Uma Karuna Thurman is an American actress and model. She has performed in a variety of films, ranging from romantic comedies and dramas to science fiction and action movies. Following her appearances on the December 1985 and May 1986 covers of British Vogue, Thurman starred in Dangerous Liaisons, she rose to international prominence with her performance in Pulp Fiction, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award, the BAFTA Award, the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress. Hailed as Quentin Tarantino's muse, she reunited with the director to play the main role in both Kill Bill films, which brought her two additional Golden Globe Award nominations. Established as a leading Hollywood actress, her other notable films include Henry & June, The Truth About Cats & Dogs, Batman & Robin, Les Misérables, The Producers, My Super Ex-Girlfriend, Lars von Trier's Nymphomaniac and The House That Jack Built. In 2011, Thurman was a member of the jury for the main competition at the 64th Cannes Film Festival, in 2017, she was named president of the 70th edition's "Un Certain Regard" jury.
Thurman made her Broadway debut in The Parisian Woman. For her performance in the made-for-HBO film Hysterical Blindness, Thurman won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Television Film, for her five-episode role in the NBC musical series Smash, she received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series. Thurman has starred in the miniseries the series Imposters. Thurman was born in Massachusetts, her first name "Uma" means "splendour, light" and it is one of the epithets of Hindu female Goddess Parvati, while her second given name "Karuna" means "compassion" or "empathy". Her father, Robert Alexander Farrar Thurman, is a professor of Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Studies, her mother, Nena von Schlebrügge, a high-fashion model, was born in Mexico City, to German and Scandinavian parents. Thurman received a Buddhist upbringing, spent altogether around two years in the Indo-Himalayan town of Almora, she grew up in Amherst, where she went to Amherst Regional Junior High School moved to Woodstock, New York.
She has three brothers, Dechen Karl, Mipam, a half-sister named Taya, from her father's previous marriage. Thurman's first cousin, once removed, is Swedish football player Max von Schlebrügge. Thurman is described as having been an awkward and introverted girl, teased for her appearance and unusual name; when Thurman was 10 years old, a friend's mother suggested a nose job. As a child, she suffered bouts of body dysmorphic disorder, she attended Amherst Public Schools. In the eighth grade she discovered her love for acting. Talent scouts noticed her performance as Abigail in a production of The Crucible and offered her the chance to act professionally. Thurman attended Northfield Mount Hermon School, a preparatory school in Massachusetts, before dropping out to pursue a career in acting. Thurman began her career as a fashion model at age 15, signed with the agency Click Models, her early modeling credits included Glamour and the December 1985 and May 1986 covers of British Vogue. She made the transition to acting with her film debut, the teen thriller Kiss Daddy Goodnight, released in 1987.
Thurman was subsequently cast in three 1988 films — Johnny Be Good, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen and most notably, Dangerous Liaisons. In the comedy Johnny Be Good, she played the girlfriend of a top high school quarterback prospect, in The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, she made a brief appearance as goddess Venus. In the Oscar-winning drama Dangerous Liaisons, co-starring Glenn Close and John Malkovich, Thurman took on the role of a naive young woman seduced by a manipulative man; the picture was an arthouse success, garnered Thurman recognition from critics and audiences. At the time, insecure about her appearance, she spent a year in London, during which she wore loose, baggy clothing. Malkovich said of her, "There is nothing twitchy teenager-ish about her, I haven’t met anyone like her at that age, her intelligence and poise stand out. But there's something else. She's more than a little haunted." In 1990, Thurman appeared with Fred Ward and Maria de Medeiros in Henry & June, a sexually provocative drama about the relationship and affairs between writer Henry Miller and his wife June Miller in 1931 Paris.
