The Vienna Offensive was launched by the Soviet 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts in order to capture Vienna, during World War II. The offensive lasted from 2 April to 13 April 1945; the Soviets placed the city under siege. After a few days’ street fighting, the defenders had destroyed all but two of the Danube bridges, the Panzers escaped encirclement; the incoming Soviets devastated the old city, there was much brutality against civilians. Stalin approved the restoration of Austria as a sovereign country. Joseph Stalin reached an agreement with the Western Allies prior to April 1945 concerning the relative postwar political influence of each party in much of Eastern and Central Europe; as a result, the victory of a Soviet offensive toward Austria and the liberation by the Red Army of a large part of this country would have been beneficial for subsequent postwar negotiations with the Western Allies. After the failure of Operation Spring Awakening, Sepp Dietrich's 6th SS Panzer Army retreated in stages to the Vienna area.
The Germans prepared defensive positions in an attempt to guard the city against the arriving Soviets. In Spring 1945, the advance of Soviet General Fyodor Tolbukhin's 3rd Ukrainian Front through western Hungary gathered momentum on both sides of the Danube.. After they took Sopron and Nagykanizsa crossed the border between Austria. On 25 March, the 2nd Ukrainian Front launched the Bratislava–Brno Offensive by crossing the Hron river. On 30 March the Front crossed the Nitra River and rushed across the Danubian Lowland towards Bratislava. Having secured his right wing by 2nd Ukrainian Front, Tolbukhin was now ready to advance into Austria and take Vienna. On 2 April, Vienna Radio denied. On the same day, Soviet troops approached Vienna from the south after they overran Wiener Neustadt, Eisenstadt and Gloggnitz. Baden and Bratislava were overrun on 4 April. After arriving in the Vienna area, the armies of the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front surrounded and attacked the city. Involved in this action were the Soviet 4th Guards Army, the Soviet 6th Guards Tank Army, the Soviet 9th Guards Army, the Soviet 46th Army.
The "O-5 Resistance Group," Austrians led by Carl Szokoll, wanting to spare Vienna destruction attempted to sabotage the German defenses and to aid the entry of the Red Army. The only major German force facing the Soviet attackers was the German II SS Panzer Corps of the 6th SS Panzer Army, along with ad hoc forces made up of garrison and anti-aircraft units. Declared a defensive region, Vienna's defense was commanded by General Rudolf von Bünau, with the II SS Panzer Corps units under the command of SS General Wilhelm Bittrich; the battle for the Austrian capital was characterized in some cases by fierce urban combat, but there were parts of the city the Soviets advanced into with little opposition. Defending in the Prater Park was the 6th Panzer Division, along the south side of the city were the 2nd and 3rd SS Panzer Divisions, in the north was the Führer-Grenadier Division; the Soviets assaulted Vienna's eastern and southern suburbs with the 4th Guards Army and part of the 9th Guards Army.
The German defenders kept the Soviets out of the city’s southern suburbs until 7 April. However, after achieving several footholds in the southern suburbs, the Soviets moved into the western suburbs of the city on 8 April with the 6th Guards Tank Army and the bulk of the 9th Guards Army; the western suburbs were important to the Soviets because they included Vienna's main railway station. The Soviet success in the western suburbs was followed by infiltration of the eastern and northern suburbs the same day. North of the Danube River, the 46th Army pushed westward through Vienna's northern suburbs. Central Vienna was now cut off from the rest of Austria. By the 9th of April, the Soviet troops began to infiltrate the center of the city, but the street fighting continued for several more days. On the night of 11 April, the 4th Guards Army stormed the Danube canals, with the 20th Guards Rifle Corps and 1st Mechanized Corps moving on the Reichsbrücke Bridge. In a coup de main on 13 April, the Danube Flotilla landed troops of the 80th Guards Rifle Division and 7th Guards Airborne Division on both sides of the bridge, cutting demolition cables and securing the bridge.
However, other important bridges were destroyed. Vienna fell when the last defenders in the city surrendered on the same day. Bittrich's II SS Panzer Corps, pulled out to the west on the evening of 13 April to avoid encirclement; the same day, the 46th Army took Essling and the Danube Flotilla landed naval infantry up the river by Klosterneuburg. While the street fighting was still intensifying in the southern and western suburbs of Vienna on 8 April, other troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front by-passed Vienna altogether and advanced on Linz and Graz. On the 10th, all but two of the bridges in the city had been destroyed; the Floridsdorf bridge had been left intact by a Fuehrer Order dictating that the bridge be held at all costs. The 2nd SS Panzer, "Das Reich" left a dozen artillery pieces including 37mm anti-aircraft guns to hold off enemy attacks; that night, the "Das Reich", including their last remaining three dozen armored vehicles, pulled out of the city for the last time. Vienna had fallen, the Germans now moved northwest to hold the next defensive line.
