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49 BC

Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Marcellus; the denomination 49 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Consuls: Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior. Caesar's Civil War commences: January 1 – The Roman Senate receives a proposal from Julius Caesar that he and Pompey should lay down their commands simultaneously; the Senate responds that Caesar must surrender his command. January 10 – Caesar leads his army across the Rubicon, which separates his jurisdiction in Cisalpine Gaul from that of the Senate in Rome, thus initiates a civil war. In response, the Senate invokes the senatus consultum ultimum. February – Pompey's flight to Epirus with most of the Senate. March 9 – Caesar advances against Pompeian forces in Spain. April 19 – Siege of Massilia: Caesar commences a siege at Massilia against the Pompeian Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus.

He leaves the newly raised legions XVIII and XIX to conduct the siege. Decimus Brutus – victor over the Veneti – is in charge of the fleet to blockade the harbor. June – Caesar arrives in Spain. June 7 – Cicero slips out of Italy and goes to Thessaloniki. July 30 – Caesar surrounds Afranius and Petreius's army in Ilerda. August 2 – Pompeians in Ilerda surrender to Caesar and are granted pardon. August 24 – Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in North Africa by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and King Juba I of Numidia in the Battle of the Bagradas, after which he commits suicide. September – Brutus defeats the combined Pompeian-Massilian naval forces of the siege of Massilia, while the Caesarian fleet in the Adriatic Sea is defeated near Curicta. September 6 – Massilia surrendered to Caesar, coming back from Spain. October – Caesar is appointed Dictator in Rome. Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, Roman consul January 10 – Xuan of Han, emperor of the Han Dynasty Aristobulus II, king and high priest of Judea Gaius Memmius, Roman orator and poet Gaius Scribonius Curio, Roman politician Jieyou, princess of the Han Dynasty Marcus Perperna, Roman politician Zheng Ji, general of the Han Dynasty

Merrell Fankhauser

Merrell Wayne Fankhauser is an American singer and guitarist, most active in the 1960s and 1970s with bands including the Impacts, Merrell & the Exiles, HMS Bounty, Fankhauser-Cassidy Band, MU. In addition, 12 songs recorded by Merrell & the Exiles were released under the group name Fapardokly though that group never existed. After moving to San Luis Obispo, California in his teens, he began playing guitar, got his first break playing in movie theaters and talent shows. In 1960, after one of these shows, he joined a local band The Impacts as lead guitarist, their Ventures-influenced sound developed a strong following at the start of the surfing scene. In 1962, the saxophone player from The Revels met Merrell and his bandmates after a show at The Rose Garden Ballroom and convinced them to record a session with Tony Hilder at a backyard studio in the Hollywood area; as much as this seemed like a notable event for the band, it was more of a lure than a lucky break. After recording the songs Wipe Out, Fort Lauderdale, Revellion, Blue Surf, Steel Pier, Sea Horse, Beep Beep and Church Key the recordings were taken by Norman Knowles and Tony Hilder to Del-Fi records where owner Bob Keene signed the album for immediate release.

Knowles and Hilder never revealed to the band how much money they made by doing this, they tricked the young band into signing a contract for one dollar. Merrell and his band was unable to collect royalties on this music for 36 years thereafter, as Hilder and Knowles claimed both artist and publishing royalties with Del-Fi Records. Merrell would encounter many more of these so-called song sharks during his musical career, although he and his bandmates were wiser after this hard lesson. Fankhauser moved to Lancaster, California. There he met Jeff Cotton, in 1964 they formed The Exiles; the band — which included John "Drumbo" French — had some regional success with songs including "Can't We Get Along", but broke up. Fankhauser moved back to the coast, formed a new band and the Xiles, had a minor hit with "Tomorrow's Girl" in 1967. An album followed which included newer psychedelic folk material. For the album the band was credited as Fapardokly, taking its name from the surnames of the original members — Fankhauser, Dan Parrish, Bill Dodd and Dick Lee of The Brymers.

