Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. Located in the heart of the Gooi, it is the largest urban centre in that area, it is surrounded by heathland, meadows and smaller towns. Hilversum is part of one of the largest conurbations in Europe. Hilversum lies 15 km north of Utrecht; the town is known for its architecturally important Town Hall, designed by Willem Marinus Dudok and built in 1931. Hilversum has one public library, two swimming pools, a number of sporting halls and several shopping centres. Locally, the town centre is known as het dorp, which means "the village". Hilversum is called "media city", since it is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands, is home to an extensive complex of radio and television studios and to the administrative headquarters of the multiple broadcasting organizations which make up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system. Hilversum is home to many newer commercial TV production companies.
Radio Netherlands, broadcasting worldwide via shortwave radio since the 1920s, is based here. The following is a list of organizations that have, or are continuing to, broadcast from studios in Hilversum: NCRV KRO VARA VPRO AVRO RVU IKOR NRU RNW NTS IKON NOT Teleac TROS EO NOS VOO Human NPS BNN MAX PowNed WNL NTR AVROTROS BNNVARA KRO-NCRV One result of the town's history as an important radio transmission centre is that many older radio sets throughout Europe featured Hilversum as a pre-marked dial position on their tuning scales. Dutch national voting in the Eurovision Song Contest is co-ordinated from Hilversum. Hilversum has a variety of international schools, such as the Violenschool and International School Hilversum "Alberdingk Thijm". Nike's, Hunkemöller's and Converse's European headquarters are located in Hilversum. Earthenware found in Hilversum gives its name to the Hilversum culture, an early- to mid-Bronze Age, or 800–1200 BCE material culture. Artifacts from this prehistoric civilization bear similarities to the Wessex Culture of southern Britain and may indicate that the first Hilversum residents emigrated from that area.
The first brick settlements formed around 900, but it was not until 1305 that the first official mention of Hilversum is found. At that point it was a part of the oldest town in the Gooi area. Farming, raising sheep and some wool manufacturing were the means of life for the Gooi in the Middle Ages. In 1424 Hilversum received its first official independent status; this made possible further growth in the village because permission from Naarden was no longer needed for new industrial development. The town grew further in the 17th century when the Dutch economy as a whole entered its age of prosperity, several canals were built connecting it indirectly to Amsterdam. In 1725 and 1766 large fires destroyed most of the town, leveling parts of the old townhouse and the church next to it; the town overcame these setbacks and the textile industry continued to develop, among other ways by devising a way to weave cows' hair. In the 19th century a substantial textile and tapestry industry emerged, aided by a railway link to Amsterdam in 1874.
From that time the town grew with rich commuters from Amsterdam moving in, building themselves large villas in the wooded surroundings, starting to live in Hilversum permanently. Despite this growth, Hilversum was never granted city rights so it is still referred to by many locals as "het dorp," or "the village." For the 1928 Summer Olympics in neighboring Amsterdam, it hosted all of the non-jumping equestrian and the running part of the modern pentathlon event. The Nederlandse Seintoestellen Fabriek company established a professional transmitter and radio factory in Hilversum in the early 1920s, growing into the largest of its kind in the Netherlands. Following the defeat of Allied forces in the Netherlands in 1940, its occupation by Nazi Germany, Hilversum became the headquarters of the German Army in the Netherlands.. In 1948, NSF was taken over by Philips. However, Dutch radio broadcasting organizations centralised their operations in Hilversum, providing a source of continuing economic growth.
The concentration of broadcasters in Hilversum has given it its enduring status as the media city for the Netherlands. In 1964, the population reached a record high – over 103,000 people called Hilversum home. However, the textile industry had started its decline. Another major industry, the chemical factory IFF closed by the end of the 1960s. After the 1960s, the population declined, until stabilising at around 85,000. Several factors other than the slump in manufacturing have featured in this decline: one is the fact that the average family nowadays consists of fewer people, so fewer people live in each house. M. Dudok to the Goois Natuurreservaat (n
Britain's Brainiest Kid
Britain's Brainiest Kid is a British television quiz show produced by Celador, which aired in a one-off special format on ITV on 9 August 2001, hosted by Carol Vorderman. A subsequent series was aired in late 2002; the original featured four different rounds: A set of 12 multiple choice questions, whittling down the number of male contestants from 12 to 3. A set of 12 multiple choice questions, whittling down the number of female contestants from 12 to 3. A subject-based round, where contestants answered questions on two subjects, this halved the number of competitors to 3. A final round, where the remaining 3 contestants were tested on their own specialist subject and that of their fellow finalistsThe winner of the original special was Laura Hibbert of North Yorkshire, whose specialist subject was Charles Dickens. Alex "Brains" Marshall was runner up. Marshall's specialist subject was the United Arab Emirates. Richard "Helium" Thomas came third, his specialist subject was the Plantagenets. For 2002, the show was resurrected, with ten half-hour heats and qualification to a 90-minute grand final show.
