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Green building in Australia

Green buildings in Australia are assessed and rated by a variety of government and independent ratings systems. The Green Building Council of Australia has developed a green building standard known as Green Star, with the first Green Star rating in Australia awarded to 8 Brindabella Circuit at Canberra Airport in 2004; as of April 2013, over 550 projects have been Green-Star certified, representing 8 million square metres of gross floor area and over 20% of Australia's CBD office space. EER: Energy Efficiency Rating launched in 1996 and in Australia is a system ranging from 0-10 stars and mandatory for buildings in the Australian Capital Territory region The Green Star environmental rating tools for buildings benchmark the potential of buildings based on nine environmental impact categories: Management. Green Star has a tool which focuses on neighborhood development; the National Australian Built Environment Rating System, is a government initiative to measure and compare the environmental performance of Australian buildings.

The NABERS ratings for office buildings include: Energy. A rating for transport is in development. Together, these ratings can provide a comprehensive picture of the sustainability performance of office buildings and tenancies. Ratings are available for homes and hotels. Retail and hospital ratings will be launched this year; the Green Building Council of Australia has certified more than 600 buildings around Australia, among them the 6 Green Star certification of Trevor Pearcey House in Canberra, the refurbished facility of Australian Ethical Investment Ltd. The total cost of the renovation was $1.7 million, produced an estimated 75% reductions in carbon dioxide emissions, 75% reduction in water usage, used over 80% recycled materials. The architects were Collard Clarke Jackson Canberra, architectural work done by Kevin Miller, interior design by Katy Mutton. In NSW, an on-line assessment system called BASIX requires that all new residential developments to reduce water consumption by 40%, CO2 emissions by 40% for detached dwellings and between 20 and 30% for multi unit dwellings compared to an average baseline.

The online system provides designers with a mathematical model of the development that considered the interactions between the energy and water systems of the whole, drawing on climatic and normalised rainfall data for individual locations. Guidelines for building developments in each project are outlined in the bylaws; the bylaws include various permutations of grey water reuse, reuse of stormwater, capture of rainwater, use of solar panels for electricity and hotwater, solar passive building design and community gardens and landscaping. Melbourne has a growing environmental consciousness, many government subsidies and rebates are available for water tanks, water efficient products and solar hot water systems. In Perth, Western Australia, there are at least three different projects that incorporate the principles of green building; the Office development located in Murray Street, West Perth being designed by Eco Design Consultant in collaboration with Troppo Architects is one of them. The other two are mixed development in the city centre.

Guidelines for building developments in each project are outlined in the bylaws and the Green Building Council of Australia. List of sustainable buildings in Australia DETR. “Building a better quality of life: A Strategy for more Sustainable Construction.” Department of Environment, Transport & Regions, UK. Taylor, Robin. "Old buildings take the green lead". ECOS: 24–27. Retrieved 2009-05-03. Green Building Council of Australia National Australian Built Environment Rating System

HMS Speedwell (1780)

HMS Speedwell was a mercantile vessel that the Admiralty purchased in 1780. During the American Revolutionary War she served at Gibraltar during the Great Siege. In 1796 she was converted to a brig. Although she did capture two French privateers and participate in an incident in which the Royal Navy violated Swedish neutrality, her service in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars was relatively uneventful. A storm in February 1807 destroyed her with the loss of her entire crew. Lieutenant John Gibson commissioned Speedwell in July 1780, for the Mediterranean, she arrived at Gibraltar, undergoing the Great Siege, on 20 December, carrying dispatches. While Speedwell was on her way she encountered a small vessel that launched an attack that Speedwell repulsed, though Gibson sustained some wounds. On 1 January 1781 the British took possession of an abandoned settee on which there were letters, with one mentioning that the vessel that had attacked Speedwell had suffered several men killed and wounded.

Speedwell remained at Gibraltar. Five men deserted Speedwell on 11 April. On 16 June 1781 Speedwell brought 120 prisoners into Gibraltar. On 5 October some of Speedwell's crew intended a mutiny to seize her and desert with her to the Spanish. However, a Spanish boy, a deserter, on board informed Gibson, who arrested four ringleaders; the deserters were placed in irons on the provost ship. About half the crew were amenable to the planned mutiny, which had the mutineers rising, killing the officers, sailing Speedwell to Algerciras. There the mutineers intended to sell her, split the proceeds, proceed individually to England. On 3 December a crewman from Speedwell stole a fishing boat and made for the Spanish shore before some fishermen set out after him and brought him back. Speedwell was re-rated as a sloop-of-war on 22 March 1782, with the news reaching Gibraltar on 22 May. On 16–17 September Speedwell prepared to go to sea. In June 1782 the garrison launched 12 gunboats; each was armed with an 18-pounder gun, received a crew of 21 men drawn from Royal Navy vessels stationed at Gibraltar.

Speedwell provided the crew for Vengeance. On 11 July four men deserted, two of them from Speedwell, participants in the planned mutiny. During the siege, Speedwell provided men for the Marine Brigade formed on 9 September 1782. Messrs Malone and Park served as captain and ensigns in the brigade, respectively. Around 11 October, a storm came up and drove the Spanish two-decker San Miguel close to Gibraltar in some distress; the batteries fired on her, wounding two others. She shortly thereafter grounded, struck. A boat from Speedwell went out to establish possession. San Miguel, of 72 guns, had a complement of 634 men under the command of Don Juan Moreno, she was a new vessel, built at Havana. Earlier, on 13 and 14 September, the garrison destroyed a number of floating batteries. In December 1784 there was a distribution of £30,000 in bounty money for the batteries and the proceeds of the sale of ships' stores, including those of San Miguel. A second payment of £16,000 followed in November 1785. A third payment, this of £8,000 pounds, followed in August 1786.

June 1788 saw the payment of a fourth tranche, this of £4,000. Speedwell's officers and crew shared in all four. Commander William Bradshaw was appointed to command Speedwell in January 1783, it is not clear from where Speedwell came, nor when. Three days she and Porcupine sailed for Barbary, she returned, on 27 May set out from Gibraltar to attempt to sail west. On 6 June Speedwell and Brilliant sailed for Tangier. On 9 August Speedwell departed, she arrived at Portsmouth on 5 September. Speedwell was paid off in August 1783. On 14 October she reverted to the status of a cutter, she underwent fitting at Portsmouth, in November Lieutenant Richard Willis recommissioned her for service off the Isle of Arran. In July 1787 she was paid-off. Lieutenant Thomas Rayment recommissioned Speedwell in June 1789. In August, King George, with Queen Charlotte and the three princesses, visited Plymouth Dockyard and inspected the Navy there, he took the opportunity to promote a number of Rayment among them. In October Lieutenant George Brissac recommissioned Speedwell for the Channel.

In May 1790 Speedwell was again recommissioned this time under Lieutenant George Paris Monke. Speedwell performed various missions for Admiral Lord Howe. In 1782, she was off the Yorkshire coast when she captured a smuggling brig. At 14 guns, the Hell-Afloat was as armed as Speedwell, but did not resist capture. Shortly before the start of the war with France, Monke sailed Speedwell to Hamburg to retrieve some British sailors rescued from various vessels that had wrecked on the coast of Jutland, he brought back about 100. Monke was forced to stay on deck day and night, although on the way back to Britain the weather was bad, to forestall any uprising by the rescued sailors; the fear was that the sailors, who were not anxious to be pressed into the Royal Navy, would try to seize Speedwell and run her ashore. The voyage from Hamburg so hurt Monke's health. Lieutenant Edward Williams replaced Monke. During the night of 22–23 August 1796, the French privateer cutter Brave approached Speedwell off St Catherine's Point on the Isle of Wight and attempted to board her.

Speedwell captured Brave, armed with one 6-pounder guns and two swivel guns, had a crew of 25 men. Brave had not yet captured anything. Speedwell carried Brave into Spithead. Between October 1796 and April 1797 the Navy had her altered at Portsmouth to a brig

Kim Yeadon

Kimberley Maxwell Yeadon is a former Australian politician, who served as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. From 1990 to 2007, representing the Electoral district of Granville as a member of the Labor Party. Yeadon was brought up in Western Sydney, he was educated at Patrician Brothers' High School in Granville and received an Electrical Mechanics Certificate at Granville TAFE College, part of South Western Sydney Institute of TAFE. He attended the University of Sydney from 1982 and 1986 and received a BA, he was an electrician and trade union research officer. Yeadon represented Granville for the Labor Party from 1990 to 2007, he was Minister for Land and Water Conservation from May 1995 to December 1997 and Minister for Ports from December 1997 to April 1999. He was Minister for Information Technology and Minister for Forestry from December 1997 to April 2003 and Minister for Western Sydney and Minister for Energy and Utilities from April 1999 to April 2003. Yeadon was one of two Deputy Chancellors of the University of Western Sydney from 2008 to 2013.

He had first joined the Board in 2003, served three terms as a Board member and was awarded an honorary degree by the University in 2014. In 2010 he was controversially appointed to the boards of Delta Electricity and Erraring Energy in an emergency measure to ensure the companies' sale, after the boards of both entities had resigned en masse, it was reported. He was removed from both boards the following year after a change of Government

Freedom Park (Charlotte, North Carolina)

Freedom Park is a 98-acre park in Charlotte, North Carolina. Located at 1900 East Boulevard, between Charlotte's historic Dilworth and Myers Park neighborhoods, the park is centered on a 7-acre lake, is about 3 miles from the heart of Charlotte's downtown area; the park has tennis/volleyball courts, sport/athletic fields and playground equipment. The park contains a steam engine, fenced and has safety bars added over the tender, but one can walk into the cab. In earlier years the train was open and kids could climb on top of it and under it. During that time period there were two fire engines with an old-fashioned handle crank in front for the engine. Both fire trucks had the insides and rear hose area open for kids to explore and learn. There used to be an army tank that kids could play on. Free films and musical performances in the park pavilion are featured throughout the summer; every September Freedom Park is the site of the five-day-long Festival in the Park, which annually attracts over 100,000 visitors, has been recognized as a Top 20 Event by the Southeast Tourism Society.

Adjacent to Freedom Park is the Charlotte Nature Museum, a fun and learning center for young children operated by Discovery Place, which exhibits animals and plants of the Piedmont region. At the end of World War II the Mecklenburg County Lions Club, raised private money to build a park to honor veterans and named it Freedom Park; the land was deeded to the City of Charlotte in 1949. A county bond issue resulted in a $900,000 indoor shelter building, opened in September 2005; this shelter has a commanding view of the lake and includes a large public room, a fireplace, large screen TV, offices, a kitchen, rest rooms, a concrete patio. It is available for rental for weddings, small sporting events, community meetings. In April, 2012 the North Carolina Department of Transportation announced the completion of the Charlotte portion of the Little Sugar Creek Greenway which now runs through Freedom Park and connects it with uptown Charlotte to the north and with Park Road Shopping Center to the south.

A prominent feature of Freedom Park, a favorite with some visitors, is the large number of Canada geese that congregate year round on the central lake. Charming to some, the geese are considered pests by Mecklenburg County Park and Recreation officials because of bird feces in public areas, destruction of turf, danger to young children. Abatement programs worked for a while. Since Mecklenburg County Park and Recreation contracted with Goose Busters, Inc. to provide humane goose control in December of 2012 the problem has been resolved. While geese return to the park there are less than a dozen and they do not stick around long; the park goes for months with no geese on site. The Park and Recreation department has eliminatated the expensive clean up cost of having over 150 resident geese being on site day in and day out. In addition visitors no longer fear attack from aggressive Canada Geese. A similar conflict between wildlife and urban park management exists with the beavers at Charlotte's Park Road Park.

Map of Freedom Park

Eduard Ole

Eduard Ole was an Estonian painter. Some of his most representative works are on permanent exhibition at the Kumu Art Museum of Estonia. In 1973 Ole published in Sweden his two-volume illustrated memories Suurel maanteel I and II. A new edition of these books were published in Estonia in 2010. Ole was the seventh child in a farmer's family with eight children. Young, Ole came in contact with modern western art by means of reproductions in the art school library and by visiting galleries and museums in Saint Petersburg and Moscow, he studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, Russia between 1914 and 1918, where he became influenced by German Expressionism. Ole returned to Estonia in 1918, when his country became independent, worked as a theatre designer, teacher of drawing, art critic and as of 1923, as a professional artist; that year, together with Friedrich Hist and Felix Randel he formed the Group of Estonian Artists in Tartu. This group was able to organize a whole series of exhibitions dedicated to Cubism experimentation, although Ole himself never became non-figurative, retaining a strong link with the material world.

Their work was distinguished by modest geometricized abstraction and decorative colourism suggested by Synthetic Cubism, rather than by explorations of simultaneity or collage. A good example of this phase is the work Natüürmort kitarriga of 1925. Ole's cubist period lasted only until 1926; that year he began to draw with India ink. Some examples of this phase are the works Rannal of 1926, Jalgpallurid of between 1926 and 1927, Seltskond and Fokstrott both of 1927. In 1925 Ole had his works exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants organized by the Société des Artistes Indépendants, to which followed a study trip to Paris in 1927, a trip that gave him fresh impulses. During this trip Ole painted motives inspired in the city such as Pariisi motiiv, Eiffeli torn, Pariis; as a consequence to Ole's first study trip to Paris, the cubist severity of form vanished and he preferred to depict large figurative compositions staged, with soft planes and colours and nuanced pastel tones. It was during this time that Hobuseujutajad.

Pannoo kavand were composed. Along these, with the watercolours in soft tones that Ole brought from Paris, he made colourful gouaches of Estonian landscapes, such as Lõuna-Eesti maastik of 1932-1933. In the beginning of the 1930s Ole started painting portraits of Estonian cultural personalities of international standing; the series started with Dirigent Simmi portree in 1931, which won the first prize of a national portrait contest. Others followed such as Kirjanik August Gailiti portree in 1932, Fr. Tuglase portree of between 1935 and 1942, Konstantin Pätsi portree of 1936. In 1937 Ole made a second study trip to Paris and after the trip he continued to paint landscapes, though it can be noticed, entwined with pastel colours, an increasing dramaticity, as if sensing the new challenges that would face him in the near future. In 1941 Ole painted Narva Hermani kindlus; the 1942 paintings Maastik rahutu taevaga and Maastik tuulikuga seem to close this phase of his work. In 1939 Ole married the philologist Helmi Metsvahi.

As a consequence to the German occupation of Estonia during World War II and fleeing the Soviet occupation of Estonia, Ole left as a refugee to Finland in 1943, where he continued to paint portraits of personalities of Finnish cultural life, such as the ones of the linguist Lauri Kettunen and of Viljo Tarkiainen, biographer of Aleksis Kivi, landscapes. His wife stayed in Estonia. However, fleeing the Continuation War between Finland and the Soviet Union in 1944, Ole moved to neutral Sweden and became a Swedish citizen in 1951, he was able to visit Estonia once again only in 1990, shortly before the restoration of Estonian independence. In Sweden Ole started working as illustrator for the Nordic Museum in Stockholm, taking part in a project to catalogue cultural monuments of Sweden, as well as some works of scientific nature. However, as he settled down and after travelling to Lapland and northern Norway his style began to radically change. During those trips Ole's sensibility experienced a new type of light, powerful natural forms, contrasts of colour and structure, of rocks and water found on fjords.

In fact, his next creative period is centered in North Scandinavian landscape. Ole left his earlier calm and transcending planes of restrained colours to scintillating and dramatic compositions. Post-impressionist Pointillism became strong although never dominant. Ole's style evolution can be noticed in his 1948 paintings Motiiv Stockholmi saarestikust I, Motiiv Stockholmi saarestikust II, Kodusadamasse saabumine. Further evolution with loss of clear contours and increasing vibrant colours is clear in the 1952 Teekond Jotunheimi mägedesse an