43rd Canadian federal election
All 338 seats in the House of Commons
170 seats needed for a majority
The 43rd Canadian federal election (formally the 43rd Canadian general election) is scheduled to take place on or before October 21, 2019. The October 21 date of the vote is determined by the fixed-date procedures in the Canada Elections Act but the Act does not preclude the Governor General of Canada from issuing the writs of election at an earlier date.
- 1 Background
- 2 Electoral reform
- 3 Current standings
- 4 Parties
- 5 Incumbents not running for reelection
- 6 Timeline
- 7 Opinion polls
- 8 Candidates
- 9 Election spending
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The 2015 federal election resulted in a Liberal majority government headed by Justin Trudeau. The Conservatives became the Official Opposition (with Stephen Harper announcing his resignation as party leader) and the New Democrats (NDP) became the third party. While members of the Bloc Québécois and the Greens were elected to the House, both failed to achieve the required number of MPs for official party status. Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe announced his resignation shortly after the election, and was succeeded by Parti Québécois MNA Martine Ouellet. After losing a leadership review, Ouellet announced she would step down as Bloc leader on June 11, 2018.
Due to Tom Mulcair failing his April 2016 leadership review by garnering only 48% of the delegate vote, the NDP held a leadership election on October 1, 2017, electing Ontario MPP and the former Deputy Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party Jagmeet Singh as his successor.
In June 2015, Justin Trudeau pledged to reform the electoral system if elected, saying, "We are committed to ensuring that 2015 is the last election held under first-past-the-post." As the New Democrats, Bloc, and Greens were all in favour of reform of some kind, it was seen as possible that a different voting system would be in place the next federal election.
A Special Committee on Electoral Reform was formed with representatives from all five parties in the House. The committee's report, Strengthening Democracy in Canada: Principles, Process and Public Engagement for Electoral Reform, was presented in December 2016 and recommended a proportional electoral system be introduced following a national referendum. In February 2017, however, the government dropped support for electoral reform, issuing a mandate to newly appointed Minister of Democratic Institutions Karina Gould, saying "A clear preference for a new electoral system, let alone a consensus, has not emerged. ... Changing the electoral system will not be in your mandate."
|New Democratic||Jagmeet Singh||44||41|
|Bloc Québécois||Mario Beaulieu (interim)||10||10|
184 / 338
181 / 338
99 / 338
96 / 338
|New Democratic||Social democracy
44 / 338
41 / 338
|Bloc Québécois||Quebec sovereigntism
10 / 338
10 / 338
1 / 338
1 / 338
1 / 338
Incumbents not running for reelection
The following MPs have announced that they will not be running in the next federal election:
- Bill Casey (Cumberland—Colchester)
- Nicola Di Iorio (Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel) (resigning January 22, 2019)
- Colin Fraser (West Nova)
- Borys Wrzesnewskyj (Etobicoke Centre)
- Jim Eglinski (Yellowhead)
- Kellie Leitch (Simcoe—Grey)
- Bev Shipley (Lambton—Kent—Middlesex)
- Robert Sopuck (Dauphin—Swan River—Neepawa)
- David Tilson (Dufferin—Caledon)
- Dave Van Kesteren (Chatham-Kent—Leamington)
New Democratic Party
- David Christopherson (Hamilton Centre)
- Fin Donnelly (Port Moody—Coquitlam)
- Linda Duncan (Edmonton Strathcona)
- Hélène Laverdière (Laurier—Sainte-Marie)
- Irene Mathyssen (London—Fanshawe)
- Romeo Saganash (Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou)
- to seek treatment for addiction
- in order to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
- becoming Ambassador to the European Union
- becoming Ambassador to China
- amid allegations of sexual harassment
- former Minister of Public Services and Procurement
- following her entrance into the 2018 British Columbia Liberal Party leadership election
- over harassment allegations
- to run for Mayor of Vancouver
- October 19, 2015: The Liberal Party of Canada wins a majority government in the 42nd Canadian federal election. Outgoing Prime Minister Stephen Harper announces his intention to resign as leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.
- October 22, 2015: Gilles Duceppe resigns as leader of the Bloc Québécois and is replaced on an interim-basis by Rivière-du-Nord MP Rhéal Fortin.
- November 4, 2015: Justin Trudeau is sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada.
