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529

Year 529 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Decius without colleague; the denomination 529 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. April 7 – Emperor Justinian I issues the Codex Justinianus, reformulating Roman law in an effort to control his unruly people; the Samaritans are defeated. Queen Amalasuntha receives a delegation sent by a council of Gothic nobles urging that she have her son Athalaric, now 13, taught an education in the Roman tradition not by elderly schoolmasters, but by men who will teach him to "ride, to be toughened, not to be turned into a bookworm". Al-Harith ibn Jabalah becomes the fifth king of the Ghassanids, he helps the Byzantines to suppress the wide-scale Samaritan Revolt. February 25 – K'an Joy Chitam I comes to power in the Maya city of Palenque, ending an interregnum of a little over four years.

Rudravarman is granted investiture as the first king of the fourth dynasty of Champa. The Academy founded at Athens by Plato, in about 387 BC, closes down by order of Justinian I, on charges of un-Christian activity. Many of the school's professors emigrate to Syria; the Benedictine Order is established at Monte Cassino near Naples by Benedict of Nursia, who founds a monastery and formulates for his monks strict rules in the "Regula Benedicti". The Canons of the Council of Orange are established, approving the Augustinian doctrine of sin and grace over Pelagianism and Semi-Pelagianism, but without Augustine's absolute predestination. Wen Xuan Di, emperor of Northern Qi Baderic, king of the Thuringii Theodosius the Cenobiarch and founder of the Monastery of St. Theodosius Yuan Hao, imperial prince of Northern Wei

Burgdorf Castle

Burgdorf Castle is a castle in the municipality of Burgdorf in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. During the High Middle Ages the land that would become Burgdorf was owned by the Kingdom of Burgundy and after 1080 by the Dukes of Zähringen. Either the kings or the dukes built a castle on the left bank of the Emme river, this castle was first mentioned in 1080 as castellum Bertoldi ducis. In 1077 and 1084, a fortification on the Emme was mentioned, but the specific castle was not named, but it may have referred to Burgdorf. In 1139 it was mentioned as the Upper Castle which implies that there was a Lower Castle nearby. In 1210 it was called castello Burgdorf. In 1090, the Zähringens inherited the lands of Rheinfelder family when the last male heir died. In 1127, Duke Konrad of Zähringen received the Rectorate over much of Burgundy from Emperor Lothair III. With this authority, they began to accumulate lands and power. During this time the Zähringens founded a number of cities including Burgdorf.

Under Duke Berthold V, in 1200, Burgdorf Castle was expanded. The old castle consisted of a gatehouse and attached wall. Berthold V added a tower, donjon and a hall that connected the two; the old market and town was north of the castle at the foot of the hill. After the extinction of Zähringen line, Burgdorf passed to the Counts of Kyburg. Under the Kyburg or Neu-Kyburg Counts, Burgdorf Castle was the capital of the county, the Counts were the mayors of Burgdorf town. Under the Kyburgs, additional fortifications were added to the castle; the northern curtain wall was extended and two half-round towers were added. The eastern end and the western hall were built up and expanded; when the Kyburg line died out in 1264, the castle passed to Eberhard of Habsburg, married to Anna of Kyburg. Eberhard became the Count of Neu-Kyburg. In the 14th century, the Neu-Kyburgs became indebted. On 11 November 1382, Count Rudolf II of Neu-Kyburg, launched a raid against the city of Solothurn to try and force the city to forgive his debts.

For the city of Bern, this attack on an allied city represented an excellent opportunity for the city to break its ties with the Neu-Kyburgs. In March 1383 the Bernese-Solothurn army marched on Burgdorf; the army besieged the city for 45 days, but was unsuccessful. However, on 5 April 1384 the Neu-Kyburg counts were forced to sell the towns and castles of Burgdorf and Thun to Bern for 37,800 guilders in exchange for peace. After the Burgdorf war, the castle became the seat of the Bernese administrator. Under the Bernese administrator, the castle was again modified; the Kyburg additions to the large hall were demolished in 1540. A new gatehouse was built on the old foundations in 1559. A small stair tower was added in 1580 to the donjon. A new wing was added east of the courtyard in 1729, which contained both apartments and a granary. During the 1798 French invasion and the creation of the Helvetic Republic, the last Bernese administrator, Rudolf of Erlach, worried that the castle would be plundered or burned.

