Ontario Legislative Building
The Ontario Legislative Building is a structure in central Toronto, Canada. It houses the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, the viceregal suite of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario and offices for members of the provincial parliament; the building is surrounded by Queen's Park, sitting on that part south of Wellesley Street, the former site of King's College, and, leased from the university by the provincial Crown for a "peppercorn" payment of CAD$1 per annum on a 999-year term. The building and the provincial government are both referred to by the metonym "Queen's Park". Designed by Richard A. Waite, the Ontario Legislative Building is an asymmetrical, five-storey structure built in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, with a load-bearing iron frame; this is clad inside and out in Canadian materials where possible. There can be seen over the edifice a multitude of stone carvings, including gargoyles and friezes; the exterior is punctuated with uncharacteristically large windows, allowed by the nature of the iron structure.
The 1909 North Wing was built by noted Toronto architect George Wallace Gouinlock and E. J. Lennox added two floors to the west wing; the main façade fronts south, with the central axis of the building an extension of that for University Avenue, meaning that the Legislative Building creates a terminating vista for the north end of that main thoroughfare. The Legislative Chamber is directly on this axis, in the centre of the building, is lit by the three large and prominent arched windows above the main portico; this block is flanked by two domed towers, the west of, intended to hold a clock, but was fitted with a rose window instead, after funds for the clock were never amassed. The asymmetry of the south face was not as strong as it is at present. After the fire of 1909, the west side of the Legislative Building was repaired and expanded, with an added fourth floor that bears wall dormer windows in a long, gabled roof. At the far termini of the east–west axis, the wings each turn at right angles and extend north, enclosing a three-sided courtyard, in which sits the 1909 block, a free-standing, four storey structure, rectangular in plan.
Inside, a central hall runs between the main entrance at the south and a grand staircase directly opposite, from the mid-landing of, accessed the parliamentary library in the 1909 block. At the top landing of this stair is the lobby of the legislative chamber, with the door to which centrally aligned in the south wall. From this core, wide corridors extend east and west, each bisected by a long and narrow atrium lined with ornate railings. To the south of the Legislative Building is an open area with extensive tree cover, used for public gatherings and demonstrations; the provincial ministries are housed in the separate Ontario Government Buildings complex to the east, comprising the Hearst, Macdonald and Whitney Blocks. The building is featured on both the back covers of Rush's 1981 album Moving Pictures. At the north-west corner of the building is the Lieutenant Governor's Suite, which has housed the office of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario since 1937, when Ontario sold the province's Government House to the federal Crown.
The space was used as the Cabinet dining room and the Speaker's apartment. The suite is a three-storey complex, with its own ceremonial staircase and elevator entrances where members of the Canadian Royal Family and visiting dignitaries are greeted. A rose garden, donated by the Monarchist League of Canada in honour of the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 1977, sits on the west side of the building across the driveway. Inside are reception rooms, a state dining room, staff offices, a kitchen, arranged around a central stair hall; the furnishings and chandeliers throughout the suite came from the last government house, Chorley Park, paintings come from the Government of Ontario Art Collection and the Toronto Public Library. Special art exhibitions are commissioned from time to time; the Music Room is the largest space in the viceregal suite, is the site of New Years' Levées, swearing-in ceremonies for cabinet ministers, presentations of and investitures for provincial honours. The suite is home to portraits of some the past Lieutenant Governors of Ontario as well as: Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh, the Lieutenant Governor large portrait of Upper Canada's first Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe by painted Sir Edmund Wyly Grier The present Ontario Legislative Building is the seventh such structure to serve as Ontario's parliament building.
