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Year 373 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valens; the denomination 373 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Emperor Valens is converted to Arianism and orders the persecution of Trinitarian Christians in the Roman East. Quintus Aurelius Symmachus becomes proconsul of Africa, is made a member of the pontifical college. Count Theodosius is appointed commander of an expedition to suppress the rebellion of Firmus in Mauretania. Valens Aqueduct is inaugurated near Constantinople. Battle of the Tanais River: The Huns defeat the Alans near the Don, sending the remnants fleeing westward. King Shapur II declares war as a result of Valens' support of Armenia. Emperor Valens makes Antioch his military base for the campaign against Persia. Saint Martin of Tours undertakes the Christianization of Gaul. Murong Hui, imperial prince of the Xianbei state Later Yan Murong Sheng, emperor of the Xianbei state Later Yan Synesius, bishop of Ptolemais May 2 – Athanasius of Alexandria, Egyptian Coptic Orthodox bishop, opponent of Arianism and saint June 9 – Ephrem the Syrian, Syrian Orthodox priest and saint November 19 – St. Nerses I Huan Wen, general of the Jin Dynasty

Fishing fleet

A fishing fleet is an aggregate of commercial fishing vessels. The term may be used of all vessels operating out of a particular port, all vessels engaged in a particular type of fishing, or all fishing vessels of a country or region. Although fishing vessels are not formally organized as if they were a naval fleet often the constraints of time and weather are such that they must all leave or return together, thus creating at least the appearance of an organized body. Fishermen operating a particular type of vessel or in a particular port belong to a local association which disseminates information and may be used to coordinate activities, such as how best to prevent overfishing in particular areas. In 2002 the world fishing fleet numbered about four million vessels. About one-third were decked; the remaining undecked boats were less than 10 metres long, 65 percent were not fitted with mechanical propulsion systems. The FAO estimates; the average size of decked vessels is about 20 gross tons. Only one percent of the world fishing fleet is larger than 100 gross tons.

China has half of these larger vessels. There is no international instrument in force concerning the safety of fishing vessels. International conventions and agreements awaiting ratification which concern safety at sea are exclusively aimed at vessels 24 metres in length and over, therefore do not apply to artisan vessels in developing countries. Safety regulations for all fishing vessels are left entirely to national discretion; the fishing fleet was an ironic reference to the shipping of unmarried young women from the UK to India during the middle and latter years of the Raj, for the purposes of becoming married to colonial administrators and plantation supervisors. FAO: CWP Handbook of Fishery Statistical Standards: Section L: Fishery Fleet FAO: Fishing vessels

Hope Is a Dangerous Thing for a Woman Like Me to Have – but I Have It

"Hope Is a Dangerous Thing for a Woman Like Me to Have – but I Have It" is a song by American singer Lana Del Rey. The track was released as the third single on January 9, 2019, through Polydor Records, to promote her sixth studio album Norman Fucking Rockwell!. It follows the singles "Mariners Apartment Complex" and "Venice Bitch". In early January 2019, Del Rey posted a preview of the song on Instagram and said in a statement that it was a "fan track"; the track was named "Sylvia Plath", in honor of the American poet whom she references in the song. "Hope Is a Dangerous Thing for a Woman like Me to Have – but I Have It" is a ballad with a "muted, underwater-sounding piano" and an "elegiac melody". Producer Jack Antonoff said on Twitter that the track was recorded in his first recording session with Del Rey and that it was "recorded no click live", he commented its combination of "felt piano" and Del Rey's "perfect vocal" had "sounded like that in the room". In the song, Del Rey discusses religion, troubled romance, her struggle with alcoholism, her "journey to sobriety", her refusal of fame and complex relationship with the limelight.

"Hope" contains references to Sylvia Plath, after whom the song was named. The track received critical acclaim. Writing for Rolling Stone, Ryan Reed called the track "mournful" and a meditation on "religion, family and the myths that surround celebrity". Nick Reilly of NME said the song features Del Rey "delivering one of her most confessional offerings to date as she compares herself to troubled poetry icon Sylvia Plath". Trace William Cowen of Complex called it "delightfully minimalist". Winston Cook-Wilson of Spin found the track to be "exceptionally crafted" with "standout lyrics". Ahead of the release of the parent album, Billboard named it the best song recorded by Del Rey, describing the lyrics of the chorus as "most vulnerable moment in Lana Del Rey’s discography, the most truthful". "Hope Is a Dangerous Thing for a Woman Like Me to Have, But I Have It" premiered live at the Hollywood Bowl, Los Angeles, California, on Thursday, October 10, 2019, in a performance by Lana Del Rey and Jack Antonoff, with dancer Alexandria Kaye interpreting the music in the light and shadows of the upstage LCD screen.

