42nd Field Artillery Regiment
The 42nd Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army, first Constituted 5 July 1918 in the National Army. Constituted 29 June 1918 in the Regular Army as the 1st Battalion, 42d Artillery Organized 7 August 1918 in France Inactivated 17 August 1921 at Camp Eustis, Virginia Redesignated 1 July 1924 as the 1st Battalion, 42d Coast Artillery Disbanded 14 June 1944 Reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army. Attached below the shield a Gold scroll inscribed “FESTINA LENTE” in Black letters. SymbolismScarlet is the color used for Artillery; the shells indicate the nature of the organization and with the bendlets produce the numerical designation of the organization. BackgroundThe distinctive unit insignia was approved for the 42d Field Artillery Battalion on 7 May 1942, it was redesignated for the 42d Artillery Regiment on 26 November 1958. The insignia was redesignated for the 42d Field Artillery Regiment effective 1 September 1971. Blazon Shield: Gules, two bendlets between four shells, two in chief and two in base, all Or.
Crest: On a wreath of the colors Or and Gules a dexter hand grasping four spears pointing in four directions of the compass Or. Motto: FESTINA LENTE. Symbolism Shield:,Scarlet is the color used for Artillery; the shells indicate the nature of the organization and with the bendlets produce the numerical designation of the organization. Crest:,The hand grasping the spears indicates firepower in any direction. Background:,The coat of arms was approved for the 42d Field Artillery Battalion on 7 May 1942, it was redesignated for the 42d Artillery Regiment on 26 November 1958. The insignia was redesignated for the 42d Field Artillery Regiment effective 1 September 1971. 1st Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment 2nd Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment 3rd Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment 4th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment 5th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment 6th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery Regiment World War I: Alsace 1918 World War II: Normandy. S. Artillery Regiments This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldry document "42nd Field Artillery Regiment".
21st Field Artillery Regiment
The 21st Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the United States Army first formed in 1916. A parent regiment under the U. S. Army Regimental System, all components of the regiment are inactive; the regiment's last active element, 1st Battalion 21st Field Artillery Regiment, inactivated on 12 June 2014. The 1st Battalion, 21st Field Artillery served in Vietnam with the 1st Cavalry Division. Battery A, 21st Field Artillery served in Operation Desert Storm as the 1st Cavalry Division's general support MLRS battery. Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as the 21st Field Artillery Organized 1 June 1917 at Camp Wilson, Texas Assigned 12 December 1917 to the 5th Division Relieved 4 November 1920 from assignment to the 5th Division Inactivated 23 September 1921 at Camp Bragg, North Carolina Assigned 24 March 1923 to the 9th Division Relieved 1 January 1930 from assignment to the 9th Division and assigned to the 5th Division Activated 6 October 1939 at Fort Knox, Kentucky Reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1940 as the 21st Field Artillery Battalion Inactivated 20 September 1946 at Ladd Field, Alaska Activated 3 June 1948 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina Inactivated 30 April 1950 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina Activated 1 March 1951 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania Inactivated 1 September 1953 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania Activated 25 May 1954 in Germany Relieved 1 June 1957 from assignment to the 5th Infantry Division.
On a sinister canton of the second a demi-sun Gold charged with an Aztec banner Vert garnished of the field. SymbolismThe regiment was formed from the 3rd Field Artillery, shown on the canton; the red bend denotes artillery support. The eagle with collar, one of the supporters of the arms of St. Mihiel, symbolizes the most important engagement in which the regiment participated. BackgroundThe distinctive unit insignia was approved for the 21st Field Artillery Regiment on 27 November 1939, it was redesignated for the 21st Field Artillery Battalion on 13 December 1940. The insignia was redesignated for the 21st Artillery Regiment on 30 August 1957. Effective 1 September 1971, the insignia was redesignated for the 21st Field Artillery Regiment. Blazon Shield: Argent a bend Gules, in base an eagle close of the last gorged with a collar Or bearing a Lorraine cross of the second. On a sinister canton of the second a demi-sun Gold charged with an Aztec banner Vert garnished of the field. Crest: On a wreath of the colors Argent and Gules, a dolphin embowed Argent.