Despite its cult acclaim, the album was not a success. Fankhauser and Dodd formed another, more overtly psychedelic, band with Jack Jordan and Larry Meyers, naming it HMS Bounty, they won a recording contract with Uni Records, their self-titled album was released in 1968, followed by the single "Tampa Run". However, success was again thwarted, by personal and record company problems, the band split up. Reuniting with Jeff Cotton in 1970, Fankhauser formed MU. In 1971, their first album became a radio hit. Fascinated by legends of the lost continent of Mu, Fankhauser relocated to the Hawaiian island of Maui in February 1973. Material for a second MU album was recorded on Maui in 1974, but not released until the 1980s on the two LPs The Last Album and Children Of The Rainbow. Mu disbanded in 1975. Fankhauser recorded a solo album, before returning to California in the late 1970s. All his 1970s recordings have been reissued in the CD format. Fankhauser continued to record with friends including John Cipollina and more Ed Cassidy of Spirit in The Fankhauser Cassidy Band, as well as producing new surf albums credited to The Impacts.

Fankhauser has produced radio and TV shows such as his long-running Tiki Lounge. In June 2015, Fankhauser released a mp3 rock album titled "Signals from Malibu". Official website Biography at Merrell Fankhauser discography at Discogs

Priyanka Thimmesh

Priyanka Thimmesh is an Indian film actress from Bhadravathi, Karnataka who works in Kannada and Tamil films. She made her debut in the 2015 Kannada film Ganapa. Priyanka was born in Bhadravati, Karnataka as the daughter of Thimmesh, a businessman and Girija, a housewife, she has Preetham. Priyanka did her schooling at St. Charles High School and completed her Diploma in Computer Science at Government Woman's Polytechnic College Shivmoga. Priyanka started acting by taking on roles in serial Preethienda as Kashmiri girl Gulabi, telecasted in Suvarna TV, she made her debut in films when she acted as Brunda, in Prabhu Srinivas's critically acclaimed Ganapa. She did a guest appearance in Akira, it was followed by more lead roles in Pataki with Golden Star Ganesh and Joncena with Uthpal Kumar, directed by Simple Suni. Priyanka is playing a lead role in upcoming film Bheema Sena Nala Maharaja directed by Karthik Saragur and produced by Pushkara Mallikarjunaiah. Priyanka is playing a lead role in upcoming Nivin Pauly's Malayalam film Kayamkulam Kochunni directed by Rosshan Andrrews.

"ಪಟಾಕಿ ಸುಂದರಿ ಪ್ರಿಯಾಂಕಾ". Vijayavani. Priyanka Thimmesh on IMDb

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 266

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 266 of the United States Reports: Ziang Sung Wan v. United States, 266 U. S. 1 Terminal Railroad Assn. of St. Louis v. United States, 266 U. S. 17 Love v. Griffith, 266 U. S. 32 McCarthy v. Arndstein, 266 U. S. 34 Michaelson v. United States ex rel. Chicago, St. P. M. & O. R. Co. 266 U. S. 42 Air-Way Elec. Appliance Corp. v. Day, 266 U. S. 71 Twin Falls Salmon River Land & Water Co. v. Caldwell, 266 U. S. 85 Davis v. Henderson, 266 U. S. 92 Chicago Great Western R. Co. v. Kendall, 266 U. S. 94 Nassau Smelting & Refining Works, Ltd. v. United States, 266 U. S. 101 James Shewan & Sons, Inc. v. United States, 266 U. S. 108 Tod v. Waldman, 266 U. S. 113 Mellon v. Orinoco Iron Co. 266 U. S. 121 Avent v. United States, 266 U. S. 127 Mackenzie v. A. Engelhard & Sons Co. 266 U. S. 131 B. Fernandez & Bros. v. Ayllon y Ojeda, 266 U. S. 144 Davis v. Kennedy, 266 U. S. 147 A. W. Duckett & Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 149 Commonwealth Trust Co. of Pittsburgh v. Smith, 266 U.

