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Jim Rice (Idaho politician)

Jim Rice is a Republican Idaho State Senator representing District 10 since his March 1, 2012 appointment by Idaho Governor Butch Otter. Rice was elected to the seat in November 2012. Rice graduated from Melba High School, attended Brigham Young University and earned his JD from William Howard Taft University; when Senator John McGee resigned his seat after allegations of sexual assault, the Legislative District 10 Republican Central Committee met to fill the vacancy in the Senate seat, sending three names in order of preference to Governor Butch Otter: Rice, Brandon Hixon, Jarom Wagoner, all of Caldwell. Governor Otter appointed Rice to serve the remainder of McGee's term. Agriculture Affairs Committee Local Government and Taxation CommitteeFrom 2012-2014, he served on the Transportation Committee. Jim Rice at the Idaho Legislature Campaign site Profile at Vote Smart

Nikolai Ruzsky

Nikolai Vladimirovich Ruzsky was a Russian general, member of the state and military councils. Best known for his role in WW1 and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II. Nikolai Vladimirovich Ruzsky was born in the Russian Empire on March 1854, into a noble family, his family was of nobility from the Kaluga Governorate, the Ruzsky family's origin traced back to the mayor of the town of Ruza near Moscow during the late 1700s, Aleksei Mikhailovich Lermontov. His family, Vladimir Dmitriyevich, was an official in the 12th Grade, his father died when Ruzsky was a year old and he was put under auspices by the Moscow Custodian Council. In 1870, Ruzsky graduated from the Cadet Corps at first class. In 1872, he graduated from the Konstantinovsky Artillery School at first class. In 1877, he participated in the Russo-Turkish War, was wounded when taking a fortress in Gorni Dubnik. For courage, he was awarded the Order of St. Anna of the 4th degree with the inscription "For bravery". In July 1878, he attended a reserve battalion in preparation of attending the Nikolayev Academy of General Staff.

Ruzsky graduated in the first category. During his training in the academy, his teachers were all future ministers of war of future General Aleksey Kuropatkin, Vladimir Sukhomlinov and Aleksandr Roediger, all under the leadership of the prominent general, Mikhail Dragomirov. In December 1881, he was appointed the assistant to the senior adjutant of the Kazan Military District. In 1884, he married a daughter of a retired officer, Zinovia Aleksandrovna Borezovsky, they together had three children. From March 1882 to November 1887, Ruzsky became the senior adjutant of the headquarter of the Kiev Military District. From 1882 to 1896, he became chief-of-staff to numerous divisions, including the 11th Cavalry Division, the 32nd Infantry Division and the 151st Infantry Pyatigorsk Regiment. In 1896, he became the district quartermaster of the Kiev Military District headquarter. On April 1904, he was appointed the chief-of-staff of the Vilno Military District. During his service in the military district, he enjoyed great reputation and respects from his fellow officers.

In the following years, he participated in Russo-Japanese War, in which he commanded the 2nd Manchurian Army. He participated in the battles at Mukden. In the war, he was noticed by fellow officers as one of the best generals and valuable workers in the army. While retreating from Mukden, General Ruzsky was in the rear of the army and was injured from falling off a horse, but he remained in the army. After the war in 1906, he participated in the development of the "Regulations on-field command and control of troops in wartime" organisation. From May 1907 on, he was a member in the Supreme Military Criminal Court, he investigated the case of the surrender in Port Arthur. In 1909, he was appointed the commander of the 21st Army Corps, but soon was deducted due to poor health. In December 1909, General Ruzsky became a member of the Ministry of War, was involved in the development of charters and manuals, was one the authors of the Field Regulations of 1912. In February 1912, General Ruzsky was again appointed to the Kiev Military District, this time as the assistant commander of the troops in the district.

According to the plans of war with Germany and Austria-Hungary, commander of the troops of the Kiev Military District, General Nikolai Ivanov was to be the appointed the commander-in-chief of the army in the Southwestern Front, General Ruzsky, the commander of army, would be ordered to form the basis of the Kiev Military District. From mid-July to early September, General Ruzsky was in command of the Third Army. In the beginning, despite receiving information about an Austro-Hungarian offensive in Lublin and Holm, he still preserved the offensive against Lemberg. For the battles against the Austrians, above all, his participation at Lemberg, he was awarded the Order of St. George both the 4th and the 3rd degree, and the for his participation in the Invasion of Galicia, he was again awarded the Order of St. George, this time the 2nd degree, becoming one of the top three generals. General Ruzsky gained the name, the “Conqueror of Galicia”, he gained great public reputation back in Russia his opposition circles.