- November 5, 2015: Sturgeon River—Parkland MP and former cabinet minister Rona Ambrose is elected interim Conservative leader.
- December 3, 2015: The 42nd Parliament is convened.
- April 10, 2016: 52% of delegates at the 2016 NDP convention voted in support of a leadership review motion to hold a leadership election within 24 months. Party leader Tom Mulcair announces he will stay on as leader until his replacement is chosen.
- September 9, 2016: Strength in Democracy, a party which had three incumbent MPs among its 17 candidates in the last election is deregistered by Elections Canada for failure to file papers maintaining its party status.
- March 18, 2017: Martine Ouellet is acclaimed as leader of the Bloc Québécois.
- May 27, 2017: Andrew Scheer is elected Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.
- August 31, 2017: Calgary Skyview MP Darshan Kang resigns from the Liberal caucus, due to sexual harassment allegations.
- October 1, 2017: Jagmeet Singh is elected Leader of the New Democratic Party.
- February 28, 2018: Seven BQ MPs resign from the Bloc Québécois caucus, citing conflict with party leader Martine Ouellet. establishing the Groupe parlementaire québécois for parliamentary purposes, while remaining independent of any electoral political party. Only Xavier Barsalou-Duval (Pierre-Boucher—Les Patriotes—Verchères), Mario Beaulieu (La Pointe-de-l'Île), and Marilène Gill (Manicouagan) remain in the Bloc Québécois caucus.
- May 9, 2018: Members of the Groupe parlementaire québécois announce they will be forming a new political party, Québec debout.
- June 4, 2018: After losing a leadership review, Martine Ouellet announces she will step down as leader of the Bloc Québécois effective June 11, 2018.
- June 6, 2018: Michel Boudrias and Simon Marcil, Québec debout MPs for Terrebonne and Mirabel, respectively, announce they will return to the Bloc Québécois caucus as a result of Martine Ouellet's resignation as party leader. Citing the Bloc's vote the previous weekend to focus exclusively on Quebec sovereignty, Québec debout spokesman Rhéal Fortin announces that he and the party's other four MPs will not rejoin the Bloc Québécois.
- August 23, 2018: Beauce MP Maxime Bernier resigns from the Conservative caucus in disagreement with the leadership of Andrew Scheer. Bernier announces his intention to form a new federal party.
- September 14, 2018: Three weeks after leaving the Conservative caucus, Beauce MP Maxime Bernier formally launches the People's Party of Canada, becoming its first MP.
- September 17, 2018:
- All five Québec debout MPs–Rhéal Fortin (Rivière-du-Nord), Monique Pauzé (Repentigny), Louis Plamondon (Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel), Gabriel Ste-Marie (Joliette), and Luc Thériault (Montcalm)–announce they will rejoin the Bloc Québécois, officially dissolving Quebec debout.
- Leona Alleslev, Liberal MP for Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill, crosses the floor to join the Conservatives, citing concerns for the Liberal's handling of the economy, foreign and security policies, and international trade.
- November 7, 2018: Parry Sound—Muskoka MP Tony Clement resigns from the Conservative caucus, at the request of leader Andrew Scheer, due to a sexting scandal.
- November 30, 2018: Brampton East MP Raj Grewal resigns from the Liberal caucus to enter treatment due to a gambling addiction.
Before the campaign, there were no limits to what a political party, candidate, or third party (corporations, unions, special interest groups, etc.) can spend: spending rules are only in force after the writs have been dropped and the campaign has begun.
Reimbursements for political parties and candidates
Political parties receive a reimbursement for 50 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Similarly, electoral district associations receive a reimbursement of 60 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Both reimbursements are publicly funded.
Registered third parties
A person or group must register as a third party immediately after incurring election advertising expenses totalling $500 or more. There are strict limits on advertising expenses, and specific limits that can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district. Registered third parties are subject to an election advertising expenses limit of $150,000. Of that amount, no more than $8,788 can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district.
- By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament
- Conservative Party of Canada leadership election, 2017
- New Democratic Party leadership election, 2017
- Bloc Québécois leadership election, 2017
- Next Bloc Québécois leadership election
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NDP MPs Romeo Saganash (Abitibi-Baie-James-Nunavik-Eeyou, Que.) and Kennedy Stewart (Burnaby South, B.C.) have already announced they aren't running for re-election.
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