36th Jacob's Horse

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The 36th Jacob's Horse were a unit of cavalry of the British Indian Army.

Origins[edit]

They were raised by Lieut. John Jacob of the Bombay Artillery, as a unit of Irregular Horse, originally in 1839 (reformed 1846) to patrol the area of 'Scinde' (now Sindh province of Pakistan) and its restive frontier with Balochistan.[1] They then served in guarding the marches of Southern Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War[2] and later under Sir Charles Napier in the annexation of Scinde/Sindh.

Like all regiments of the Indian Army, the 36th Jacob’s Horse underwent many name changes in the various reorganisations. They are listed below.

History[edit]

  • 1839/1846 2nd Regiment of Scinde Irregular Horse
  • 1860 2nd Regiment of Scinde Horse
  • 1861 9th Regiment of Scinde Silladar Cavalry
  • 1861 2nd Regiment of Scinde Horse
  • 1885 6th Bombay Cavalry (Jacob-Ka-Rissallah)
  • 1888 6th Bombay Cavalry (Jacob’s Horse)
  • 1903 Jacob’s Horse
  • In 1922 the 36th Jacob's Horse was amalgamated with the 35th Scinde Horse as the 14th Prince of Wales's Own Scinde Horse.

Honours of Battle[edit]

The 2nd Scinde Horse, or Jacob's Horse (14th Prince of Wales's Own Scinde Horse) had the following principal battle honours, as a regiment of British Indian cavalry, until the Independence and Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947:[3]

Meeanee, Hyderabad, Cuthchee (Scinde/Sindh campaigns); Mooltan, Goojerat, Punjaub (Punjab, Anglo-Sikh Wars); Central India; Afghanistan 1878-80; Morvai, Cambrai 1917, France and Flanders 1914-18, Megiddo, Sharon, Damascus, Palestine 1918; North West Frontier, India 1914-15, 1918. They did not receive any battle honours of the Second World War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hugh T Lambrick, John Jacob of Jacobabad, reprint Karachi 1975, of the original ed, pp. 123, 130 and 146
  2. ^ John Gaylor, Sons of John Company, 1992, p. 89
  3. ^ Gaylor, p.90. Also see Col Mansell, Prince of Wales's Own, Scinde Horse, 1839-1922, London, 1926 and Lt Col KR Brooke, The Scinde Horse, 1922-1947, Haslemare, 1957

Further reading[edit]

  • Kempton, C (1996). A Register of Titles of the Units of the H.E.I.C. & Indian Armies 1666–1947. Bristol: British Empire & Commonwealth Museum. ISBN 978-0-9530174-0-9
  • Gaylor, J (1992). Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903–1991. Stroud: Spellmount Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-0-946771-98-1