click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sexual orientation

Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender. These attractions are subsumed under heterosexuality and bisexuality, while asexuality is sometimes identified as the fourth category; these categories are aspects of the more nuanced nature of sexual terminology. For example, people may use other labels, such as none at all. According to the American Psychological Association, sexual orientation "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on those attractions, related behaviors, membership in a community of others who share those attractions". Androphilia and gynephilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual orientation as an alternative to a gender binary conceptualization. Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity; the term sexual preference overlaps with sexual orientation, but is distinguished in psychological research. A person who identifies as bisexual, for example, may sexually prefer one sex over the other.

Sexual preference may suggest a degree of voluntary choice, whereas the scientific consensus is that sexual orientation is not a choice. Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental influences. Although no single theory on the cause of sexual orientation has yet gained widespread support, scientists favor biologically-based theories. There is more evidence supporting nonsocial, biological causes of sexual orientation than social ones for males. There is no substantive evidence which suggests parenting or early childhood experiences play a role with regard to sexual orientation. Research over several decades has demonstrated that sexual orientation ranges along a continuum, from exclusive attraction to the opposite sex to exclusive attraction to the same sex. Sexual orientation is reported within biology and psychology, but it is a subject area in anthropology and law, there are other explanations that relate to sexual orientation and culture.

Sexual orientation is traditionally defined as including heterosexuality and homosexuality, while asexuality is considered the fourth category of sexual orientation by some researchers and has been defined as the absence of a traditional sexual orientation. An asexual has little to no sexual attraction to people, it may be considered a lack of a sexual orientation, there is significant debate over whether or not it is a sexual orientation. Most definitions of sexual orientation include a psychological component, such as the direction of an individual's erotic desires, or a behavioral component, which focuses on the sex of the individual's sexual partner/s; some people prefer to follow an individual's self-definition or identity. Scientific and professional understanding is that "the core attractions that form the basis for adult sexual orientation emerge between middle childhood and early adolescence". Sexual orientation differs from sexual identity in that it encompasses relationships with others, while sexual identity is a concept of self.

The American Psychological Association states that "exual orientation refers to an enduring pattern of emotional, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes" and that "his range of behaviors and attractions has been described in various cultures and nations throughout the world. Many cultures use identity labels to describe people. In the United States, the most frequent labels are lesbians, gay men, bisexual people. However, some people may use different labels or none at all", they additionally state that sexual orientation "is distinct from other components of sex and gender, including biological sex, gender identity, social gender role". Sexual identity and sexual behavior are related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with sexual identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, orientation referring to "fantasies and longings." Individuals may not express their sexual orientation in their behaviors.

People who have a non-heterosexual sexual orientation that does not align with their sexual identity are sometimes referred to as'closeted'. The term may, reflect a certain cultural context and particular stage of transition in societies which are dealing with integrating sexual minorities. In studies related to sexual orientation, when dealing with the degree to which a person's sexual attractions and identity match, scientists use the terms concordance or discordance. Thus, a woman, attracted to other women, but calls herself heterosexual and only has sexual relations with men, can be said to experience discordance between her sexual orientation and her sexual identity and behaviors. Sexual identity may be used to describe a person's perception of his or her own sex, rather than sexual orientation; the term sexual preference has a similar meaning to sexual orientation, the two ter

Louis Crelier

Louis Jacques Crelier was a Swiss mathematician. In 1886 he enrolled at l'Ecole normale in Porrentruy and studied at the University of Berne, where he received his doctorate in 1895, he began his teaching career at the secondary school in Saint-Imier and taught at the technical school in Biel/Bienne. He became in 1912 professor extraordinarius and in 1918 professor ordinarius at the University of Berne. Crelier served a two-year term from 1920 to 1921 as president of the Swiss Mathematical Society, he was an Invited Speaker of the ICM in 1924 in 1928 at Bologna. Sur quelques propriétés. Milan: Imp. Bernardoni de C. Rebeschini et c.e. 1896. Systèmes cinématiques. Paris: Gauthier-Villars. 1911. "Puissance d'une droite par rapport à un cercle". Nouvelles annales de mathématiques: journal des candidats aux écoles polytechnique et normale. 17: 339–345. 1917. "Faisceaux de cercles relatifs à la puissance d'une droite". Nouvelles annales de mathématiques: journal des candidats aux écoles polytechnique et normale.