He moved all the government records to a nearby church. The castle was spared and the documents remained safe. Under the Helvetic Republic, the castle served, first, as a military hospital. In 1800, the famous educator, Heinrich Pestalozzi established a school in the castle. Only four years the cantonal administration took over the castle and converted it into government offices. In 1886 the castle was renovated and the Castle Museum opened in the so-called Knight's Hall. List of castles in Switzerland Media related to Schloss Burgdorf at Wikimedia Commons Entry at Burgen.ch Kulturschloss Burgdorf - official museum site

Clan MacBean

Clan MacBean, is a highland Scottish clan and is a member and historic Sept of Clan Chattan. There could be several possible Gaelic origins for this name, with bheathain being one. Another possible origin for the name is the Gaelic Bàn, which appears in the name of Scottish King Donald Bàn - the name could be a reference to the colour of his hair and/or the paleness of his face. Donald Bàn's epithet is seen phonetically anglicised as Bane or Bain; the first name'Bean' is found applied to men from other Clan Chattan families such as Clan Macpherson and Clan Shaw, Clan MacGillivray. A third, but less origin of the name is the suggestion that the name originated from'Beann', which means'top'/'peak', as applied to the names of mountains such as Beinn a' Chaorainn in Lochaber and Britain's highest mountain Ben Nevis. If the name did arise from'Beann' one might assume it was a reference to the height of the person it was applied to. An authoritative view on the origin of the name MacBean came from the respected Gaelic academic Alexander MacBain who, in his An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, wrote the following words: MAC-BEAN, G. McBheathain, from Beathan, Englished as Bean or Benjamin: *Bitâtagno-s, life's son, from beatha, with the termination -agno-s, meaning "descendant of," Eng. -ing, now used like the Eng. to form diminutives.

Mac-bain, Mac-vean. If one pronounces the name McBeathain without use of the usual English "th", but skip over it, as one would do in Gaelic, one can see how the name was written as MacBean, McBain etc. However, Alexander MacBain provided a view on the origin of the name'Bain' in the same dictionary, which may support the name'MacBean' having arisen from the nickname'Bàn': BAIN, from G. Bàn, white; the Bains of Tulloch appear in the sixteenth century variously as Bayne or Bane, with a contemporary near them called John Makferquhair McGillebane. This last name is now McIlle-bhàin, "Fair-gille," rendered into Eng. by Whyte. Some MacBeans dropped the use of'Mac'/'Mc', resulting in the surnames'Bean' and'Bain'; this has understandably caused confusion with the named Bains of Tulloch who were not part of the Clan MacBean, but were in fact a branch of the Clan Mackay, who had changed their surname to Bain, after a forebear, nicknamed'Bàn'. Despite the lack of relationship between the Bains of Tulloch and Clan MacBean, a slight connection came when Kenneth Bayne, 8th Laird of Tulloch sold the estate to his cousin Henry Davidson, whose successors became chiefs of Clan Davidson, members of Clan Chattan like the MacBeans.

History and tradition ascribes the MacBeans as being among the descendants of Gillichattan Mor more known as Clan Chattan. The earliest certain record of the name in its more modern form appeared in an old Kinrara manuscript, which names both Bean Macmilmhor and his son, Milmor MacBean. Charles Fraser-Mackintosh provides some helpful information about the clan's origins:The Macbean territory lay chiefly in the parish of Dores, as may be seen from the preponderance of the name on the tombstones in the churchyard, represented by Kinchyle and Drummond as heritors, they were represented in Strathnairn by Macbean of Faillie, in Strathdearn by Macbean of Tomatin. Kinchyle was undoubted head, signs the Bond of Union among the Clan Chattan in 1609. According to the Rev. Lachlan Shaw, the first Macbean came out of Lochaber, in the suit of Eva, heiress of Clan Chattan, settled near Inverness; the MS. history of the Mackintoshes says in corroboration, that “Bean vic Coil Mor lived in Lochaber, was a faithful servant to Mackintosh against the Red Comyn, who possessed Inverlochie, a professed enemy of Mackintosh.”

Again the manuscript records that Myles Mac-Bean vic-Coil-Mor and his four sons, Gillies and Farquhar, after they had slain the Red Comyn’s steward and his two servants Patten and Kissen, came to William Mackintosh, seventh of Mackintosh, in Connage, in Pettie, where he dwelt, for themselves and their posterity took protection and dependence of him and his, as their chief. This occurring about 1334, establishes the Macbeans as one of the oldest tribes of historic Clan Chattan; the Mackintosh history, referring to the battle of Harlaw, narrates that “Mackintosh lost in this battle many of his friends and people of the Clan Vean.” This loss so depressed the Macbeans that I am unable to trace the succession from this period until the time of Gillies, about 1500. The Mackintosh history being referred to above is the Kinrara Manuscript, a new edition of which, edited by Dr Jean Munro has been published by the Clan Chattan Association; the Clan MacBean fought for Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles, along with the rest of Clan Chattan at the Battle of Harlaw in 1411, where they suffered heavy losses.

