Netflix, Inc. is an American media-services provider headquartered in Los Gatos, founded in 1997 by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph in Scotts Valley, California. The company's primary business is its subscription-based streaming OTT service which offers online streaming of a library of films and television programs, including those produced in-house; as of January 2019, Netflix had over 139 million paid subscriptions worldwide, including 60.55 million in the United States, over 148 million subscriptions total including free trials. It is available worldwide except in mainland China as well as Syria, North Korea and Crimea; the company has offices in the Netherlands, India and South Korea. Netflix is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Netflix's initial business model included DVD sales and rental by mail, but Hastings abandoned the sales about a year after the company's founding to focus on the DVD rental business. Netflix expanded its business in 2007 with the introduction of streaming media while retaining the DVD and Blu-ray rental service.
The company expanded internationally in 2010 with streaming available in Canada, followed by Latin America and the Caribbean. Netflix entered the content-production industry in 2012. Since 2012, Netflix has taken more of an active role as producer and distributor for both film and television series, to that end, it offers a variety of "Netflix Original" content through its online library. By January 2016, Netflix services operated in more than 190 countries. Netflix released an estimated 126 original series and films in 2016, more than any other network or cable channel, their efforts to produce new content, secure the rights for additional content, diversity through 190 countries have resulted in the company racking up billions in debt: $21.9 billion as of September 2017, up from $16.8 billion from the previous year. $6.5 billion of this is long-term debt. In October 2018, Netflix announced it would raise another $2 billion in debt to help fund new content. Netflix was founded on August 29, 1997, in Scotts Valley, California, by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings.
Randolph worked as a marketing director for Pure Atria. Randolph was a co-founder of MicroWarehouse, a computer mail order company, was employed by Borland International as vice president of marketing. Hastings, a computer scientist and mathematician, sold Pure Atria to Rational Software Corporation in 1997 for $700 million in what was the biggest acquisition in Silicon Valley history, they came up with the idea for Netflix while commuting between their homes in Santa Cruz and Pure Atria's headquarters in Sunnyvale while waiting for government regulators to approve the merger, although Hasting has given several different explanations for how the idea was created. Hastings invested $2.5 million in startup cash for Netflix. Randolph admired the fledgling e-commerce company Amazon and wanted to find a large category of portable items to sell over the Internet using a similar model, they rejected VHS tapes as too expensive to stock and too delicate to ship. When they heard about DVDs, which were first introduced in the United States on March 31, 1997, they tested the concept of selling or renting DVDs by mail, by mailing a compact disc to Hastings' house in Santa Cruz.
When the disc arrived intact, they decided to take on the $16 billion home video sales and rental industry. Hastings is quoted saying that he decided to start Netflix after being fined $40 at a Blockbuster store for being late to return a copy of Apollo 13, but this is an apocryphal story that he and Randolph designed to explain the company's business model and motivation. Netflix was launched on April 14, 1998, as the world's first online DVD rental store, with only 30 employees and 925 titles available, the entire catalogue of DVDs in print at the time, through the pay-per-rent model with rates and due dates that were similar to its bricks-and-mortar rival, Blockbuster. Netflix introduced the monthly subscription concept in September 1997, dropped the multiple-rental model in early 2000. Since that time, the company has built its reputation on the business model of flat-fee unlimited rentals without due dates, late fees and handling fees, or per-title rental fees. In 2000, when Netflix had just about 300,000 subscribers and relied on the U.
S. Postal Service for the delivery of their DVDs, they were losing money and offered to be acquired by Blockbuster for $50 million, they proposed that Netflix, which would be renamed as Blockbuster.com, would handle the online business, while Blockbuster would take care of the DVDs, making them less dependent on the U. S. Postal Service; the offer was declined. While they experienced fast growth in early 2001, both the dot-com bubble burst and the September 11 attacks would occur that year, affecting the company badly and forcing them to lay off a third of their employees. However, sales of Apple products took off as they became more affordable, selling for about $2,000 around Thanksgiving time, becoming one of that year's most popular Christmas gifts. By early 2002, Netflix saw a huge increase in business from rental to laptop DVD users. Netflix initiated an initial public offering on May 29, 2002, selling 5.5 million shares of common stock at the price of US$15.00 per share. On June 14, 2002, the company sold an additional 825,000 shares of common stock at the same price.