17: 290–297. 1917. "A la mémoire de Louis Crelier, 1873-1935, docteur des sciences, professeur ordinaire à l'Université de Berne / offert par Mme Louis Crelier". Helveticat.ch

Christiane Koren

Christiane Koren was a Danish-Norwegian writer. She wrote both poems and plays, but today she is known for her diaries, which are regarded to be important historical documents of contemporary Norway. Christiane Birgitte Diederichsen was born at Kastrup in Denmark, she was the daughter of owner of Kastrup Værk on the Danish island of Amager. In Copenhagen, she socialized within Det Norske Selskab and formed an attachment with Swedish professor Carl Frederik Dichmann.. She published a collection of poems in 1803, her personal diaries, including periods from 1808 to 1810 and 1813 to 1815, were published in 1915. Her description of her travel to Denmark in 1802 was published in 1945. In 1787, she married Norwegian justice Johan Randulf Clausen Koren; the couple left Denmark for Eidsberg in Norway where her husband had been appointed judge. She became the mother of eight children, her daughter Caroline Mathilde Koren married Ahlert Hysing. Sofie Aubert Lindbæk, ed. Moer Korens dagbøger Gudrun Høibo, ed. Dagbog for Kristiane Koren paa en Reyse fra Norge til Dannemark begyndt den 6.

September 1802

Timeline of the 2014 Venezuelan protests

The 2014 Venezuelan protests began in February 2014 when hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans protested due to high levels of criminal violence and chronic scarcity of basic goods because of policies created the Venezuelan government. The protests have lasted for several months and events are listed below according to the month they had happened. 6 January – Miss Venezuela 2004 Monica Spear and her ex-husband Thomas Henry Berry are killed just outside Valencia, Venezuela. 8 January – Protests begin after the killing of Monica Spear in the capital city of Caracas, Venezuela. 9 January - Seven suspects are arrested in the death of Monica Spear. 23 January - Opposition leaders Leopoldo López and María Corina Machado launch a campaign to remove Maduro from office, named La Salida, with an intent to have President Maduro resign through protests with Machado publicly stating "We must create chaos in the streets through responsible civic struggle". 1 February – Leopoldo Lopez called upon students to protest peacefully against the scarcity and shortages.

2 February – Opposition leaders call for a march on 12 February for National Youth Day. 4 February – Protests at the University of the Andes occurred due to insecurity and an attempted sexual assault of a student. 5 February – Student protests at the Universidad Alejandro de Humboldt, where the principal avenues of Caracas were blocked alleging insecurity of the students during the night shift 6 February – Students at the Catholic University of Táchira protested and were accused of attacking a residence. 7 February – Medical students in Tachira continue to protest peacefully. 8 February – Students from the University of the Andes protested outside the headquarters of SEBIN where students were being held arrested. 9 February – Women dressed in black to protest against the arrests that happened in Tachira. 11 February – Students in Táchira, Zulia and Coro protested for the release of fellow students. 12 February – Major opposition protests began with student marches led by opposition leaders in 38 cities across Venezuela simultaneous with the national celebrations for the bicentennial year anniversary of Youth Day and the Battle of La Victoria.