Lana Del Rey – vocals, production Jack Antonoff – production, recording engineering, piano Laura Sisk – recording engineering, mixing Chris Gehringermastering Will Quinnell – assistant mastering engineering


A sekitori is a rikishi, ranked in one of the top two professional divisions: makuuchi and jūryō. The name translates to having taken the barrier, as only a small fraction of those who enter professional sumo achieve sekitori status. There are 70 rikishi in these divisions; the benefits of being a sekitori compared to lower ranked wrestlers are significant and include: to receive a salary and bonus to have one's own supporters' club to wear high quality men's kimono and other items of attire to have a private room in the training stable to be able to get married and live away from the training stable to have junior rikishi to act as their personal servants to wear a silk mawashi with stiffened cords in tournament bouts to participate in the ring entrance ceremony and wear a keshō-mawashi to wear the more elaborate ōichō chonmage hairstyle in competition and on formal occasions to become an elder in the Sumo Association if one is sekitori for long enough The item of memorabilia most associated with sumo wrestling is tegata.

Only sekitori are allowed to make them for fans. They could be equated to the sumo version of an autograph. Tegata consist of a print of a wrestler's hand using black or red ink accompanied by his ring name written in calligraphic style by the wrestler himself. Original tegata are given out to members of one's supporter club. Printed copies of tegata can be bought inexpensively; when a wrestler achieves sekitori status, he is allowed to have a fan/supporter club called a kōenkai if he has enough popularity. This is in addition to kōenkai associated with his sumo stable; these clubs pool their money to buy the wrestler such items as his decorative apron called a keshō-mawashi. For their support, supporter club members expect and receive access to the wrestlers and are given invitations to post-tournament parties and other events where they will have direct contact with them

Hayneville, Alabama

Hayneville is a town in Lowndes County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 932, down from its record high of 1,177 in 2000; the city is the county seat of Lowndes County. It is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area, it incorporated in 1831, but lapsed reincorporating in 1967. Before 1970, the town appeared only twice on the U. S. Census: in 1850 and 1890; the 1850 estimate of 800 residents ranked it as the largest town in the county at the time. Located in the fertile Black Belt region, Hayneville was the county seat in a slave society based on cotton production; the town was a railway terminus and home to the Hayneville Railway Company, organized in 1903. Two years the company was reorganized as the Hayneville & Montgomery Railroad Company and provided connections for shipping with the L&N Railroad Company's tracks. During the early part of the 20th century, the boll weevil invaded the South, destroying cotton crops across the most productive counties. At the same time, In the latter half of the 20th century, the agricultural focus shifted to more diverse crops and livestock.

Hayneville, like the rest of the Black Belt, has struggled to shift to a more productive economy. Hayneville was founded in 1820 by settlers from the Edgefield and Colleton districts of South Carolina on property purchased from the U. S. Land Office at Cahawba. Throughout the 1820s, Hayneville was known as "Big Swamp"; the indigenous Muscogee Creek people had been forced to cede their lands under various treaties with the United States, most of them were removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. In 1831, after being chosen as the county seat of Lowndes County, the town was named Hayneville in honor of Robert Y. Hayne, governor of South Carolina and a U. S. senator. Despite the county's black majority, it had no registered black voters in the spring of 1965, after more than 60 years of disenfranchisement under the state constitution. Civil rights activists worked in Hayneville and Lowndes to organize residents in preparation for registration and voting. After passage of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 in August, activists provided residents with political education and helped them register to vote.

They continued to work to integrate public facilities. On August 13, 1965, Jonathan Daniels, an Episcopal seminarian from New Hampshire, worked with a group of 29 civil rights protesters to picket whites-only stores in the small town of Fort Deposit. All of the protesters were taken to jail in nearby Hayneville. Five juvenile protesters were released the next day; the rest of the group was held for six days. On August 20, the prisoners were released without transport back to Fort Deposit. After release, the group waited by a road nearby the jail. Daniels, along with three others — a white Catholic priest and two black women activists—went to buy soft drinks at Varner's Grocery Store, one of the few local stores that would serve non-whites. There, they encountered Tom L. Coleman, an engineer for the state highway department and unpaid special county deputy wielding a shotgun; the man threatened the group, leveled his gun at seventeen-year-old Ruby Sales. Daniels caught the full blast of the gun, which killed him instantly.

Father Richard F. Morrisroe ran. Coleman shot Morrisroe. White resistance to civil rights organizers continued. In June 1965, Gregory Orr, a student from upstate New York who traveled to Mississippi to take part in civil rights protests, was driving home from the capital of Jackson, he had been arrested there with other protesters and held without charges for 10 days at the state fairgrounds. While driving through Lowndes County, he was stopped by white vigilantes and held without charges for eight days in the Hayneville courthouse jail. Back in New York that August, Orr read a report of the murder of Jonathan Daniels in The New York Times, he recognized one of his kidnappers in a photograph—apparently Tom Coleman. Numerous other incidents have been documented in the county of violence against civil rights people. Civil rights activities in Lowndes continued in the county under the leadership of Stokeley Carmichael, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and local residents, to educate and register blacks to vote after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

They organized the Lowndes County Freedom Organization, the first independent black political party in the county since Reconstruction era, continued to register voters. They lost due to election fraud in the majority-black county. In 1970, African-American chairman of LCFO John Hulett was elected as county sheriff; the incorporation of Hayneville as a town began in July 1967 with the vision of 25 qualified electors of the county and residents of the Hayneville community. Two subsequent attempts were made for the last resulting in favor of incorporation. Only one person filed for a statement of candidacy and was nominated for the office of Mayor and five places on the town council. Therefore, due to the completion of the requirements of incorporation, the court declared on July 15, 1968, by Probate Judge Harold Hammond, that Hayneville was incorporated. Hayneville is located at 32°10′57″N 86°34′50″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles, of which 1.9 square miles is land and 0.54% is water.

