43rd Canadian federal election
All 338 seats in the House of Commons
170 seats needed for a majority
The 43rd Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) is scheduled to take place on or before October 21, 2019. The October 21 date of the vote is determined by the fixed-date procedures in the Canada Elections Act but the Act does not preclude the Governor General of Canada from issuing the writs of election at an earlier date.
- 1 Background
- 2 Electoral reform
- 3 Current standings
- 4 Parties
- 5 Incumbents not running for reelection
- 6 Timeline
- 7 Opinion polls
- 8 Candidates
- 9 Election spending
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The 2015 federal election resulted in a Liberal majority government headed by Justin Trudeau. The Conservatives became the Official Opposition (with Stephen Harper announcing his resignation as party leader) and the New Democrats (NDP) became the third party. While members of the Bloc Québécois and the Greens were elected to the House, both failed to achieve the required number of MPs for official party status. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe announced his resignation shortly after the election, and was succeeded by Parti Québécois MNA Martine Ouellet. After losing a leadership review, Ouellet announced she would step down as Bloc leader on June 11, 2018.
Due to Tom Mulcair failing his April 2016 leadership review by garnering only 48% of the delegate vote, the NDP held a leadership election on October 1, 2017, electing Ontario MPP and the former Deputy Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party Jagmeet Singh as his successor.
In June 2015, Justin Trudeau pledged to reform the electoral system if elected, saying, "We are committed to ensuring that 2015 is the last election held under first-past-the-post." As the New Democrats, Bloc, and Greens were all in favour of reform of some kind, it was seen as possible that a different voting system would be in place the next federal election.
A Special Committee on Electoral Reform was formed with representatives from all five parties in the House. The committee's report, Strengthening Democracy in Canada: Principles, Process and Public Engagement for Electoral Reform, was presented in December 2016 and recommended a proportional electoral system be introduced following a national referendum. In February 2017, however, the government dropped support for electoral reform, issuing a mandate to newly appointed Minister of Democratic Institutions Karina Gould, saying "A clear preference for a new electoral system, let alone a consensus, has not emerged. ... Changing the electoral system will not be in your mandate."
|New Democratic||Jagmeet Singh||44||41|
|Bloc Québécois||Mario Beaulieu (interim)||10||10|
|Co-operative Commonwealth||none[note 1]||—||1|
184 / 338
182 / 338
99 / 338
96 / 338
|New Democratic||Social democracy
44 / 338
41 / 338
|Bloc Québécois||Quebec sovereigntism
10 / 338
10 / 338
1 / 338
1 / 338
1 / 338
Incumbents not running for reelection
The following MPs have announced that they will not be running in the next federal election:
- Bill Casey (Cumberland—Colchester)
- Nicola Di Iorio (Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel)
- Colin Fraser (West Nova)
- Jim Eglinski (Yellowhead)
- Kellie Leitch (Simcoe—Grey)
- Bev Shipley (Lambton—Kent—Middlesex)
- Robert Sopuck (Dauphin—Swan River—Neepawa)
- David Tilson (Dufferin—Caledon)
- Dave Van Kesteren (Chatham-Kent—Leamington)
New Democratic Party
- David Christopherson (Hamilton Centre)
- Linda Duncan (Edmonton Strathcona)
- Hélène Laverdière (Laurier—Sainte-Marie)
- Irene Mathyssen (London—Fanshawe)
- Romeo Saganash (Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou)
- to seek treatment for addiction
- in order to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
- becoming Ambassador to the European Union
- becoming Ambassador to China
- amid allegations of sexual harassment
- former Minister of Public Services and Procurement
- following her entrance into the 2018 British Columbia Liberal Party leadership election
- over harassment allegations
- to run for Mayor of Vancouver
- October 19, 2015: The Liberal Party of Canada wins a majority government in the 42nd Canadian federal election. Outgoing Prime Minister Stephen Harper announces his intention to resign as leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.
- October 22, 2015: Gilles Duceppe resigns as leader of the Bloc Québécois and is replaced on an interim-basis by Rivière-du-Nord MP Rhéal Fortin.