By 15 April, armies of the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian Front pushed further into Austria. The ex
9th Motor Rifle Division
The 9th Motor Rifle Division was a motorised infantry division of the Soviet Army and of the Russian Ground Forces. The division traced its lineage back to the formation of the 1st Kursk Infantry Division in 1918 during the Russian Civil War; the division was redesignated as the 9th Rifle Division in October of that year, fought as part of the Southern Front against the White Armed Forces of South Russia from late 1918 to early 1920. In late 1920 it fought in the Perekop–Chongar Operation, completing the defeat of the remaining White forces in Crimea, after which it participated in the Red Army invasion of Georgia in early 1921; the division was stationed in Georgia after the end of the campaign, guarding a sector of the Soviet border with Turkey. In late 1921 it was broken up into two separate rifle brigades, which were combined into the 1st Caucasian Rifle Division in 1922; the division was converted into a mountain unit in 1931, was renumbered as the 9th Mountain Rifle Division in 1936. Following the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II, the division remained in its positions on the Turkish border, although elements of the 9th fought in the Battle of the Kerch Peninsula and the early stages of the Battle of the Caucasus.
In late 1942 the entire division was relocated north to the front, fighting in the offensive that forced the withdrawal of German troops from the North Caucasus in early 1943, before spending most of the year fighting to capture the Kuban bridgehead. Reorganized as the 9th Rifle Division in September, the division transferred to Ukraine in early 1944, after which it fought in the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive, Vistula–Oder Offensive, Prague Offensive before the end of the war in May 1945. Postwar, the division was relocated to Krasnodar in the North Caucasus and was reduced to a rifle brigade until 1949, when it became the 9th Mountain Rifle Division again. After moving to Maykop in 1950, the 9th became a regular rifle division again in 1954, converted into the 80th Motor Rifle Division in 1957. In 1964 its historic World War II designation was restored, the division spent the rest of the Cold War in Maykop. After the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the 9th transferred to the Russian Ground Forces and reorganized as the 131st Separate Motor Rifle Brigade in late 1992.
The brigade fought in the Battle of Grozny during the First Chechen War, elements of it served in the Second Chechen War. In 2009, after the Russo-Georgian War, it was relocated to Gudauta in the disputed territory of Abkhazia, was redesignated the 7th Military Base; the 9th Kursk Infantry Division was created on the 20 July 1918 as one of the first divisions of the Soviet Union during the Russian Civil War. The division was stationed in the Caucasus region the Transcaucasian Military District and soon renamed 9th Infantry, 9th Rifle division. In 1922 the division was renamed the 1st Caucasus Rifle Division. After service during the Civil War, during which the division changed its name numerous times, the division was awarded the honorific name "of the Central Executive Committee of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic" in 1928. For the 10th anniversary of Red Army on February 29, 1928, the division was awarded the Honorary Revolutionary Red Banner and added the Red Banner to its title. During 1931 the division was reorganised into a mountain rifle division.
On 23 February 1936 the division was awarded the Order of the Red Star and on the 23 February the name was changed to "of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic". In July of the same year the division was renamed again as the 9th Red Banner Mountain Rifle Division. Before the war the division consisted of the following units: 36th Rifle Regiment 121st Rifle Regiment 93rd Rifle Regiment 256th Artillery Regiment 1448th Self-Propelled Gun Regiment 55th separate anti-tank destroyer divizion 26th reconnaissance company 140th self-propelled artillery gun battalion 232nd separate communications battalion 123rd Medical Battalion 553rd separate company of chemical defence 161st auto-transportation company 104th Field Bakery 156th divisional veterinary treatment station 203rd Field Post Office 216th Field Cash Office of the State BankThe division began the war in the Transcaucasian Military District with the 40th Rifle Corps alongside the 31st Rifle Division. During the war the division was at various times serving as part of the 46th, 37th, 56th, Separate Coastal, 69th, 18th, 5th Guards Army and 60th Armies.