After incurring substantial losses during its first few years, Netflix posted its first profit during fiscal year 2003, earning US$6.5 million profit on revenues of
King of the Hill
King of the Hill is an American animated sitcom created by Mike Judge and Greg Daniels for the Fox Broadcasting Company that ran from January 12, 1997, to May 6, 2010. It centers on a middle-class American family in the fictional city of Arlen, Texas. Patriarch and main character Hank Hill, who works as assistant manager at Strickland Propane, is the everyman and general protagonist of the series, his modest conservative views and biases clash with that of his wife, Peggy. Hank is friends with other residents on his block Bill Dauterive, Dale Gribble, Jeff Boomhauer, all of whom he has known since elementary school, it attempts to maintain a realistic approach, seeking humor in the conventional and mundane aspects of everyday life. Judge began creating King of the Hill during his time making the MTV series Beavis and Butt-Head, which he created and voiced. After pitching the pilot to Fox, Judge was paired with Greg Daniels, an experienced writer who worked on The Simpsons; the series debuted on the Fox network as a mid-season replacement in 1997 becoming a hit.
The series' popularity led to worldwide syndication, reruns aired on Adult Swim from 2009 until 2018. Since July 24, 2018, reruns began airing on Comedy Central; the show became one of Fox's longest-running series. A total of 259 episodes aired over the course of its 13 seasons; the final episode aired on Fox on September 13, 2009. Four episodes from the final season were to have aired on Fox, but premiered in nightly syndication from May 3 to 6, 2010. In 2007, it was named by Time magazine as one of the top 100 greatest television shows of all time. King of the Hill was nominated for seven; the series' celebrity guest stars include Chuck Mangione, Tom Petty, numerous country music artists. King of the Hill is set in the fictional small town of Texas; the show centers around the Hill family, whose head is the ever-responsible, hard-working, loyal and honest propane salesman Hank Hill. The pun title refers to Hank as the head of the family as well as metaphorically to the children's game King of the Hill.
Hank is employed as the assistant manager at Strickland Propane, selling "propane and propane accessories". He is traditional and moral, he takes exceptionally good care of his dog, which he treats, more than not, as a member of the family. Hank is married to Peggy Hill, a native of Montana, a substitute Spanish teacher, although she has little grasp of the language, her overconfidence and trusting nature leads her into getting involved in complex schemes that Peggy does not recognize as criminal or irresponsible until it is too late. Hank and Peggy's only child, Bobby Hill, is a husky pre-pubescent boy, friendly and well-liked, but not bright, prone to making bad decisions. Throughout the series, Peggy's niece, Luanne Platter, the daughter of her scheming brother Hoyt and his alcoholic ex-wife Leanne, lives with the Hill family. Naïve and emotional, Luanne was encouraged to move out by her Uncle Hank, but over time, he accepts her as a member of the family. Over the course of the series, Luanne works as a beauty technician and puppeteer at a local cable access TV station.
Luanne marries Elroy "Lucky" Kleinschmidt, a snaggle-toothed layabout who lives on the settlements he earns from frivolous lawsuits. Hank has a healthy relationship with Tilly, a kind woman who lives in Arizona. Hank is, at first, uncomfortable with his mother dating Gary Kasner, a Jewish man, but he warmed up to Gary as their relationship progressed. Hank was dismayed by his mother's choice to break up with Gary to marry a man she's only known for a few weeks: Chuck Garrison, but found Chuck as likable as Gary. In contrast, Hank has a strained relationship with his father, Cotton Hill, a hateful World War II veteran, during which his shins were blown off by gunfire, who verbally abused Tilly during their marriage, leading to their divorce. Cotton marries Didi, a candy striper who attended kindergarten with Hank. Together and Didi have a son, "G. H.", who bears a striking resemblance to Bobby. Other main characters include their families. Dale Gribble is the Hills' chain-smoking, paranoid next-door neighbor and Hank's best friend.
As a result of his paranoia, he does not trust the government or "the system". He owns his own pest control business, Dale's Dead Bug, he is a licensed bounty hunter and President of the Arlen Gun Club. Dale is married to Nancy Hicks-Gribble, a weather girl—and anchor woman—for the Channel 84 news; the only Gribble child, Joseph is hinted at being the result of Nancy's 14-year-long affair with John Redcorn, a Native American healer. Their affair is obvious to everyone except Dale, who suspects nothing, idealizing his philandering wife and considering John Redcorn one of his best fr
Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood
Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood is the third installment of the Love & Hip Hop reality television franchise. It premiered on September 15, 2014 on VH1 and chronicles the lives of several people in the Hollywood area, involved with hip hop music; the show features appearances from notable figures associated with West Coast hip hop. On June 18, 2018, VH1 announced the show's return for a fifth season, which premiered on July 23, 2018. Rumors of a Los Angeles-based spin-off of Love & Hip Hop began circulating in September 2013. In an interview, creator Mona Scott Young confirmed that the concept was being considered, along with possible spin-offs in Houston and New Orleans, saying “we’ve been looking in a few cities. It’s feeling like we’ll land in L. A. we’ve got some great stories to tell in L. A.” On October 11, 2013, it was reported that producers had approached Tyga, Blac Chyna, Karrueche Tran, LoLa Monroe, Bow Wow's ex-girlfriend Miss Joie and Christina Milian's boyfriend Jas Prince to star in Love & Hip Hop: L.