- November 4, 2015: Justin Trudeau is sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada.
- November 5, 2015: Sturgeon River—Parkland MP and former cabinet minister Rona Ambrose is elected interim Conservative leader.
- December 3, 2015: The 42nd Parliament is convened.
- April 10, 2016: 52% of delegates at the 2016 NDP convention voted in support of a leadership review motion to hold a leadership election within 24 months. Party leader Tom Mulcair announces he will stay on as leader until his replacement is chosen.
- September 9, 2016: Strength in Democracy, a party which had three incumbent MPs among its 17 candidates in the last election is deregistered by Elections Canada for failure to file papers maintaining its party status.
- March 18, 2017: Martine Ouellet is acclaimed as leader of the Bloc Québécois.
- May 27, 2017: Andrew Scheer is elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.
- October 1, 2017: Jagmeet Singh is elected Leader of the New Democratic Party.
- February 28, 2018: Seven BQ MPs resign from the Bloc Québécois caucus, citing conflict with party leader Martine Ouellet. establishing the Groupe parlementaire québécois for parliamentary purposes, while remaining independent of any electoral political party. Only Xavier Barsalou-Duval (Pierre-Boucher—Les Patriotes—Verchères), Mario Beaulieu (La Pointe-de-l'Île), and Marilène Gill (Manicouagan) remain in the Bloc Québécois caucus.
- May 9, 2018: Members of the Groupe parlementaire québécois announce they will be forming a new political party, Québec debout.
- June 4, 2018: After losing a leadership review, Martine Ouellet announces she will step down as leader of the Bloc Québécois effective June 11, 2018.
- June 6, 2018: Michel Boudrias and Simon Marcil, Québec debout MPs for Terrebonne and Mirabel, respectively, announce they will return to the Bloc Québécois caucus as a result of Martine Ouellet's resignation as party leader. Citing the Bloc's vote the previous weekend to focus exclusively on Quebec sovereignty, Québec debout spokesman Rhéal Fortin announces that he and the party's other four MPs will not rejoin the Bloc Québécois.
- August 23, 2018: Beauce MP Maxime Bernier resigns from the Conservative caucus in disagreement with the leadership of Andrew Scheer. Bernier announces his intention to form a new federal party.
- September 14, 2018: Three weeks after leaving the Conservative caucus, Beauce MP Maxime Bernier formally launches the People's Party of Canada, becoming its first MP.
- September 17, 2018: All five Québec Debout MPs, Rhéal Fortin (Rivière-du-Nord), Monique Pauzé (Repentigny), Louis Plamondon (Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel), Gabriel Ste-Marie (Joliette), and Luc Thériault (Montcalm), announce they will rejoin the Bloc Québécois., officially dissolving Quebec Debout. On the same day, Leona Alleslev, Liberal MP for Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill, crosses the floor to join the Conservatives.
Before the campaign, there were no limits to what a political party, candidate, or third party (corporations, unions, special interest groups, etc.) can spend: spending rules are only in force after the writs have been dropped and the campaign has begun.
Reimbursements for political parties and candidates
Political parties receive a reimbursement for 50 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Similarly, electoral district associations receive a reimbursement of 60 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Both reimbursements are publicly funded.
Registered third parties
A person or group must register as a third party immediately after incurring election advertising expenses totalling $500 or more. There are strict limits on advertising expenses, and specific limits that can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district. Registered third parties are subject to an election advertising expenses limit of $150,000. Of that amount, no more than $8,788 can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district.
- Conservative Party of Canada leadership election, 2017
- New Democratic Party leadership election, 2017
- Bloc Québécois leadership election, 2017
- Next Bloc Québécois leadership election
- The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation was disbanded in 1961 to join the New Democratic Party. As such, it is not registered with Elections Canada and does not have a leader. Erin Weir, MP for Regina—Lewvan, changed his party affiliation to CCF following his expulsion from the NDP caucus in 2018. This self-identification is for parliamentary purposes only and does not carry any weight for electoral purposes.
