The Mac. Robertson Girls' High School is a government-funded single-sex academically selective secondary day school, located in the Melbourne CBD, Australia. Entry for Mac. Rob, operated by the Victoria Department of Education, is by competitive academic examination, it is unique in its status as a statewide provider for girls in Year Nine to Year Twelve. The equivalent for boys is Melbourne High School; each year, over 3,000 candidates will sit the entrance examination for a total of 960 places. In 2001, The Sun-Herald ranked the Mac. Robertson Girls' High School sixth in Australia's top ten girls' schools, based on the number of its alumnae mentioned in the Who's Who in Australia; the Mac. Robertson Girls' High School has a long tradition of academic excellence with Victorian Certificate of Education scores propelling the school to be ranked first in the State of Victoria for seven consecutive years from 2002 to 2008, inclusive; the school was ranked third in 2009, but reclaimed its No. 1 ranking once again in 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2018.
Mac. Robertson Girls' High School's 2015 VCE results has been ranked first out of all state secondary government schools in Victoria based on the Median Study Score and Study Score 40+. Median Study Score was 38 and 38.2% all study scores were at or above 40. The school provides an educational experience that equips girls for tertiary study and leadership roles in academic and business communities, develops interests and skills to enhance their personal lives; the school has a prestigious history, tracing its origins to the establishment of the first Victorian state secondary school in 1905. Its many eminent former students provide strong role models and inspiration for current students; the Mac. Robertson Girls' High School began as Melbourne Continuation School, the first government funded school in the state of Victoria, established in 1905 in Spring Street, Melbourne. In 1912, it was renamed Melbourne High School. A co-educational school, the school was segregated by sexes in 1927, with the boys moving to Melbourne Boys' High School in Forrest Hill, South Yarra, Victoria.
Girls continued to be educated in the school on Spring Street, renamed as Melbourne Girls' High School, until the building was condemned in 1930. The school was housed in the then-vacant Government House until 1933, when they moved to State School No. 1689 in King Street. In 1934, with the help of a donation from Macpherson Robertson, a new building was constructed the north-east corner of Albert Park Reserve; the school opened as the Mac. Robertson Girls' High School on 7 November 1934; the school was used as U. S Army Headquarters in 1942 and by the R. A. A. F; the students took their classes at Brighton Road State School, Camberwell East Girls' School, University High School during this period. The building gained a national trust classification in 1987, it was gazetted as an Historic Building in 1982. The school celebrated its centenary year in 2005 with Melbourne High School in a joined assembly. Mac. Rob celebrated by inviting Premier of Victoria Steve Bracks to witness the restarting of the school clock tower.
The school operates in a two sub-school structure. The middle school caters for students in years 9 and 10, whilst the senior school caters for students in years 11 and 12; the school's enrolment across all four-year levels totals to 950 to 960 students every year. A quota of 250-year 9 students are selected for enrolment every year through the year 8 entrance examination; the year 10 cohort adds another class of 25 into the year level bringing the total to 275 students. The size of both the year 11 and 12 cohorts vary each year, totalling to more than 275 students each year, including the intake of few students into Year 11. In Year Nine, students are offered two electives per semester, with core subjects Maths, Science, Physical Education, School Singing compulsory for the entire year. Students have a semester each of History. Year Ten students must take the core subjects English, Physical Education and one language, but are offered a selection of electives, categorised into Science, Arts/Technology, Humanities.
They choose one elective from each category and may study a Year 11 Units 1/2 subject in preparation for VCE. Electives offered include Women and Madness, Advanced Food and Architecture. Year Eleven students must complete six subjects at school regardless of any external LOTE. Students can only undertake a maximum of two VCE subjects before Year Twelve providing their GPA from Year Nine and Ten is high enough. Many students choose to take Biology 3/4, Mathematical Methods 3/4 and/or and External LOTE language such as Chinese, Korean or Vietnamese. Students in Year Twelve undertake four to five VCE 3/4 subjects. A maximum of 6 subjects are allowed to be undertaken at Mac. Rob; the four houses and their associated colours are: Naiads, River Nymphs Dryads, Tree Nymphs Nereids, Sea Nymphs Oreads, Mountain Nymphs Nereids official colour is white, although throughout the years it has come to adopt purple as its secondary colour. Notable alumnae from the school include: Alexandra Adornetto, author Seen Lee, weightlifter Ellen Balaam and first female surgeon in Victoria Judith Buckrich and author Alice Garner and academic Antoinette Halloran, opera singer Tan Le, Young Australian of the Year Veronika Megler, computer scientist, data scientist and game developer Christina Twomey, historian Penny Wright, senator Priya Serrao and Miss Universe Australia 2019 Alice Pung, author List of schools in Vic
Several Asian countries have space programs and are competing to achieve scientific and technological advancements in space, a situation sometimes referred to as the Asian space race in the popular media as a reference to the earlier Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union. Like the previous space race, issues involved in the current push to space include national security, which has spurred many countries to send artificial satellites as well as humans into Earth orbit and beyond. A number of Asian countries are seen as contenders in the ongoing race to be the pre-eminent power in space. Of the ten countries that have independently launched a satellite into orbit, six countries: Japan, India, Israel and North Korea, are Asian. Of six major space powers in world which have full launch capabilities to transfer heavy payloads in geosynchronous orbits, can launch multiple and recoverable satellites, deploy cryogenic engines and operate extraterrestrial exploration missions, three are Asian.