Either Navy Hall or the Freemasons Hall in Newark, Upper Canada, served as the first legislature, where the initial meeting of the House of Assembly occurred on 17 September 1791. Only three years however, construction began on a dedicated parliament building in York, as i
Prince Edward County, Ontario
Prince Edward County is a single-tier municipality and a census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. Long settled by Indigenous peoples, the county has significant archeological sites; these include the LeVescounte Mounds of the Point Peninsula Complex people, built about 2000 years ago. The county was created by Upper Canada's founding lieutenant-governor John Graves Simcoe on July 16, 1792, it was named after Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, commander-in-chief of British North America. Shortly after the American Revolution, the Crown made land grants to some of the earliest United Empire Loyalists to encourage their settlements in Ontario and provide compensation for property lost in the Thirteen Colonies; the county was composed of three townships named in honour of three of George III's daughters. For many years Prince Edward County has been associated with the wholly mainland Hastings County, its longtime militia unit has been The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, whose most famous member was Farley Mowat.
This noted nature author wrote And No Birds Sang, about his experiences with the Hasty Ps during the Second World War's Italian Campaign. On January 1, 1998, the Town of Picton, the villages of Bloomfield and Wellington, the townships of Ameliasburgh, Hallowell, North Marysburgh and South Marysburgh amalgamated to form a new city with the official legal name of Prince Edward County; each of the former municipalities is now a ward. The following are former municipalities: Ameliasburgh, named after Princess Amelia, youngest daughter of George III Athol Bloomfield Hallowell, named after Captain Benjamin Hallowell ), eminent Loyalist of Boston, he was the father-in-law of Chief Justice John Elmsley. Hillier, organized in 1823, named after Major George Hillier, military secretary to Sir Peregrine Maitland. North Marysburgh, surveyed in 1785 and settled by Loyalist veterans, some of Hessian birth. Named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Sophiasburgh, named for Princess Sophia, one of George III's daughters.
Surveyed in 1785 and 1787, settled by Loyalists from Nova Scotia and the Mainland. South Marysburgh named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Picton, named for Sir Thomas Picton Wellington, named after Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington Prince Edward County is located in Southern Ontario on a large irregular headland or littoral at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, just west of the head of the St. Lawrence River; this headland is surrounded on the north and east by the Bay of Quinte. As the Murray Canal now connects the bay to Lake Ontario across the only land connection, the county is technically an island. Murray Canal is crossed by 2 swing bridges, the single lane county road 64 bridge and the two lane country road 33 bridge. Bay of Quinte is crossed by two, 2-lane bridges of about 850m length - one carrying Provincial Highway 62 near Belleville and the other about 24km east carrying Provincial Highway 49 near Deseronto; the county's mild climate due to the influence of Lake Ontario has led to the establishment of about 50 vineyards and close to 30 wineries.
The lake effect from Lake Ontario results in heavier snowfall than in neighbouring counties. Prince Edward County is an island community encompassing 1,000 square kilometres, with over 500 kilometres of shoreline with beaches and limestone rich soil. Prince Edward County includes the population centres of Picton and Wellington and the communities of Ameliasburg, Carrying Place, Cherry Valley, Cressy, Fawcettville, Hillier, Lake On The Mountain, Mountain View, Rednersville, Rossmore, Salmon Point, Waupoos, Waupoos Island, West Lake and Yerexville. Population trend: Population in 2011: 25,258 Population in 2006: 25,496 Population in 2001: 24,901 Population in 1996: 25,046 Ameliasburgh Township: 5571 Athol Township: 1383 Bloomfield Village: 687 Hallowell Township: 4577 Hillier Township: 1851 North Marysburgh Township: 1312 Picton Town: 4673 Sophiasburgh Township: 2283 South Marysburgh Township: 1018 Wellington Village: 1691 Population in 1991: Ameliasburgh Township: 5357 Athol Township: 1416 Bloomfield Village: 689 Hallowell Township: 4349 Hillier Township: 1804 North Marysburgh Township: 1258 Picton Town: 4386 Sophiasburgh Township: 2110 South Marysburgh Township: 968 Wellington Village: 1426Mother tongue: English as first language: 93.3% French as first language: 1.3% English and French as first language: 0.3% Other as first language: 5.1% Events include the summer Classical Unbound Festival, with performances of classical music in unconventional venues and contexts by foremost Canadian musicians.