- "Amendment to Canada Elections Act". Queen's Printer for Canada. November 6, 2006. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "Bloc Québécois' new leader: Who is Martine Ouellet?". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
- Tunney, Catharine (June 4, 2018). "Embattled Bloc Québécois leader Martine Ouellet resigns". CBC News. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- Kirkup, Kristy (10 April 2016). "NDP rejects Mulcair as leader, votes in support of holding leadership race". Ottawa Citizen. Canadian Press. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- Kirkup, Kristy (October 1, 2017). "Jagmeet Singh named leader of the federal NDP". CTV News. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
- John Geddes. "Can Justin Trudeau fix the vote with electoral reform?". Macleans.ca. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "Justin Trudeau unveils Liberal platform". CBC Player. 6 January 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "Mulcair Promises Proportional Representation If NDP Wins". The Huffington Post. 2 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- Wherry, Aaron (December 1, 2016). "Electoral reform committee recommends referendum on proportional representation, but Liberals disagree". CBC News.
- Bryden, Joan (December 1, 2016). "Liberal MPs urge Prime Minister to break promise of new voting system by next election". Ottawa Citizen.
- Wherry, Aaron. "Trudeau government abandons promise of electoral reform". CBC News. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- Marotta, Stefanie (May 11, 2018). "Erin Weir declares himself a member of the CCF - a party that no longer exists". CBC News. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- Gunn, Andrea (September 14, 2018). "Bill Casey plans to retire next year". Truro Daily News. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
- Parisis, Quentin (September 18, 2018). "Le député Di Iorio change d'idée et terminera son mandat". Journal Metro. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
- Moss, Neil (3 October 2018). "A Liberal and a Tory join swelling list of MPs sitting out next election". Hill Times. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "Eglinski not seeking re-election"
- "John Ivison: Shunned 'values' crusader Kellie Leitch's political career comes to its inevitable end". National Post. 2018-01-24. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- "Long-time Conservative MP Bev Shipley will not seek re-election". CBC. 2018-07-09. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
- CBC News (7 May 2018). "Dauphin-area MP Robert Sopuck won't run in 2019 election". Retrieved 8 May 2018.
- "Van Kesteren won't seek re-election", London Free Press, January 5, 2018
- "David Christopherson, long-time Hamilton Centre MP, says he won't run again". CBC News. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- "News to share: my plans for 2019". Facebook. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Vastel, Marie (9 July 2018). "Hélène Laverdière, du NPD, quitte la politique fédérale". Le Devoir. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "NDP MP Irene Mathyssen announces retirement". CBC News. 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Rycekewaert, Laura (2 July 2018). "Political parties busy laying groundwork this summer for 2019 election, Conservatives already ahead". The Hill Times. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
NDP MPs Romeo Saganash (Abitibi-Baie-James-Nunavik-Eeyou, Que.) and Kennedy Stewart (Burnaby South, B.C.) have already announced they aren't running for re-election.
