3,7cm ÚV vz. 38

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3.7cm ÚV vz. 38 (Škoda A7)
Panzer 38(t) Ausf. S.jpg
A Panzer 38(t) in the German Tank Museum, Munster.
Type Tank gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1938 to 1945
Used by Czechoslovakia
Nazi Germany
Hungary
Iran
Romania
Wars World War II
Specifications
Barrel length 1.769 m (5 ft 10 in) L/47.8
Crew 2

Shell Fixed QF 37 x 268 mm R[1]
APCBC, APCR, HE
Caliber 37.2 mm (1.46 in)
Carriage Turret
Muzzle velocity 762 m/s (2,500 ft/s)
Effective firing range 1,500 m (1,600 yd)

The 3,7cm ÚV vz. 38 (Czech: útočná vozba), manufacturer's designation Škoda A7, was a 37 mm tank gun designed by the Skoda Works in Czechoslovakia prior to World War II.

The gun was the primary armament of the Czech LT vz. 38 light tank, known in German service as the Panzer 38(t).

The primary user of the A7 was the Wehrmacht during World War II where the weapon went by the name 3,7cm Kampfwagenkanone 38(t).

Performance[edit]

In German service, in addition to conventional high explosive ammunition, the weapon fired two anti-tank rounds, the primary round the Panzergranate Pzgr.(t) umg. armor-piercing capped ballistic cap (APCBC), was ineffective at 2,000 m (2,200 yd) or beyond. The rarer tungsten Panzergranate 40 armor-piercing composite rigid (APCR), was ineffective at 1,000 m (1,100 yd) or beyond.

 
Armor penetration table
APCBC
Range Contact angle 30°
100 m (110 yd) 67 mm (2.6 in)
500 m (550 yd) 57 mm (2.2 in)
1,000 m (1,100 yd) 43 mm (1.7 in)
1,500 m (1,600 yd) 33 mm (1.3 in)
APCR
100 m (110 yd) 91 mm (3.6 in)
500 m (550 yd) 49 mm (1.9 in)
1,000 m (1,100 yd) 24 mm (0.94 in)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "31-37 MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-27. 

See also[edit]