The heats were presented by Tess Daly, the grand final by Carol Vorderman again. There was a format change in 2002, with tie breakers being replaced by "Codexs" after the mammoth tie-break in the 2001 show. There were several spin off shows, such as Britain's Brainiest Footballer and Britain's Brainiest Cabbie after the success of the 2001 show; however the 2002 show was not as successful and Celador announced that the series would not return for a third series. The winner of the 2002 series was Christopher Guerin. Legend: Currently airing No longer airing Upcoming or returning version Britain's Brainiest Kid on IMDb Britain's Brainiest Kid 2001 at Celador Productions Britain's Brainiest Kid 2002 at Celador Productions
Baak Maan Fu Yung
Baak Maan Fu Yung is a Hong Kong game show, based on the original British format of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. The show's first host was Kenneth Chan; the main goal of the game is to win HK$1 million by answering 15 multiple-choice questions. There are three lifelines: 50:50, Ask-the-Audience. Baak Maan Fu Yung first aired on April 29, 2001, it was broadcast by Hong Kong's ATV. It is notable in ATV's 58-year history for being one of its few viewership successes over its rival station TVB; as ATV returned broadcasting as an OTT provider in December 2017, a revival of the show was announced. The new series is hosted by Stephen Chan. James Wong and Petrina Fung, 15 July 2001 Stephen Chow and Erica Li, 21 August 2001 Chan Hon-cheung, 2 November 2001Cheng Tak-cheung, 7 February 2003 Ray Fong, 2018 Ling Wing Kuen and Ling Shuk Ling, 9 November 2001 Peggy Cash and Rose Money, 1 June 2018 Official website Official website 2018 episodes including pilot
Stellify Media is a Northern Irish television production company. Stellify was formed by Kieran Doherty and Matthew Worthy as a joint venture with Sony Pictures Television. Stellify are best known for rebooting the UK version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? with Jeremy Clarkson for ITV, Blind Date with Paul O'Grady for Channel 5. On 20 March 2014, Doherty and Worthy launched the production company Stellify Media as a joint venture with Sony Pictures Television. Doherty and Worthy jointly develop and executive produce all of Stellify's content. Stellify are based in Belfast and have headquarters in London. Can't Touch This is a BBC One physical game show hosted by Zoë Ball and Ashley Banjo, with voice-over provided by Sue Perkins. If a contestant touches a prize they win the prize. Goodbye House is a property show on RTÉ One in which siblings must compete to find the perfect'down-sized' home for their parents. Don't Say It... Bring It! is a game show on Dave that involved contestants having to physically find the answers to questions and bring them back to host Jason Byrne in order to win money.
In Solitary: The Anti-Social Experiment is a Channel 5 entertainment format that tests whether or not three members of the public can withstand being in solitary confinement for up to 5 days. George Lamb hosts and participates. Space Truckers is a BBC One Northern Ireland formatted-documentary about Ryan Milligan, an Ardglass trucker and astrophysicist, tasked with transporting a supercomputer for the LOFAR space telescope from The Netherlands to Ireland. A revival of the classic UK dating show that aired on Channel 5, hosted by Paul O'Grady and voiced over by Melanie Sykes; this was co-produced with So Television. Stellify Media produced an Irish version of the hit show, hosted by IFTA Award winning comedian Al Porter that aired on TV3 in 2017; this was co-produced with Al's company Pink Tie Productions. Beauty Queen & Single is a dating format on BBC One Northern Ireland where 6 beauty queens go on a series of dates with no make-up to see if they can make a connection, more than skin deep. Show stars Orlaith McAllister, Gemma Garrett, Ashleigh Coyle, Rebecca Maguire, Amira Graham and Karen Montague.