- "Alberta Conservative MP Jim Hillyer dies at age 41". Toronto Star. March 23, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- Bell, David (October 24, 2016). "Conservative Glen Motz thanks Trudeau after winning Medicine Hat-Cardston-Warner byelection". CBC News. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- "Hunter Tootoo resigns as fisheries minister, leaves Liberal caucus". CBC News. May 31, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- "Liberal MP Mauril Bélanger dies at 61". CTV News. August 16, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- Levitz, Stephanie (August 26, 2016). "Stephen Harper gives up House of Commons seat". CBC News. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "Jason Kenney to resign federal seat next week". CBC News. September 13, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Zimonjic, Peter (January 31, 2017). "Stéphane Dion accepts role as ambassador to EU and Germany, as he and John McCallum depart House". CBC News. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Rona Ambrose formally resigns as Conservative MP after serving for 13 years". CBC News. July 4, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Grenier, Éric (June 20, 2017). "Denis Lebel's departure to put Andrew Scheer's Conservative leadership to tough electoral test". CBC News. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "Liberals win Lac-Saint-Jean for first time since 1980". Montreal Gazette. October 24, 2017. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
- "Calgary MP Darshan Kang resigns from Liberal caucus amid sexual harassment allegations - Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- Campion-Smith, Bruce (September 14, 2017). "Scarborough MP Arnold Chan dies of cancer". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
- "Four federal by-elections across Canada to be held in December". The Globe and Mail. November 5, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- "Judy Foote to step down as MP on Saturday". The Telegram. September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- "Dianne Watts enters BC Liberal leadership race, will resign as Tory MP". CBC News. September 24, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Aiello, Rachel (August 31, 2017). "Long-time Conservative MP Gerry Ritz resigns, not running to lead Saskatchewan Party". CTV News. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "Quebec member of Parliament Denis Lemieux resigns seat". CBC News. November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- "Le conservateur Richard Martel élu député fédéral de Chicoutimi–Le Fjord". Journal De Quebec. Agence QMI. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- Allard, Clement (February 28, 2018). "Seven of 10 Bloc Quebecois MPs quit over Martine Ouellet's leadership". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Ballingall, Alex (February 28, 2018). "Seven of 10 Bloc Québécois MPs quit caucus in protest of leader Martine Ouellet". Toronto Star. Ottawa. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- "Two of seven MPs who quit the Bloc Quebecois returning to the party". The Canadian Press. June 6, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- "5 Bloc Québécois MPs who quit party returning to the fold". CBC News. September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- Harris, Kathleen (May 2, 2018). "'Incredibly decent man': Conservative MP Gord Brown dies after heart attack in Parliament Hill office". Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- Tunney, Catharine (3 May 2018). "MP Erin Weir expelled from NDP caucus after harassment investigation". CBC News. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- Marotta, Stefanie (May 11, 2018). "Erin Weir declares himself a member of the CCF - a party that no longer exists". CBC News. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- Tasker, John Paul (December 18, 2017). "Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair leaving federal politics in June". Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- Tunney, Catharine (August 23, 2018). "MP Maxime Bernier quits Conservative Party". CBC News. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
- Laanela, Mike (May 10, 2018). "Kennedy Stewart confirms he will run for mayor of Vancouver as independent". Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- Tasker, John Paul (September 17, 2018). "Toronto-area Liberal MP Leona Alleslev crosses the floor to join Conservatives". CBC News. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- "Peter Van Loan, former House Leader under Stephen Harper, retiring". Toronto Star. Canadian Press. July 29, 2018. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- "Stephen Harper resigns as Conservative leader". CTV News. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- Perreaux, Les (October 22, 2015). "Bloc leader Duceppe, former PQ interim leader both resign". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- "Lifting the curtain on Harper's covert exit strategy". Ottawa Citizen. October 28, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
- "Rona Ambrose named interim leader of the Conservative Party of Canada". The National Post. November 5, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- Mehler Paperny, Anna (November 4, 2015). "Canada's parliament will reconvene in December". Global News. Retrieved November 5, 2015.
- Wherry, Aaron (April 10, 2016). "NDP votes in favour of holding new leadership race". CBC News. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- Grenier, Éric (September 9, 2016). "Start-up party Strength in Democracy deregistered by Elections Canada". CBC News. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- "Andrew Scheer is the new leader of the Conservative Party of Canada". National Post. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
- Milewski, Terry (May 15, 2016). "NDP sets leadership convention for fall of 2017". CBC News. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Marotta, Stefanie (May 9, 2018). "Bloc rebels announce new party name and abandon the separatist program". CBC News. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- "Maxime Bernier launches the People's Party of Canada". September 14, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
- "Toronto-area Liberal MP Leona Alleslev crosses the floor to join Conservatives". September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
- "Elections Canada Online – Third Party Election Advertising Expenses Limits". elections.ca. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- "Elections Canada Online – The Electoral System of Canada". elections.ca. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- "Elections Canada Online – Election advertising handbook for Third Parties, Financial Agents and Auditors (EC 20227) – July 2015". elections.ca. Archived from the original on August 15, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- "Elections Canada Online – Limits on Election Advertising Expenses Incurred by Third Parties". elections.ca. Archived from the original on August 15, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.