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332 BC

Year 332 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Arvina; the denomination 332 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. The Persian King Darius III twice sends on horseback to Alexander letters of friendship; the second time he offers a large ransom for his family, the ceding of all of the Persian Empire west of the Euphrates River, the hand of his daughter in return for an alliance. Alexander rejects both marches into Mesopotamia. At the acropolis in Susa, an unidentified woman is buried in a bronze sarcophagus, wearing "a mass of finely-wrought and artistic gems and jewels" and two coins, one dating from 350 BC and the other from 332 BC; the tomb will remain unopened for more than 22 centuries, until French archaeologist Jacques de Morgan unearths it on February 10, 1901. Alexander the Great occupies Damascus and, after a siege lasting seven months, destroys Tyre during which there is great carnage and the sale of the women and children into slavery.

Leaving Parmenion in Syria, Alexander advances south without opposition until he reaches Gaza where bitter resistance halts him for two months, he sustains a serious shoulder wound during a sortie. Alexander conquers Egypt from the Persians; the Egyptians welcome him as their deliverer, the Persian satrap Mazaces wisely surrenders. Alexander's conquest of Egypt completes his control of the whole eastern Mediterranean coast. Alexander spends the winter organising the administration of Egypt, he employs Egyptian governors. Alexander founds the city of Alexandria near the western arm of the Nile on a site between the sea and Lake Mareotis, protected by the island of Pharos, has the city laid out by the Rhodian architect Deinocrates. Chandragupta Maurya captures Magadha: Chandragupta, with the help of Chanakya, known as the Indian Machiavelli, destroys the Nanda rulers of Magadha and establishes the Maurya Empire, it is said that Chanakya met Chandragupta in the Vindhya forest, after being insulted by the Nanda king.

After a victory over the Samnites and Lucanians near Paestum, Alexander of Epirus makes a treaty with the Romans

Jayatirtha Dasa

Jayatirtha Dasa was one of the leading disciples of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and a guru within the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, he was appointed a life trustee of the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust by his Guru Swami Prabhupada who placed him in the managerial post of the fledgling Spiritual Sky company. Under Jayatirtha's able management the company became a multimillion-dollar concern and the Wall Street Journal covered the company's success with a front-page article. Jayatirtha Dasa was born as James Edward Immel in US Trust Territory of the Pacific, he was a philosophy major in college. In 1969, James was initiated into the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, whereupon he was given the name Jayatirtha Dasa. In the beginning of the 1970s he served as a president of the Los Angeles ISKCON temple and as a president of Spiritual Sky Enterprises, a group of family-style businesses founded by ISKCON. At the time, Spiritual Sky was the largest incense manufacturer in the US, the only legitimate business of the society.

Jayatirtha went on to become a senior leader and preacher within the movement, a member of its management body known as the Governing Body Commission, the head of ISKCON in Europe. In 1975, Jayatirtha was sent by Prabhupada "to take over and organise" the Hare Krishna movement in Great Britain. Jayatirtha resided with his family at Bhaktivedanta Manor, a beautiful manor house donated by George Harrison to ISKCON, he travelled extensively throughout the world under the direction of Swami Prapupada and performed the Vedic ritual of Pratista in numerous temples. He was commended by Swami Prabhupada for his refined abilities in arcana padati which set the standard of deity worship throughout the society, he co-compiled a handbook under Swami Prabhupada's direction to assist all authorized students in that process. He was chief editor of The Maha Bharat Times; the last place Swami Prabhupada visited in the western hemisphere before his departure was Bhaktivedanta Manor, where he embraced Jayatirtha saying "your name is Tirtha I have come to take shelter of you," before returning to Vrindavan in India to take Samadhi.

Jayatirtha was the only member of the G. B. C. who did not follow Swami Prabhupada back to India to witness their Guru's departure. In the aftermath of Swami Prabhupada's death, Jayatirtha was one of eleven disciples selected to become an initiating guru, he was located in London and was responsible for initiating disciples and managing ISKCON in Great Britain and South Africa. Due to his capabilities and organizational power, the Hare Krishna movement has expanded and developed in those countries. In December 1980, Jayatirtha bought Croome Court, an estate in Worcestershire 25 miles south of Birmingham, he renamed it Chaitanya College, looking to introduce an ISKCON college degree in the Vaishnava tradition. The estate included a chapel and various outbuildings, it was built in 1750 for the Earl of Coventry by Lancelot "Capability" Brown. The design of the interiors was made by Robert Adam; the property landscaped parkland. During the World War II, the place served as a residence for Queen of the Netherlands.