A. Ray J was offered to star, as both lead and co-producer, with his protege Yung Berg and love interests Teairra Marí and Princess Love rounding out the cast. Cassie was offered a supporting role. On October 15, 2013, Tran backed out of the show at her boyfriend Chris Brown's insistence, after hearing that producers were in talks with Brown's ex Jasmine Sanders to join the cast, tweeting "Definitely not going to be on Love & Hip Hop LA lol". On January 10, 2014, it was reported that producers were having difficulties finalising casting, after Ray J's contractional obligations to Bad Girls All-Star Battle lead to some complications; the cast around this time included publicist-turned-rapper Hazel-E, Brooke Valentine, radio DJ Yesi Ortiz and video vixen Bria Myles. On March 31, 2014, the series began filming, with Ray, Love, Joie, Ray's assistant Morgan Hardman and his girlfriend Apryl Jones confirmed as part of the cast. On August 6, 2014, it was announced. In interviews in 2017, Berg revealed he had filmed scenes with Joie as a couple, before Joie was fired three months into taping.
Berg was weaved into a storyline with Hazel-E, a relationship he claims was contrived for television. On August 18, 2014, VH1 announced Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood would make its series premiere on September 15, 2014. Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood revolves around the personal and professional struggles of several R&B artists and rappers in Los Angeles' music scene; the series is notable for its high profile cast, with the youngest and most established group of cast members in the franchise thus far. It has a sprawling supporting cast, who share the same amount of screen time and storyline focus as the show's leads; the original cast consisted of Ray J, Soulja Boy and his girlfriend Apryl Jones, Lil' Fizz and his ex-girlfriend Moniece Slaughter, Teairra Marí and former celebrity publicist Hazel-E, with Ray's assistant Morgan Hardman, Teddy Riley's daughter Nia Riley, Fizz's girlfriend Amanda Secor, Yung Berg, radio personality Yesi Ortiz, club promoter Sincere Show, socialite Nikki Mudarris and video vixen Masika Kalysha as supporting cast members.
Although not mentioned in the initial cast announcement, Omarion's mother Leslie Burrell would appear as a supporting cast member. On November 5, 2014, Yung Berg was arrested for assaulting his girlfriend and fellow cast member Masika, several hours after the taping of the reunion special. VH1 released a statement. On December 8, 2014, series creator Mona Scott-Young expressed regret for the firing, saying it was a network decision; the two-part reunion aired with a public service announcement about domestic violence, along with a statement by VH1 condemning Berg's actions. All main cast members from the previous season returned for a second season. Ray J's girlfriend Princess Love joined the supporting cast, along with long time Love & Hip Hop: New York cast member Rich Dollaz, aspiring rappers Miles Brock and Milan Christopher, Miles' ex-girlfriend Amber Laura, Ray J's best friend Brandi Boyd, her husband Max Lux, Willie Taylor and his wife Shanda Denyce. Soulja's fling Nastassia Smith, Fizz's girlfriend Kamiah Adams, gossip blogger Jason Lee and Moniece's mother Marla Thomas would appear in minor supporting roles.
Miles and Milan were the first gay couple of the franchise and several episodes featured public service announcements aimed to help viewers struggling with their sexual identity. On September 16, 2015, during filming, Hazel-E announced on social media that she had quit the series, comparing it to a "freak show". Hazel had become frustrated that she had not been properly credited for her work behind-the-scenes, including her influence on casting, as well as her idea for the show title Love & Hip Hop: Hollywood instead of the original Love & Hip Hop: L. A.. Apryl and Omarion did not attend the taping of the second season reunion. On December 7, 2015, Apryl confirmed the two had quit the show and would not be returning next season; this third season saw the promotion of long time supporting cast members Nikki Mudarris and Princess Love to the main cast, as well as the return and promotion of Masika Kalysha to main cast after a season's absence. Producer Floyd "A1" Bentley, his wife Lyrica Anderson, Lyrica's mother Lyrica Garrett, A1's mother Pam Bentley, Nicki Minaj's ex Safaree Samuels and fitness model Rosa Acosta joined the supporting cast.