To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the game show, a week of special episodes aired on ITV, with Jeremy Clarkson as host. The revival received positive reviews from critics and fans, and, as well as high viewing figures, led to ITV renewing the show for another series with Clarkson returning as host, it will air for ten episodes starting 1 January 2019. A Taste of Home is a BBC One Northern Ireland cookery format in which exotic international dishes are prepared for local guests; this was co-produced with Afro-Mic Productions. Gino's Win Your Wish List is a Channel 5 game show hosted by Gino D'Acampo, in which families answer questions to win prizes from their wish list. Celebs in Solitary is a celebrity edition of In Solitary: The Anti-Social Experiment on Channel 5, in which Anthea Turner, Professor Green, Eddie Hall, Shazia Mirza attempt to spend five days in solitary confinement. Presented by George Lamb. Parents' Evening is a BBC One Northern Ireland documentary series that goes inside the most important night of the high school calendar – the parent-teacher meeting.
Hot Right Now is a BBC One Northern Ireland topical talk show, in which Vinny Hurrell is joined by Gemma Garrett, Orlaith McAllister, Rebecca Maguire and Ashleigh Coyle as they take to the road to explore the unique quirks of Northern Ireland. They discuss how they get on back in studio as the team review their adventures in a way only they can. Flinch is an upcoming physical gameshow for Netflix; the show is to be hosted by Seann Walsh, Lloyd Griffith, Desiree Burch. Official website Stellify Media at Sony Pictures Television
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? (UK game show)
Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? is a British television quiz show and produced by David Briggs, made for the ITV network. The show's format, devised by Briggs, sees contestants taking on multiple-choice questions, based upon general knowledge, winning a cash prize for each question they answer with the amount offered increasing as they take on more difficult questions. To assist each contestant who takes part, they are given lifelines to use, may walk away with the money they have won if they wish not to risk answering a question, are provided with a safety net that gives them a guaranteed cash prize if they give an incorrect answer, provided they reach a specific milestone in the quiz; the original series aired for 30 series and a total of 592 episodes, from 4 September 1998 to 11 February 2014, was presented by Chris Tarrant. Over the course of its run, the original series had five contestants walk away with the cash prize of £1 million; the original format of the programme was tweaked in years, changing the number of questions from fifteen to twelve and altering the payout structure as a result, incorporating a time limit.
There were several controversies during its run, including an attempt by a contestant to defraud the show of its top prize. Four years after the original series ended, ITV announced that the series would be revived, this time produced by Stellify Media, to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the programme; the revived format was based on the original design. It was hosted by Jeremy Clarkson, filmed at dock10 studios and aired every evening between 5 and 11 May 2018. On 14 September 2018, ITV confirmed that Millionaire would return for a new series consisting of 6 episodes from 1 to 6 January 2019. Clarkson returned as host. Clarkson confirmed on 6 January that the show would return in March 2019. On 8 March, Clarkson confirmed that the series would return in 2019; the game show became one of the most significant shows in British popular culture, ranking 23rd in a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes compiled in 2000 by the British Film Institute. It was the highest quiz programme.
Its success led to versions in many other countries under an international franchise of the same name, all of which follow the same general format, though with some versions including unique differences in gameplay and lifelines provided. The creation of the game show was led by David Briggs, assisted by Mike Whitehill and Steven Knight, who had helped him before with creating a number of promotional games for Chris Tarrant's morning show on Capital FM radio; the basic premise for the show was a twist on the conventional game-show genre of the time, with a focus towards the setup used in radio quizzes, in that the programme would have one contestant taking on the game and answering questions, but with the ability to pull out at any time, to have certain points in the quiz where once passed, they could have a set prize given to them if they should give a wrong answer, be provided with special forms of assistance during their game. During the design phase, the show was given the working title of "Cash Mountain", before Briggs decided upon using the name of the song written by Cole Porter for the 1956 film High Society, as the show's finalised title.
After presenting their idea to ITV, the broadcaster gave the green-light for production to begin on a series. The set designed for Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? was conceived by British production designer Andy Walmsley, who focused the design towards making contestants feel uncomfortable, creating an atmosphere of tension similar to movie thriller. The design was in stark contrast to the design of sets made for more typical game shows, which are designed to make contestants feel more at ease. Walmsley's design feature a central stage made with Plexiglas, with a huge dish underneath covered in mirror paper, onto which two slightly-modified, 3 foot -high Pietranera Arco All chairs were chosen for use by both the contestant and the host, each having an LG computer monitor directly facing each that would be used to display questions and other pertinent information; the rest of the set featured seating spaced out around the main stage in a circle, with breaks in them to allow movement of people on and off the set.