The division took part in the Battle of the Caucasus. The division participated in the fighting for Feodosiya, Tuapse, in the Kuban and Taman Peninsula, Krakow. On September 3, 1943, for the liberation of Kuban region and the capital of the region, the division was awarded the honorary name “Krasnodarskaya”, the division was reformed again and became known as the 9th Plastunskaya Krasnodar Red Banner, Order of Red Star Rifle Division, its enlisted and non-commissioned personnel came from the cossacks of the Kuban region. During the period 1944 – 1945 the division participated in the Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive, the liberation of Poland and Czechoslovakia for which in April 1945 the division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class. With 60th Army of the 4th Ukrainian Front in May 1945, its full title in 1945 was Кrasnodar Red Banner, Order of Kutuzov, Red Star и
Kryvyi Rih or Krivoy Rog is a city in the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine. It lies within a large urban area, administratively incorporated with Kryvyi Rih Municipality as a city of regional significance, it serves as the administrative center of the district, although it is not part of it. The city extends for 126 km from north to south. Located at the confluence of the Saksahan and Inhulets rivers, Kryvyi Rih has been a major settlement for most of its history, it was founded as a postal city in 1775 by the Cossacks. Developed as a military settlement until 1860, it formed part of Kherson Governorate, it was incorporated during the 20th century with areas of Yekaterinoslav. The township began to expand "at an astonishing rate" at the beginning of the 1880s. Kryvyi Rih's urbanization was unplanned and stimulated by mining exploitation. French and English investment contributed to a boom in metallurgy, iron mining, investigation of rich deposits of iron ore; the Yekateryninska Railway was built in 1884 to transport iron ore to the Donbas.
This catalyzed the growth of Kryvyi Rih into a major industrial town. Nationalization and investment spurred by Soviet authorities led to extensive growth. In 1934 Kryvorizhstal was built, the first of more than 500 factories. Kryvyi Rih National University was founded here. Financially, the city's postwar growth after the Nazi occupation increased after 1965 due to economic reforms. Investment spurred by Ukrainian Independence, institution of a market economy, the 2014 revolution led to extensive regeneration in the city centre; as of 2016 Kryvyi Rih is arguably the main steel-industry city of Eastern Europe. It is a large, globally important centre of the iron-ore mining and metallurgy region, known as the Kryvbas; the economy of the oblast is the third-largest in Ukraine. The city was founded in the 18th century by Zaporozhian Cossacks. Kryvyi Rih in Ukrainian means "Crooked Horn" or "Curved Bend". According to local legend, the city was founded by a "crooked" Cossack named Rih. But, records pre-dating.
It appears based on the shape of the landmass formed by the confluence of the river Saksahan with the Inhulets. The Ingulets Palanka was established in 1734. A list of villages and winter camps from that time mentions Kryvyi Rih. In 1770 the camp of Zaporizhian Sich was founded. Four years Johann Anton Güldenstädt visited the area and made the first survey and scientific description. On May 8, 1775, after the end of the Russian-Turkish War, Russian authorities opened a postal station and railway track, linking this settlement to Kremenchuk, Kinburn foreland and Ochakov, all garrisons of the Imperial Russian Army; the station was tended by five Cossacks. Kryvyi Rih was still a village in the early 1800s, it had three water mills. The first stone houses were built in 1828; the village became a township in 1860. The tallest building at the end of the 1800s was the Central Synagogue, built by the thriving Jewish community, they worked as artisans and merchants. Alexander Pol, a Ukrainian geologist and initiated iron ore investigation and production in this area.
He is credited with discovering the Kryvbas. This stimulated formation of a mining district. In 1874 Alexander II initiated a railway; this enabled transportation connecting to the nearest factories and sped up the development of the region. In 1880, with 5 million francs of capital, Paul founded the "French Society of Kryvyi Rih Ores". In 1882 16.4 thousand tons of ore were extracted from surface mines on the outskirts of town by 150 workers. A centre of capitalism, this region was the greatest area of ore extraction in the Russian empire; the first underground mine of the basin began operations in 1886. Metallurgy, a new branch of industry, was founded in 1892, when the first blast furnace of Hdantsivka ironworks was started; the export of ore to Silesia soon began. Five schools were soon established. An aerial cableway was built in the town; the city's industry attracted new people looking for a quick profit. The supply of mined ore soon exceeded demand. Many mines had to temporarily suspend operations, others had to reduce their workers and output by more than half.