Ray J's mother Sonja Norwood and Willie's alleged mistress Kyesha Shalina would appear in minor supporting roles. Former main cast member Hazel E would return late into the season in a supporting role. On August 19, 2016, Soulja Boy posted a video of himself on social medi
Xena: Warrior Princess
Xena: Warrior Princess is an American fantasy television series filmed on location in New Zealand. The series aired in first-run syndication from September 4, 1995 to June 18, 2001. Critics have praised the series for its strong female protagonist, it has acquired a strong cult following, attention in fandom and academia, has influenced the direction of other television series. Writer-director-producer Robert Tapert created the series in 1995 under his production tag, Renaissance Pictures, with executive producers R. J. Stewart and Sam Raimi; the series narrative follows Xena, an infamous warrior on a quest to seek redemption for her past sins against the innocent by using her formidable fighting skills to now help those who are unable to defend themselves. Xena is accompanied by Gabrielle, who during the series changes from a simple farm-girl into an Amazon warrior and Xena's comrade-in-arms. In 2012 star Lucy Lawless confirmed; the show is a spin-off of the television series Hercules: The Legendary Journeys.
Aware that the character of Xena had become successful among the public, the producers of the series decided to launch a spin-off series based on her adventures. Xena became a successful show which has aired in more than 108 countries around the world since 1998. In 2004 and 2007, it ranked #9 and #10 on TV Guide's Top Cult Shows Ever and the title character ranked #100 on Bravo's 100 Greatest TV Characters. Xena's success has led to hundreds of tie-in products, including comics, video games and conventions, realized annually since 1998 in Pasadena, California and in London; the series soared past its predecessor in popularity. In its second season it became the top-rated syndicated drama series on American television. For all six years, Xena remained in the top five. Cancellation of the series was announced in October 2000, the series finale aired in the summer of 2001. On August 13, 2015 NBC Entertainment chairman Bob Greenblatt said a Xena reboot was in development, with Raimi and Tapert returning as executive producers, with the show's debut sometime in 2016.
Javier Grillo-Marxuach was hired as writer and producer for the reboot, but left the project in April 2017 because of creative differences. In August 2017, NBC announced that it had cancelled its plans for the reboot for the foreseeable future. Xena: Warrior Princess is set in a fantasy version of ancient Greece and was filmed in New Zealand; some filming locations are confidential, but many scenes were recorded in places such as the Waitakere Ranges Regional Park, part of the Auckland Regional parks credited at the end of the episodes. The Ancient Greece depicted in the show is derived from historical locations and customs, modifying known places and events – battles, trading routes, so on – to generate an attractive fictional world; the settlements are presented as a mixture of walled villages and rural hamlets set in a lush green, mountainous landscape. They are seen under attack from warlords, travelling between them involves frequent encounters with small bands of outlaws. All of the main towns are named after historic towns of Ancient Greece, exhibit some of their essential characteristics – Amphipolis, Athens, Corinth and Cirra, burnt to the ground by Xena's army.
As the show progressed, events took place throughout more modern times and places, from Cleopatra's Alexandria to Julius Caesar's Rome. The mythology of the show transitioned from that of the Olympian Gods to include Judeo-Christian elements. Eastern religions were touched on as well, with little regard to accurate time-and-place concerns. One episode, "The Way", which loosely interpreted elements of Hinduism as major plot points, generated controversy, requiring the producers to add a disclaimer at the head of the episode and a tag explaining the episode's intentions at its end. Mythological and supernatural locations are presented as real, physical places accessed through physical portals hidden in the landscape such as lakes and caves, they include the Elysian Fields, the River Styx, Valhalla and Hell. The inhabitants of such places – gods, mythological beings and forces – are for the most part manifested as human characters who can move at will between their domains and the real world. Ares, the Greek God of War, for instance, is an egotistical man who wears studded black leather, Aphrodite, Goddess of Love, is a California valley girl who uses typical valley girl slang and dresses in flowing, translucent pink gowns.
Xena is a historical fantasy set in ancient Greece, although the setting is flexible in both time and location and features Egyptian, Chinese, Central Asian, Medieval European elements. The flexible fantasy framework of the show accommodates a considerable range of theatrical styles, from high melodrama to slapstick comedy, from whimsical and musical to all-out action and adventure. While the show is set in ancient times, its themes are modern and it investigates the ideas of taking responsibility for past misdeeds, the value of human life, personal liberty and sacrifice, friendship; the show addresses ethical dilemmas, such as the morality of pacifism.
