3757 Anagolay

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3757 Anagolay
Discovery [1]
Discovered by E. F. Helin
Discovery site Palomar Obs.
Discovery date 14 December 1982
MPC designation (3757) Anagolay
Named after
(Philippine mythology)[2]
1982 XB
Amor · NEO · PHA[1][2]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 31.62 yr (11,551 days)
Aphelion 2.6522 AU
Perihelion 1.0175 AU
1.8349 AU
Eccentricity 0.4455
2.49 yr (908 days)
0° 23m 47.4s / day
Inclination 3.8679°
Earth MOID 0.0386 AU · 15 LD
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 0.39 km[3][4]
0.5 km[1]
9.0046±0.0013 h[5]
9.012 h[6][7]
0.26 (derived)[3]
Tholen = S[1]
B–V = 0.859±0.012[1]
U–B = 0.522±0.009[1]
18.85[4] · 18.95[1] · 19.12±0.06[3][5][8]

3757 Anagolay, provisional designation 1982 XB, is a highly eccentric asteroid, classified as a potentially hazardous asteroid and a near-Earth object of the Amor group, approximately half a kilometer in diameter. It was discovered on 14 December 1982, by American astronomer Eleanor Helin at the Palomar Observatory in California, United States. The asteroid was named after Anagolay from Philippine mythology.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Anagolay orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.0–2.7 AU once every 2 years and 6 months (908 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.45 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

It is a potentially hazardous asteroid because its Earth minimum orbit intersection distance (MOID) is less than 0.05 AU and its diameter is greater than 150 meters. Its Earth-MOID is 0.0386 AU (5,770,000 km) which corresponds to 15 lunar distances. Its orbit is well-determined for the next several hundred years.[1] The body's observation arc begins in 1986, as no precoveries and no identifications prior to its discovery were made.[2]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the Tholen classification, Anagolay is a silicaceous S-type asteroid.[1]

Based on two rotational lightcurves obtained in the 1980s, Anagolay has a rotation period of 9.012 hours and a brightness variation of 0.20 and 0.21 in magnitude, respectively (U=n.a.).[6][7] A third lightcurve, also from the 1980s, gave an alternative period of 9.0046±0.0013 hours with an amplitude of 0.14 (U=2-).[5] The body's albedo lies between 0.18 and 0.34,[1][4] with the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link (CALL) deriving an intermediate albedo of 0.26. CALL also assumes a diameter of 390 meters.[3]


This minor planet was named after Anagolay, the goddess of lost things worshipped by pre-Hispanic Tagalogs. In Philippine mythology, Anagolay is the daughter of the hermaphroditic agricultural deity Lakampati (also goddess Ikapati).[9]

The name, suggested by Filipino student Mohammad Abqary Alon, was selected among 85 other suggestions in a contest held by the Space Generation Advisory Council's "Name-An-Asteroid" campaign.[2][10] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 9 September 2014 (M.P.C. 89832).[11]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3757 Anagolay (1982 XB)" (2014-07-30 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e "3757 Anagolay (1982 XB)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "LCDB Data for (3757) Anagolay". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Harris, Alan W. (February 1998). "A Thermal Model for Near-Earth Asteroids". Icarus. 131 (2): 291–301. Bibcode:1998Icar..131..291H. doi:10.1006/icar.1997.5865. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Harris, A. W.; Young, J. W.; Bowell, E.; Tholen, D. J. (November 1999). "Asteroid Lightcurve Observations from 1981 to 1983". Icarus. 142 (1). Bibcode:1999Icar..142..173H. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6181. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b Harris, A. W.; Young, J. W. (June 1985). "Photometric Results for Earth Approaching Asteroids". Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society. 17: 726. Bibcode:1985BAAS...17R.726H. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  7. ^ a b Binzel, R. P. (October 1987). "A photoelectric survey of 130 asteroids". Icarus: 135–208. Bibcode:1987Icar...72..135B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(87)90125-4. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  8. ^ Pravec, Petr; Harris, Alan W.; Kusnirák, Peter; Galád, Adrián; Hornoch, Kamil (September 2012). "Absolute magnitudes of asteroids and a revision of asteroid albedo estimates from WISE thermal observations". Icarus. 221 (1): 365–387. Bibcode:2012Icar..221..365P. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2012.07.026. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  9. ^ University of the Philippines. Institute of Asian Studies, Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, University of the Philippines. Asian Center (1968). "Volumes 6-7". Asian Studies. Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, University of the Philippines System. p. 171. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  10. ^ Montenegro, Bea (9 October 2014). "New asteroid named after Philippine goddess of lost things". GMA News Online. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  11. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 30 May 2016.

External links[edit]