300 metres hurdles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The 300 metres hurdles (also spelled 300 meters hurdles in American English) is an athletics or track and field event. It is a cut down version of the International event the 400 metres hurdles, it is a standard event under the NFHS in American high school competition and a championship level event in Masters athletics. The two iterations of the event vary somewhat. Common to all long hurdling events, the distance between hurdles is 35 metres.

High school[edit]

The high school version uses a standard 45 meter start to the first hurdle, thus the high school race is equivalent to beginning of a standard 400 meter hurdle race, but its placement on the track is shifted 100 meters around the track so it finishes at the common finish line on the straightaway, where the longer race would reach the same point near the end of the second turn. There are 8 hurdles in the high school version,[1] the last hurdle just 10 meters before the finish line.

High schools began adopting the longer hurdle event state by state starting in the 1960s, at the time, most which school competition was using United States customary units, so the race was the 330 yard hurdles and since that occurred before Title IX, competition was only for boys. By the mid 1970s girls competition had been added, but girls events were still undergoing a stage of evolution. Essentially the administrators did not know the capabilities of women and were overcautious not to put them into too difficult events. Metrication finally took hold in the NFHS in 1980, the last major sports governing body to adopt metric distances. The official distance became 300 meters, but many competitions continued to be in yards because the tracks were still marked for that distance.

Hurdle heights also have undergone a period of evolution, until 1984, boys ran over low hurdles 30" in height. When girls were introduced to the event around 1981, they ran the same height as the boys until the boys height was raised to the full intermediate hurdle height of 36" for the 1984 season.

Record progression[edit]

Curiously all national record holders have been from California. Gayle Kellon is credited with the first record in 1982 at 41.09m set at the CIF California State Meet. Leslie Maxie improved upon the record in 1984, taking the record first to 40.90 then to 40.18. Her record held for 17 years until Lashinda Demus took the record below 40 to 39.98 in 2001, which remains the girls record. Danny Harris had the low hurdle mark at 35.52 when the height was terminated. The following year, George Porter ran 36.10 over the intermediate hurdles, but his 35.32 in 1985 is the first recognized record. That record held for 22 years until Jeshua Anderson finally nudged it down to 35.28 in 2007. Chasing Anderson to his record was sophomore Reggie Wyatt, who (after losing his junior year to ineligibility) took the record to 35.02 in 2009. All records took place in the finals of the CIF California State Meet except Porter's 35.32, which was set the week before qualifying to the meet. Wyatt set his record in the preliminary round anticipating his successful attempt to double in the 400 meters.

Masters athletics[edit]

The Masters version of the race is different, the distance from the start line to the first hurdle is 50 metres, which makes all the hurdle marks in the same place as the last seven hurdles of the standard 400-metre version, thus Masters only go over seven hurdles. While men of all ages have run over 300 hurdles, the youngest official division to use the distance is M60. M60 and M65 run over 30-inch (76.2 cm) barriers, M70 and M75 run over 27-inch barriers. Prior to 2010, older age divisions also did 300 hurdles, though the number of competitors was small; in 2010, M80+ and women's W70+ moved to doing a 200-metre race over the last five barriers of either race, thus retiring the 300 hurdles for those divisions. By that time, 27-inch hurdles were embedded in the rulebook.

Women also do the 300 hurdles, W50 to W65 divisions. Like the men, the W50 and W55 divisions do 30-inch hurdles, W60 and W65 do 27-inch hurdles, and W70+ do the 200-metre version over 27-inch hurdles.

27-inch hurdles[edit]

The idea of using 27-inch (68.6 cm) hurdles was introduced in Europe in 2000.[2][3] The increment does not exist on standard hurdles, which caused resistance from some NGBs, but the rules were adopted worldwide.[4] Many modern hurdles will not go to that height or would at least require modification to cut the hurdle. Most facilities that have spent thousands of dollars to buy regulation hurdles would certainly not let their hurdles be damaged like this, since it is a requirement,[5] major championship meets have purchased a few sets of modern modified hurdles, which then creates the logistical problem of shipping these few hurdles between meets in order for the competitors to have an opportunity to race over proper hurdles. As a substitute, many older hurdle designs are easier to modify to get to the proper height and most facilities are less protective of the old, rusty hurdles in the junk pile. Also many training hurdles (used to teach smaller, youth beginners) will go to 27 inches and lower.

Progression[edit]

The world record progressions for M60, M65 and M70 were dominated by Jack Greenwood for a decade as he passed through each division. Each was surpassed by Guido Müller when he reached the same age divisions. Müller's M60 record is 42.31; M65 is 43.88 and M70 is 45.24. Greenwood retired before reaching the M75 division, Müller turned 75 in December 2013, thus far the M75 world record is held by Earl Fee after being held for a long time by Albertus Van Zyl. Fee's record is currently 52.91. Müller is betting he will beat Fee's record,[6] before the event was retired for those divisions, in the M80 division, Fee had just beaten Dan Bulkley's decade-long record by running 56.92. The M85 division was held by Hugo Delgado Flores at 1:07.99 and Ilmari Koppinen had run 2:01.71 at M90.