S. 152 Work v. United States ex rel. Lynn, 266 U. S. 161 Gonsalves v. Moose Dry Dock & Repair Co. 266 U. S. 171 Biddle v. Luvisch, 266 U. S. 173 House v. Road Improvement Dist. No. 2 of Conway Cty. 266 U. S. 175 Southern R. Co. v. Durham, 266 U. S. 178 Crouch v. United States, 266 U. S. 180 Davis v. Currie, 266 U. S. 182 Missouri Pacific R. Co. v. Hanna, 266 U. S. 184 Erie R. Co. v. Kirkendall, 266 U. S. 185 Missouri Pacific R. Co. v. Western Crawford Road Improvement Dist. 266 U. S. 187 United States v. Pennsylvania R. Co. 266 U. S. 191 Missouri ex rel. St. Louis, B. & M. R. Co. v. Taylor, 266 U. S. 200 Panama R. Co. v. Rock, 266 U. S. 209 Savage Arms Corp. v. United States, 266 U. S. 217 Silberschein v. United States, 266 U. S. 221 Sunderland v. United States, 266 U. S. 226 United States v. Moser, 266 U. S. 236 Miller v. Robertson, 266 U. S. 243 Ferries Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 260 Gorham Mfg. Co. v. State Tax Comm'n of N. Y. 266 U. S. 265 Bass, Ratcliff & Gretton, Ltd. v. State Tax Comm'n, 266 U. S. 271 Endicott Johnson Corp. v. Encyclopedia Press, Inc. 266 U.

S. 285 Endicott Johnson Corp. v. Smith, 266 U. S. 291 Sovereign Camp Woodmen of the World v. O'Neill, 266 U. S. 292 Oklahoma v. Texas, 266 U. S. 298 Oklahoma v. Texas, 266 U. S. 303 United States v. Childs, 266 U. S. 304 White v. Stump, 266 U. S. 310 Davis v. O'Hara, 266 U. S. 314 Gerdes v. Lustgarten, 266 U. S. 321 United States v. Norwegian Barque "Thekla", 266 U. S. 328 Westinghouse Elec. & Mfg. Co. v. Formica Insulation Co. 266 U. S. 342 In re East River Towing Co. 266 U. S. 355 Campbell v. United States, 266 U. S. 368 National Paper & Type Co. v. Bowers, 266 U. S. 373 United States v. Weissman, 266 U. S. 377 Kansas City Southern R. Co. v. Road Improvement Dist. No. 3 of Sevier Cty. 266 U. S. 379 Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Dunken, 266 U. S. 389 Davis v. Manry, 266 U. S. 401 Sanitary Dist. of Chicago v. United States, 266 U. S. 405 The Panoil, 266 U. S. 433 Fullerton-Krueger Lumber Co. v. Northern Pacific R. Co. 266 U. S. 435 Delaware & Hudson Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 438 Robins Dry Dock & Repair Co. v. Dahl, 266 U.

S. 449 Behn, Meyer & Co. v. Miller, 266 U. S. 457 Compagnie Internationale de Produits Alimentaires v. Miller, 266 U. S. 473 United States v. Village of Hubbard, 266 U. S. 474 Morrison v. Work, 266 U. S. 481 United States Bedding Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 491 Law v. United States, 266 U. S. 494 Hygrade Provision Co. v. Sherman, 266 U. S. 497 Farmers & Mechanics Nat. Bank of Fort Worth v. Wilkinson, 266 U. S. 503 Webster v. Fall, 266 U. S. 507 Norton v. Larney, 266 U. S. 511 Erie Coal & Coke Corp. v. United States, 266 U. S. 518 Baltimore & Ohio R. Co. v. Groeger, 266 U. S. 521 United States v. Morrow, 266 U. S. 531 Kunhardt & Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 537 L. Richardson & Co. v. United States, 266 U. S. 541 Oklahoma v. Texas, 266 U. S. 546 Tod v. Waldman, 266 U. S. 547 Ebert v. Poston, 266 U. S. 548 Ozark Pipe Line Corp. v. Monier, 266 U. S. 555 Michigan Pub. Util. Comm'n v. Duke, 266 U. S. 570 Supreme Court of the United States United States Supreme Court cases in volume 266 United States Supreme Court cases in volume 266 United States Supreme Court cases in volume 266