China's first manned spacecraft entered orbit in October 2003, making China the first Asian nation to send a human into space. India expects to send Vyomnauts to space in the Gaganyaan capsule by 2022. While the achievements of space programs run by the main Asian space players pale in comparison to the milestones set by the former Soviet Union and the United States, some experts believe Asia may soon lead the world in space exploration; each Asian spacefaring country has its own dominance in specific aerospace aspect. For instance, the first Chinese manned spaceflight, in 2003, marked the beginning of a space race in the region and India is the first Asian country to launch a Mars orbiter. At the same time, the existence of a space race in Asia is still debated due to the non-concurrence of space milestone events like there was for the United States and the Soviet Union. Japan for example was the first power on Earth to get a sample return mission from an asteroid. There was however some concurrence between China and India to see which of those two could be the first to launch a probe to the Earth's moon back in the late 2000s decade.
China, for example, denies. In January 2007 China became the first Asian military-space power to send an anti-satellite missile into orbit, to destroy an aging Chinese Feng Yun 1C weather satellite in polar orbit; the resulting explosion sent a wave of debris hurtling through space at more than 6 miles per second. India did the same in 2019 by shooting down its own satellite Microsat-R; the operation was named Mission Shakti A month Japan's space agency launched an experimental communications satellite designed to enable super high-speed data transmission in remote areas. After successful achievement of geostationary technology, India's ISRO launched its first Moon mission, Chandrayaan-1 in October 2008, which discovered ice water on the Moon. India launched on 5 November 2013 its maiden interplanetary mission, the Mars Orbiter Mission; the primary objective is to attempt to detect methane. The spacecraft completed its journey on 24 September 2014 when it entered its intended orbit around Mars, making India the first Asian country to place a Mars orbiter and the only country in history to do so in the first attempt.
ISRO became the fourth space agency in the world to send a spacecraft to Mars, only behind NASA, ROSCOSMOS, ESA. China & India have tested their anti- satellite weapons in 2007 and 2019, making them only countries after US & USSR/Russia to possess ASAT weapons. In addition to increasing national pride, countries are commercially motivated to operate in space. Commercial satellites are launched for communications, weather forecasting, atmospheric research. According to a report by the Space Frontier Foundation released in 2006, the "space economy" is estimated to be worth about $180 billion, with more than 60% of space-related economic activity coming from commercial goods and services. China and India propose the initiation of a commercial launch service. China has a space program with an independent human spaceflight capability, it has developed a sizable family of successful Long March rockets. It has launched two lunar orbiters, Chang'e 1 and Chang'e 2. On 2 December 2013, China launched a modified Long March 3B rocket, with Chang'e 3 Moon lander and its rover Yutu on-board toward the Moon and performed soft landing and rover operations, becoming the third country to do so.
It has plans to retrieve samples by late 2017. In 2011, China embarked on a program to establish a manned space station, starting with the launch of Tiangong 1 and followed by Tiangong 2 in 2016. China attempted to send a Mars orbiter in 2011 on a joint mission with Russia, which failed to leave Earth orbit; the 2020 Chinese Mars Mission with an orbiter, a lander and a rover has been approved by the government and is aiming a launch date in the year 2020. China has collaborative projects with Russia, ESA, Brazil, has launched commercial satellites for other countries; some analysts suggest that the Chinese space program is linked to the nation's efforts at developing advanced military technology. China's advanced technology is the result of the integration of various related technological experiences. Early Chinese satellites, such as the FSW series, have undergone many atmospheric reentry tests. In the 1990s China had commercial launches, resulting in more launch experiences and a high success rate after the 1990s.
