click links in text for more info

Max Oelschlaeger

Max Oelschlaeger is an American ecological philosopher, active in the study of Environmental Ethics, Environmental Philosophy, Deep Ecology, Philosophy of Ecology, Contemporary Environmental Issues, Postmodern Environmental Ethics, the Philosophy of Wilderness. Max Oelschlaeger attended Southern Illinois University from 1965-1973 earning a Ph. D. in PhilosophyOelschlaeger has authored numerous journal articles, encyclopedia references, several books. He is affiliated with the Center for Environmental Philosophy at the University of North Texas, he leads workshops and gives lectures at universities around the country. Past lectures include appearances at Evergreen State College in Washington State, Bates University in Maine, Salisbury University in Maryland. Caring for Creation: An Ecumenical Approach to the Environmental Crisis. Yale University Press, 1994. Paper back edition by Yale University Press, 1996; the Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.

Paper back edition by Yale University Press, 1993. The Environmental Imperative: A Socio-Economic Perspective. Washington, D. C.: University Press of America, 1977. Postmodern Environmental Ethics. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995; the Company of Others: Essays in Honor of Paul Shepard. Durango, Col.: Kivaki Publishing, 1995. The Wilderness Condition: Essays on Environment and Civilization. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1992. Paper back edition by Island Press, 1992. After Earth Day: Continuing the Conservation Effort. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1992. Paper back edition by UNT Press, 1992. Books Texas Land Ethics, with Pete A. Y. Gunter, University of Texas Press. Nature's Odyssey: Essays on Environment and Wilderness, for Yale University Press. Ecological philosophy Environmental ethics Environmental philosophy Ecofeminism Natural philosophy List of Environmental Philosophers

Freedom of movement for workers in the European Union

The freedom of movement for workers is a policy chapter of the acquis communautaire of the European Union. The free movement of workers means that nationals of any member state of the European Union can take up an employment in another member state on the same conditions as the nationals of that particular member state. In particular, no discrimination based on nationality is allowed, it is part of the free movement of persons and one of the four economic freedoms: free movement of goods, services and capital. Article 45 TFEU states that: Freedom of movement for workers shall be secured within the Community; such freedom of movement shall entail the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality between workers of the Member States as regards employment and other conditions of work and employment. It shall entail the right, subject to limitations justified on grounds of public policy, public security or public health: to accept offers of employment made; the provisions of this article shall not apply to employment in the public service.

The right to free movement has both'horizontal' and'vertical' direct effect, such that a citizen of any EU state can invoke the right, without more, in an ordinary court, against other persons, both governmental and non-governmental. The Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community established a right to free movement for workers in these industries, the Treaty of Rome provided a right for the free movement of workers within the European Economic Community, to be implemented within 12 years from the date of entry into force of the treaty; the first step towards realizing the free movement of workers was the Council Regulation no. 15 of 1961, which entered into force on 1 September 1961. It gave the nationals of the member states the right to take up employment in another member state provided that there were no nationals of that member state available for the job; the regulation was superseded by another regulation on 1 May 1964, which further extended the right of workers to take up employment in another member state.

However, it was not until 8 November 1968, when regulation no 1612/68 entered into force, that free movement of workers was implemented within the Communities. Through this regulation, the original article 49 of the EEC treaty was implemented, all nationals of the member states obtained the right to take up employment in another member state on the same conditions as the nationals of that particular member state; the free movement of workers was thus implemented before the twelve year period stipulated in the EEC treaty had expired. On 16 June 2011, this regulation was replaced by the Free Movement of Workers Regulation 2011. At the time free movement of workers was implemented within the European Communities, the corresponding right existed within the Benelux and between the Nordic countries through separate international treaties and conventions; the Directive 2004/38/EC on the right to move and reside assembles the different aspects of the right of movement in one document, replacing inter alia the directive 1968/360/EEC.

It clarifies procedural issues, it strengthens the rights of family members of European citizens using the freedom of movement. According to the official site of the European Parliament, the explanation of the freedom of movement goes as follows: Freedom of movement and residence for persons in the EU is the cornerstone of Union citizenship, established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992, its practical implementation in EU law, has not been straightforward. It first involved the gradual phasing out, of internal borders under the Schengen agreements in just a handful of Member States. Today, the provisions governing the free movement of persons are laid down in Directive 2004/38/EC on the right of EU citizens and their family members to move and reside within the territory of the Member States. However, the implementation of this directive continues to face many obstacles; the meaning of'worker' is a matter of European Union law. "The essential feature of an employment relationship, however, is that for a certain period of time a person performs services for and under the direction of another person in return for which he receives remuneration."

Purpose: under the European Court of Justice caselaw, the rights of free movement of workers applies regardless of the worker's purpose in taking up employment abroad, so long as the work is not provided as a means of rehabilitation or reintegration of the workers concerned into society. Time commitment: the right of free movement applies to both part-time and full-time work, so long as the work is effective and genuine and not of such small scale, irregular nature or limited duration to be purely marginal and ancillary. Remuneration: a wage is a necessary precondition for activity to constitute work, but the amount is not important; the right to free movement applies whether or not the worker required additional financial assistance from the Member State into which he moves. Remuneration may be indirect quid pro quo rather than strict consideration for work. Direction of another: where a person is self-employed, he can avail himself of the freedom to provide services and freedom of

Pieces in a Modern Style 2

Pieces in a Modern Style 2 is the 11th album by British electronic musician and record producer, William Orbit. A follow-up to Orbit's 1995 album Pieces in a Modern Style, it was released in compact disc and digital download formats on 22 August 2010 through Decca Records. Orbit's second foray into classical music by way of electronic instrumentation includes, among others, a selection from Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake. A 2-CD version, with remixes and additional pieces was released. A Deutsche Grammophon 2010 release Classic Originals - Pieces In The Original Style 2 featured the original versions of the tracks on this CD, which included contributions from Cristina Ortiz, Pascal Rogé, András Schiff, Iona Brown and Renée Fleming.