Workers had harsh conditions, lacking social security, or contracts. Environmental conditions in the mines caused them to suffer lung cancer and asthma; the shutdown caused thousands of people to be out of work. At the same time, workers began to develop ideas about democracy; the labor unrest strikes. In 1905 there were anti-Jewish pogroms and repressions, younger Jews left the area, many for the United States; the First World War interrupted access to the export markets, many workers were drafted into the military. The city survived Soldier and Worker's Deputies in 1917. Soviet power was established in January 1918; the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, founded on 12 February 1918, became a self-declared republic of the Russian SFSR and sought independence from Ukraine. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within Ukraine, but was occupied by German forces in support of the Central Rada, it was disbanded on 20 March 1918. Around this time, Kryvyi Rih's status was changed from township to city.
It was founded by Uyezd as part of the Yekaterinoslav Governorate. It included 30 volost
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army shortened to Red Army was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established after the 1917 October Revolution; the Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; the Red Army provided the largest land force in the Allied victory in the European theatre of World War II, its invasion of Manchuria assisted the unconditional surrender of Imperial Japan. During operations on the Eastern Front, it accounted for 75–80% of casualties the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS suffered during the war and captured the Nazi German capital, Berlin. In September 1917, Vladimir Lenin wrote: "There is only one way to prevent the restoration of the police, and, to create a people's militia and to fuse it with the army."
At the time, the Imperial Russian Army had started to collapse. 23% of the male population of the Russian Empire were mobilized. The Tsarist general Nikolay Dukhonin estimated that there had been 2 million deserters, 1.8 million dead, 5 million wounded and 2 million prisoners. He estimated the remaining troops as numbering 10 million. While the Imperial Russian Army was being taken apart, "it became apparent that the rag-tag Red Guard units and elements of the imperial army who had gone over the side of the Bolsheviks were quite inadequate to the task of defending the new government against external foes." Therefore, the Council of People's Commissars decided to form the Red Army on 28 January 1918. They envisioned a body "formed from the class-conscious and best elements of the working classes." All citizens of the Russian republic aged 18 or older were eligible. Its role being the defense "of the Soviet authority, the creation of a basis for the transformation of the standing army into a force deriving its strength from a nation in arms, furthermore, the creation of a basis for the support of the coming Socialist Revolution in Europe."
Enlistment was conditional upon "guarantees being given by a military or civil committee functioning within the territory of the Soviet Power, or by party or trade union committees or, in extreme cases, by two persons belonging to one of the above organizations." In the event of an entire unit wanting to join the Red Army, a "collective guarantee and the affirmative vote of all its members would be necessary." Because the Red Army was composed of peasants, the families of those who served were guaranteed rations and assistance with farm work. Some peasants who remained at home yearned to join the Army. If they were turned away they would prepare care-packages. In some cases the money they earned would go towards tanks for the Army; the Council of People's Commissars appointed itself the supreme head of the Red Army, delegating command and administration of the army to the Commissariat for Military Affairs and the Special All-Russian College within this commissariat. Nikolai Krylenko was the supreme commander-in-chief, with Aleksandr Myasnikyan as deputy.
Nikolai Podvoisky became the commissar for Pavel Dybenko, commissar for the fleet. Proshyan, Steinberg were specified as people's commissars as well as Vladimir Bonch-Bruyevich from the Bureau of Commissars. At a joint meeting of Bolsheviks and Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, held on 22 February 1918, Krylenko remarked: "We have no army; the demoralized soldiers are fleeing, panic-stricken, as soon as they see a German helmet appear on the horizon, abandoning their artillery and all war material to the triumphantly advancing enemy. The Red Guard units are brushed aside like flies. We have no power to stay the enemy; the Russian Civil War occurred in three periods: October 1917 – November 1918: From the Bolshevik Revolution to the First World War Armistice, developed from the Bolshevik government's nationalization of traditional Cossack lands in November 1917. This provoked the insurrection of General Alexey Maximovich Kaledin's Volunteer Army in the River Don region; the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk aggravated Russian internal politics.