In the history of the Mackintoshes, chiefs of Clan Chattan, it is recorded that "Mackintosh mourned the loss of so many of his friends and people of Clan Vean". The 12th chief of Clan MacBean was Paul MacBean who due to heavy debts was forced to give up his lands in about 1685. However, the lands were re-granted in the same year by the Earl of Cawdor to Paul's son William MacBean in Kinchyle. William's elder son Aeneas MacBean succeeded him, followed by Aeneas's nephew Captain Donald MacBean, son of his younger brother Gillies MacBean, w

100% (Beverley Knight album)

100% is the sixth studio album recorded by English singer-songwriter Beverley Knight, was the first released on her own record label Hurricane Records following her departure from Parlophone. The album was digitally released on 6 September 2009 followed by a physical release on 7 September 2009 through Absolute Marketing; the lead single from the album, "Beautiful Night" was released as a download-only on the same day as the album. A radio only first single, "Every Step", produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis was added to BBC Radio 2's B-list on 17 June 2009, it was released as a free download on 6 July 2009 for two weeks. After the release of Music City Soul in 2007, Knight's record contract with Parlophone had come to its natural end. Knight decided she was at the stage in her career where she needed to take full creative control and no longer wished to be tied down by the constraints of her record company. In an interview with Ronnie Herel on BBC 1Xtra on 26 May 2009, Knight revealed that the album will be titled 100% and explains that throughout her entire career, she feels she has given 100% of her effort whether it be recording albums, performing live or through her philanthropic work.

Knight goes on to say that the title is a dedication to her partner, that for the first time she has given 100% to a relationship. This is further illustrated by the title track "100%", dedicated to partner James. "The title track is about my total commitment to my boyfriend, something I haven’t always done if I’m truthful. 100% has become the mantra for my commitment to my career – I always give 100% of myself to music!" The album has a guest appearance from Chaka Khan on the track "Soul Survivor", co-written by Knight and Guy Chambers. Written for Tina Turner as a testament to her longevity, upon recording it Beverley loved it so much that she decided to keep it and recorded it with Chaka Khan. Knight says "We both see ourselves as soul survivors, we have rode through the ups and downs of our musical careers, we are both still here and loving it". Other notable collaborators on the album include Jimmy Hogarth, Guy Chambers, Amanda Ghost, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, The Rural, DJ Munro and DC Joseph, Kevin Bacon and Jonathan Quarmby.

The album has received a mixture of positive and less favourable reviews from music critics. BBC music critic David Quantick gave the album a positive review commenting that "The title track, a full on Anita Baker croon tune, is predicated not on a lot of timbales sprinkling about over some nice chords, but an ambient ripple running under it like Brian Eno leaving his bath taps running" as well as Mayer Nassim from Digital Spy "The deep soul of the title track is the best thing here, evoking the likes of Bobby Womack with its classic dynamics that match Knight's impressive vocals.'Bare' is another highlight, a stripped down Whitney-esque torch ballad that frames what is still one of the best voices in British music." A mixed review came from Andy Welch of The Telegraph "At once vintage-Atlantic-soul-sounding yet defiantly British, her nickname as the UK's Queen of Soul couldn’t be more apt. Despite this, she's never had the material her vocal talent should have. On this, her sixth studio album, nothing has changed."

However, Serena Kutchinsky of The London Paper gave it 2 stars while commenting "Yes, Knight has a syrupy smooth voice, used to full effect on tracks such as Beautiful Night, but the dearth of catchy pop hooks and too much schmaltzy gospel render of it little more than pseudo-soulful tripe". The track listing for 100% was confirmed by music retailer HMV. Amazon.co.uk Digital download"A Love We'll Never Know"Play.com Digital download"Force of Nature"iTunes Exclusive bonus material"In Your Shoes" "Piece of My Heart" "Beautiful Night" Behind the Scenes of "Beautiful Night" A remix album, titled 100% – The Remixes was released on digital download via Beatport on 29 January 2012. It features remixes of three of the 100% album singles, "Beautiful Night", "In Your Shoes" and "Soul Survivor". Digital download Official website Beverley Knight interview by Pete Lewis,'Blues & Soul' July 2009

New Testament people named John

The name John is prominent in the New Testament and occurs numerous times. Among Jews of this period, the name was one of the most popular, borne by about five percent of men. Thus, it has long been debated. Simon Peter is at times called "son of John", though in Matthew the text has Simon Bariona; the latter appears to be untranslated Aramaic, with bar meaning “son of” and Iona being Jonah, or according to Bauckham, Jôhana‘, an Aramaized form of John. John the Baptist, son of Zechariah, figures prominently in the beginning of each of the four Gospels; the Synoptic Gospels distinguish him as “the Baptist”, but the Gospel of John omits this epithet, as no other John is therein mentioned by name. John the Baptist was beheaded during the ministry of Jesus, so in most cases he is distinguished from other Johns. Ford proposes that Revelation originated as prophecy of John the Baptist, expanded by his followers to produce the book in its current form, but most scholars reject this theory. John, son of Zebedee was one of the Twelve Apostles, along with his brother James.