Jayatirtha spent hundreds of thousands of pounds restoring the property and turning the chapel into the Hare Krishna temple. Jayatirtha lectured about the divine love of Radha and Krishna, he had been holding long kirtan sessions, which were considered by other GBC members to be interfering with the street collections and accumulation of funds by the society members. His concentrated focus on spiritual practices were in some respects a cause for concern. Jayatirtha always maintained that a divine flow of spiritual energy descended upon him at that time and refuted the allegations that his deep meditations were the result of taking LSD; the meditations which he entered into during kirtan sessions were conducted with composure with his eyes closed, whilst sitting crossed legged and with a straight back. Jayatirtha's responsibilities within ISKCON required him to make regular visits to Africa, India, U. S. A and other countries although he resided with his family in the U. K, his influence in South Africa was one of the major contributing factors to reversing the trend of Hindu conversions to Islam.

During his visits to India, in his free time, he would travel to remote holy places for meditation. The Governing Body Commission suspected that Jayatirtha's meditations or so called ecstasies were the symptoms of drug use. Jayatirtha became "the topic of serious conversations among GBC members". During a GBC meeting in Los Angeles Jayatirtha was relieved from all his responsibilities in ISKCON for one year and required to renounce his wife and take sannyasa; the sannyasa initiation ceremony took place in LA Hare Krishna temple and was conducted by Kirtanananda Swami. Although Jayathirtha begged and pleaded with the GBC not to enforce the sannyasa order upon him as he had not consulted with his family members, his pleading fell on deaf ears. GBC members hoped that taking sannyasa would help Jayatirtha to overcome the problems in spiritual life, but Jayatirtha was unhappy in ISKCON after that, he started to "shift his loyalty away from ISKCON leadership to Shridhara Swami", a godbrother of A. C.

Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupa

Cake (2019 TV series)

Cake is an American live-action/animated anthology television series that premiered on FXX. The series features a random assortment of short form comedy; the series premiered on September 25, 2019. On December 9, 2019, the series was renewed for a second season, which premiered on March 5, 2020 The episodes of the series consists of multiple short subjects, both live action and animated; each episode contains a season length "anchor" miniseries with various other shorts filling out the remaining time. The first season has been described by the creator as similar in tone to 500 Days of Summer with the second season having a more traditional comedy vibe. Oh Jerome, No Considered the "anchor series" of season one and the only one with continuity between episodes; these shorts follow the overly-sensitive Jerome. Written and directed by Teddy Blanks and Alex Karpovsky, it is an adaptation and continuation of their 2016 short film of the same name. Features original music by Natalie Prass. Quarter Life Poetry An exploration of a young woman's struggles in her social life and professional life.

Some of the episodes feature spoken musical elements. Written and created by Samantha Jayne. Quarter Life Poetry originated as a collection of short poems Jayne posted on Instagram that were published as a book in 2016. Two Pink Doors A series of vignettes about the happenings in two neighboring residences. Created and directed by Phil Burgers. Shark Lords The predominant segment in season two documents an extreme sports enthusiast and his support team as they attempt to copulate with a shark. Created by Alex Anfanger and Dan Schimpf. Starring Alex Anfanger, Ditch Davey, Deb Filler, Hayley Magnus, Rhys Mitchell. Greetings From Florida directed by Tyler Falbo. Joe Bennett Collection animated by Joseph Bennett. Symphony No. 42 Written and designed by Réka Bucsi, based on the 2014 short film of the same name. Psychotown Created by Nikos Andronicos. Drifters Conversations of various aquatic creatures. Directed by Gustaf Lindström. Tree Secrets Anthropomorphic trees discuss topics such as cross-dressing.

Written and produced by Justin Michael and Harry Chaskin. Stzap Directed and animated by Hugo De Faucompret, Pierre Pinon, Caroline Cherrier. Talking Cure Directed by Felipe Di Poi Tamargo. Official website Cake on IMDb

The Accused (1949 film)

The Accused is a 1949 American film noir drama film directed by William Dieterle and written by Ketti Frings, based on Be Still, My Love, a 1947 novel written by June Truesdell. The film stars Robert Cummings. Wilma Tuttle is a college professor; when Perry tries to rape Tuttle, she beats him to death with an auto part. She covers up her crime by making it seem as though Perry was killed while diving into the sea from a precipitous cliff; as she follows the police investigation of Perry's death, Wilma realizes that she'll never be able to escape her conscience when she falls in love with Warren Ford, the dead boy's guardian. In June 1946 Hal Wallis bought the film rights to an unpublished novel by June Trusedell, Be Still, My Love for a reported price of $75,000; the film was to be a vehicle for Barbara Stanwyck and would be made at Paramount, where Wallis had based himself. In December Wallis said, it would be the first in Wallis' slate for 1947 with an overall budget of $8,500,000. Filming was pushed back.