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,177 people, 409 households, 294 families residing in the town. The population density was 635.3 pe


In agriculture and gardening transplanting or replanting is the technique of moving a plant from one location to another. Most this takes the form of starting a plant from seed in optimal conditions, such as in a greenhouse or protected nursery bed replanting it in another outdoor, growing location; this is common in market gardening and truck farming, where setting out or planting out are synonymous with transplanting. In the horticulture of some ornamental plants, transplants are used infrequently and because they carry with them a significant risk of killing the plant. Transplanting has a variety of applications, including: Extending the growing season by starting plants indoors, before outdoor conditions are favorable. Different species and varieties react differently to transplanting. In all cases, avoiding transplant shock—the stress or damage received in the process—is the principal concern. Plants raised in protected conditions need a period of acclimatization, known as hardening off.

Root disturbance should be minimized. The stage of growth at which transplanting takes place, the weather conditions during transplanting, treatment after transplanting are other important factors. Commercial growers employ what are called non-containerized transplant production. Containerized transplants or plugs allow separately grown plants to be transplanted with the roots and soil intact. Grown in peat pots, soil blocks, or multiple-cell containers such as plastic packs or larger plug trays made of plastic or styrofoam. Non-containerized transplants are grown in greenhouse ground beds or benches, outdoors in-ground with row covers and hotbeds, in-ground in the open field; the plants are pulled with bare roots for transplanting, which are less-expensive than containerized transplants, but with lower yields due to poorer plant reestablishment. Containerized planting stock is classified by the size of container used. A great variety of containers has been used, with various degrees of success.

Some containers are designed to be planted with the tree e.g. the tar paper pot, the Alberta peat sausage, the Walters square bullet, paper pot systems, are filled with rooting medium and planted with the tree. Planted with the tree are other containers that are not filled with rooting medium, but in which the container is a molded block of growing medium, as with Polyloam®, Tree Start®, BR-8 Blocks®. Designs of containers for raising planting stock have been various. Containerized white spruce stock is now the norm. Most containers are tube-like. White spruce grown in a container having a 1:1 height:diameter produced greater dry weight than those in containers of 3:1 and 6:1 height:diameter configurations. Total dry weight and shoot length increased with increasing container volume; the larger the container, the fewer deployed per unit area. However, the biological advantage of size has been enough to influence a pronounced swing towards larger containers in British Columbia; the number of PSB211 styroblock plugs ordered in British Columbia decreased from 14,246,000 in 1981 to zero in 1990, while orders for PSB415 styroblock plugs increased in the same period from 257 000 to 41 008 000, although large stock is more expensive than small to raise and plant.

Other containers are not planted with the tree, e.g. Styroblock®, Superblock®, Copperblock®, Miniblock® container systems, produce Styroplug® seedlings with roots in a cohesive plug of growing medium; the plug cavities vary in volume by various combinations of top diameter and depth, from 39 to 3260 mL, but those most used, at least in British Columbia, are in the range 39 mL to 133 mL. The BC-CFS Styroblock® plug, developed in 1969/70, has become the dominant stock type for interior spruce in British Columbia. Plug sizes are indicated by a 3-figure designation, the 1st figure of which gives the top diameter and the other 2 figures the depth of the plug cavity, both dimensions approximations in centimetres; the demand for larger plugs has been increasing strongly. Stock raised in some sizes of plug can vary in age class. In British Columbia, for example, PSB 415 and PSB 313 plugs are raised as 1+0 or 2+0. PSB 615 plugs are raised other than as 2+0; the intention was to leave the plugs in situ in the Styroblocks until before planting.

But this reduced the efficiency of planting operations. Studies to compare the performance of extracted, packaged stock versus in situ stock seem not to have been carried out, but packaged stock has performed well and given no indication of distress; as advocated by Coates et al. thawed planting stock taken to the field should optimally be kept cool at 1°C to 2°C in relative humidities over 90%. For a few days, storage temperatures around 4.5°C and humidities about 50% can be tolerated. Binder and Fielder recommended that boxed seedlings retrieved from cold storage should not be exposed to temperatures above 10°C. Refrigerator vans used for transportation and on-site storage ‘maintain seedlings at 2°C to 4°C (Mitchell et al. 1