Concealed carry in the United States

Concealed carry, or carrying a concealed weapon, is the practice of carrying a weapon in public in a concealed manner, either on one's person or in close proximity. Not all weapons that fall under CCW laws are lethal. For example, in Florida, carrying pepper spray in more than a specified volume of chemical requires a CCW permit, whereas everyone may carry a smaller, “self-defense chemical spray” device hidden on their person without a CCW permit; as of 2019 there have been 18.66 million concealed weapon permits issued in the United States. There is no federal statutory law concerning the issuance of concealed-carry permits. All 50 states have passed laws allowing qualified individuals to carry certain concealed firearms in public, either without a permit or after obtaining a permit from a designated government authority at the state and/or local level. A comprehensive 2004 literature review by the National Academy of Sciences concluded that there was no evidence that concealed carry either increases or reduces violent crime.

Subsequent research has had mixed results, indicating variously that right-to-carry laws have no impact on violent crime, that they increase violent crime, that they decrease violent crime. Concealed weapons bans were passed in Kentucky and Louisiana in 1813. By 1859, Tennessee, Virginia and Ohio had followed suit. By the end of the nineteenth century, similar laws were passed in places such as Texas and Oklahoma, which protected some gun rights in their state constitutions. Before the mid 1900s, most U. S. states had passed concealed carry laws rather than banning weapons completely. Until the late 1990s, many Southern states were either "No-Issue" or "Restrictive May-Issue". Since these states have enacted "Shall-Issue" licensing laws, with numerous states legalizing "Unrestricted concealed carry". Regulations differ by state, with most states maintaining a "Shall-Issue" policy; as as the mid-'90s most states were no-issue or may-issue, but over the past 30 years states have migrated to less restrictive alternatives.

There is a circuit split between several federal circuit courts regarding the standards for issuance of permits and the right to carry weapons outside the home. The 9th and 3rd circuits have ruled in favor of may-issue permitting policies, while the 7th and D. C. circuits have ruled that states are required to implement shall-issue policies, because the right to carry weapons extends outside the home. The Federal Gun Free School Zones Act limits; when in contact with an officer, some states require you to inform that officer that you are carrying a handgun. For detailed information on individual states' permitting policies, see Gun laws in the United States by state. Unrestricted jurisdiction: one in which a permit is not required to carry a concealed handgun Shall-issue jurisdiction: one that requires a license to carry a concealed handgun, but where the granting of such licenses is subject only to meeting determinate criteria laid out in the law. An unrestricted jurisdiction is one; this is sometimes called constitutional carry.

Within the unrestricted category, there exists states that are unrestricted, where no permit is required for lawful open or concealed carry, unrestricted, where certain forms of concealed carry may be legal without a permit, while other forms of carry may require a permit. Among U. S. states, Arizona, Idaho, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, West Virginia and Wyoming are unrestricted, allow those who are not prohibited from owning a firearm to carry a concealed firearm in any place not deemed off-limits by law without a permit. Idaho, North Dakota and Wyoming only extend. Permitless concealed carry in Mississippi only covers certain manners of carrying; these states allow the open carry of a handgun without a permit with the exception of North Dakota and certain localities in Missouri. Vermont does not have

Bone Thugs-n-Harmony

Bone Thugs-n-Harmony is an American rap group consisting of rappers Bizzy Bone, Wish Bone, Layzie Bone, Krayzie Bone, Flesh-n-Bone. The group was signed to Ruthless Records in late 1993, when they debuted with their EP Creepin on ah Come Up; the EP included their breakout hit single "Thuggish Ruggish Bone". In 1995, the group released its second album, E. 1999 Eternal, which included hits "1st of tha Month" and "East 1999". Their hit song "Tha Crossroads", a tribute to then-recently deceased Eazy-E, won a Grammy Award in 1997; the Art of War, the group's third album, was released in 1997. Bone Thugs is the only group that has worked with 2Pac, Notorious B. I. G. Eazy-E, Big Pun while they were still alive; the editors of ranked them #12 on their list of the "25 Best Rap Groups of All Time", MTV called them "the most melodic hip-hop group of all time."In 2000, BTNHResurrection reached platinum in one month, while 2002's Thug World Order received more moderate sales and promotion, going gold and peaking at #3 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.