China has aimed to undertake scientific development in fields like Solar System ex
This is a list of Richard Marx's collaborative work as a producer and songwriter for various artists. 1984Kenny Rogers - What About Me What About Me Somebody Took My Love Crazy Fee Waybill - Read My Lips Who Loves You Baby 1985St. Elmo's Fire soundtrack Vikki Moss - If I Turn You Away 1986David Foster - David Foster The Best Of Me 1987Richard Carpenter - Time Calling Your Name Again 1988Vixen - Vixen Edge Of A Broken Heart Tequila Sunrise soundtrack Ann Wilson & Robin Zander - Surrender To Me 1989Cliff Richard - Stronger The Best Of Me Sing soundtrack Kevin Cronin - Face The Music Now That's What I Call Music 16 Right Here Waiting Steve Lukather - Lukather Swear Your Love 1990John Farnham - Chain Reaction Chains Around The Heart 1991 Kiri Te Kanawa - Heart To Heart The Best Of Me Kiri Te Kanawa - The Kiri Selection The Best Of Me 1992Freddie Jackson - Time For Love Live My Life Without You Now That's What I Call Music! 22 Richard Marx - HazardNow That's What I Call Music! 23 Richard Marx - Take This Heart1993John Farnham - Then Again The Reason Why Treated This Way Talent For Fame So Long In Love The Hollies - 30th Anniversary Collection Nothing Else But Love 1994Lara Fabian - Carpe Diem Je Vivrai Au Loin La-Bas Martin Nievera - Roads Till The Day You Said Goodbye Now That's What I Call Music!
27 Richard Marx - Now And Forever1995Luther Vandross - This Is Christmas Every Year, Every Christmas 1996Bruce Gaitsch - A Lyre In A Windstorm Haunt Me Tonight Amy Sky - Cool Rain Til Tomorrow The Tubes - Genius of America How Can You Live With Yourself Big Brother's Still Watching Roch Voisine - Kissing Rain Chaque Jour De Ta Vie All I Know/Docemont For Our Children, Too compilation Richard Marx - Angel's Lullaby One Voice: The Songs Of Chage & Aska Richard Marx - Heart Of My Own The Mirror Has Two Faces soundtrack Richard Marx - The Power Inside Of Me 1997 Bruce Gaitsch - Asphasia If I Could Only - Fee Waybill - Don't Be Scared By These Hands I Know You Tall Dark And Harmless Shut Up And Love Me The Swing Of Things Fools Cry Surprise Yourself I've Seen This Movie Before Dying Of Delight What's Wrong With That Somewhere Deep Inside 1998Sarah Brightman - Eden The Last Words You Said Luther Vandross - I Know Isn't There Someone Body Talk: Great Love Songs 1965-1995: Disc 1 Richard Marx - Right Here Waiting 1999Shane Minor - Shane Minor Easy To Believe Monica - The Boy Is Mine Right Here Waiting SheDaisy - The Whole SheBang Still Holding Out For You Barbra Streisand - A Love Like Ours If You Ever Leave Me 200098 Degrees - Revelation The Only Thing That Matters Natalie Cole - Greatest Hits-Volume 1 Angel On My Shoulder Countdown - Who Let The Boys Out This I Promise You H.
O. T - 99 Live In Seoul Right Here Waiting N Sync - No Strings Attached This I Promise You Yo Te Voy A Amar Kenny Rogers - There You Go Again Crazy Me I Do It For Your Love SheDaisy - Brand New Year Brand New Year 2001Natalie Cole - Love Songs Angel On My Shoulder Meredith Edwards - Reach Ready To Fall This Is The Heartache - Reach - Josh Groban - Josh Groban To Where You Are Cliff Richard - Wanted Right Here Waiting The Tubes - Extended Versions Loveline Christina Undhjem - EP Back In My Baby's Arms 2002Michael Bolton - Only A Woman Like You Slowly I Surrender Eternally Chris Botti - December Perfect Day Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas Emerson Drive - Emerson Drive Fall Into Me Only God How Lucky I Am Marie Sisters - Marie Sisters I Will Hold On If I Fall In Love Tonight Olivia Newton-John - Never Far Away Paulina Rubio - Border Girl Border Girl SheDaisy - Knock On The Sky All Over You Barbra Streisand - Duets I Won't Be The One To Let Go If You Ever Leave Me (Duet with Vince Gill Bonnie Tyler - Heart Strings Right Here Waiting John Tesh - The Power Of Love This I Promise You 2003Chicago - The Box Good For Nothing Billy Ray Cyrus - The Other Side Holding On To A Dream Vince Gill - Next Big Thing Someday Kenny Loggins - It's About Time With This Ring I Miss Us The One That Got Away The Undeniable Groove Sister Hazel - Chasing Daylight Life Got In The Way Kristy Starling - Kristy Starling To Where You Are Luther Vandross - Dance With My Father Dance With My Father Smooth Sax Tribute To L
The Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up, was a dramatic period of volcanic eruptions in mid-Cenozoic time 25–40 million years ago, centered in the western United States. These eruptions are seen today as deposits of ignimbrite, the pyroclastic material, laid down from these eruptions. There are countless eruptions within the flare-up; this amount is on par for some of the largest non-explosive volcanic provinces. For reference, the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens was about 1 km3; the largest eruption on the flare-up, the largest explosive eruption known, was the Fish Canyon tuff in southwest Colorado. Its volume alone is 5,000 km3; the three primary volcanic centers of the flare-up are the Central Nevada volcanic field of central Nevada, Indian Peak volcanic field of eastern Nevada/western Utah, the San Juan volcanic field in Colorado. The primary tectonic driving force behind this explosive volcanic activity is slab roll back. During the Laramide orogeny, the subducting Farallon Plate subducted at a shallow angle.
