Andrew Blair Tuke is a New Zealand sailor who won the gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the 49er class alongside Peter Burling. Tuke with Burling was co-captain of the New Zealand team at the 2016 Olympics, they are just the 4th New Zealand flagbearer to win a gold medal at the same Olympics. Burling and Tuke won the 2016 Olympics with two races to spare and by an overall 43 point margin – winning by the most points of any sailing class in the Olympics since 1968, they finished ahead of the second placed boat in 11 of the 13 races, being behind by just three points in race 3 and one point in race 10. Burling and Tuke were named New Zealand sports Team of the Year at the Halberg Awards in Feb 2017. At the 2012 London Olympics and Tuke were the youngest team, their silver medal was New Zealand's 100th Olympic medal. Tuke and Burling are the first sailors to win four consecutive 49er class World Championships, they won all 28 of the major regattas in the 49er between the Rio Olympics.
The only 49er regatta they did not win in the four-year period was third place at a short training regatta in July 2016. In 2013, Tuke was a member of the New Zealand team which won the inaugural Red Bull Youth America's Cup. In November 2015 the International Sailing Federation announced that Tuke and Burling were the ISAF Rolex World Male Sailors of the year. Burling and Tuke were named as Members of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to sailing in the New Years Honours 2017. Tuke was a member of Emirates Team New Zealand, he sailed on Mapfre in the 2017–18 Volvo Ocean Race. Tuke attended Riverview Primary School and Kerikeri High School before going to St Kentigern College in Pakuranga, Auckland, he learned to sail at the Kerikeri High School sailing academy, the Kerikeri Cruising Club of which he is still a member. Tuke is a qualified electrician. Tuke and Burling are the 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 World Champions in the 49er, they won the 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 49er European championships.
They won all 28 of the major regattas in the 49er between the Rio Olympics. Tuke and Burling were awarded the ISAF World Male Sailor of the Year for 2015. In January 2014 Emirates Team New Zealand announced that it had signed Tuke and Burling for the next America's Cup campaign. 2016 – 49er class with Peter Burling 2012 – 49er class with Peter Burling 2016 – 49er World Champion – Clearwater, Florida, USA 2015 – 49er World Champion – Buenos Aires, Argentina 2014 – 49er World Champion – Santander, Spain 2013 – 49er World Champion Marseille, France 2009 – 29er World Champion 2006 – Splash World Champion 3rd – 2018 – 3rd A class catamaran World Championships – Hervey Bay, Australia 2nd – 2014 – 2nd A class catamaran World Championships – Auckland, New Zealand 2nd – 2012 – 2nd 49er World Championships – Croatia 2nd – 2011 – 2nd 49er World Championships – Perth, Australia 2nd – 2007 Volvo Youth ISAF World Championships – 29er Class 6th – 2015 – Moth World Championships – 8th – 2013 – A Class World Championships – 8th – 2007 420 World Championships 9th – 2008 – 29er World Championships 17th – 2010 – 49er World Championships – Bahamas 26th – 2009 – 49er World Championships – Lake Garda, Italy 26th – 2008 – Tornado World Championships 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016 Unbeaten in major 49er regattas worldwide.
2017 1st Swan River Match Cup – sailing with Peter Burling, Glenn Ashby and Josh Junior. 2016 1st 49er 2016 Olympics with Peter Burling 2016 3rd 49er Rio de Janeiro International Sailing week2016 1st 49er Kieler Woche regatta, Germany 2016 1st 49er Sailing World Cup Hyeres regatta, France 2016 1st 49er European Championships – Barcelona, Spain 2016 1st 49er World Championships – Clearwater, Florida, USA 2016 1st 49er NZL Nationals Crewing for Emirates Team New Zealand 2016 1st America's Cup World Series regatta, New York2016 3rd America's Cup World Series regatta, Oman2016 4th America's Cup World Series regatta, Chicago2016 5th Americas Cup World Series regatta, France 2015 1st 49er World Champs, Buenos Aires 2015 1st 49er South American Champs, Buenos Aires 2015 1st 49er Olympic Test Event, Rio de Janeiro 2015 1st 49er Rio de Janeiro International sailing week 2015 1st 49er Europeans 2015 1st 49er ISAF Sailing World Cup Weymouth regatta 2015 1st 49er ISAF Sailing World Cup Hyeres regatta 2015 1st 49er Princess Sofia Regatta 2015 1st 49er Sail Auckland 2015 1st 49er NZL Nationals Crewing for Emirates Team New Zealand – overall leader of 2015 America's Cup World Series2015 2nd America's Cup World Series Bermuda 2015 1st America's Cup World Series Gothenburg 2015 2nd America's Cup World Series Portsmouth 2014 1st 49er Intergalactic Championships, Rio de Janeiro 2014 1st 49er South American Championships, Rio de Janeiro 2014 1st 49er Rio International Regatta, Rio de Janeiro 2014 1st 49er European Champio
Sailing at the 2004 Summer Olympics
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport, part of the Olympic programme starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad. With the exception of 1904 and the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule; the Sailing program in 2004 consisted of eleven disciplines divided over nine sailing classes. For each discipline multiple races were scheduled between 14–28 August 2004 along the coast near Athens. Athens hosted the Olympic sailing competitions for the second time, having done so during the 1896 Summer Olympics. However, in 1896, the sailing competition was cancelled due to heavy storms and further bad weather conditions; this time the weather conditions were good. The sailing event was executed on the several types of Olympic courses in different course areas using the'Fleetrace' and'Matchrace' formats. According to the IOC statutes, the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Among others, an exception can be made for the Olympic sailing events.