Myre-Big Island State Park

Myre-Big Island State Park is a state park of Minnesota, USA, just outside the city of Albert Lea. It has an area of 1,578 acres; the park protects 8 miles of shoreline on Albert Lea Lake. The nucleus of the park is a 117-acre island attached to the mainland by a causeway. In turn a causeway connects Big Island to Little Island; the park was named Helmer Myre State Park after former Minnesota State Senator Helmer Myre. The park is situated on the Bemis Moraine, which marks the southern extent of a glacial lobe during the Wisconsin glaciation 10,000 years ago; as the glacier retreated, the moraine caused the meltwater to back up behind it. Albert Lea Lake today covers 2,600 acres; the park contains an esker, a sinuous ridge of sand and gravel dropped by a stream running under the glacier. The mainland is vegetated in oak savanna with several wetlands. Restoration ecology projects, including controlled burning and water retention strategies, are ongoing to maintain and improve these habitats. Big Island, protected from the wildfires that suppressed tree growth in the savannas and prairie of southern Minnesota, bears a closed forest savanna which looks like an old growth hardwood forest.

It comprises maple, elm, green ash and red oak, with willows along the lakeshore. Albert Lea Lake is eutrophic. Moraine dammed lakes fill in, but this process has been exacerbated by agricultural runoff; this park is home to white-tailed deer and gray foxes, muskrats, opossums and several species of bats. It is known for its birdwatching opportunities during the spring and fall migration. One notable species is the American white pelican which congregates on Albert Lea Lake. Artifacts, many of them collected by a local amateur archaeologist named Owen Johnson in the mid-1940s, reveal that humans have been living around the area's lakes for 9,000 years. Johnson became an advocate for protecting Big Island as a state park, as did state Senator Helmer Myre, another resident of Albert Lea. At the time Big Island was divided into seventeen owned lots, some of the owners were considering logging their trees. In 1947 a bill backed by Myre passed through the Minnesota Legislature which authorized the Department of Conservation to acquire the 117-acre island.

An organization of local supporters raised additional funds to buy out the current owners and develop a picnic ground and trails. While referred to as Big Island State Park, the park did not receive an official name until 1953, when it was formally dubbed Myre State Park to honor the senator, who had died two years previously. In the early 1960s a campground was added; when it was announced that Interstates 90 and 35 would intersect near Albert Lea, a new local organization began pushing for more land to be added to the park. An additional area of 839 acres on the mainland was authorized in 1963. In 1974 a real estate company acquired for development a 560-acre tract northeast of the park, which included lakeshore and the esker. Again strong local support was the driving force in adding this land to the park, overcoming legal and financial constraints over a two-year advocacy. Owen Johnson donated his collection of Native American surface artifacts to the park in 1972, they are housed in the Owen Johnson Interpretive Center at the park entrance, where they are available for research but are not on public display.

In 1990 the park's previous names were combined into the new official moniker, Myre-Big Island State Park. Boating: Boat ramp on Little Island. Rental canoes available. Boat tours of Albert Lea Lake embark from town. Camping: Big Island Campground: 34 wooded sites, 1 camper cabin. White Fox Campground: 59 open sites. Little Island Pioneer Group Camp: 50 person capacity, tenting only. New York Point Group Camp: Tent or vehicle camping with access to kitchen/mess hall & showers/restrooms. 4 backpacking sites. Fishing: Black bullhead, northern pike, various panfish in Albert Lea Lake. Trails: 16 miles of hiking, 7 miles of mountain biking, 8 miles of cross-country skiing, 7 miles of snowmobiling trails. Blazing Star State Trail: 6.5 miles of paved, multi-use trail begin in Frank Hall Park in Albert Lea and end near the esker. The trail is planned to extend 20 miles to Minnesota. Lake is too weedy for swimming. Myre-Big Island State Park

Lev Karakhan

Lev Mikhailovich Karakhan Armenian Կարախանյան Լեւոն Միքայելի, Russian Лев Михайлович Карахан was a Russian revolutionary and a Soviet diplomat. A member of the RSDLP from 1904. At first a Menshevik, he joined the Bolsheviks in May 1917. In October 1917, he was member of the Revolutionary Military Council. In 1918-1920 and 1927–1934, he was the Deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs. In 1919, he issued. In 1921, he was the Soviet Ambassador to Poland. Karakhan was known for his dandyish appearance, he had a purity of profile such as is seen, as a rule, only on ancient coins." The British diplomat Robert Bruce Lockhart, who met Karakhan in 1918, described him as: An Armenian with dark, waving hair and a well-trimmed beard, he was the adonis of the Bolshevik party. His manners were perfect. \He was an excellent judge of a cigar. I never saw him in a bad temper, during the whole period of our contact, when I was being denounced as a spy and an assassin by his colleagues, I never heard an unpleasant word from his lips.

This is not to imply. He had craft of his race. Diplomacy was his proper sphere. Karakhan was executed in 1937 during the Great Purge, he was posthumously rehabilitated in 1956. His third wife, Marina Semyonova, died in 2010. Britannica article about Karakhan Manifesto Newspaper clippings about Lev Karakhan in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW