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SN 393

SN 393 is the modern designation for a probable supernova, reported by the Chinese in the year 393 CE. An extracted record of this astronomical event was translated into English as follows: A guest star appeared within the asterism Wěi during the second lunar month of the 18th year of the Tai-Yuan reign period, disappeared during the ninth lunar month; the second lunar month mentioned in the record corresponds to the period 27 February to 28 March 393 CE, while the ninth lunar month ran from 22 October to 19 November 393 CE. The bowl-shaped asterism named; this asterism consists of the stars in Scorpius designated ε, μ, ζ, η, θ, ι, κ, λ and ν. The guest star reached an estimated apparent magnitude of −1 and was visible for about eight months before fading from sight, whose lengthy duration suggests the source was a supernova. Before 1975, the observation made by the Chinese between February and March 393 CE was considered to be a bright nova with a secondary maximum. At the time, there were only seven possible candidate supernova remnants near where SN 393 was observed.

Assuming maximum –1 magnitude occurred close to 10,000 pc away, this ruled out four possible candidates. Another discounted remnant was G350.0-1.8, as the expectant expansion rate indicated the supernova occurred around 8,000 years ago. Of the two remaining sources, G348.5+0.1 and G348.7+0.3, were both at the required 10,000 pc. distance and each had estimated ages of 1,500 years. If true, it seems unlikely such supernovae would be visible to the naked eye over eight months because they occurred close to a dusty part of the galactic plane. During 1996, the ROSAT All Sky Survey discovered another nearby supernova remnant, RX J1713.7-3946, which two years was suggested as a better match for SN 393. Observations in 1999 suggested that this remnant was associated with H II region, G347.611 +0.204, whose distance was about 6,000 pc, but in 2003, examining interactions between a nearby molecular cloud and the expanding remnant found the closer distance of around 1,000 pc. In 2004, measures of the degree of X-ray and neutral hydrogen absorption by intervening matter between the remnant and Earth, confirmed this closer distance, making the true physical remnant diameter as 20 pc, assuming the apparent angular diameter of about 1.2° or 70 arcminutes.

Supernova remnant RX J1713.7-3946 is consistent with type Ib supernovae. SN 393's progenitor had a mass of at least 15 solar masses, whose destruction generated energies of about 1.3 × 1051 erg, with three solar masses of material ejected into the surrounding interstellar medium. Chinese astronomy Chinese constellations

Kevin Mark Trail

Kevin Mark Trail is a British R&B, soul and hip hop singer-songwriter producer. He rose to fame by appearing on two tracks on The Streets debut album Original Pirate Material, including the hit single, "Let's Push Things Forward", which made the Top 40 in the UK Singles Chart. Trail was raised in North West London by immigrants from Jamaica. Trail's music is a mix of soul, hip hop and modern electro influenced by US R&B and Jamaican reggae, his mother introduced him to soul in his childhood. Travelling back to Jamaica every summer helped him secure his roots and culture, he lists acts such as Bob Marley, John Holt, Gregory Isaacs and Toots & the Maytals as some of his reggae influences, Omar, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder and Donny Hathaway as his soul influences. His influences in modern music include Little Dragon, Roots Manuva, Bon Iver and has now taken a great interest in the way music is used in film in theatre. At 15, Trail began drawing sketches in his bedroom in Wembley, he attended a weekend arts college in Camden, where he gained experience in composition and musicianship, all of which shaped his debut album Just Living.

He was mentored by three tutors, John Mullon, Rachel Bennet and Julie Dexter, who encouraged his writing/sense of British identity. At the same time he became aware of the British music scene, finding artist like Omar, Roots Manuva, Artful Dodger, Nitin Sawhney. Trail first shot to fame after passing a BA Hons in music production and business, when he collaborated with The Streets, he provided vocals on The Streets' hit single "Let's Push Things Forward", on "Same Old Thing" from his Original Pirate Material album. The single "Let's Push Things Forward" peaked at No. 30 in the UK Singles Chart. The single remains his biggest hit to date. Trail commented at the time, "Mike Skinner is a talented guy – I rate him, man. I hadn't heard anything like it before, that's what attracted me to the project." Skinner invited Trail to tour as part of The Streets' live experience. In 2004 Trail signed to EMI and released his first solo single, "Perspective", his second single, "D Thames" fared better. Trail collaborated with UK rapper Estelle on the single's remix, featured as its B-side.

On 7 March 2005, he released his debut album. He commented at the time that the album was about "all the stuff I experienced, just an album about life. I just write about what I experience, what's going on round me." For example, in "D Thames", he talks about a moment of clarity, in "Perspective", he talks about everyday anxieties, "Bread" discusses the pleasure and politics of when food was served on his family's dinner table. Trail wrote and produced the tracks in his bedroom first and arranged them and performed them with a band in the studio, he commented: "It's about trying to achieve and give back. You're always facing new things and rising to the challenge, so it's a constant battle. You've got to keep moving forward and stay positive."As well as touring with The Streets, Trail performed at venues including the Jazz Café in London. He collaborated with Nitin Sawhney on the track "Eastern Eyes", taken from his album Human, after he watched one of Trail's live performances; the collaboration received positive reviews, with Time Out magazine comparing his vocal performance to Donny Hathaway, one of his major influences.

Shortly after the release of Just Living, Trail toured with Beverley Knight on her "Affirmation" tour, to which he received favourable reviews. On the tour Trail previewed a brand new song, "Last Night", which would be released shortly after on a re-release of Just Living; the album was re-released on 4 July 2005, with another new track "Ticket Line". Trail has been spending a lot of time working in New Zealand, which has resulted in touring/recording with Nathan Haines and Sola Rosa. Continuing his work with New Zealand artists, Trail is writing and producing with Chris Cheatland of Baitercell, The Sweet Mix Kids and Sola Rosa. At home in the UK Trail is working on an album with Basement Jaxx vocalist Sharlene Hector and his next release 2013: Pieter T – Completion 2012: Huia Hamon – Huia's Waiata 2011: Kevin Leo – Powerful 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2011: Dean Atta – Post Card to Paradise 2015: Kings of Tomorrow – 2014: Sola Rosa – Magnetics 2013: Jason Eli – Music Is Life EP 2012: Ilana lorraine – My little tree 2012: Kevin FieldField of Vision 2012: Kevin Field – Field of Vision 2012: Kevin Leo – Blackbird 2011: Sharlene Hector – Expressions EP 2011: Kevin Leo – Powerful 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2011: Lyric L – Amazed 2010: Motet – Various – Jazz re:freshed Volume One 2010: Nathan Haines – Heaven and Earth 2010: Bardo State – Mariposa 2003: Nitin Sawhney – Human Official Site

River Falls, Alabama

River Falls is a town in Covington County, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 526. River Falls is located 5 miles northwest of Andalusia, the county seat, at 31°21′N 86°32′W; the town lies along the Conecuh River. A hydroelectric dam creating Point A Lake on the river is located at the northeast corner of the town. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.1 square miles, of which 6.8 square miles is land and 0.27 square miles, or 3.67%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 616 people, 272 households, 174 families residing in the town; the population density was 88.9 people per square mile. There were 307 housing units at an average density of 44.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 62.50% White, 36.04% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.81% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 272 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.0% were non-families.

34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $21,838, the median income for a family was $30,556. Males had a median income of $22,266 versus $20,469 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,016. About 14.3% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over. The mayor of River Falls, Mary Ella Hickson, age 91, was accused in theft of $201,600 of public funds, during her mayorship; the scandal came August 2012, when a majority of the then-sitting River Falls Town Council members told the Andalusia Star-News they never voted in 2008 to sell the town's former city hall property to Richard Moss, Hixon's housemate for more than a decade.

She served as mayor for more than 30 years. The court sentenced her to 10 years imprisonment, considering her advanced age, suspended for five years of implementation. Moss pleaded guilty to his part of the crime in May 2015, he was sentenced to 10 years in prison on each county. He was required to pay back $105,609.82 to the town of River Falls

Art Smith (actor)

Arthur Gordon Smith was an American stage and television actor, best known for playing supporting roles in Hollywood productions of the 1940s. Born in Chicago, he was a member of the Group Theatre and performed in many of their productions, including Rocket to the Moon and Sing!, Golden Boy and Waiting for Lefty, all by Clifford Odets. The gray-haired actor played studious and dignified types in films, such as doctors or butlers. Smith appeared in many noirish films, including Body and Soul and In a Lonely Place, he had a key role as a federal agent in 1947's Ride the Pink Horse and directed by Robert Montgomery. Two of these films, In a Lonely Place and Ride a Pink Horse, were based on novels by Dorothy B. Hughes. Smith was one of the victims of the Hollywood blacklist, which ended most of his film career in 1952. In 1957, he originated the role of Doc in the stage version of West Side Story. Smith only returned to the film business, for example in an uncredited part in The Hustler, he worked on television before retiring in 1967.

He died, aged 73, in New York from a heart attack. Art Smith on IMDb Art Smith at AllMovie Art Smith at the Internet Broadway Database Art Smith at Find a Grave

Theodora Agnes Peck

Theodora A. Peck was an American author and poet from Vermont, she published several historical novels when she was in her twenties and thirties, her poems were published in magazines and literary journals throughout her life. Theodora Agnes Peck was born in Burlington, Vermont on October 25, 1882. An only child, her father was Theodore S. Peck, a recipient of the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War, her mother was Agnes Louise Lesslie of Toronto, Canada. Peck attended the public schools of Burlington and graduated from Burlington High School in 1900, she attended a special non-degree program at the University of Vermont, which she completed in 1904. In 1900, Peck authored the poem "A Dream of the Flag", her poem was subsequently published in Leslie’s Popular Monthly. In 1905, Peck published Hester of the Grants: A Romance of Old Bennington; this endeavor was reported on in newspapers nationwide, owing to her sex and youth. Residing temporarily in Scotland provided the inspiration for Peck’s next novel, 1908's The Sword of Dundee: A Tale of Bonnie Prince Charlie.

The book that followed was another historical work set in Revolutionary War-era Vermont, 1914's White Dawn: A Legend of Ticonderoga. Peck continued to publish poetry throughout her life, her work appeared in numerous newspapers and literary journals and she was asked to provide readings of her work at veterans’ reunions, memorial dedications, other public events. During her life, Peck maintained membership in several professional and legacy societies, including the Burlington Literary Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, Society of Colonial Dames, United Daughters of 1812, she was active with the Third Order of Saint Francis. Peck was an honorary member of the Society of the Army of the Potomac, the International Mark Twain Society and the Institute Litteraire et Artistique de France. At age 18, she became the first female honorary member of the Medal of Honor Legion of the United States after being bestowed medal number one of the Second Class. Peck was a philanthropist and benefactor, her causes included Burlington's Young Men’s Christian Association and Saint Michael's College in Colchester.

At her death, her family's home was sold and the proceeds were used to establish the Theodora Agnes Peck Scholarship Endowment at the University of Vermont. Peck died in Burlington on January 11, 1964. A 1920 convert to Catholicism, her funeral took place at Burlington’s Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, she was buried at Lakeview Cemetery in Burlington. Peck never married, had no children. In July 1963, obituaries for Teresa C. Egan, who died at age 73, indicated that she had been Theodora Peck's live-in companion for more than 40 years. Theodora Agnes Peck at Find a Grave Peck, Theodora A.. Hester of the Grants. New York, NY: Fox, Duffield & Co. – via HathiTrust. Peck, Theodora A.. The Sword of Dundee. New York, NY: Duffield & Company – via HathiTrust. Peck, Theodora A.. White Dawn. New York, NY: Fleming H. Revell Company – via HathiTrust