When this stopped, the mantle wedge was opened up, the result was the flare-up. The specifics of this opening, including possible windows or buckling of the plate, can explain specific volcanic trends within the flare-up. List of large volume volcanic eruptions in the Basin and Range Province Slab gap hypothesis
Joseph Lux was a German actor and operatic bass), who appeared in comic roles. Born in Glatz, Lux was first engaged from 1783/84 in Johann Heinrich Böhm's travelling troup. In 1786 he changed to Gustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann, who at this time had joined the theatre entrepreneur Christian Wilhelm Klos and played in the cities of Cologne, Düsseldorf and Bonn; the music director of the company was Friedrich August Burgmüller. The important ensemble, which last performed in Aachen, gave rise to the Bonner Nationaltheater, subsidized by Elector Maximilian Franz with 15,000 Reichstalers per year and opened on 3 January 1789. Lux soon assumed a central position there. On 2 October 1789 he was employed as a court musician. Temporarily, until February 1790, the Bonner Theater included Heinrich Vohs. Through his activities Lux came into close contact with the young Ludwig van Beethoven and accompanied him and the other members of the court chapel on the memorable journey the court made to Mergentheim in September and October 1791.
Beethovens Jugendfreund Franz Gerhard Wegeler berichtet: This journey, which the whole orchestra made in two yachts up the Rhine and Main in the most beautiful season of the year, became a fruitful source of the most beautiful pictures in Beethoven's memory. Beethoven and Bernhard Romberg were appointed kitchen boys in the roles which Lux, the singer chosen as the great king and well-known comedian, performed; the diploma of his further promotion, which Beethoven received, dates: at the height of Rüdisheim, one will still have found it in his estate. A large seal printed in pitch in the lid of a box, fastened by some severed threads of a ship's rope, gave this diploma an honorable reputation. Beethoven composed for Lux the two comic arias for bass and orchestra Prüfung des Küssens WoO 89 and Mit Mädeln sich vertragen WoO 90, written in 1790. On 7 July 1792 Lux made his debut in Frankfurt am Main, he characterized him as a "crowded, well-educated middle figure" and an actor who "knows how to motivate his clothes and gestures after the roles".
Soon Lux belonged in Frankfurt to the most popular actors, as an article from Frankfurt reports: Hr. Lux deserved to be noticed at first when I wrote about the local theatre in general, but since his main merit lies in his excellent, othernomical play, I can only touch him fleetingly here. It is certain, that I have never seen so many original whims in the margins of nature and decency as with him, his Kapellmeister in Korsar, Rinnfeld in gebesserten Eigeninngen, Filz in Knicker, are masterpieces of comic representation. Lux remained attached to the Frankfurter stage until his death, he died in Frankfurt at the age of 61. Alexander Wheelock Thayer, Ludwig van Beethovens Leben. Nach dem Original-Manuskript deutsch bearbeitet von Hermann Deiters, volume 1, 3rd edition, Leipzig 1917 Ludwig Schiedermair, Der junge Beethoven, Leipzig 1925 Theodor von Frimmel, Beethoven-Handbuch, Leipzig 1926, volume 1, p. 375f. Stephan Ley, Joseph Lux. Aus Beethovens Bonner Zeit, in Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, Jg. 121, p. 415 Albert Richard Mohr, Frankfurter Theater von der Wandertruppe zum Komödienhaus,Frankfurt 1967, p. 146f.
Klaus Martin Kopitz, Der Düsseldorfer Komponist Norbert Burgmüller. Ein Leben zwischen Beethoven – Spohr – Mendelssohn, Kleve 1998, pp. 160–23, ISBN 3-9805931-6-9, Cologne: Dohr, ISBN 978-3-936655-34-6