The film was the first to receive an NC-17 rating and because many American newspapers refused to advertise films with the new rating, it did not get wide release in the United States. However, it won Thurman good notices. After playing Maid Marian in the 1991 British adventure film Robin Hood, Thurman starred as the patient of a San Francisco psychiatrist in the neo-noir drama Final Analysis, opposite Richard Gere and Kim Basinger, as a blind woman romantically involved with a former policeman in the thriller Jennifer 8, with Andy Garcia. Thurman
William Oliver Stone is an American writer and conspiracy theorist. Stone won an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay as writer of Midnight Express, he wrote the acclaimed gangster movie Scarface. Stone achieved prominence as director/writer of the war drama Platoon, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Director and the film received Best Picture. Platoon was the first in a trilogy of films based on the Vietnam War, in which Stone served as an infantry soldier, he continued the series with Born on the Fourth of July —for which Stone won his second Best Director Oscar—and Heaven & Earth. Stone's other notable works include the Salvadoran Civil War-based drama Salvador, his latest film is Snowden. Many of Stone's films focus on controversial American political issues during the late 20th century, as such were considered contentious at the times of their releases, they combine different camera and film formats within a single scene, as demonstrated in JFK, Natural Born Killers, Nixon. Stone was born September 15, 1946, in New York City, the son of a French woman named Jacqueline and Louis Stone, a stockbroker.
He grew up in Stamford, Connecticut. His parents met during World War II, when his father was fighting as a part of the Allied force in France, his American-born father was Jewish and his French-born mother was Roman Catholic, both non-practicing. Stone was raised in the Episcopal Church, now practices Buddhism. Stone attended Trinity School in New York City before his parents sent him away to The Hill School, a college-preparatory school in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, his parents were divorced abruptly while he was away at school and this, because he was an only child, marked him deeply. Stone's mother was absent and his father made a big impact on his life, he spent parts of his summer vacations with his maternal grandparents in France, both in Paris and La Ferté-sous-Jouarre in Seine-et-Marne. Stone worked at 17 in the Paris mercantile exchange in sugar and cocoa – a job that proved inspirational to Stone for his film Wall Street, he speaks French fluently. Stone graduated from The Hill School in 1964.
Stone was admitted into Yale University, but left in June 1965 at age 18 to teach high school students English for six months in Saigon at the Free Pacific Institute in South Vietnam. Afterwards, he worked for a short while as a wiper on a United States Merchant Marine ship in 1966, traveling from Asia to Oregon across the rough Pacific ocean in January, he returned to Yale. In April 1967, Stone requested combat duty in Vietnam. From September 16, 1967 to April 1968, he served in Vietnam with 2nd Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, 25th Infantry Division and was twice wounded in action, he was transferred to the 1st Cavalry Division participating in long range patrols before being transferred again to drive for a motorized infantry unit of the division until November 1968. For his service, his military awards include the Bronze Star with "V" Device for VALOR for heroism, the Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster to denote two awards, the Air Medal, the Army Commendation Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, the Vietnam Service Medal, the Vietnam Campaign Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge.
Stone graduated from New York University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in film in 1971, where his professors included director and fellow NYU alumnus Martin Scorsese. The same year, he had a small acting role in the comedy The Battle of Love's Return. Stone made a short, well received 12-minute film Last Year in Viet Nam, he worked as a taxi driver, film production assistant and salesman before making his mark in film as a screenwriter in the late 1970s, in the period between his first two films as a director: horror films Seizure and The Hand. In 1979, Stone was awarded his first Oscar, after adapting true-life prison story Midnight Express into a hit film of the same name for British director Alan Parker. Stone's screenplay for Midnight Express was criticized for its inaccuracies in portraying the events described in the book and vilifying the Turkish people; the original author, Billy Hayes, around whom the film is set, spoke out against the film, protesting that he had many Turkish friends while in jail.
Stone apologized to Turkey for over-dramatizing the script, while not repudiating the film's stark brutality or the reality of Turkish prisons. Stone wrote further features, including Brian De Palma's drug lord epic Scarface, loosely inspired by his own addiction to cocaine, which he kicked while working on the screenplay, he pennedYear of the Dragon featuring Mickey Rourke, before his career took off as a writer-director in 1986. Like his contemporary Michael Mann, Stone is unusual in having written or co-written most of the films he has directed. In 1986, Stone directed two films back to back: the critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful Salvador, shot in Mexico, his long in-development Vietnam project Platoon, shot in the Philippines. Platoon brought Stone
Heavenly Creatures is a 1994 New Zealand psychological drama directed by Peter Jackson, from a screenplay he co-wrote with his partner, Fran Walsh, about the notorious 1954 Parker–Hulme murder case in Christchurch, New Zealand. The film features Melanie Lynskey and Kate Winslet in their screen debuts with supporting roles by Sarah Peirse, Diana Kent, Clive Merrison, Simon O'Connor; the main premise deals with the relationship between two teenage girls, Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme, who murder Parker's mother. The events of the film cover the period from their meeting in 1952 to the murder in 1954; the film opened in 1994 at the 51st Venice International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Lion, became one of the best-received films of the year. Reviewers praised most aspects of the production, with particular attention given to the performances by the unknown Winslet and Lynskey, as well as for Jackson's directing; the film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay.