Motto: PROGRESSI SUNT. Symbolism Shield: The regiment was formed from the 3rd Field Artillery, shown on the canton; the red bend denotes artillery support. The eagle with collar, one of the supporters of the arms of St. Mihiel, symbolizes the most important engagement in which the regiment participated. Crest: The dolphin represents overseas service. Background: The coat of arms was approved for the 21st Field Artillery Regiment on 5 February 1921, it was amended to correct the blazon on 20 May 1921. It was redesignated for the 21st Field Artillery Battalion on 13 December 1940; the insignia was redesignated for the 21st Artillery Regiment on 30 August 1957. Effective 1 September 1971, the insignia was redesignated for the 21st Field Artillery Regiment. 1st Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment 2nd Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment 3rd Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment In the June 1965 Order of Battle – USAREUR/7th Army Non-divisional Artillery, the 3rd MSL Bn, 21st FA was included in the VII Corps Artillery, 72nd Field Artillery group, Larson Bks, Germany.
In the September 1970 Order of Battle – USAREUR/7th Army Non-divisional Artillery, the 3rd MSL Bn, 21st FA was included in VII Corps Artillery, 72nd Field Artillery group, Fiori Bks, Germany. The unit was inactivated September 30, 1974. 4th Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment 5th Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment 6th Battalion, 21st Field Artillery Regiment Field Artillery Branch Coats of arms of U. S. Artillery Regiments This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Institute of Heraldr
Artillery is a class of heavy military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach defensive walls, fortifications during sieges, led to heavy immobile siege engines; as technology improved, more mobile field artillery cannons developed for battlefield use. This development continues today. In its earliest sense, the word artillery referred to any group of soldiers armed with some form of manufactured weapon or armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word "artillery" has meant cannon, in contemporary usage, it refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers and rocket artillery. In common speech, the word artillery is used to refer to individual devices, along with their accessories and fittings, although these assemblages are more properly called "equipments". However, there is no recognised generic term for a gun, mortar, so forth: the United States uses "artillery piece", but most English-speaking armies use "gun" and "mortar".
The projectiles fired are either "shot" or "shell". "Shell" is a used generic term for a projectile, a component of munitions. By association, artillery may refer to the arm of service that customarily operates such engines. In some armies one arm has operated field, anti-aircraft artillery and anti-tank artillery, in others these have been separate arms and in some nations coastal has been a naval or marine responsibility. In the 20th century technology based target acquisition devices, such as radar, systems, such as sound ranging and flash spotting, emerged to acquire targets for artillery; these are operated by one or more of the artillery arms. The widespread adoption of indirect fire in the early 20th century introduced the need for specialist data for field artillery, notably survey and meteorological, in some armies provision of these are the responsibility of the artillery arm. Artillery originated for use against ground targets—against infantry and other artillery. An early specialist development was coastal artillery for use against enemy ships.
The early 20th century saw the development of a new class of artillery for use against aircraft: anti-aircraft guns. Artillery is arguably the most lethal form of land-based armament employed, has been since at least the early Industrial Revolution; the majority of combat deaths in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, World War II were caused by artillery. In 1944, Joseph Stalin said in a speech that artillery was "the God of War". Although not called as such, machines performing the role recognizable as artillery have been employed in warfare since antiquity. Historical references show artillery was first employed by the Roman legions at Syracuse in 399 BC; until the introduction of gunpowder into western warfare, artillery was dependent upon mechanical energy which not only limited the kinetic energy of the projectiles, it required the construction of large engines to store sufficient energy. A 1st-century BC Roman catapult launching 6.55 kg stones achieved a kinetic energy of 16,000 joules, compared to a mid-19th-century 12-pounder gun, which fired a 4.1 kg round, with a kinetic energy of 240,000 joules, or a late 20th century US battleship that fired a 1,225 kg projectile from its main battery with an energy level surpassing 350,000,000 joules.
