It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4,1857 to March 4,1859, during the first two years of James Buchanans presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850, both chambers had a Democratic majority. Panic of 1857 March 4,1857, James Buchanan became President of the United States March 6,1857, Dred Scott v. During this congress, two House seats were added for the new state of Minnesota and one House seat was added for the new state of Oregon. Breckinridge President pro tempore, James M. Mason, March 4,1857 only Thomas J. Rusk, elected March 14,1857 Benjamin Fitzpatrick, James L. Orr This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district, skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, the names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. C, Thomas U. Walter Librarian of Congress, John Silva Meehan Chaplain, none elected Secretary. Asbury Dickens elected December 12,1836 Sergeant at Arms, william H. Milburn Clerk, James C. Allen Doorkeeper. Congress U. S. House of Representatives, House History U. S. Senate, Statistics and Lists Congressional Directory for the 35th Congress, 1st Session
Image: The U.S. Capitol under construction, 1860 NARA 530494
Group photo of the U.S. Senate, in 1859, during this Congress.