In 1952 Christchurch, New Zealand, a 14-year-old girl from a working-class family, Pauline Parker, befriends the more affluent English 13-year-old Juliet Hulme when Juliet transfers to Pauline's school. They bond over a shared history of severe childhood disease and isolating hospitalizations, over time develop an intense friendship. Pauline admires Juliet's outspoken arrogance and beauty. Together they paint, write stories, make Plasticine figurines, create a fantasy kingdom called Borovnia, it is the setting of the adventure novels they write together, which they hope to have published and made into films in Hollywood. Over time it begins to be as real to them as the real world. Pauline's relationship with her mother Honora becomes hostile and the two fight constantly; this angry atmosphere is in contrast to the peaceful intellectual life Juliet shares with her family. Pauline spends most of her time at the Hulmes', where she feels accepted. Juliet introduces Pauline to the idea of "the Fourth World", a Heaven without Christians where music and art are celebrated.
Juliet believes she will go there when she dies. Certain actors and musicians are "saints" in this afterlife. During a day trip to Port Levy, Juliet's parents announce that they are going away and plan to leave Juliet behind, her fear of being left alone makes her hysterical, culminating in her first direct experience of the Fourth World, perceiving it as a land where all is beautiful and she is safe. She asks Pauline to come with her, the world that Juliet sees becomes visible to Pauline, too; this is presented as a shared spiritual vision, a confirmation of their "Fourth World" belief, that influences the girls' predominant reality and affects their perception of events in the everyday world. Juliet is diagnosed with tuberculosis and is sent to a clinic. Again her parents leave the country, leaving her alone and missing Pauline. Pauline is desolate without her, the two begin an intense correspondence, writing not only as themselves, but in the roles of the royal couple of Borovnia. During this time Pauline begins a sexual relationship with a lodger, which makes Juliet jealous.
For both of them, their fantasy life becomes a useful escape when under stress in the real world, the two engage in violent murderous, fantasies about people who oppress them. After four months, Juliet is released from the clinic and their relationship intensifies. Juliet's father blames the intensity of the relationship on Pauline and speaks to her parents, who take her to a doctor; the doctor suspects that Pauline is homosexual, considers this a cause of her increasing anger at her mother as well as her dramatic weight loss. Juliet catches her mother having an affair with one of her psychiatric clients and threatens to tell her father, but her mother tells her he knows. Shortly afterward, the two announce their intention to divorce, upsetting Juliet. Soon it is decided that the family will leave Christchurch, with Juliet to be left with a relative in South Africa, she becomes hysterical at the thought of leaving Pauline, the two girls plan to run away together. When that plan becomes impossible, the two begin to talk about murdering Pauline's mother as they see her as the primary obstacle to their being together.
As the date of Juliet's departure nears, it is decided that the two girls should spend the last three weeks together at Juliet's house. At the end of that time, Pauline returns home and the two finalize plans for the murder. Honora plans a day for the three of them at Victoria Park, the girls decide this will be the day. Juliet puts a broken piece of brick into a stocking and they go off to the park. After having tea, the three walk down the path; when Honora bends over to pick up a pink charm the girls have put there and Pauline bludgeon her to death offscreen. Fran Walsh suggested to Peter Jackson that they write a film about the notorious Parker-Hulme murder. Jackson took the idea to his long-time collaborator, producer Jim Booth; the three filmmakers decided that the film should tell the story of the friendship between the two girls rather than focus on the murder and trial. "The friendship was for the most part a rich and rewarding one, we tried to honour that in the film. It was our intention to make a film about a friendship that went wrong," said Peter Jackson.