The W50 division has been led by Brenda Parkinson and Jan Hynes before Christine Müller set the current world record at 45.05. Corrie Roovers dominated the W55 and W60 division lists for a decade until Phil Raschker took the W55 with a 49.14 in 2002. After another decade, Jane Horder advanced the W55 record to 49.00 in 2012. By the time Raschker reached W60, Marge Allison had already put the record out to 51.64. Allison also has the W65 record at 54.06. Florence Meiler had the W70 record at 1:07.16 and Johnnye Valien had the W75 record at 1:29.00 before the event was retired.

All-time top 25 fastest[edit]

  • ht = hand timing
  • mx = mixed race
  • i = indoor performance
  • OT = oversized track (> 200 m in circumference)

Men[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 34.48 Chris Rawlinson  Great Britain 30 June 2002 Sheffield
2 34.6 (ht) David Hemery  Great Britain 15 September 1972 London [7]
3 34.7 (ht) Thomas Goller  Germany 13 May 2001 Pliezhausen [8]
4 34.8 (ht) Ockert Cilliers  South Africa 8 May 2005 Pliezhausen [8]
5 34.87 Kariem Hussein   Switzerland 25 May 2017 Langenthal [9]
6 34.92 i OT Karsten Warholm  Norway 11 February 2017 Tampere [10]
Llewellyn Herbert  South Africa 9 February 1999 Tampere [11]
8 35.0 (ht) [12] Giorgio Frinolli  Italy 13 May 2001 Pliezhausen [8]
9 35.02 Reggie Wyatt  United States 5 June 2009 Clovis [13]
10 35.06 i OT Ruslan Mashchenko  Russia 9 February 1999 Tampere [14]
11 35.07 Laurent Ottoz  Italy 22 June 1996 Terni
12 35.15 Cornel Fredericks  South Africa 18 December 2010 Parow [15]
13 35.2 (ht) Varg Königsmark  Germany 12 May 2013 Pliezhausen [16]
Silvio Schirrmeister  Germany 18 May 2014 Pliezhausen [17]
15 35.22 Kemel Thompson  Jamaica 30 June 2002 Sheffield [18]
16 35.25 Matthew Douglas  Great Britain 30 July 2000 Loughborough [7]
17 35.28 Jeshua Anderson  United States 2 June 2007 Sacramento [19]
18 35.32 George Porter  United States 24 May 1985 Norwalk [13]
19 35.33 Robert Griffin  United States 2007 Copperas Cove [13]
20 35.34 José Bencosme De Leon  Italy 11 September 2016 Cuneo [20]
21 35.38 Ashraf Saber  Italy 22 June 1996 Terni
22 35.39 Bershawn Jackson  United States 18 April 2002 Miami [13][21]
23 35.4 (ht) Alan Pascoe  Great Britain 15 September 1972 London [7]
Mugur Matescu  Romania 13 May 1989 Bucharest
Wayne Whyte  Jamaica 10 May 1998 Pliezhausen [8]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 35.40:

Women[edit]

Rank Result Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 38.16 Zuzana Hejnová  Czech Republic 3 August 2013 Cheb [22]
2 38.6 (ht) Mame Tacko Diouf  Senegal 21 February 1999 Dakar
3 38.9 (ht) Stephanie Kampf  Germany 12 May 2002 Pliezhausen [23]
38.90 Sydney McLaughlin  United States 8 April 2017 Arcadia [24]
5 38.93 Léa Sprunger   Switzerland 3 August 2016 Langenthal [25]
6 38.99 Denisa Rosolova  Czech Republic 12 May 2015 Sušice [26]
7 39.00 Jana Pittman  Australia 11 July 2004 Meilen [27]
Marzia Caravelli  Italy 25 April 2014 Rome [28]
9 39.09 Yadisleidy Pedroso  Italy 3 May 2013 Florence [29]
10 39.2 (ht) Joanna Linkiewicz  Poland 8 May 2016 Pliezhausen [30]
11 39.3 (ht) Christine Klopsch  Germany 18 May 2014 Pliezhausen [17]
12 39.5 (ht) Silvia Rieger  Germany 9 May 1999 Pliezhausen [23]
13 39.53 Tuija Helander  Finland 30 May 1989 Helsinki [31]
14 39.69 Jackie Baumann  Germany 3 August 2016 Langenthal [25]
15 39.71 Petra Fontanive   Switzerland 25 May 2017 Langenthal [32]
16 39.73 mx Kim Batten  United States 16 March 2001 Tallahassee [33]
17 39.98 Lashinda Demus  United States 19 May 2001 Norwalk [13]
18 40.0 (ht) Jonna Tilgner  Germany 17 May 2009 Pliezhausen [23]
Manuela Gentili  Italy 25 May 2012 Vigevano [34]
20 40.09 i OT Stine Tomb  Norway 5 February 2011 Tampere [35]
21 40.10 Ebony Collins  United States 4 June 2005 Sacramento [36]
40.1 (ht) Shalina Clarke  United States 13 May 2005 Buffalo Grove [37][13][38]
23 40.18 Leslie Maxie  United States 26 May 1984 Berkeley [13]
Benedetta Ceccarelli  Italy 29 April 2007 Aulla [34]
25 40.26 Janeene Vickers  United States 5 June 1987 Sacramento [39]