In the summer is the renowned Jazz Festival which occurs in the month of August. Some of Canada's most prolific jazz musicians gather in the county for this festival; the Prince Edward County Country Jamboree happens in August in Cherry Valley. With over 40 Top Notch Canadian Country Music Entertainers over 4 Days, its its 5th year this family event has options for day passes and Weekend Passes that include dry/rough camping. Visit at The Prince Edward County Country Jamboree on facebook for more details; the 50's & 60's Rock N Roll Music Festival is held in Cherry Valley. Take a trip back in time for this 3 Day Festival featuring the great music of The 50's & 60's. With over
Norfolk County, Ontario
Norfolk County is a rural single-tier municipality on the north shore of Lake Erie in Southwestern Ontario, Canada with a 2016 population of 64,044. The largest community in Norfolk County is Simcoe, Ontario with a 2016 population of 13,922; the other population centres are Port Dover, Delhi and Port Rowan, there are many smaller communities. For several years in the late 20th century, the county was merged with Haldimand County but the merged entity was dissolved in 2000. According to the Census of Agriculture of 2016 by Statistics Canada, Norfolk County farmers are Ontario’s Number One growers of asparagus, tart cherries, peppers, rye and zucchini, other vegetables. Farmers in Norfolk County are among Ontario’s top growers of several other crops: sweet corn, potatoes, cucumbers and wax beans, carrots and lettuce. Located on the Norfolk Sand Plain in the Carolinian Life Zone, Norfolk County's soil type is sandy loam, the most fertile land in Ontario. With a mild climate and lengthy growing season, the region has long been the centre of the Ontario tobacco belt.
However, many farmers have begun the process of diversifying their crop selections to include fruits and vegetables, ginseng and wolfberries as tobacco consumption continues to decrease. Dennis' Horseradish is considered to be one of the longest lasting non-tobacco farming businesses in Norfolk County; the area has an active greenhouse industry. Despite this, farmers have asked governments to reduce the financial losses of moving away from profitable tobacco operations. A significant natural feature of Norfolk is Long Point, a 40 kilometre spit of land projecting into Lake Erie, it plays an important part in eastern North American bird migration, was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. Long Point Provincial Park is located on the point. More than 25% of Norfolk County is considered to be forested; the county seat and largest community is Simcoe. Other population centres are Port Dover and Waterford. By 1669, Europeans had reached what is now Port Dover, the French explorers De Galinee and Dollier de Casson.
They erected a cross with the arms of France claiming sovereignty for King Louis XIV over the Lake Erie region on March 23, 1670. A history of the area written in 1898 indicates an earlier visit to what is now Norfolk County, in October 1626, by a Recollet priest, Laroche-Daillon with two Frenchmen Grenolle and La Vallee; the priest spent three month with the Neutrals First Nation. The same account indicates that two Jesuits and Chaurnonot, visited the Neutrals in this area in 1640; the first European to live in the area, with the Neutrals, was William Smith, son of Abraham Smith. He settled near the current Port Rowan in 1793; this was in the first community, the Long Point Settlement, where mills were built by United Empire Loyalist settlers. In the subsequent years and grist mills were opened and the population increased. After the town site was surveyed in the late 1700s, the area was called Charlotte Villa and was renamed Charlotteville. Norfolk County was created in July 1792 as a constituency for the purposes of returning a member to the new Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, was described as having the following territory:...to be bounded on the north and east by the county of Lincoln and the River La Tranche, now called the Thames, on the south side by the lake Erie until it meets the Barlue, to be called the Orwell River, thence by a line running north sixteen degrees west until it intersects the river La Tranche or Thames, thence up the said river until it meets the northwest boundary of the county of York.
Norfolk County was reduced in size in 1798, with parts going to the counties of Oxford and Haldimand, became part of the London District. It consisted of the following townships: In 1826, the townships of Rainham and Walpole were moved to Haldimand County in Niagara District because of their distance from the London courthouse; the community, now Simcoe, Ontario was first settled when Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe gave land to Aaron Culver in 1795 on the agreement that he would build mills. After they were in operation, a hamlet formed by 1812, although it was burned down by American troops in 1814. Between 1819 and 1823 Culver laid out a village; the settlement consisted of two distinct areas, named by William Bird who arrived in the early 1800s and the Queensway which grew up around Culver's sawmill and grist mill in the 1820s. The post office was called Simcoe; the County had an important role during the War of 1812. Fort Norfolk was built in Charlotteville in 1813 with accommodation for 300 troops.