Walsh had been interested in the case since her early childhood. "I first came across it in the late sixties when I was ten years old. The Sunday Times devoted two whole pages to the story with an accompanying illustration of the two girls. I was struck by the description of the dark and mysterious friendship that existed between them—by the uniqueness of the world the two
Jiří Menzel is a Czech film director, theatre director and screenwriter. His films combine a humanistic view of the world with sarcasm and provocative cinematography; some of these films are adapted from works by Czech writers such as Bohumil Hrabal and Vladislav Vančura. Menzel, a member of the Czech New Wave, became internationally famous in 1967, when his first feature film, Closely Watched Trains, won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, his controversial film Larks on a String was filmed in 1969, but was banned by the Czechoslovakian government. It was released in 1990 after the fall of the Communist regime; the film won the Golden Bear at the 40th Berlin International Film Festival. Menzel was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film again in 1986 with his dark comedy My Sweet Little Village. In 1987, he was a member of the jury at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1989 he was a member of the jury at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival.
In 1995 he was a member of the jury at the 19th Moscow International Film Festival. He was awarded a IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award in November 2013. Hospoda. A sitcom in which Menzel played a psychiatrist, who went to the same Prague pub every day, he had lots of fun with his friends. Škvorecký J. Jiří Menzel and the history of the "Closely Watched Trains". Boulder: East European Monographs, 1982 Jiří Menzel on IMDb
Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin
The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin is a 1994 comedy drama film directed by Jiří Menzel. The film entered the competition at the 51st Venice International Film Festival, in which it won the President of the Italian Senate's Gold Medal, it is based on the novel The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin by Vladimir Voinovich and the scenario by Zdeněk Svěrák. It is a coproduction between Russia, Czech Republic, United Kingdom and Italy; the film is set in 1941 in the Soviet Union before and during the first months of World War II. In the small village of Red makes a forced landing military plane U-2; the command decided to put him near the hour. The military unit near the village of Red served ordinary Ivan Chonkin. Unpretentious and simple soldiers, who looked far from exemplary soldier, serving his military duty in the economic division of the regiment, doing what works in the kitchen, carrying loads on a horse, it was his command post near to detach aircraft in the village of Red.
Chonkin comes after a while begins to cohabit with rustic pochtalonkoy Nura. Soon he moved into her hut. Gennady Nazarov – Ivan Chonkin Zoya Buryak – Nyura Vladimir Ilyin – Golubev Aleksei Zharkov – Gladishev Valeri Zolotukhin – Kilin Zinovy Gerdt – Moisei Stalin Sergei Garmash – Milyaga Maria Vinogradova – Granny Dunia Yuri Dubrovin – Volkov Marián Labuda – Opalikov Aleksandr Garin – Svintsov Menzel, Jirí. "The art of laughter and survival". Index on Censorship. 24: 119–122. Doi:10.1080/03064229508536003. Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin on IMDb
Margherita Buy is an Italian actress. She is a seven-time David di Donatello Awards seven-time Nastro d'argento winner. After a long period of studying at the Academy of Dramatic Arts, she made her breakthrough role in Duccio Tessari's Una grande storia d'amore, followed by roles in Daniele Luchetti's two projects It's Happening Tomorrow and The Week of the Sphinx. For the last one, she won the best performance by an actress in a leading role award at the San Sebastian International Film Festival. Afterwards, she played in Sergio Rubini's The Station for which she won her first David di Donatello Prize and the Silver Ribbon as best leading actress, in 1990. After The Station, she became a premier star featuring in Italian box office hits like Carlo Verdone's Damned the day I met you, she teamed up again with director Daniele Luchetti for The Storm Is Coming and worked with Mario Monicelli in Looking for Paradise and Pozzessere. In 1994 she was directed by Sergio Rubini, in the film Prestazione straordinaria.
She formed an association with Italian director Giuseppe Piccioni, who directed her in four films: the most important being Penniless Hearts and Not of this World, which earned Margherita her second David di Donatello Award. Now Margherita Buy is one of the most appreciated actresses of European cinema: Ferzan Özpetek's The Ignorant Fairies, in which she portrayed a widow who discovered her husband had been having an affair with a man for the last seven years won her a Silver Ribbon as best lead. Cristina Comencini's The Best Day of My Life won her another Silver Ribbon, this time as best supporting actress. Paolo Virzì's Caterina in the Big City won her third David and her third Silver Ribbon as best supporting actress. For her work in Giovanni Veronesi's Manuale d'amore she won her fourth David di Donatello, her performance in I giorni dell'abbandono by Roberto Faenza earned her the Golden Graal for best performance by an actress in a drama. Il caimano by Nanni Moretti, shown at the 2006 Cannes film festival, gave her the Ciak d'oro 2006 award as best lead actress.