This John is mentioned in the Synoptic Gospels, but always in company with his brother James or with Peter or with both. In the first eight chapters of Acts, Peter is always accompanied by a certain John, certainly his fellow apostle, is also the John that Paul elsewhere lists with Peter and James as “pillars”, but after the execution of his brother James in 44, this John is never again mentioned. There are many early indications that John were killed together; the response of Jesus to these two, “The cup that I drink you shall drink. Indeed, Papias records that James and John “were killed by the Jews”, early martyrologies record the martyrdom of “John and James the apostles in Jerusalem”. Many ancient sources and many modern scholars identify John the Apostle as the author of some or all of the Johannine books, thereby claiming apostolic authority for them. Thus, John the Apostle is identified with John the Evangelist also John the Elder, with still less certainty, John the Revelator, with the John who survived to old age in Ephesus.

This John is mentioned once in passing as present during the trial of Peter and John in Jerusalem, as recorded in Acts: “On the next day, their rulers and experts in the law came together in Jerusalem. Annas the high priest was there, Caiaphas, John and others who were members of the high priest’s family.” Thus, he is distinct from John the Apostle, although some scholars have suggested that the Zebedees' fishing business made them known to the high priest, while others conclude that being fishermen is not synonymous with being poor nor precludes priestly connections, some argue that the other disciple, known to the high priest and who spoke to the servant-girl on duty there and brought Peter in mentioned in John 18:15 is to be the same disciple, never mentioned by name in John's Gospel. However, the Sons of Zebedee are both present in chapter 21 in the count of five plus two unnamed disciples; the Beloved Disciple is named as such separately. Polycrates of Ephesus writes that John the Evangelist “was a priest, wearing the petalon”—i.e. that he had served as High Priest.

In this, he seems to identify the Evangelist with this high-priestly John mentioned in Acts. Some modern scholars make the same identification, further citing from the Gospel “the other disciple, known to the High Priest.”Although there is no conclusive proof, early writings such as by Polycrates may be interpretations based on their reading of the gospels, there are many theories - as one example: given that Elizabeth, Mary's kinswoman, was a "Daughter of Aaron", so too would Mary's sister mentioned in John 19:25... and she is mentioned in a way, some suggest, that might indicate she is John's mother. “John, called Mark” is mentioned several times in Acts. Such use of one Semitic name and another Greek name was a common practice among Jews of the time, he is identified with the Mark mentioned in various epistles, with Mark the Evangelist. This John is proposed as author of some of the Johannine works as well. Tarazi goes so far as to attribute to him the Gospels of both Mark and John and all the other Johannine books.

Five canonical books of the New Testament are ascribed to John and thus called collectively the Johannine literature: The Gospel of John The First Epistle of John The Second Epistle of John The Third Epistle of John The Book of RevelationOnly in Revelation does the text itself name its author as John. Whether or not these attributions have a basis in historical truth—modern scholars vary in their opinions about authorship—the question remains of which John each of these attributions refers to. Since antiquity, many have considered the entire Johannine corpus to be the work of a single author, a certain John of Ephesus, whom many identified with the Apostle John, son of Zebedee. On the other hand, this identification and the authorship of individual works have been disputed since antiquity. Thus, the reputed authors of the Johannine works are conventionall

Faraz Dero

Faraz Dero is a Pakistani politician, the current Provincial Minister of Sindh for Auqaf, Religious Affairs, Zakat and Ushr, in office since 5 September 2018. He has been a member of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh since August 2018, he was a Member of the Provincial Assembly of Sindh from May 2013 to May 2018. He was born on 2 April 1980 in Tando Adam Khan, he has received matriculation level education from Ghora Gali. He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Sindh as a candidate of Pakistan Peoples Party from Constituency PS-82 in 2013 Pakistani general election, he was re-elected to Provincial Assembly of Sindh as a candidate of PPP from Constituency PS-44 in 2018 Pakistani general election. On 5 September 2018, he was inducted into the provincial Sindh cabinet of Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah and was appointed as Provincial Minister of Sindh for Auqaf with the additional ministerial portfolios of religious affairs, Zakat and Ushr