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Snoop Dogg's Father Hood
Snoop Dogg's Father Hood is an American reality television series, executive produced and directed by David Roma, as well as Ted Chung, Constance Schwartz and Anthony Mandler. The series debuted on December 9, 2007 in the United States on E!, with the second and final season premiering on November 30, 2008. The series follows the daily life of his family, his family includes his wife Shante, daughter Cori whom he calls "Choc", son Cordell whom he calls "Rook", his oldest son Corde whom he calls "Spank". Snoop Dogg's Father Hood on IMDb
Channel Four Television Corporation
Channel Four Television Corporation is a publicly owned media company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. Its original and principal activity is the British national television network Channel 4; the company was founded in 1982 as Channel Four Television Company Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the IBA, became an independent statutory corporation in 1993. November 1998 saw Channel Four expand beyond its remit of providing the'fourth service' in a significant way, with the launch of FilmFour. Since the corporation has been involved in a range of other activities, all in some way associated with the main channel, using the'4' brand. Towards the end of the 1980s, the government began a radical process of re-organisation of the commercial broadcasting industry, written onto the statute books by means of the Broadcasting Act 1990; this meant the abolition of the IBA, hence the Channel Four Television Company. The result led to the creation of a corporation to own and operate the channel, which would have greater autonomy and would go on to establish its other operations.
The new corporation, which became operational in 1993, was the Channel Four Television Corporation, was created to replace the former broadcasting operations of the Channel Four Television Company. It remained publicly owned and was regulated by the new Independent Television Commission, created under the same act; the ITC and its duties were replaced by Ofcom, which like its predecessor is responsible for appointing the Corporation's board, in agreement with the Secretary of State for Culture and Sport. In terms of the station's remit and other duties, the creation of the corporation meant little change. In March 2010, Channel Four Television Corporation and its Chief Executive were criticised by the Culture and Sport select committee for breaking service commitments, a lack of transparency in accounting for digital channels, poor governance and failed investments. In 2014, the Government drew up proposals to privatise the Channel Four Television Corporation. However, the proposal was rejected by the Liberal Democrat Business Secretary Vince Cable.
Channel 4 is a national public-service television channel in the United Kingdom which began transmission on 2 November 1982. The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the two BBC services funded from the television licence, the single commercial broadcasting network, ITV. Channel 4 is commercially self-funded. With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter in Wales to digital on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became a UK-wide TV channel for the first time. Channel Four launched a subscription film channel, FilmFour, on 1 November 1998, it was available on digital cable. Companion services, such as FilmFour+1, FilmFour World and FilmFour Extreme were available on some digital services. In 2003 Extreme and World were discontinued, replaced with FilmFour Weekly. FilmFour Weekly closed in July 2006, when the main, newly named Film4 channel went free-to-view and became available on digital terrestrial; the switchover to digital terrestrial was advertised.
The adverts featured Lucy Liu, Christian Slater, Ewan McGregor, Judi Dench, Gael García Bernal, Willem Dafoe, Mackenzie Crook, Rhys Ifans and Ray Winstone declaring "Film4 is now free" in various situations across London. It remains the only film channel available free on digital terrestrial television; when Channel 4 had the rights to broadcast Test cricket in England, the downtime of the FilmFour channel was used to broadcast uninterrupted coverage of a match when the main channel was committed elsewhere to racing. At these times FilmFour was free-to-air. E4, a digital entertainment channel available on the Internet, with a target age range of 16–34, was launched on 18 January 2001, it features supplementary footage for programmes on its main channel. In 2005 the channel launched on digital terrestrial. E4 is available in Ireland, in close to 70% of homes, being carried on the Virgin Media Ireland cable network and on Sky; the channel operates an advertising opt-out, allowing advertisers to directly target Irish audiences.
More4 is a channel aimed at those aged 35–60. Launched on 10 October 2005, it carries news and nightly discussion programmes, such as More4 News, an extension of Channel 4 News that attempts to look "beyond the headlines", giving in-depth analysis. Launched in August 2008, 4Music is a Channel 4-branded channel within The Box Plus Network, showing music videos and entertainment programmes. Channel Four launched 4seven on 4 July 2012; the channel offers audiences the chance to catch-up on the top-rated programming from Channel Four's boutique of channels over the past week. The channel is available on Freesat, Freeview and Virgin Media. Channel Four runs timeshift variants of its services on all digital platforms. In 2007, Channel 4 was the first terrestrial broadcaster in the United Kingdom to offer a time-shift variant of its main channel. In common with many other broadcasters, these channels output the same programmes and continuity as was broadcast an hour and are titled with the station name followed by a "+1" suffix.
In July 2007, Channel Four bought 50% of Box Television Ltd for £28 million from Emap plc. Emap's stake was transferred to new owners, Bauer Consumer Media, following Bauer's acquisition of Emap's publishing and radio businesses. In 2015, Box