The 3 Gorkha Rifles is an Indian Army infantry regiment comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin. It was originally a Gurkha regiment of the British Indian Army formed in 1815 and they were present at a number of actions and wars including the Siege of Delhi in 1857 to the First and Second World Wars. Prior to independence, the regiment was known as the 3rd Queen Alexandras Own Gurkha Rifles, in 1950 the regiments title was changed to 3 Gorkha Rifles. Since 1947 the regiment has participated in a number of conflicts including the 1947 and 1971 wars against Pakistan, the regiment was raised during the Gurkha War by Sir Robert Colquhoun on 24 April 1815 as the Kemaoon Battalion. It did not consist entirely of Gurkhas but of men from Kumaon, the regiment adopted the tartan of the Clan Colquhoun. The regiment was used to police the border with Nepal. The battalion was involved in the efforts to quell it. The mutiny was quelled by July 1858, the regiment saw service in an expedition to Bhutan shortly after the name change. In 1878 the Second Afghan War began and the regiment, as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigade of the Kandahar Field Force, the field force successfully captured the city on 8 January 1879, having experienced great hardship on the march there. The following year the Kandahar Force began the march towards the Afghan capital Kabul to join Major-General Roberts force in an attempt to consolidate their situation in the country. During the journey, near Ghaziri, the force were attacked by a force of Afghan tribesmen at Ahmad Khel on 19 April 1880. The fighting that ensued was intense and the field forces situation was in the balance until the Afghan forces were repulsed when the 3rd Goorkhas formed an infantry square. The regiment took part in the Third Burmese War after it began in 1885, in 1887 the 2nd Battalion was formed, consisting entirely of Garhwalis, but this was separated from the regiment in 1890 to form the 39th Regiment of Bengal Light Infantry. A new 2nd Battalion for the 3rd Goorkhas was raised that year and in 1891 the Regiment was designated a rifle regiment. The battalion was part of the Tirah Field Force intended to put down a large tribal revolt by the Afridi and Orakzais, orchestrated by Afghanistan. The 3rd Gurkhas took part in the advance into the Tirah Region, after this was done the force marched on Dargai where they intended to take the heights above Dargai, controlled by tribal forces. The operation to retake the heights began with a bombardment at 10. The regiment took part in the assault, positioned at the forefront of the attack with the 2nd Gurkha Rifles
3rd Goorkhas during the march to Kabul.
View of Almora, with soldiers of 3rd Gurkha Rifles, 1895.