click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

535

Year 535 was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Belisarius without colleague; the denomination 535 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Gothic War: Emperor Justinian I appoints Belisarius commander-in-chief, sends a Byzantine expeditionary force of only 8,000 soldiers to begin the reconquest of Italy. Summer – Belisarius lands in Sicily and meets little opposition, save for the Gothic garrison of Palermo. Laying siege to the citadel, he blockades the harbour with his ships. Mundus captures its capital, Salona. Justinian I issues the Lex Julia and declares that a wife has no right to bring criminal charges of adultery against a husband; this makes divorce impossible in the Byzantine Empire. December 31 – Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Gothic garrison of Palermo, ending his consulship for the year.

April 30 – King Theodahad revenges himself upon Queen Amalasuntha. He has her taken from the capital of Ravenna to a small island on Lake Bolsena, where she is strangled in her bath; the Byzantine city of Justiniana Prima is founded, becomes a bishop's seat of the Central Balkans. Spring – Solomon defeats the Moorish rebels at Mount Mammes and Mount Bourgaon, he establishes fortifications along the Numidian border. April – Justinian I reorganises the province as an African prefecture, centered in Carthage, he restores frontier defences, returns property to the Catholic Church. The Northern Wei Dynasty ends: The northern region of China is split into the Eastern Wei and the Western Wei during a civil war; the first ruler is Wen Di. Significant to the history of agriculture, Chinese author Jia Sixia writes the treatise "Chimin Yaoshu" in this year, although it quotes 160 previous Chinese agronomy books, it is the oldest existent Chinese agriculture treatise. In over 100,000 written Chinese characters, the book covers land preparation, cultivation, orchard management, animal husbandry and culinary uses for crops.

Reports of the eruption of Krakatoa, which lead to several years of climate change, are recorded in the Javanese Book of Kings. May 8 – Pope John II dies in Rome after a two-year reign, is succeeded by Agapetus I as the 57th pope, he is sent on an embassy to Constantinople. Byzantine troops drive the extremist Monophysite party out of Alexandria, establish Theodosius I as patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Anthimus I becomes patriarch of Constantinople. A Christian basilica is completed at Leptis Magna in North Africa; the weather is reported to be unusually dark in multiple parts of the world. Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of the prophet Muhammad, father of Ali Ibn Abi Talib Evagrius Scholasticus, Syrian scholar Sigebert I, king of Austrasia Theudebald, king of Austrasia Xiao Zhao Di, emperor of Northern Qi May 8 – Pope John II June 5 – Epiphanius, patriarch of Constantinople Eugippius and biographer Timothy III, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria Xie He, Chinese writer and art historian Xu Mian, official of the Liang Dynasty Xiao Wu Di, emperor of Northern Wei

Mongolia and the International Monetary Fund

Mongolia's relations with the International Monetary Fund became official on February 14, 1991 when Mongolia became a member. Mongolia's first IMF loan was for $54 million. Six years Mongolia received a $45 million three-year loan under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility in 1997. Through this loan and support from IMF, Mongolia began to make economic reforms, which included liberalization of wages and prices, allowed a larger mining capacity, a reduction in import restriction, privatization of some state enterprises, the establishment of a commercial banking system, easing of capital controls and a floating exchange rate system for managing its money supply. However, serious fundamental problems remained, such as a weak banking system, a large and inefficient public sector, a "discretionary" tax system and a legal infrastructure that did not support private sector sufficiently. In addition, the progress stalled in 1998 due to large declines in export prices, spillovers from regional crises and political problems.

Based on the impressive economic growth in the past, the IMF executive board approved Mongolia's Second Annual Program under ESAF. This time they sought to solve the structural problems that remained after the first program under ESAF. In 2017, with a current quota of $72.3 million, requested a three-year extended arrangement under the IMF’s Extended Fund Facility, with access equivalent to $434.3 million. After two decades, the Mongolian economy still struggles with structural problems; the drop in commodity prices and collapse in foreign direct investment slowed the economy. Foreign investment fell after a enacted foreign investment law passed in reaction to a proposed acquisition in SouthGobi Resources by a Chinese state owned mining company in 2012. On April 13, 2017, Minister of Finance of Mongolia B. Choijilsuren and the governor of the Bank of Mongolia N. Bayasaikhan sent a letter of intent to IMF requesting the extended arrangement. With some delay due to the new law on foreign exchange, the request was approved on May 24, 2017.

This loan is part of a bigger $5.5 billion financing package supported by Japan, China, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Once the Mongolian government acknowledged this problem, they prepared an Economic Recovery Program

Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Slovakia)

Euro gold and silver commemorative coins are special euro coins minted and issued by member states of the Eurozone in gold and silver, although other precious metals are used on rare occasions. Slovakia is scheduled to introduced the euro on 1 January 2009; the National Bank of Slovakia, together with the Kremnica Mint, will be issuing both normal issues of Slovak euro coins, which are intended for circulation, commemorative euro coins in gold and silver. These special coins have a legal tender only in Slovakia, unlike the normal issues of the Slovak euro coins, which have a legal tender in every country of the Eurozone; this means that the commemorative coins made of gold and silver cannot be used as money in other countries. Furthermore, as their bullion value vastly exceeds their face value, these coins are not intended to be used as means of payment at all—although it remains possible. For this reason, they are named Collectors' coins; the coins commemorate the anniversaries of historical events or draw attention to current events of special importance.