In March Wallis said. By February 1947 Ginger Rogers had become star and Wallis was not going to make the film until he had finished shooting a movie in England. In March Wallis said the stars would be Stanwyck and Wendell Corey and he would hold off filming until Corey returned from England where he was appearing on stage on Voice of the Turtle. In November 1947 Hedda Hopper reported that Stanwyck dropped out of the film because "the script was too stupid to shoot". Wallis put her in Sorry, Wrong Number instead the only other script he had ready to go; that month Ketti Frings was reported as working on the script. In January 1948 Kirk Douglas under contract to Wallis, was linked to the project. In February Wallis announced that Loretta Young would play the lead and the film would be called Strange Deception. Young won an Oscar for The Farmer's Daughter; the other lead roles went to Bob Cummings and Wendell Corey, both of whom were under contract to Wallis. Young says that shortly before filming Wallis approached her suggesting that the two actors should swap roles, with Cummings to play the detective and Corey playing the male lead.

Young said "I knew he wanted to switch because he had just put Wendell Corey under contract, Robert Cummings was being eased out." Young said it felt Corey was not a leading man. "He was a attractive second lead. Bob Cummings at one time was a leading man."Eventually the roles stayed as they are. Young said that Wallis was right, it was the eleventh film from Wallis. Filming started April 1948. Young said she "loved" the film and the script, saying Frings "was a wonderful writer... she knew and liked women... she knew their stupid little frailties... a good story." She says Wallis "bent over backwards trying to do everything nice all during the picture." The New York Times gave the film a positive review: "Murder is a common and salable screen commodity... The Accused...is a super-duper psychological job, well spiced with terminology which sounds impressive, if not always crystal clear in meaning, the performers go about their business with an earnestness which commands attention. Under William Dieterle's assured direction, the story flows smoothly and methodically builds up suspense to a punchy climax which leaves it to the audience to determine whether the defendant should be punished or go free."Variety magazine praised it: "The Accused exploits fear and emotional violence into a high grade melodrama...

Director William Dieterle, with a solid story foundation and an ace cast upon which to build, marches the melodrama along with a touch that keeps punching continually at audience emotions... Loretta Young's portrayal of the distraught professor plays for sympathy. It's an intelligent delineation, she gets under the skin in bringing out the mental processes of an intelligent woman who knows she has done wrong but believes that her trail is so covered that murder will never out." Funk, Edward J. Eavesdropping: Loretta Young Talks about her Movie Years Paperback. Edward Funk; the Accused on IMDb The Accused at AllMovie The Accused at the TCM Movie Database The Accused at Letterbox DVD The Accused at BFI

Yamecha

Yamecha is a type of tea produced in Fukuoka Prefecture. It is cultivated in Yame-shi and its surrounding areas: Chikugo-shi, Hirokawa-cho, Ukiha-shi, Asakura-shi. Yamecha makes up about 3% of Japan's green tea production and about 45% of Japan's gyokuro production on an annual basis, it is prized and one of the first regions in Japan to grow tea. The first tea plant in Yame was imported from China by a Zen priest named Eirin Suzui; the southern part of the Chikushi Plains is located in Yame-shi, where the Chikugo and Yabegawa rivers deposit rich sediment full of composted leaves. The Chikushi Plains is a region, famous for its tea cultivation since ancient times, it is the largest plain in Kyūshū and is located in the southern part of Fukuoka, extending to the Chikugo and Yabegawa river basins. Yamecha is cultivated on 1560 hectares of land, 90% of, located in Yame-shi; the climate is suitable for growing tea with high temperatures during the day that fall at night. It receives 1600-2400mm of rain a year, has weather, similar to that of Mt. Lingyan in Suzhou, China.

Fog and mist are a common occurrence around the rivers of this region. Many Yamecha fields are situated on gently-sloping mountain faces, which are shrouded in fog; this environment helps produce a richer flavour. As a result, Yamecha is high in flavour-producing compounds such as theanine, glutamic acid, arginine. Many tests on tea cultivated in this area have shown to produce a sweet body. Cultivars of Yamecha include yabukita, okumidori, yamakai, okuyutaka and asatsuyu. 77% of introduced cultivars are yabukita, 4% are kanayamidori, 4% are okumidori, 3% are saemidori, 2% are yamakai. The natural gyokuro produced here has been prized since ancient times. Yamecha Gyokuro makes up about 45% of all gyokuro production in Japan; as a result, its growers have control over the average price of gyokuro. Yamecha Gyokuro is well known in Japan for its high quality. 1406: Tea was brought to modern day Yame-shi by Eirin Suzui, a Zen priest. Eirin planted the first tea seeds in this region. 1751-1788: Wild tea on mountains in Yame became a point of interest for locals who began harvesting it for profit.1863: Sales and demand for Yamecha increased as foreign traders in Nagasaki Prefecture began buying it.1887: Sales of Yamecha dropped overseas due to stricter quality control laws of imported goods in the United States.