The Battle of Nanticoke, against American troops, was an important event in 1813. In August 1812, Major General Isaac Brock gathered a force of about regulars and militia at Port Dover. Using boats on the lake, they reached Amherstburg and attacked and captured the American Hull's Army at Detroit; the Americans forces burned Port Dover. The Americans forces burnt Port Dover, Port Ryerse and the Walsingham settlement in 1814. In 1837, Norfolk County was separated from the London District to form Talbot District, Simcoe was declared to be the district town. At the beginning of 1850, the district was abolished, being replaced by Norfolk County for municipal pu
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
The Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada was the elected part of the legislature for the province of Upper Canada, functioning as the lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada. Its legislative power was subject to veto by the appointed Lieutenant Governor, Executive Council, Legislative Council; the first elections in Upper Canada, in which only land-owning males were permitted to vote, were held in August 1792. The first session of the Assembly's sixteen members occurred in Newark, Upper Canada on 17 September 1792. Shortly before the capital of Upper Canada was moved to York in 1796 the Assembly was dissolved and reconvened for twelve more sessions between 1797 and 1840 in modest buildings in the new capital. Members continued to be elected by land-owning males to represent the larger towns. During the War of 1812, American troops set fire to the buildings of the Assembly. Following the war, the Executive and Legislative Councils became dominated by the Family Compact, a clique of wealthy individuals led by John Strachan, which emerged in 1815.
The Compact was opposed to American republicanism and favoured full establishment for the Anglican church in Upper Canada. Their authoritarian style of governance and disregard for the will of the Legislative Assembly led to demands for government, more responsible to the people and the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837. Opposing the Family Compact were an assortment of anti-establishment members, but it did not gain strength until a more formal group of reformers emerged led by William Warren Baldwin starting 1820s and by William Lyon Mackenzie in the 1830s; the 1840 Act of Union united Upper and Lower Canada into the single Province of Canada and, from this point until Confederation in 1867, a joint parliament was held for the united provinces. 1st Parliament of Upper Canada 1792-1796 2nd Parliament of Upper Canada 1797-1800 3rd Parliament of Upper Canada 1801-1804 4th Parliament of Upper Canada 1805-1808 5th Parliament of Upper Canada 1808-1812 6th Parliament of Upper Canada 1812-1816 7th Parliament of Upper Canada 1817-1820 8th Parliament of Upper Canada 1821-1824 9th Parliament of Upper Canada 1825-1828 10th Parliament of Upper Canada 1829-1830 11th Parliament of Upper Canada 1831-1834 12th Parliament of Upper Canada 1835-1836 13th Parliament of Upper Canada 1837-1840 A few members of the Legislature left Canada.
Some left Canada to join the United States Army during the War of 1812. Some were involved in the Rebellion of 1837 and other just abandoned Canada. Most moved to the United States, some left for Great Britain. Navy Hall at Newark First and second Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada at YorkFrom 1824 to 1832, the Assembly sat at temporary locations due to the fire that destroyed the second home: Residence of the Chief Justice of Upper Canada Old York County Court House on King between Toronto and Church Streets Ballroom of York Hotel at York - one session 1813 York General Hospital Third Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada Legislative Council of Upper Canada Executive Council of Upper Canada Lieutenant Governors of Upper Canada, 1791-1841 Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology, Frederick H. Armstrong, Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1985. ISBN 0-919670-92-X James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac, provincial calendar, for the year of Our Lord 1827: being the third after bissextile or leap year, the eighth year of the reign of His Majesty eorge the Fourth...", 76, ii pp. James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac and astronomical calendar for the year of Our Lord 1828: being bissextile or leap year and the ninth year of the reign of His Majesty King George the Fourth...", 76, ii pp. James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac, provincial calendar, for the year of Our Lord 1831: being the third after bissextile, or leap year, the second year of the reign of His Majesty King William the Fourth...", 103, ii pp. Government of Ontario site
Hastings County is located in the province of Ontario, Canada. Geographically, it is located on the border of Central Ontario. Hastings County is the second largest county in Ontario; the county seat is Belleville, independent of Hastings County. Hastings County has trademarked the moniker "Cheese Capital of Canada"; the 14 local municipalities within Hastings County are: Town of Bancroft Town of Deseronto Municipality of Centre Hastings Municipality of Hastings Highlands Municipality of Tweed Municipality of Marmora and Lake Township of Carlow/Mayo Township of Faraday Township of Limerick Township of Madoc Township of Stirling-Rawdon Township of Tudor and Cashel Township of Tyendinaga Township of WollastonThe Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory is within the Hastings census division but is independent of the county. The cities of Belleville and Quinte West are separated municipalities, falling within the boundaries of the county and included in the Hastings census division, but not under the administration of the county government.