The situation encouraged direct Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, in which twelve foreign countries supported anti-Bolshevik militias. A series of engagements resulted, amongst others, the Czechoslovak Legion, the Polish 5th Rifle Division, the pro-Bolshevik Red Latvian Riflemen. January 1919 – November 1919: Initially the White armies advanced: from the south, under General Anton Denikin; the Whites defeated the Red Army on each front. Leon Trotsky reformed and counterattacked: the Red Army repelled Admiral Kolchak's army in June, the armies of General Denikin and General Yudenich in October. By mid-Nove
Belorechensk, Krasnodar Krai
Belorechensk is a town in Krasnodar Krai, located on the Belaya River, from which it takes its name. Population: 53,892 , it was established as a Cossack settlement in 1862. Town status was granted to it in 1958. During the Soviet period, a corrective labor camp was located here. Within the framework of administrative divisions, Belorechensk serves as the administrative center of Belorechensky District though it is not a part of it; as an administrative division, it is, together with the territory of Yuzhny Rural Okrug, incorporated separately as the Town of Belorechensk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the town of Belorechensk is incorporated within Belorechensky Municipal District as Belorechenskoye Urban Settlement. Yuzhny Rural Okrug is incorporated within Belorechensky Municipal District as Yuzhnenskoye Rural Settlement. Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г.
«Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края».. Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №767-КЗ от 22 июля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Белореченский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №129, 11 августа 2004 г
Konstantin Nikolaevich Leselidze, was a Colonel-General and Hero of the Soviet Union who distinguished himself at the North and Ukrainian front during World War II. He was the elder brother of Viktor Nikolaevich Leselidze Leselidze was born on October 2 or 15, 1903 in Ozurgeti, Georgian to an ordinary employee family, he was the elder brother of another decorated warhero, colonel Victor Leselidze who died in the same year of the war. In May 1921 after graduating from high school in Tbilisi Leselidze joined the Red Army and was deployed in Georgia, he participated in the suppression of local anti communism movements and uprisings before graduating from the Georgian Joint Military School in 1925 and in 1929 from the Tbilisi Artillery School for advanced officer courses. Leselidze was member of the All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks since 1925. During the period of 1922 to 1938 he commanded artillery units from batteries to regiments and the Georgian Joint Military School. In June 1938 he got appointed to chief of artillery, infantry division and was active during the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939.
From February 1941 to the outbreak of hostilities, colonel Leselidze was chief of artillery, rifle corps in the Belorussian Special Military District. In the first year of war, colonel Leselidze remained in command of the artillery in the 2nd infantry corps and the 50th army on the soviet western front. In June 1942 he became commander of 46th Army of the Transcaucasus Front. Only two months Leselidze was promoted to major general and given command over the 46th Army, in which he remained until January 1943. From January to March the same year, lieutenant general of the 47th Army and from March to February 1944, commander of the 18th Army in the Transcaucasus, the North Caucasus and the 1st Ukrainian Front as colonel general; the stretching campaigns led him and his forces to the Battle of Moscow, Battle of Caucasus and the liberation of Ukraine, being additionally involved in the Krasnodar, Taman, Kerch-Eltigen and Zhitomir-Bordichevskoy defensive operations. The troops under his command exposed great bravery and Leselidze's tactics managed to defend the Caucasus from Wehrmacht takeover, initiating the liberation of the entire area by soviet forces.
His forces did claim a foothold on the Kerch Peninsula, north-east of Kerch itself. 1941-1942: Commanding Officer II Artillery Corps. Hero of the Soviet Union Two Orders of Lenin Order of Suvorov, 1st class Order of Kutuzov, 1st class Order of the Red Banner Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, 1st class Order of the Red Star, twice Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army" Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" Order of the Red Banner of Labour of the Georgian SSRFrom 1944 to 1992, Gyachripsh was renamed "Leselidze" after the general. In Tbilisi, a street in the center of the city was named after General Leselidze and a statue of him stands on this street. Streets were named after him in the cities of Batumi, Sochi and Gelendzhik. Советская военная энциклопедия / под ред. Н. В. Огаркова. — М.: Воениздат, 1979. — Т. 4. — 654 с. —. — 105 000 экз. Великая Отечественная война 1941 — 1945. Энциклопедия / под ред. М. М. Козлова. — М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1985. — С. 408. — 500 000 экз. Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь / Пред. ред. коллегии И.