From early September 1914 to mid-March 1915, General Ruzsky was the commander-in-chief of the entire Northwestern Front. Under his command, the forces of the front fought at the Vistula River and Łódź, but despite huge success of the 1st and 10th Armies, he was ordered to retreat, due to a group of German troops commanded by General Reinhard von Scheffer-Boyadel was able to snuck out from the encircling movement, he and his troops participated in the disastrous battle at the Masurian Lakes. In the latter, General Ruzsky was the one; as a military leader, he was accustomed in blaming his subordinates for his failures, he removed General Paul von Rennenkampf and Sergei Scheidemann from command, at the Sedlets meeting of the Supreme Headquarters, thereby justifying his order to curtail the offensive of his troops from the frontline. However, the activities of these generals weren't expressed groundlessly by the high military commands of the Supreme Command and the Ministry of War. In mid-March 1915, due to poor health, General Ruzsky left the front and handed over the command to the Army Chief of Staff, General Mikhail Alekseyev.

In the same year, General Ruzsky was appointed to the State Council. And in May, he was appointed to the Military Counci

Herman Saftleven

Herman Saftleven the Younger, was a Dutch painter of the Baroque period. Born in Rotterdam, Saftleven lived most of his life in Utrecht, his brothers, Cornelis Saftleven and Abraham Saftleven were both painters. The former was better known as a painter, specializing in genre scenes, while Herman was known for his landscapes of river scenes as well as of persons traveling through woods, his father, Herman Saftleven I was a painter in Rotterdam, who died by 1627. One of Herman II’s daughters, Sara Saftleven, born in Utrecht after 1633 became a painter of flowers in watercolors, she married Jacob Adriaensz Broers in 1671. Herman became the dean of the Guild of St Luke in Utrecht. After a storm had destroyed most of the town in the 1670s, he sold the city a series drawings he had made of Utrecht churches before they were destroyed. In the 1680s, he was commissioned by the amateur botanist and horticulturalist Agnes Block, to draw flowers and plants at her country estate near Utrecht, he died in Utrecht.

Web gallery of Art. Grove encyclopedia abstract. Herman Zachtleven biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature Herman Saftleven at WikiCommons Vermeer and The Delft School, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Herman Saftleven 10 paintings by or after Herman Saftleven at the Art UK site

Kidnapping of Sidney Jaffe

Sidney L. Jaffe is a U. S.-born Canadian businessman, kidnapped from outside his Toronto home in 1981 by American bounty hunters Timm Johnsen and Daniel Kear and transported to Florida after failing to appear for a trial there on charges of land sales fraud. His conviction on the fraud charges was overturned on appeal. At the request of the Canadian government, Jaffe declined to appear at a new Florida trial on further land fraud charges in 1985. Johnsen and Kear were extradited to Canada and convicted of kidnapping in 1986, but were set free pending appeal, their sentences were reduced to time served in 1989, after which they returned to the United States; the Jaffe incident caused significant tensions in Canada–United States relations, resulted in a 1988 exchange of letters between the two countries on cross-border kidnappings. Jaffe, a native of New York, moved to Canada in the early 1970s. In Canada, he worked as an international economist. After his move, he continued to do business in the United States.

He was involved in land deals in Putnam County, Florida as an employee of the Atlantic Commercial Development Corporation. Jaffe sought purchasers for subdivided lots of land, but due to a dispute with the original holder of the mortgage on the lots, Jaffe issued quitclaim deeds rather than warranty deeds to purchasers. In August 1980, Jaffe was arrested on twenty-eight counts of violating the Florida Land Sales Practices Act. Accredited Surety & Casualty posted a US$137,500 bail bond for him. Jaffe returned to Canada and applied to naturalise as a Canadian citizen, he failed to appear at his May 1981 trial, was tried in absentia. AS&C faced forfeiture of its bail bond; as a result, AS&C employee Daniel Kear, along with independent bounty hunter Timm Johnsen traveled to Canada in pursuit of Jaffe. In September 1981, they intercepted Jaffe at his apartment building as he returned from jogging, took him in their car back to the United States. Jaffe testified that Johnsen and Kear threatened him to obtain his cooperation, telling him that his daughter would be harmed he did not cooperate and that they could return him to Florida "dead or alive", while attorneys for Johnsen and Kear claimed that Jaffe cooperated willingly because of the bail bond agreement.