However the situation in Athens is suitable for sailing. Therefore, the racing was organized at the Agios Kosmos Marina at the coastal area of Southern Attica some 14 km south of Athens city centre and close to the old airport; this harbor was built in the 1960s but for the 2004 Summer Games it was reconstructed to form the Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre. The Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre was completed on 31 January 2004. On clear day the Acropolis could be seen from the course areas. Africa Asia Europe North America Oceania South America During the 2004 Summer Olympics sixty one countries competed in the Olympic sailing regattas. Australia, Italy, Great Britain, Greece and the USA were each present in all classes with a total of eighteen sailors per country. "Digital Library Collection". Digital Library Collection at la84.org. La84foundation. Retrieved 3 March 2014. Official result book – Sailing
In sailing, the trapeze is a wire that comes from a point high on the mast where the shrouds are fixed, to a hook on the crew member's harness at waist level. The position when extended on the trapeze is outside the hull, braced against it with the soles of the feet, facing the masthead, clipped on by a hook on the trapeze harness; this gives the crew member more leverage to keep the boat flat by allowing the crew member's centre of gravity to balance the force of the wind in the sails. An additional benefit is the ability to "walk" along the gunwale to balance the boat's trim fore and aft; this is necessary to prevent racing catamarans such as the Tornado from digging the bow into the water called pitchpoling, causing a nosedive and a spectacular capsize. Boats may have only one trapeze, such as the 420. Boats, such as the 49er, may have trapeze wires for the crew. Trapeze has several colloquial names such as "the wire" or "the trap"; when a boat loses power in its sails, heels to the windward side, the crew on the trapeze may get dipped in the water if they do not react in time.
Some classes allow footloops on the gunwale to allow those on the trapeze to locate their feet with relative security. This helps to prevent the crew from swinging forward, sometimes round the forestay when the boat decelerates suddenly. Due to safety concerns, the International Sailing Federation changed the rules in 2004 concerning trapeze harnesses, effective January 1, 2009: "40.2 A trapeze or hiking harness shall have a device capable of releasing the competitor from the boat at all times while in use.” However, the ISAF 2009–2013 Racing Rules of Sailing which took effect January 1, 2009 does not include this provision, so this rule change is postponed. Quick release harnesses are widely in use, make it possible for sailors to unhook themselves from the wire from all angles while it is under tension, thus decreasing the chance of getting trapped underwater or in dangerous conditions; the adoption of quick release harnesses has not been universal due to the reduced reliability of the moving parts.
There are counterclaims for the origin of the device: The trapeze was developed at Upper Thames Sailing Club, at Bourne End on the River Thames in the United Kingdom on the Thames A Class Rater "Vagabond", owned by Beecher Moore. When deployed there for the first time it was called a "Bell Rope". In 1938 Austin Farrar started his association with the International 14 foot class and a lifelong friendship with Charles Currey. Together they worked on the development of the trapeze, now so common on racing dinghies, used so by Sir Peter Scott and John Kift Winter during the championships of that year. In 1938 a revolution in dinghy sailing took place in Falmouth. Sailors John Kift Winter and Sir Peter Scott had invented the first trapeze for use on their International 14, Thunder and Lightning; the duo used their new invention in the 1938 Prince of Wales Cup race in Falmouth and steamed over the finish line ahead of the rest of the fleet. The Royal Yachting Association Dinghy Committee banned the trapeze over concerns that it was unsporting.
It was reintroduced for the Flying Dutchman class 15 years but was not used again on an International 14 until 1970. Hiking
A spinnaker is a sail designed for sailing off the wind from a reaching course to a downwind, i.e. with the wind 90–180° off bow. The spinnaker fills with wind and balloons out in front of the boat when it is deployed, called flying, it is constructed of lightweight fabric nylon, is brightly coloured. It may be optimised for a particular range of wind angles, as either a reaching or a running spinnaker, by the shaping of the panels and seams; the spinnaker is called a kite, or a chute because it somewhat resembles a parachute in both construction and appearance. This should not be confused with the spinnaker chute, a hull fitting sometimes used for launching and recovering the spinnaker. A purported etymology has the first boat to carry this sail being a Cowes yacht named Sphinx, from which "Sphinx's Acre" and "Spinnaker". A spinnaker is used for sailing with the direction of the wind. Symmetrical spinnakers have large amounts of camber. Both lift and drag propel the boat forward. Reaching spinnakers have less camber.
A well designed spinnaker will have taut leading edges. Such a sail will have a smooth curve when filled, with no bubbles or depressions caused by inconsistent stretching of the fabric. Any deviations from a smooth curve will cause the airflow over the leeward side of the sail to separate causing a reduction in lift and reduced performance. There are two main categories of spinnakers and asymmetric depending on whether a plane of symmetry exists for that particular sail. Asymmetric spinnakers operate more like a jib, generating lift from the side, rather than the top like a symmetric spinnaker; this makes asymmetrics a better choice on reaching courses than symmetric spinnakers, which excel when running. While a equipped racing boat might have a number of spinnakers, both symmetric and asymmetric, to cover all courses and wind conditions, cruising boats always use an asymmetric, due to the broader application and easier handling afforded by the asymmetric; the symmetric one is the most classic type, running symmetrical alongside the boat controlled by lines known as a sheet and a guy running from the lower two corners of the sail.
The windward line, or guy, is attached to the corner called the tack of the sail, is stabilized by a spinnaker pole. The leeward line is called the sheet, it is used to control the shape of the sail. The spinnaker pole must be moved in each gybe, is quite difficult for beginners to use. However, it can be sailed in all downwind wind directions. Symmetric spinnakers when sailing across the wind develop most of their lift on the forward quarter, where the airflow remains attached; when set for reaching, the leading edges of a symmetric spinnaker should be nearly parallel to the wind, so the flow of air over the leading edge remains attached. When reaching, the sail camber allows only some attached flow over the leeward side of the spinnaker. On running the spinnaker is angled for maximum drag, with the spinnaker pole at right angles to the apparent wind; the symmetric spinnaker requires care when packing, since the three corners must be available on the top of the packing. Asymmetrical spinnaker resembling large jibs and flown from spinnaker poles are not a new idea and date back to at least the 19th Century.
However in the 1980s a new concept appeared. Since the 1960s many faster sailing craft, starting with catamaran classes, had discovered that it is faster to sail downwind on a series of broad reaches with efficient airflow across the sail rather than directly downwind with the sails stalled; this technique had developed to the extent that in bar conversation at the end of one season Andrew Buckland observed that the 18s had sailed all season without pulling the spinnaker pole back from the forestay and that all the systems could be simplified by eliminating the pole and setting the spinnaker from a fixed bowsprit. The concept evolved to a sail with a loose luff much more like a conventional spinnaker than the old jib style asymmetric sails. Julian Bethwaite was the first to rig and sail a boat with one the next season, followed shortly by Andrew Buckland; the first modern offshore sailboats to incorporate a retractable bow sprit and an asymmetric spinnaker was the J/Boats J/105. The concept has spread through the sailing world.
The tack of the sail may be attached at the bow like a genoa but is mounted on a bowsprit a retracting one. If the spinnaker is mounted to a special bowsprit, it is possible to fly the spinnaker and the jib at the same time; the asymmetric has two sheets much like a jib, but is not attached to the forestay along the length of the luff, but only at the corners. Unlike a symmetric spinnaker, the asymmetric does not require a spinnaker pole, since it is fixed to the bow or bowsprit; the asymmetric is easy to gybe since it only requires releasing one sheet and pulling in the other one, passing the sail in front of the forestay. Asymmetrics are less suited to sailing directly downwind than spinnakers, so instead the boat will sail a zig-zag course downwind, gybing at the corners. An asymmetric spinnaker is effective on fast planing dinghies as their speed generates an apparent wind on the bow allowing them to sail more directly downwind, it is particu
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, submarine, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium. On an aircraft the rudder is used to counter adverse yaw and p-factor and is not the primary control used to turn the airplane. A rudder operates by redirecting the fluid past the hull or fuselage, thus imparting a turning or yawing motion to the craft. In basic form, a rudder is a flat plane or sheet of material attached with hinges to the craft's stern, tail, or after end. Rudders are shaped so as to minimize hydrodynamic or aerodynamic drag. On simple watercraft, a tiller—essentially, a stick or pole acting as a lever arm—may be attached to the top of the rudder to allow it to be turned by a helmsman. In larger vessels, pushrods, or hydraulics may be used to link rudders to steering wheels. In typical aircraft, the rudder is operated by pedals via mechanical hydraulics. A rudder is "part of the steering apparatus of a boat or ship, fastened outside the hull", denoting all different types of oars and rudders.
More the steering gear of ancient vessels can be classified into side-rudders and stern-mounted rudders, depending on their location on the ship. A third term, steering oar, can denote both types. In a Mediterranean context, side-rudders are more called quarter-rudders as the term designates more the place where the rudder was mounted. Stern-mounted rudders are uniformly suspended at the back of the ship in a central position. Although some classify a steering oar as a rudder, others argue that the steering oar used in ancient Egypt and Rome was not a true rudder and define only the stern-mounted rudder used in ancient Han China as a true rudder; the steering oar has the capacity to interfere with handling of the sails while it was fit more for small vessels on narrow, rapid-water transport. In regards to the ancient Phoenician use of the steering oar without a rudder in the Mediterranean, Leo Block writes: A single sail tends to turn a vessel in an upwind or downwind direction, rudder action is required to steer a straight course.
A steering oar was used at this time. With a single sail, a frequent movement of the steering oar was required to steer a straight course; the second sail, located forward, could be trimmed to offset the turning tendency of the main sail and minimize the need for course corrections by the steering oar, which would have improved sail performance. The steering oar or steering board is an oversized oar or board to control the direction of a ship or other watercraft prior to the invention of the rudder, it is attached to the starboard side in larger vessels, though in smaller ones it is if attached. Rowing oars set aside for steering appeared on large Egyptian vessels long before the time of Menes. In the Old Kingdom as many as five steering oars are found on each side of passenger boats; the tiller, at first a small pin run through the stock of the steering oar, can be traced to the fifth dynasty. Both the tiller and the introduction of an upright steering post abaft reduced the usual number of necessary steering oars to one each side.
Single steering oars put on the stern can be found in a number of tomb models of the time during the Middle Kingdom when tomb reliefs suggests them employed in Nile navigation. The first literary reference appears in the works of the Greek historian Herodotus, who had spent several months in Egypt: "They make one rudder, this is thrust through the keel" meaning the crotch at the end of the keel. In Iran, oars mounted on the side of ships for steering are documented from the 3rd millennium BCE in artwork, wooden models, remnants of actual boats. Roman navigation used sexillie quarter steering oars that went in the Mediterranean through a long period of constant refinement and improvement, so that by Roman times ancient vessels reached extraordinary sizes; the strength of the steering oar lay in its combination of effectiveness and simpleness. Roman quarter steering oar mounting systems survived intact through the medieval period. By the first half of the 1st century AD, steering gear mounted on the stern were quite common in Roman river and harbour craft as proved from reliefs and archaeological finds.
A tomb plaque of Hadrianic age shows a harbour tug boat in Ostia with a long stern-mounted oar for better leverage. The boat featured a spritsail, adding to the mobility of the harbour vessel. Further attested Roman uses of stern-mounted steering oars includes barges under tow, transport ships for wine casks, diverse other ship types; the well-known Zwammerdam find, a large river barge at the mouth of the Rhine, featured a large steering gear mounted on the stern. According to new research, the advanced Nemi ships, the palace barges of emperor Caligula, may have featured 14 m long rudders; the world's oldest known depiction of a sternpost-mounted rudder can be seen on a pottery model of a Chinese junk dating from the 1st century AD during the Han Dynasty, predating their appearance in the West by a thousand years. In China, miniature models of ships t
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft and ductile metal in the boron group. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth's crust; the chief ore of aluminium is bauxite. Aluminium metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals. Aluminium is remarkable for its low density and its ability to resist corrosion through the phenomenon of passivation. Aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and important in transportation and building industries, such as building facades and window frames; the oxides and sulfates are the most useful compounds of aluminium. Despite its prevalence in the environment, no known form of life uses aluminium salts metabolically, but aluminium is well tolerated by plants and animals; because of these salts' abundance, the potential for a biological role for them is of continuing interest, studies continue.
Of aluminium isotopes, only 27Al is stable. This is consistent with aluminium having an odd atomic number, it is the only aluminium isotope that has existed on Earth in its current form since the creation of the planet. Nearly all the element on Earth is present as this isotope, which makes aluminium a mononuclidic element and means that its standard atomic weight equates to that of the isotope; the standard atomic weight of aluminium is low in comparison with many other metals, which has consequences for the element's properties. All other isotopes of aluminium are radioactive; the most stable of these is 26Al and therefore could not have survived since the formation of the planet. However, 26Al is produced from argon in the atmosphere by spallation caused by cosmic ray protons; the ratio of 26Al to 10Be has been used for radiodating of geological processes over 105 to 106 year time scales, in particular transport, sediment storage, burial times, erosion. Most meteorite scientists believe that the energy released by the decay of 26Al was responsible for the melting and differentiation of some asteroids after their formation 4.55 billion years ago.
The remaining isotopes of aluminium, with mass numbers ranging from 21 to 43, all have half-lives well under an hour. Three metastable states are known, all with half-lives under a minute. An aluminium atom has 13 electrons, arranged in an electron configuration of 3s23p1, with three electrons beyond a stable noble gas configuration. Accordingly, the combined first three ionization energies of aluminium are far lower than the fourth ionization energy alone. Aluminium can easily surrender its three outermost electrons in many chemical reactions; the electronegativity of aluminium is 1.61. A free aluminium atom has a radius of 143 pm. With the three outermost electrons removed, the radius shrinks to 39 pm for a 4-coordinated atom or 53.5 pm for a 6-coordinated atom. At standard temperature and pressure, aluminium atoms form a face-centered cubic crystal system bound by metallic bonding provided by atoms' outermost electrons; this crystal system is shared by some other metals, such as copper. Aluminium metal, when in quantity, is shiny and resembles silver because it preferentially absorbs far ultraviolet radiation while reflecting all visible light so it does not impart any color to reflected light, unlike the reflectance spectra of copper and gold.
Another important characteristic of aluminium is its low density, 2.70 g/cm3. Aluminium is a soft, lightweight and malleable with appearance ranging from silvery to dull gray, depending on the surface roughness, it is nonmagnetic and does not ignite. A fresh film of aluminium serves as a good reflector of visible light and an excellent reflector of medium and far infrared radiation; the yield strength of pure aluminium is 7–11 MPa, while aluminium alloys have yield strengths ranging from 200 MPa to 600 MPa. Aluminium has stiffness of steel, it is machined, cast and extruded. Aluminium atoms are arranged in a face-centered cubic structure. Aluminium has a stacking-fault energy of 200 mJ/m2. Aluminium is a good thermal and electrical conductor, having 59% the conductivity of copper, both thermal and electrical, while having only 30% of copper's density. Aluminium is capable of superconductivity, with a superconducting critical temperature of 1.2 kelvin and a critical magnetic field of about 100 gauss.
Aluminium is the most common material for the fabrication of superconducting qubits. Aluminium's corrosion resistance can be excellent due to a thin surface layer of aluminium oxide that forms when the bare metal is exposed to air preventing further oxidation, in a process termed passivation; the strongest aluminium alloys are less corrosion resistant due to galvanic reactions with alloyed copper. This corrosion resistance is reduced by aqueous salts in the presence of dissimilar metals. In acidic solutions, aluminium reacts with water to form hydrogen, in alkaline ones to form aluminates—protective passivation under these conditions is negligible; because it is corroded by dissolved chlorides, such as common sodium chloride, household plumbing is never made from aluminium. However, because
Peter Burling (sailor)
Peter Burling is the 2017 America's Cup champion helmsman, an Olympic gold and silver medallist. He was named as male World Sailor of the Year at the ISAF World Sailor of the Year Awards in 2017, he and his 49er partner Blair Tuke won the award in 2015, were finalists in 2014 and 2016. Burling won four consecutive 49er World Championships, two 420 class World Championships and the 2015 Moth World Championships. Burling sailed as watch captain and helmsman with Team Brunel on the Round-the-World 2017–18 Volvo Ocean Race finishing 3rd overall in the closest finish in the history of the race, with the top 3 boats going into the final leg tied on points and finishing just 25 minutes apart. Team Brunel won 3 of the final 5 legs, including the leg from Auckland to Brazil, which the organisers say was the hardest leg in the history of the race. Burling was born in 1991 in Tauranga, his education began at Tauranga Intermediate School. Burling started sailing at the age of six in the Welcome Bay estuary near his home in Tauranga, in an old wooden Optimist called Jellytip.