The first boundaries of Hastings County was organized for electoral purposes in 1792, was described as being: bounded on the east by the westernmost boundary of the county of Lenox, on the south by the bay of Quinte, until it meets a boundary on the easternmost line of the river Trent, thence along the river until it intersects the rear of the ninth concession, thence by a line running north sixteen degrees west until it intersects the river Ottawa or Grand river, thence descending the said river until it meets the northwesternmost boundary of the county of Addington. For the initial elections to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, it was united with Northumberland County and most of Lennox County for purposes of returning one member, it was situated within the Mecklenburg District, renamed the "Midland District" in 1792. In 1798, the Parliament of Upper Canada passed legislation to provide, that, at the beginning of 1800:... the townships of Sidney, the tract of land occupied by the Mohawks, Huntingdon and Rawdon, do constitute and form the county of Hastings.
The territory withdrawn from the County continued to form part of the Midland District. In 1821, the newly surveyed townships of Elzevir and Marmora were added to the County. While in this time agriculture was the most important industry in Hastings County, by 1822 mining was playing an more important role in the area's economy. Prominent citizens of Hastings County and Ameliasburgh Township unsuccessfully petitioned the provincial government for district status during 1817, 1818, 1823 and 1825. After Prince Edward County achieved its own government in 1831, Hastings County continued to send petitions throughout the 30s before achieving the status of a separate district in March 1837, it was constituted as the District of Victoria in 1839. By 1845, the County was declared to consist of the following townships: Belleville, after an abortive attempt two years was organized as a municipality with its own Board of Police in 1836, was designated as the district seat in 1837, it was constituted as a town under the Baldwin Act in 1850, became a city in 1877.
Edward Fidlar became the first warden of Hastings County with their first meeting on January 28, 1850. By this time the Hastings County Council was interested in education and the building of the railroad. On October 27, 1856 the first railroad train arrived in Belleville and by 1864 around 100 people were employed by the railroad. In August 1866, discovery of gold at Eldorado, near Madoc, caused great excitement throughout Hastings County as people flooded to the area from all over North America. According to Barnes, "gold has been found in twenty-seven locations spread over nine townships." The railroads and 170 miles of good gravel roads opened these areas to settlement by 1880. In 1889 the Belleville Waterworks was created as a private company, bought by the city of Belleville in 1889. In 1911, Hastings County was the first in the province to appoint a reforestation committee, instrumental in passing laws around county forests. Postal service began in the area in 1913; the figures below are for the Hastings census division, which combines Hastings County and Quinte West, along with the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory.
Historic populations: Population in 2001: 125,915 Population in 1996: 126,099 The county is served by Highway 401 in the south, Highway 7, a leg of the Trans-Canada Highway, in the central region, Highways 62 and 37 travelling north to south, Highway 28 travelling east to west in the northern region, Highway 127 travelling north from Maynooth in the northern region. Warden: Rick Phillips Town of Bancroft: Bernice Jenckins Hastings Highlands: Vivian Bloom Township of Carlow/Mayo: Bonnie Adams Municipality of Centre Hastings: Owen Ketcheson Town of Deseronto: Norm Clark Township of Faraday: Carl Tinney Township of Limerick: David Golem Township of Madoc: Bob Sager Municipality of Marmora & Lake: Terry Clemens Township of Stirling/Rawdon: Rodney Cooney Municipality of Tweed: Jo-Anne Albert Township of Tudor & Cashel: Wanda Donaldson Township of Tyendinaga: Rick Phillips Township of Wollaston: Dan McCaw Currently Hastings & Prince Edward District School Board operates public schools. Hastings County Board of Education operated public schools.