Slovakia has announced that two of these coins will be minted in 2009, both in silver, with face value of 10 and 20 euros. As of 9 October 2008, 2 variations of Slovak commemorative coins have been scheduled to be minted in 2009; these special high-value commemorative coins are not to be confused with €2 commemorative coins, which are coins designated for circulation and do have legal tender status in all countries of the Eurozone. The following table shows the number of coins minted per year. In the first section, the coins are grouped by the metal used, while in the second section they are grouped by their face value

Ram┼źnas Butautas

Ramūnas Butautas is a Lithuanian professional basketball coach who last coached Lietkabelis Panevėžys of the Lithuanian Basketball League. He is the son of Stepas Butautas. In 2017, Butautas was elected as the head coach for Lebanon national basketball team. On December 28, 2006 the executive committee of Basketball Federation of Lithuania unanimously decided that Butautas would become the head coach of the Lithuanian national men's basketball team. On December 2009, he was appointed as the head coach of Žalgiris Kaunas. On February 9, 2010 Butautas was released from Žalgiris. On March 16, 2011 Butautas was appointed head coach of VEF Rīga. In June 2013 he signed a three-year extension with VEF Rīga, but following a disappointing season was relieved of his duties in June 2014, he coached Astana, winning the national championship in 2015. He left the team after a disappointing season in 2016. On December 29, 2017, he became the head coach of Lietkabelis Panevėžys of the Lithuanian Basketball League.

2003: Lithuania U-19 second coach 2004: Lithuania U-20 head coach 2005: Lithuania U-21 head coach 2007–2009: Lithuania national basketball team head coach 2017-: Lithuania U-20 head coach 2017-: Lebanon national basketball team head coach Silver in 2003 FIBA Under-19 World Championship Bronze 2004 FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship Gold in 2005 FIBA Under-21 World Championship LKL bronze medalist – 2004, 2005 BBL bronze medalist – 2005, 2008, 2012 BBL silver medalist – 2011 Latvian league bronze medalist – 2006 Latvian league champion – 2007, 2011, 2012, 2013 Bronze in EuroBasket 2007 Latvian league silver medalist – 2008, 2014 Kazakhstan Basketball Championship champion – 2015 Lithuanian Basketball League

Sid the Slug

Sid the Slug is an advertising character created by the Food Standards Agency in the United Kingdom in 2004 as the mascot of the "Salt - Watch it" campaign to warn the public of the risks of excessive salt consumption. The multimedia campaign, including advertising hoardings, television commercials and Internet coverage, was based on the premise that salt kills slugs, can harm humans too; the Salt Manufacturers' Association filed a complaint to the Advertising Standards Authority, their complaint being that the information presented was misleading. The Advertising Standards Authority did not uphold the SMA complaint in its adjudication; the ASA had to deal with another complaint from a member of the public, that the use of the name "Sid" was offensive. A member of the public complained to the FSA that the Welsh subtitles in the ‘Sid the Slug’ TV advertisements meant the FSA was not treating English and Welsh as is required by the FSA Welsh Language Scheme; the FSA replied that the animation could not have been dubbed into Welsh hence the subtitles.

However, the FSA accepted that it had not complied with advertising conduct, as set by the Welsh Language Board. Sid the Slug game from the Food Standards Agency Salt Manufacturers' Association Salt Manufacturers' Association press release Sid the Slug slips up 18 October 2004 BBC Salt firms complain over campaign 20 September 2004 BBC Sid says salt stinks. Salt says same of Sid 23 September 2004 Daily Telegraph In sickness and in health: take Sid the Slug's warning with a pinch of salt News-Medical. Net article on the SMA's complaint Salt Association hits back at'Sid the Slug' campaign FSA ASA throws out complaint against Agency 12 October 2004 FSA Complaint against Food Standards Agency ad campaign thrown out by ASA 12 October 2004

Black Diamond (Stan Ridgway album)

Black Diamond is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Stan Ridgway. It was released on January 1996 by Birdcage Records. All tracks are written by Stan Ridgway, except ``. Adapted from the Black Diamond liner notes. MusiciansStan Ridgway – lead vocals, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, recorder, Hammond organ, production Ted Andersen – drums, percussion Harlan Boddicker – bass guitar Larry Grennan – recording, percussion, backing vocals Bob Elmo – cello, bass guitar Todd Sharpsaxophone, woodwind Pietra Wexstunkeyboards, backing vocalsProduction and additional personnelEd Colver – photography Fred Davis – design Doug Schwartz – mastering Black Diamond at Discogs