From the Middle Ages through most of the modern era, artillery pieces on land were moved by horse-drawn gun carriages. In the contemporary era, artillery pieces and their crew relied on wheeled or tracked vehicles as transportation; these land versions of artillery were dwarfed by railway guns, which includes the largest super-gun conceived, theoretically capable of putting a satellite into orbit. Artillery used by naval forces has changed with missiles replacing guns in surface warfare. Over the course of military history, projectiles were manufactured from a wide variety of materials, into a wide variety of shapes, using many different methods in which to target structural/defensive works and inflict enemy casualties; the engineering applications for ordnance delivery have changed over time, encompassing some of the most complex and advanced technologies in use today. In some armies, the weapon of artillery is the projectile, not the equipment; the process of delivering fire onto the target is called gunnery.
The actions involved in operating an artillery piece are collectively called "serving the gun" by the "detachment" or gun crew, constituting either direct or indirect artillery fire. The manner in which gunnery crews are employed is called artillery support. At different periods in history this may refer to weapons designed to be fired from ground-, sea-, air-based weapons platforms; the term "gunner" is used in some armed forces for the soldiers and sailors with the primary function of using artillery. The gunners and their guns are grouped in teams called either "crews" or "detachments". Several such crews and teams with other functions are combined into a unit of artillery called a battery, although sometimes called a company. In gun detachments, each role is numbered, starting with "1" the Detachment Commander, the highest number being the Coverer, the second-in-command. "Gunner" is the lowest rank and junior non-commissioned officers are "Bombardiers" in some artillery arms. Batteries are equivalent to a company in the infantry
The Vietnam War known as the Second Indochina War, in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union and other communist allies; the war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. It lasted some 19 years with direct U. S. involvement ending in 1973 following the Paris Peace Accords, included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, resulting in all three countries becoming communist states in 1975. American military advisors began arriving in what was French Indochina in 1950 to support the French in the First Indochina War against the communist-led Viet Minh. Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U. S. After the French quit Indochina in 1954, the US assumed financial and military responsibility for the South Vietnamese state.
The Việt Cộng known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or NLF, a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, initiated a guerrilla war against the South Vietnamese government in 1959. U. S. involvement escalated in 1960, continued in 1961 under President John F. Kennedy, with troop levels surging under the MAAG program from just under a thousand in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963. By 1964, there were 23,000 U. S. troops in Vietnam, but this escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U. S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase U. S. military presence, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels to 184,000. Past this point, the People's Army of Vietnam known as the North Vietnamese Army engaged in more conventional warfare with US and South Vietnamese forces; every year onward there was significant build-up of US forces despite little progress, with Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, beginning to express doubts of victory by the end of 1966.
U. S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces and airstrikes. The U. S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The Tet Offensive of 1968, proved to be the turning point of the war; the Tet Offensive showed that the end of US involvement was not in sight, increasing domestic skepticism of the war. The unconventional and conventional capabilities of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam increased following a period of neglect and became modeled on heavy firepower-focused doctrines like US forces. Operations crossed international borders. S. forces. Gradual withdrawal of U. S. ground forces began as part of "Vietnamization", which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the communists to the South Vietnamese themselves and began the task of modernizing their armed forces. Direct U. S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973 as a result of the Case–Church Amendment passed by the U.
S. Congress; the capture of Saigon by the NVA in April 1975 marked the end of the war, North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities. Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.8 million. Some 275,000–310,000 Cambodians, 20,000–62,000 Laotians, 58,220 U. S. service members died in the conflict, a further 1,626 remain missing in action. The Sino-Soviet split re-emerged following the lull during the Vietnam War and confllict between North Vietnam and its Cambodian allies in the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea, the newly-formed Democratic Kampuchea begun immediately in a series of border raids by the Khmer Rouge and erupted into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, with Chinese forces directly intervening in the Sino-Vietnamese War; the end of the war and resumption of the Third Indochina War would precipitate the Vietnamese boat people and the bigger Indochina refugee crisis, which saw an estimated 250,000 people perish at sea.