In November 1981, Jaffe was convicted on the land fraud counts and an additional count of failure to appear for trial. This assertion of jurisdiction by the Florida court over Jaffe despite his illegal kidnapping from a foreign state was an example of the controversial legal doctrine of male captus bene detentus. In U. S. law, this doctrine goes back to the 1886 Supreme Court case Ker v. Illinois, in which Ker was accused of embezzling funds from a Chicago bank and fled to Lima, Peru. Extradition papers had been drawn up, but it was difficult to effect extradition due to the Chilean occupation of the city in the ongoing War of the Pacific, so two detectives abducted Ker and brought him to Illinois; the Supreme Court ruled that the kidnapping had not violated Ker's right to due process as long as he had been properly indicted and tried. At the time of Jaffe's kidnapping, the U. S. recognized only limited exceptions to the general rule in Ker. In that case, the U. S. Coast Guard had seized a British vessel at sea for liquor smuggling 11.5 miles off the coast of Massachusetts, beyond the "one-hour sailing limit" within which the Coast Guard could seize the vessel under the relevant 1924 U.

K.–U. S. Treaty, the court ordered that the vessel be released to its owners. However, as Kathryn Selleck of Boston College Law School observed, the U. S.' Extradition treaty with Canada did not explicitly state that the U. S. had no jurisdiction in Canadian territory, so Jaffe would not be able to avail himself of the Cook exception as a defence. Johnsen and Kear's actions provoked international outrage, pitting Canada's sovereignty against Florida's desire to punish what it believed was fraud; as an August 1982 editorial in The Montreal Gazette put it, "no matter how it turns out, justice may be served only at the cost of an injustice". In September 1983, the Florida Fifth District Court of Appeal overturned Jaffe's conviction on the land fraud charges on the two grounds that the prosecutors had made paperwork errors and that the judge below had misdirected the jury. However, by that time State Attorney Stephen Boyles had filed a new organized fraud charge. In August 1983, Jaffe's lawyer Daniel Dearing filed a motion in state court to dismiss the new fraud charges, stating that they were "filed in bad faith without probable cause in order to hold the defendant and frustrate his release on parole or upon bond during pendency of his appeal".

Jaffe stated to the Orlando Sentinel that Boyles had only filed the new charges because he feared Jaffe would win his appeal. Dearing's motion argued that the evidence on which the new charges was based was known at the time of Jaffe's 1982 trial, if it had been included in the original charges the defence would have moved for consolidation of charges. Jaffe had served nineteen months of his sentence on the charge of failure to appear for trial, would soon be paroled, Putnam County continued to hold Jaffe pending determination of bail on the fraud charges. In October 1983, Judge Edwin Sanders of the Seventh Judi

Billboard Brasil

Billboard Brasil was a monthly Brazilian magazine launched on October 10, 2009, with a print-run of over 40,000 copies. It is distributed nationwide by Brazil's biggest distributor Dinap; the Billboard charts printed in the magazine and on its website are accepted as Brazil's official charts. About 60% of the editorial pages are produced in Brazil, with the remainder being translated from the international edition. Billboard Brasil follows the basic format of the American Billboard, featuring both Brasil Hot 100 and Billboard 200 charts, articles on regional and international music, as well as regional and international charts; the charts are done based on the Crowley Broadcast Analysis report, which monitors 265 radio stations around the country, which provided this service for the music industry prior to Billboard's launch. Brazil was the third country to launch a print affiliate of the American magazine, following Russia and Turkey. Billboard charts are accepted as Brazil's official charts, covering airplay data collected by Crowley/Music Media from 14 different cities.

The overall chart is the Brasil Hot 100 Airplay, split between regional music - forró, Axé, pagode - on Brasil Hot Popular Songs, pop music - both Brazilian and foreign - on Brasil Hot Pop Songs. Regional charts for each of the 14 cities are given; the charts include: Brasil Hot 100 Airplay Brasil Hot Pop Songs Brasil Hot Popular Songs Brasil Hot Regional Belo Horizonte Hot Songs Brasília Hot Songs Campinas Hot Songs Curitiba Hot Songs Goiânia Hot Songs Fortaleza Hot Songs Porto Alegre Hot Songs Recife Hot Songs Ribeirão Preto Hot Songs Rio de Janeiro Hot Songs Salvador Hot Songs São Paulo Hot Songs Billboard Brasil was launched by Bill Werde, editor-in-chief of the American Billboard magazine, in Brazil in September 2009. Werde expressed his appreciation of Brazilian music, stated that Billboard would monitor the local market; the magazine is published on a monthly basis. The first number-one song on the main chart was "Halo" by Beyoncé, its first cover was Brazil's best-selling music artist.

In May 2010, "Tapa na Cara" by Brazilian duo Zezé Di Camargo e Luciano became the first national song to reach number-one song on the main chart, following six consecutive months of Mariah Carey's cover version of "I Want to Know What Love Is" holding this position. Official page