There are 5 EMS stations in Hastings County with Has
Grenville County, Ontario
Grenville County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. The county was created in 1792, named in honour of William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Secretary of State in 1790, it consisted of five townships, which were settled by United Empire Loyalists in the late 1700s after the Revolutionary War. Prior to being settled by Europeans, the area was home to many generations of native cultures. Grenville County merged with Leeds County in 1850 to create Grenville County; the county covered an area of 272,261 acres. Prior to European settlement, numerous Native American villages were present in Grenville County; the French occupied this area at present-day Johnstown, in what was to become Edwardsburgh township, at Pointe au Baril in what would be Augusta township. These French settlements date back to 1759 respectively. In the late 1700s, land was surveyed in and around what would become Grenville County to be distributed as land grants to the United Empire Loyalists and their families for their loyalty to the Crown.
The first townships laid out were called the Royal Townships, were situated along the St. Lawrence River where land was most productive and travel was convenient. In the 1790s, three more townships were created further north of the existing townships which became part of Grenville County: Oxford-on-Rideau, South Gower, Wolford townships. Shortly after the Loyalists arrival and Scottish immigrants began to settle in the area as well; the European settlers dotted the new townships with small agricultural communities which were self-sustaining. These communities were established out of necessity, as roads in the area were not well-established during nineteenth century and people were travelling via horse and buggy, or on foot; every few kilometres, a village or hamlet was present. Most residents made their living through small-scale mixed farming operations. In 1850, Grenville county was amalgamated with the neighbouring county of Leeds, to become the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville; this occurred when the area ceased to be divided by districts, Canada began to be divided instead by province.
Prior to confederation, the area of Upper Canada was divided by districts, which held the counties, which held the townships. During the mid-1800s, counties began the districts were dropped. Grenville County consisted of five separate townships, two of which still exist, one under a different name; the five townships were Augusta, Oxford-on-Rideau, South Gower, Wolford. Augusta township, covers an area of 75,083 acres, it was first surveyed in 1783, was named in honour of Princess Augusta Sophia, second daughter of George III. This township is located along the southern border of Leeds and Grenville along the St. Lawrence River. Edwardsburgh township, covers an area of 66,669 acres; the township was first surveyed in 1783. This township is located along the southern border of Leeds and Grenville along the St. Lawrence River, east of Augusta township. Oxford-on-Rideau township, covered an area of 59,350 acres and was first surveyed in 1791; the township was amalgamated in the 1990s with South Gower township and the town of Kemptville to become North Grenville.
This township was located north of both Edwardsburgh and Augusta townships, between Wolford and South Gower. South Gower township, covered an area of 27,709 acres and was first surveyed in 1799; this township was located north of Edwardsburgh. Wolford township covered an area of 46,851 acres and was first surveyed in 1795, it was named for the Devonshire seat of John Graves Simcoe. This township was located west of Oxford-on-Rideau, north of Augusta. In the 1990s, Wolford township became known as its own municipality, was renamed Merrickville–Wolford. 1951 map of Grenville County
Lincoln County, Ontario
Lincoln County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. The county was formed in 1792. In 1845, the southern portion of Lincoln County was separated to form Welland County. In some census and election records from the late 19th century, the townships of Caistor and Gainsborough were enumerated as part of Monck County, while Grantham and Niagara Townships were enumerated as part of Niagara County. However, neither Monck nor Niagara existed as incorporated municipal counties, but rather as electoral districts. In 1970, Lincoln and Welland Counties were amalgamated to form the Regional Municipality of Niagara. List of townships in Ontario 1951 map of Lincoln County