In October 2006, she starred in the new release, La sconosciuta, by Academy Award winner Giuseppe Tornatore and in December she starred in Alessandro D'alatri's Commediasexy. Her 1991 marriage with Sergio Rubini ended by the mid-1990s. Margherita Buy on IMDb
Olivier Assayas is a French film director and film critic. Assayas was born in Paris, the son of French director/screenwriter Raymond Assayas, alias Jacques Rémy, his father was of Jewish origin who had settled in Italy, whereas his mother was of Protestant Hungarian origin. Assayas started his career in the industry by helping his father, he ghostwrote. In a 2010 interview, Assayas stated that his main political influences when growing up were Guy Debord and George Orwell. Speaking of the 1968 May uprising to overthrow General de Gaulle, Assayas in the same interview stated: "I was defined by the politics of May'68, but for me May'68 was an anti-totalitarian uprising. People seemed to forget that at the occupied Odéon theater, you had crossed flags-black and red, I was on the side of the black element."He made his debut in 1986, after directing some short films and writing for the influential film magazine Cahiers du cinéma. Assayas's film Cold Water was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1994 Cannes Film Festival.
His biggest hit to date has been Irma Vep, starring Hong Kong star Maggie Cheung, which manages to be a tribute both to French director Louis Feuillade and to Hong Kong cinema. While working at Cahiers du cinéma, Assayas wrote lovingly about European film directors he admires but about Asian directors. One of his films, HHH: A Portrait of Hou Hsiao-hsien, is a documentary about Taiwanese filmmaker Hou Hsiao-hsien, he married Hong Kong movie actress Maggie Cheung in 1998. They divorced in 2001, but their relationship remained amicable, in 2004 Cheung made her award-winning film Clean with him, he met actress-director Mia Hansen-Løve when Hansen-Løve, seventeen at the time, starred in Assayas's 1998 feature Late August, Early September, but " didn't get together until was 20". They separated in 2017, he directed and co-wrote the acclaimed 2010 French television miniseries Carlos, about the life of the terrorist Ilich Ramírez Sánchez. Venezuelan actor Édgar Ramírez won the César Award for Most Promising Actor in 2011 for his performance as Carlos.
In April 2011, it was announced that he would be a member of the jury for the main competition at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival. His 2012 film, Something in the Air, was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 69th Venice International Film Festival. Assayas won the Osella for Best Screenplay at Venice, his 2014 film Clouds of Sils Maria was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. Sils Maria won the Louis Delluc Prize and garnered six César Award nominations including Best Film, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay; the film won a César Award for Best Supporting Actress for American actress Kristen Stewart. In 2016, Assayas won Best Director Award for Personal Shopper, which starred Kristen Stewart. On June 29, 2017, it was announced that Assayas would preside over the 2017 70th anniversary Locarno Film Festival. In an interview with Nick Pinkerton of Reverse Shot, Assayas talked about his influences:That radicality in cinema involved just being outside of the world of modern images, the key to it was the work of Robert Bresson, by far the most important influence in my work, intellectually it's been the influence of Guy Debord—basically, you know, it's been Debord-Bresson, Bresson-Debord, the things that've always defined my framework, the way I look at the world.
Olivier Assayas, A Post-May Adolescence. Letter to Alice Debord, FilmmuseumSynemaPublikationen Vol. 17, Vienna: SYNEMA - Gesellschaft für Film und Medien, 2012, ISBN 978-3-901644-44-3 Kent Jones, Olivier Assayas, FilmmuseumSynemaPublikationen Vol. 16, Vienna: SYNEMA - Gesellschaft für Film und Medien, 2012, ISBN 978-3-901644-43-6 Olivier Assayas on IMDb Olivier Assayas at AllMovie Olivier Assayas at AlloCiné New York Times article on Assayas Bringing Down the House: A Conversation with Olivier Assayas, The Notebook, mubi.com