Notes[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 39.80:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Another Hurdle For Californian". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  2. ^ "Page not found". masterstrack.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "t-and-f: Anselm Lebourne not U.S. citizen?". mail-archive.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  5. ^ http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/files/championships/bid_guidelines.pdf
  6. ^ EVAA, mediasprint gmbh /. "European Bests: Gitte Karlshöj (DEN) and Guido Müller (GER)". evaa.ch. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "UNITED KINGDOM ALL-TIME LISTS – MEN HURDLES". gbrathletics.com. 31 December 2006. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Pliezhausen TOP 6 (Men)". /meeting.lv-pliezhausen.de. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Lea Sprunger und Kariem Hussein brillieren mit Schweizer Allzeit-Bestleistungen" (in German). Swiss Athletics. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "Karsten Warholm (20), NOR, delivered a superb run when he equaled the world record in the 300 meters hurdles indoors, during the nations competition in Finland". bergansportathletics.wordpress.com. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Rarest indoor best beaten". IAAF. 11 February 1999. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  12. ^ 8 hurdles, 2 bends
  13. ^ a b c d e f g "Hurdles First Top Ten Lists". hurdlesfirstbeta.com. 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "1999 World Indoor Lists" (PDF). kergejoustik.ee. 12 May 1999. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Para paddle's in.." pressreader.com. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2017. 
  16. ^ Carles Baronet; Larry Eder (14 May 2013). "European Results, from May 6-May 12, 2013". pressreader.com. Retrieved 4 June 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Meeting Pliezhausen 2014 Results". meeting.lv-pliezhausen.de. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "300m Hurdles Results". IAAF. 30 June 2002. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  19. ^ "State Finals - 2007". prepcaltrack.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "Cuneo: Bencosme sfiora il record di Ottoz sui 300hs". atleticalive.it (in Italian). 12 September 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  21. ^ "DyeStat Florida High School Track - Greater Miami Conference". dyestat.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  22. ^ Larry Eder (4 August 2013). "Zuzana Hejnova runs 38.16 All time best for 300m hurdles". runblogrun.com. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c "Pliezhausen TOP 6 (Women)". /meeting.lv-pliezhausen.de. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  24. ^ "300m Hurdles Results". rtspt.com. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "Internationales Abendmeeting 2016 Results" (PDF). lvl.ch. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "Mary Wittenberg steps down as president and CEO of NYRR". american-trackandfield.com. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  27. ^ "Pittman clocks world best in 300m hurdles". smh.com.au. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  28. ^ "Marzia Caravelli record italiano ieri a Roma". atleticanotizie.myblog.it (in Italian). 26 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  29. ^ Diego Sampaolo (3 May 2013). "Krauchanka and Vetter triumph in Firenze – IAAF Combined Events Challenge". IAAF. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "Meeting Pliezhausen 2016 Results". meeting.lv-pliezhausen.de. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  31. ^ "Turku School of Athletics Records" (PDF). turunurheiluliitto.fi. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  32. ^ "33. Nationales Auffahrtsmeeting 2017 Results" (PDF). stade-lausanne.ch. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  33. ^ "Seminoles Complete Day One Of Snowbird Invitational". seminoles.com. 16 March 2001. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  34. ^ a b "Atletica leggera, la "nostra" Marzia Caravelli vola sui 300 metri". vignaclarablog.it (in Italian). 26 April 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  35. ^ "World records and best performances, women's indoor". athleticsweekly.com. 5 February 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  36. ^ "State Finals - 2005". prepcaltrack.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  37. ^ "Buffalo Grove Girls Track & Field Sectional Results". ihsa.org. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  38. ^ "Page 1 - DyeStat - the internet home of high school track". dyestat.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  39. ^ "1987 - California State Meet Results". prepcaltrack.com. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 

External links[edit]