After the protests, smaller groups threw stones at government forces. The protests turned more violent after government security forces and "colectivos" used excessive force on protesters and shot at groups of unarmed people. Bassil Da Costa was the first protester to die after getting a bullet to the head; that day, another protester, Robert Reddman, a pro-government activist were killed in Caracas. President Maduro blamed "fascist" groups for the deaths caused that day, including opposition leader Leopoldo López, during his closing address in the Youth Day parade that evening in La Victoria, Aragua state; the Colombian news channel NTN24 was taken off the air by CONATEL for "promoting violence and unacknowledging authorities". 13 February – Following the death of a colectivo member Juan "Juancho" Montoya, members of colectivos "went on television to call for calm and called for the arrest of opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez. Judge Ralenys Tovar Guillén accepts the Public Ministry's petition to detain Leopoldo López in connection with the unrest that resulted in the death of the colectivo leader and two students.

President Maduro organized pro-government demonstrations to counter the opposition and announced that violent anti-government protests are prohibited. Government supporters gathered outside the headquarters of the Public Ministry a day after it was attacked. Seven universities in Venezuela cancelled Youth Day programs due to the large involvement of student protesters; the governor of the Aragua state, Tarek El Aissami, denounced that opposition groups attempted to burn the governorate, attacked the Girardot Municipality town hall, burned a vehicle and wounded ten police officers the previous day. The Minister of Ground Transport, Haiman El Troudi, denounced that the ministry headquarters were attacked during the night of the protests. According to Vielma Mora, there was an attempt to take over the electric substation Santa Teresa and destroy a sport school, the front and a bus of the Bolivarian University of Venezuela were attacked in Táchira. In Valencia, protesters were dispersed by the National Guard in El Trigál where four students were attacked inside of a car while trying to leave the perimeter.

14 February – Students protested outside the Organization of American States in Venezuela asking them for action against the violence. Opposition protesters blocked the Francisco de Miranda avenue in Caracas asking for the release of students arrested on 12 February; the National Guard of Venezuela dispersed protesters with tear gas in Altamira. The Democratic Unity Roundtable and the Venezuelan Episcopal Conference asked for the disarmament of the pro-government colectivos and armed groups The Foro Penal Venezolano denounced that the National Bolivarian Police manipulated proofs about the use of firearms against protesters in Barquisimeto to avoid incrimination. 15 February – Chavistas protested at Plaza Venezuela in Caracas. A Globovisión reporter and her workmates denounced being attacked with stones in Plaza Venezuela and thanked those who were there that sympathized with her. Haiman El Troudi denounced that Caracas Metro workers were assaulted "with sticks and pipes", that "damage and destruction" were produced in its facilities during the protests the 12 and 14 February.

He explained that 40 Metrobús

Croydon University Hospital

Croydon University Hospital, known from 1923 to 2002 as Mayday Hospital, is a large NHS hospital in Thornton Heath in south London, England run by Croydon Health Services NHS Trust. It is a District General Hospital with a 24-hour emergency department; the hospital is based on a 19-acre site in Thornton Heath to the north of central Croydon. The hospital's roots are as the infirmary of the Croydon Workhouse opened in Mayday Road by the Rt. Rev. Edward Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury, in May 1885, it replaced the previous infirmary in Duppas Hill. The Croydon Union Infirmary was renamed Mayday Road Hospital in 1923, was taken over by Croydon Corporation in 1930, the National Health Service in 1948; the name was changed to Croydon Hospital in 2002 and was changed again to Croydon University Hospital in 2010. The hospital had sometimes been referred to as "Maydie" Hospital, which some felt had been a contributing factor to the rebranding. A new out-patients department was opened by the Rt. Rev. Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 1966 and a new surgical wing was opened by Bernard Weatherill, Speaker of the House of Commons in May 1985.

More a large building project was the Jubilee Wing opened by John Reid, the Secretary of State for Health, in December 2004. Facilities at the hospital include 670 beds, eight operating theatres, a day surgery suite with three theatres, two obstetric theatres and recovery room, overnight facilities for parents. Croydon Health Services NHS Trust is developing an application for Foundation Trust status; the trust was rated'worse than expected' over care for women giving birth. Healthcare in London List of hospitals in England Croydon Health Services Map of location of Croydon University Hospital NHS Croydon