Within the US the war gave rise to what was referred to as Vietnam Syndrome, a public aversion to American overseas military involvements, which together with Watergate contributed to the crisis of confidence that affected America throughout the 1970s. Various names have been applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most used name in English, it has been called the Second Indochina War and the Vietnam Conflict. As there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this particular conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ, but less formally as'Cuộc chiến tranh Mỹ', it is called Chiến tranh Việt Nam. The primary military organizations involved in the war were as follows: One side consisted of th
1st Field Artillery Regiment (United States)
The 1st Field Artillery Regiment is a Field Artillery regiment of the United States Army first formed in 1907. The regiment served with the 4th Division and 6th Division before World War II, with the 6th Infantry Division during and after World War II through 1956. Organized as a parent regiment under the U. S. Army Regimental System, elements of the regiment have served with the 1st Armored and 5th Infantry Divisions and with various artillery groups; the regiment carries battle streamers for campaigns in the Indian Wars, Mexican War, Civil War, Spanish American War, Philippine Insurrection, for World War II, for Southwest Asia and the Global War on Terror. 1st Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment- assigned to the United States Military Academy 2nd Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment- inactive since 15 October 1991 3rd Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment- inactive since 15 January 1996 4th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment- active, assigned to the 3rd Armored BCT, 1st Armored Division, stationed at Fort Bliss, Texas 5th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery Regiment- inactive since 15 December 1992 6th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery- inactive since 15 January 1994 7th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery- inactive since 15 September 1996 8th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery- inactive since 1 September 1971 9th Battalion, 1st Field Artillery- inactive since 26 August 1968 The 1st Field Artillery Regiment was first activated in 1907 from numbered companies of artillery.
It was first organized with 2 battalions at Kansas. Constituted 25 January 1907 in the Regular Army as the 1st Field Artillery. Organized 31 May 1907 from new and existing units at Fort Riley, Kansas. Assigned 1 October 1933 to the 4th Division. Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 4th Division and assigned to the 6th Division. Reorganized and redesignated 1 October 1940 as the 1st Field Artillery Battalion. Inactivated 25 January 1949 in Korea. Activated 4 October 1950 at Fort Ord, California. Relieved 3 April 1956 from assignment to the 6th Infantry Division. Inactivated 15 May 1958 at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York. Consolidated 19 March 1959 with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Antiaircraft Artillery Group, the 1st and 54th Antiaircraft Artillery Missile Battalions to form the 1st Artillery, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System. 1st Artillery redesignated 1 September 1971 as the 1st Field Artillery. 1st Field Artillery withdrawn 16 January 1988 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System.
Indian Wars: Seminoles Mexican War: Palo Alto. Participation taken from the dates of unit awards listed below. Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered IRAQ Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered IRAQ-KUWAIT Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2003 Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered AFGHANISTAN 2011-2012 Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945 Description: A gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/4 inches in height consisting of the shield and motto of the coat of arms. Background: The distinctive unit insignia was approved for the 1st Field Artillery Regiment on 27 November 1923, it was re-designated for the 1st Field Artillery Battalion on 8 March 1951. It was cancelled on 21 April 1959. In the period from 1959 to 1971, a new crest was authorized for the Second Battalion, First Field Artillery, bearing the motto, "Primus Inter Pares", "First Among Equals"; the motto of the 2/1st Artillery has remained the same, "A little more grape Captain Bragg", illustrated on the crest with a canister of grape shot.