Н. Шкадов. — М.: Воениздат, 1987. — Т. 1 /Абаев — Любичев/. — 911 с. — 100 000 экз. — ISBN отс. Рег. № в РКП 87-95382 Коллектив авторов. Великая Отечественная. Командармы. Военный биографический словарь / Под общей ред. М. Г. Вожакина. — М.. — С. 128—129. — ISBN 5-86090-113-5 National archives of Georgia Personal fund #1777 of Colonel-General K. Leselidze, inventory #1, inventory #2. In the building, located on this street, during January-February of 1944 housed the headquarters of the 18th Army
Kamianske Dniprodzerzhynsk, is an industrial city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, a port on the Dnieper. Administratively, it is incorporated within Kamianske municipality as a city of oblast significance. Population: 239,237 . On 19 May 2016, the city was renamed back to historical name of Kamianske. According to the latest data, its population is 273,700. Along with the city's name change, there was renamed the city's hydroelectric station to Middle Dnieper Hydroelectric Power Plant. Beside the hydroelectric station, the city houses few other industrial enterprises Prydniprovsky Chemical Plant, Bahley Coke Factory, Dnieper Metallurgical Combine; the first written evidence of settlement in the territory of Kamianske appeared in 1750. At that time the villages of Romankovo and Kamianske, which make the modern city, were a part of the Nova Sich of the Zaporizhian cossacks; the city was known as lit. Stony Place until 1936 when it was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk in honor of communist Felix Dzerzhynsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka.
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev was raised in Kamianske. On 15 May 2015, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with a name related to Communism. On 19 May 2016, the Verkhovna Rada voted to rename a number of populated places in Ukraine including the city of Dniprodzerzhynsk, renamed back into Kamianske. On 11 August 1979 two Aeroflot planes collided over the Central Ukraine. On July 2, 1996 a traffic accident happened in Dniprodzerzhynsk. An overcrowded tram, moving along a steep hill on Chapaeva Street began to slide downhill, causing it to derail and hit a concrete wall before coming to a stop close to a school. A total of 34 people died and more than a 100 were injured as a result of that accident. Following a government inquiry into the causes of the accident the mayor, Serhiy Shershnev, his deputy, Ihor Laktionov, resigned. While located on right bank of Dnieper, Kamianske stretches over the hydroelectric station onto the left bank where the portion of city is known as "Livyi bereh" neighborhood.
The neighborhood arches to the west of the Kamianske's suburb of Kurylivka. To the east Kamianske municipality borders Dnipro city creating an urban sprawl; the climate is dry. The amount of precipitation per year is about 400 mm; the average daily temperature is -6 ° C in + 21 ° C in July. Dniprovskyi district neighborhoods: Romankove, Livyi bereh Zavodskyi district neighborhoods: City center, Dnieper Metallurgical Combine Pivdennyi district settlements: Karnaukhivka, Svitle neighborhoods: Sotsmisto, Bahliy Coke Factory, DniproAzot and Prydniprovskyi Chemical Factory The economic base of Kamianske is exclusively centered on heavy industry, with ferrous metallurgy being the backbone of the local economy. Around 57 % of the total industrial production is metal working; the chemical industry comes second with ca. 17% share of the total industrial output. While the exceedingly industrialized nature of the local economy ensures a rather high employment rate, it contributes to excessive pollution and radiation levels in the city.
Prydniprovsky Chemical Plant Bahley Coke Factory Dnieper Metallurgical Combine DniproAzot Dniprodzerzhynsk Cement Factory Dniprodzerzhynsk Electrical Central Middle Dnieper Hydroelectric Plant Several Eastern Orthodox churches, the largest being the Orthodox Cathedral of Saint Nicholas, which dates from 1894, serve the faithful of the city. By 2018, there were 22 parishes of Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Kamianske; the Roman Catholic Church of Saint Nicholas built by the city's Polish community at the end of the nineteenth century, has become one of the centers of Roman Catholicism in Eastern Ukraine. The Catholic Parish of Saint Nicholas includes a monastery run by the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin; the town has an active Jewish community with a new community center. Kamianske is a city with a difficult environmental conditions; the city is on the top-10n of most air-polluted cities of Ukraine. There have been suggestions to assign the status of the ecological disaster city. Right-bank part of the city is polluted, where the metallurgical, chemical industrial enterprises are located.
In 2008, an interdepartmental commission for solving environmental problems was created. Kamianske is twinned with: Kielce, Poland Babruysk, Belarus Khimki, Russia Temirtau, Kazakhstan Alchevsk, Ukraine The murder of the Jews of Dniprodzerzhynsk during World War II, at Yad Vashem website