Types of Yamecha could no longer be imported to the United States. 1914-1937: Yamecha tea farms became part of a reform which encouraged higher quality products.2001-2012: Yamecha gyokuro won the national tea fair held by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries for being the best gyokuro produced that year. It continued to win this award for 12 consecutive years. Yamecha gyokuro still wins this award frequently. Gyokuro

Cartan's equivalence method

In mathematics, Cartan's equivalence method is a technique in differential geometry for determining whether two geometrical structures are the same up to a diffeomorphism. For example, if M and N are two Riemannian manifolds with metrics g and h when is there a diffeomorphism ϕ: M → N such that ϕ ∗ h = g? Although the answer to this particular question was known in dimension 2 to Gauss and in higher dimensions to Christoffel and Riemann as well, Élie Cartan and his intellectual heirs developed a technique for answering similar questions for radically different geometric structures. Cartan applied his equivalence method to many such structures, including projective structures, CR structures, complex structures, as well as ostensibly non-geometrical structures such as the equivalence of Lagrangians and ordinary differential equations; the equivalence method is an algorithmic procedure for determining when two geometric structures are identical. For Cartan, the primary geometrical information was expressed in a coframe or collection of coframes on a differentiable manifold.

See method of moving frames. Suppose that M and N are a pair of manifolds each carrying a G-structure for a structure group G; this amounts to giving a special class of coframes on M and N. Cartan's method addresses the question of whether there exists a local diffeomorphism φ:M→N under which the G-structure on N pulls back to the given G-structure on M. An equivalence problem has been "solved" if one can give a complete set of structural invariants for the G-structure: meaning that such a diffeomorphism exists if and only if all of the structural invariants agree in a suitably defined sense. Explicitly, local systems of one-forms θi and γi are given on M and N which span the respective cotangent bundles; the question is whether there is a local diffeomorphism φ:M→N such that the pullback of the coframe on N satisfies ϕ ∗ γ i = g j i θ j, ∈ G where the coefficient g is a function on M taking values in the Lie group G. For example, if M and N are Riemannian manifolds G=O is the orthogonal group and θi and γi are orthonormal coframes of M and N respectively.

The question of whether two Riemannian manifolds are isometric is a question of whether there exists a diffeomorphism φ satisfying. The first step in the Cartan method is to express the pullback relation in as invariant a way as possible through the use of a "prolongation"; the most economical way to do this is to use a G-subbundle PM of the principal bundle of linear coframes LM, although this approach can lead to unnecessary complications when performing actual calculations. In particular on this article uses a different approach, but for the purposes of an overview, it is convenient to stick with the principal bundle viewpoint. The second step is to use the diffeomorphism invariance of the exterior derivative to try to isolate any other higher-order invariants of the G-structure. One obtains a connection in the principal bundle PM, with some torsion; the components of the connection and of the torsion are regarded as invariants of the problem. The third step is that if the remaining torsion coefficients are not constant in the fibres of the principal bundle PM, it is possible, to normalize them by setting them equal to a convenient constant value and solving these normalization equations, thereby reducing the effective dimension of the Lie group G.

If this occurs, one goes back to step one, now having a Lie group of one lower dimension to work with. The main purpose of the first three steps was to reduce the structure group itself as much as possible. Suppose that the equivalence problem has been through the loop enough times that no further reduction is possible. At this point, there are various possible directions. For most equivalence problems, there are only four cases: complete reduction, involution and degeneracy. Complete reduction. Here the structure group has been reduced to the trivial group; the problem can now be handled by methods such as the Frobenius theorem. In other words, the algorithm has terminated. On the other hand, it is possible that the torsion coefficients are constant on the fibres of PM. Equivalently, they no longer depend on the Lie group G because there is nothing left to normalize, although there may still be some torsion; the three remaining cases assume this. Involution; the equivalence problem is said to be involutive.

This is a rank condition on the connection obtained in the first three steps of the procedure. The Cartan test generalizes the Frobenius theorem on the solubility of first-order linear systems of partial differential equations. If the coframes on M and N agree and satisfy the Cartan test the two G-structures are equivalent. (Actually, to the best of the author's knowledge, the coframes must be real analytic i