The crest was restored and authorized for the 1/1st Field Artillery Regiment on 1 September 1971, the insignia was again amended to its current image on 16 February 1979. Blazon Shield: Gules, a stand of grape Proper. Crest: On a wreath of the colors Or and Gules, a masonry tower Proper charged with a maple leaf Vert. Symbolism Shield: The shield is scarlet for Artillery; the stand of grape is to commemorate the remark attributed to General Zachary Taylor at the Battle of Buena Vista, “A little more grape, Captain Bragg.” Crest: The tower represents participation of a battery under Major Robert Anderson in the defense of Fort Sumter in 1861. The
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Fort Carson is a United States Army installation located in unincorporated El Paso County, near the city of Colorado Springs. The 137,000-acre installation extends southward into Fremont counties; that part of the installation located within El Paso County forms a census-designated place which had a population of 13,815 in the 2010 census. Fort Carson is the home of the 4th Infantry Division, the 10th Special Forces Group, the 4th Security Force Assistance Brigade, the 440th Civil Affairs Battalion, the 71st Ordnance Group, the 4th Engineer Battalion, the 759th Military Police Battalion, the 10th Combat Support Hospital, the 43rd Sustainment Brigade, the Army Field Support Battalion-Fort Carson, the 423rd Transportation Company and the 13th Air Support Operations Squadron of the United States Air Force; the post hosts units of the Army Reserve, Navy Reserve and the Colorado Army National Guard. Ft. Carson was home to the 5th Infantry Div. Known as the Red Devils. Camp Carson was established following Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
The city of Colorado Springs, Colorado purchased land south of the city and donated it to the War Department. Construction began and the first building, the camp headquarters, was completed January 31, 1942. Camp Carson was named in honor of the legendary Army scout, General Christopher "Kit" Carson, who explored much of the West in the 1800s. At the construction's peak, nearly 11,500 workers were employed on various construction projects at the new camp. Facilities were provided for 1,818 officers and 592 nurses. Nearly all of the buildings were of mobilization type construction, with wood sided exteriors; the hospital complex was constructed of concrete block, considered to be semi-permanent, had space for 1,726 beds, expandable to 2,000 beds. The 89th Infantry Division was the first major unit to be activated at Camp Carson. During World War II, over 100,000 soldiers trained at Camp Carson. Along with three other infantry divisions – the 71st Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Division and 10th Mountain Division – more than 125 units were activated at Camp Carson and more than 100 others were transferred to the mountain post from other installations.
Nurses, mule packers, tank battalions, a Greek infantry battalion, an Italian ordnance company trained at Camp Carson during the war years. Camp Carson was home to nearly 9,000 Axis prisoners of war – Italians and Germans; the internment camp at Camp Carson opened on the first day of 1943. These POWs alleviated the manpower shortage in Colorado by doing general farm work, canning tomatoes, cutting corn, aiding in logging operations on Colorado's Western Slope. Between 1942 and 1956, pack mules were a common sight at Camp Carson; the first shipment arrived by train from Nebraska in July 1942. The mules were used by Field Artillery battalions to carry equipment and supplies over mountainous terrain; the most famous of these animals was the pride of the 4th Field Artillery Battalion. For 13 years, he carried first sergeants up Ute Pass to Camp Hale. Camp Hale, located near Leadville, was where the Army conducted cold weather and mountain warfare training. Hambone was buried with full military honors.
By April 1946, the post-war military strength at the camp was around 600 and on 16 December 1949, Strategic Air Command opened a survival school at Camp Carson for training in mountainous terrain Camp Carson was designated Fort Carson in 1954. In the 1960s, mechanized units were assigned to the fort and it was expanded to the present 137,000 acres. Butts Army Air Field at the fort was constructed between 1963 and 1966 with a 4,573-foot runway for light fixed-wing aircraft Throughout its history Fort Carson has been home to nine divisions. An additional training area, comprising 235,000 acres, was purchased in September 1983. Named the Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site, this training area is located 150 miles road miles to the southeast, is used for large force-on-force maneuver training. Comprehensive maneuver and live fire training occurs downrange at Fort Carson. Exercises and deployments continually hone the skills of Fort Carson soldiers; when not deployed, soldiers train annually at Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site and the National Training Center near Barstow, California.
Additionally, units participate in joint exercises around the world, including Central and South Africa and Southwest Asia. In 2003, most Fort Carson units were deployed in support of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Troops from the 984th Military Police CO, 759th Military Police BN were sent in support of the guard mission at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba. President George W. Bush addressed soldiers and family members at the post on November 24, 2003, in praise of the soldiers' determination and the sacrifices their families have made. Fort Carson's scenic location has made it one of the most requested duty stations in the U. S. Army, it is considered the second most popular CONUS duty station, after Fort Lewis and adopted "Best Hometown in the Army" as its motto in 2007. Construction in 2007 and 2008 preceded the return of the 4th Infantry Division from Fort Hood after their 2008 Operation Iraqi Freedom deployment. Fort Carson is located at 38°44'45" North, 104°47'6" West, it is located in Pueblo County, El Paso County, Fremont County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.7 square miles, all land. As of t