The lighting rig used for the set was designed so as to allow only the lights to switch from illuminating the entire set, to focusing on the host and contestant on the main stage when a game was underway, but to include special lighting effects when the contestant reached higher cash prize amounts. His overall conception would prove to be a success, becoming one of the most reproduced scenic designs in television history; the music provided for the show was composed by father-and-son duo Matthew Strachan. The Strachans' composition for the game show helped with Briggs' tense game design, by providing the necessary drama and tension. Unlike other game show musical scores, the music provided for Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? was designed to be played throughout the entire episode of the show. The Strachans main theme for the game show was inspired from the "Mars" movement of Gustav Holst's The Planets. For the main game of the show, the pair designed the music to feature three variations, with the second and third compositions focused on emphasising the increased tension of the game - as a contestant made progress to higher cash amounts, the pitch of the music was increased by a semitone for each subsequent question.
On Game Show Network's Gameshow Hall of Fame special, the narrator described the Strachan tracks as "mimicking the sound of a beating heart", stated that as the contestant works their way up the money ladder, the music is "perfectly in tune with their ever-increasing pulse". With the
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, the tenth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city had an estimated population of 1,752,704 in 2016 distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33 percent of the population of Hungary; the history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia. The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century; the area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241. Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century; the Battle of Mohács in 1526 was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule. After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity.
Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name'Budapest' given to the new capital. Budapest became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I; the city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Budapest is an Alpha − global city with strengths in commerce, media, fashion, technology and entertainment, it is Hungary's financial centre and the highest ranked Central and Eastern European city on Innovation Cities Top 100 index, as well ranked as the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe. Budapest is the headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, the European Police College and the first foreign office of the China Investment Promotion Agency. Over 40 colleges and universities are located in Budapest, including the Eötvös Loránd University, the Semmelweis University and the Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
Opened in 1896, the city's subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily. Budapest is cited as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, ranked as "the world's second best city" by Condé Nast Traveler, "Europe's 7th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes. Among Budapest's important museums and cultural institutions is the Museum of Fine Arts. Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian National Museum, House of Terror, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library; the central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman's Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue. Other famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St. Stephen's Basilica, Heroes' Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millennium Underground Railway.
The city has around 80 geothermal springs, the largest thermal water cave system, second largest synagogue, third largest Parliament building in the world. Budapest attracts 4.4 million international tourists per year, making it a popular destination in Europe. The separate towns of Buda, Óbuda, Pest were in 1873 unified and given the new name Budapest. Before this, the towns together had sometimes been referred to colloquially as "Pest-Buda". Pest has been sometimes used colloquially as a shortened name for Budapest. All varieties of English pronounce the -s- as in the English word pest; the -u in Buda- is pronounced either /u/ like food or /ju/ like cue. In Hungarian, the -s- is pronounced /ʃ/ as in wash; the origins of the names "Buda" and "Pest" are obscure. The first name comes from: Buda was the name of the first constable of the fortress built on the Castle Hill in the 11th century or a derivative of Bod or Bud, a personal name of Turkic origin, meaning'twig'. or a Slavic personal name, the short form of Budimír, Budivoj.
Linguistically, however, a German origin through the Slavic derivative вода is not possible, there is no certainty that a Turkic word comes from the word buta ~ buda'branch, twig'. According to a legend recorded in chronicles from the Middle Ages, "Buda" comes from the name of its founder, brother of Hunnic ruler Attila. There are several theories about Pest. One states that the name derives from Roman times, since there was a local fortress called by Ptolemaios "Pession". Another has it that Pest originates in the Slavic word for пещера, or peštera. A third cites pešt, referencing a cave where fires burned or a limekiln; the first settlement on the territory of Budapest was built by Celts before 1 AD. It was occupied by the Romans; the Roman settlement – Aquincum – became the main city of Pannonia Inferior in 106 AD. At first it was a military settlement, the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life. Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest.
The Romans constructed roads, amphitheaters and houses with heated floors in this fortified military camp. The Roman city of Aquincum is the best-conserved of the Roman sites in Hungary; the archaeological site was turned into a museum with open-air sections. The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forc