кавказе поступили усовершенствованные САУ «Мста-С»". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  23. ^ "New artillery systems fielded near Volgograd, Southern Military District : Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation". eng.mil.ru. Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  24. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2018/0613/085547195/detail.shtml
  25. ^ John Pike. "Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine". Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  26. ^ "Nuevo lote de obuses autopropulsados 2s19 MSTA-S de 152mm arribó a Venezuela - maquina-de-combate.com". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  27. ^ Recently, Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers, he said. Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco | U.S. News Las Vegas Archived 2014-10-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers. "Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco". TASS. July 4, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  29. ^ de Larrinaga, Nicholas (22 April 2015). "New Russian heavy armour breaks cover". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2015.

External links[edit]