After that album, the group went on hiatus from their label and released their sixth studio album, Thug Stories, independently in 2006. In 2007 they had another major-label release, Strength & Loyalty, on Swizz Beatz's label Full Surface Records. Bone Thugs-N-Harmony "officially" returned with their 2010 album Uni5: The World's Enemy, released by their own record label, BTNH Worldwide, with distribution by Warner Bros. Due to conflicts within the group, longtime members Krayzie Bone and Wish Bone left the group in April 2011 to work with their independent label, The Life Entertainment, they would return re-unifying the group. In August 2013, Layzie Bone announced that he would be stepping aside to work more on his solo career. In the same month, BTNH signed with eOne Entertainment, who they had partnered with to release 2006's Thug Stories. Layzie Bone has since re-united with the group, they toured in 2018. Formed in Cleveland, Ohio in 1991, the group was called "Band Aid-Boys", they formed B.

O. N. E. Enterpri$e, which consisted of four members — Krayzie Bone, Layzie Bone, Bizzy Bone, Wish Bone — and recorded an album entitled Faces of Death in the studio of their then-mentor, Kermit Henderson on his indie label Stoney Burke in 1993. Like so many aspiring rappers around the country, they put in calls to executives at record companies, hoping to find someone who would listen. In hopes of securing a record deal, the group was given an audition over the phone, receiving an unfulfilled promise from rapper Eazy-E to call them back. Determined to reach him, they scrounged together the money for one-way bus tickets to Los Angeles, they left for a three-day Greyhound trek and spent four months on the city streets, putting in frequent calls to find him. Nothing came of their search except the news that Eazy-E was, in fact, on his way to Cleveland for a show; the quartet returned to Ohio, where Diego Blak, a marketer and promoter, co-executive producer of Faces Of Death, introduced them to Eazy-E at a concert he promoted in Compton.

There, on November 1993, they auditioned for Eazy in his dressing room. B. O. N. E Enterpri$e traveled back to Los Angeles after the Cleveland show to seal the deal. At this point, Eazy renamed them Thugs-N-Harmony, but as they wanted to keep the bone name, they made their name Bone Thugs-N-Harmony. Eazy signed the group to his label Ruthless Records. Released in June 1994, the EP Creepin on ah Come Up was Bone Thugs-N-Harmony's debut with Ruthless; the album's subject matter was focused entirely on violent criminal activity. Peaking at #12 on the Billboard Top 200 Albums chart and #2 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, it included the hit singles "Thuggish Ruggish Bone" and "Foe tha Love of $", the second of which featured a verse by Eazy-E. "Thuggish Ruggish Bone" peaked at #22 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and #2 on the Hot Rap Tracks chart, "Foe tha Love of $" peaked at #41 on the Hot 100 and #4 on Rap Tracks. After a slow start that saw the album's success limited to gangsta rap audiences, it broke through to the mainstream.

The EP marked a major change in style for the group, as they now embraced the G-funk common in West Coast hip hop of the time. Beats were supplied by DJ Yella, Rhythum D, Kenny McCloud, it was the group's first collaboration with newcomer producer DJ U-Neek, who would craft the group's signature sound by producing the majority of their next two albums. For over a year, Eazy-E nurtured their career, continuing to serve as their executive producer and teaching them the business skills he had taught himself over the years; the growing relationship was cut short, when Eazy-E died on March 26, 1995, from complications from AIDS. The young rappers thought they had lost everything with the loss of their friend and mentor. However, the group's potential was apparent, Ruthless Records continued to support them. In 1995, the group's second album, E. 1999 Eternal, was released. It included the singles "1st of tha Month", which peaked at #14 on the Hot 100 and #4 on Hot Rap Tracks, "Tha Crossroads", which reached #1 on both the Hot 100 and Hot Rap Tracks charts.

The album saw positive reviews from critics as Bone had diversified its content and musical style. Critics were intrigued by the album due to Bone Thugs-N-Harmony's ability to reduce the banality associated with gangsta rap in their music at a time when the subgenre had become exceedingly cliché. A considerable portion of the album'