At the age of eight, he started competing. Burling attended high school at Tauranga Boys' College attended at the time by cricketer Kane Williamson, he studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Auckland where he completed half of the 4 year degree. Burling sailed in his first Optimist nationals at age 9. At the age of 11 in 2002, Burling finished 2nd in the New Zealand Optimist Nationals, he competed in the 2002 Optimist World Championships in Texas at the age of 11. In 2003 at the age of 12, Burling won the New Zealand Optimist Nationals and competed in the 2003 Optimist Worlds in the Canary Islands where he finished 40th, he stopped sailing the optimist at age 12. At age 13, he was 2nd in the New Zealand P class Nationals, he won the NZ Starling nationals – twice – at age 14 and 15. At the age of fifteen Burling won the 2006 420 Class Worlds in the Canary Islands – the youngest sailors to do so, they won the under-16 and under-18 world championships. At 16 years old Burling defended his 420 title to win the 420 Class Worlds sailed in Auckland.
He won the under-18 world championship. Burling finished 6th in the 2007 470 Europeans – his first international 470 regatta and had his best world ranking in the 470 of 5th in 2008. Burling was the helmsman for Emirates Team New Zealand's 2017 America's Cup campaign, raced in Bermuda. On 27 June 2017, he became the youngest winning helmsman in the history of the Americas Cup, when at age 26 he and his team won the 35th competition for the cup. Burling skippered the New Zealand Sailing Team entry to victory in the inaugural Red Bull Youth America's Cup in San Francisco in September 2013. Burling helmed for Team Korea's White Tiger Challenge, in the 2011–13 America's Cup World Series in San Francisco in 2012. Burling with Blair Tuke were Olympic flag bearers for New Zealand at the 2016 Olympics, they were just the 4th New Zealand flagbearers to win a gold medal at the same Olympics. At age 25, Burling was the youngest 49er Olympic gold medal skipper, he and Tuke won the 2016 Olympics with two races to spare and by an overall 43 point margin – winning by the most points of any sailing class in the Olympics in over 50 years.
At the 2012 London Olympics, Burling was the youngest 49er sailor. He won the silver medal as helm in the 49er class alongside Blair Tuke, his silver medal was, New Zealand's 100th Olympic medal. Burling and Tuke are the first sailors to win four consecutive 49er class World Championships, they won all 28 of the major regattas in the 49er between the Rio Olympics. The only regatta they did not win in this time was when they finished 3rd in a short 2 day regatta prior to the Olympics. In all the major regattas in 2015 and 2016 they led into the medal races by over 20 points – winning the regattas before the medal race. Burling finished 11th in the 470 class at the 2008 Olympics. At 17 years old, he was the youngest sailor to represent New Zealand at the Olympic Games. Burling was the youngest sailing competitor at the 2008 Olympics and the youngest member of the 2008 New Zealand Olympic team. 2017–2018 3rd Volvo Ocean race sailing on Team Brunel. 2017 3rd Rolex Fastnet race 2014 4th Auckland-to-Fiji yacht race 2013 14th Sydney-to-Hobart race Burling was the 2015 International Moth World Champion.
He was 2nd in the 2017 Moth Worlds. Burling finished 3rd in the 2014 A class catamaran Worlds. In November 2015, the International Sailing Federation announced that Burling and Tuke were the ISAF Rolex World male sailors of the year. Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to sailing, 2017 New Year Honours. ISAF Rolex World Male Sailor of the year 2017 ISAF Rolex World Male Sailor of the year 2015 Finalist, Rolex World Sailor of the Year 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017. Yachting New Zealand Sailor of the Year 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 Yachting New Zealand Young Sailor of the Year 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011 Halberg Sports Team of the Year 2016. Finalist Halberg awards, Team of the Year 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016. 2017–2018 – Volvo Ocean Race – Team Brunel 2017 – 35th America's Cup – Emirates Team New Zealand 2016 – 49er class with Blair Tuke 2012 – 49er