Year 538 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague; the denomination 538 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. March 12 – Siege of Rome: King Vitiges of the Ostrogoths ends his siege and abandons Rome, he retreats with his Gothic army northeast along the Via Flaminia. Belisarius attacks the Goths. After fierce resistance, Vitiges routs in panic, many are slain or drowned in the river. Gothic War: Vitiges strengthens the garrisons of various towns and besieges Ariminum. Byzantine forces under the Armenian general Narses arrive at Picenum. April – Belisarius secures Liguria and Ariminum, but disagreements with Narses, leads to disunity in the Byzantine army. Summer – King Theudebert I sends a small Frankish force across the Alps, defeats the Goths and Byzantines at the River Po. Belisarius retreats to Tuscany.
Sittas, Byzantine general, suppresses a revolt in Armenia in protest against heavy taxation. During the campaign he is killed by leader of the revolt. King Cuneglas of Rhos abandons his wife in favour of his sister-in-law, a nun who he drags from her convent. Gabrán mac Domangairt becomes king of Dál Riata. King Seong of Paekche moves the capital from Ungjin further south to Sabi, on the Geum River, he sends a diplomatic mission. The Kofun period ends and the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan, begins; as a result of persecutions by the Byzantine Empire, Monophysite Christians establish the Coptic Church in Alexandria. The Third Council of Orléans prohibits rural labor on Sunday; the first time since Emperor Justinian's decree of 533 that John became the Bishop of Rome, Chief Bishop of all the churches. The supremacy of the Bishop of Rome over the Church could be implemented by Vigilius. Third year of worldwide famine, a consequence of the Extreme weather events of 535–536.
Bidatsu, emperor of Japan Gregory of Tours and historian Zhiyi, de facto founder of Tiantai Buddhism February 8 – Severus of Antioch, patriarch of Antioch Cailtram, king of the Picts Comgall mac Domangairt, king of Dál Riata Damascius, Byzantine philosopher Saint Manchan, Irish Saint. Sittas, Byzantine general
Guillermo Andrés Marino is an Argentine football midfielder. He is known for his teamwork and playmaking ability and can play in the center as well as on the wings. Marino started his career with Newell's Old Boys in 2000, he helped the team to win the Apertura 2004, he endured a six-month contract dispute with the club, he did not play for them again. In 2005, he signed for Boca Juniors, he has suffered a number of injuries and has been left out of the team, but he has helped the club to win five major titles. In July 2007, he signed with Tigres UANL. After his spell in the Mexican side, he came back to Boca Juniors, where he was used as a substitute for Juan Román Riquelme. In 2010, after six months of being released from Boca Juniors and inactivity due to injuries, Marino signed a 3-year contract with Universidad de Chile. In his first season with the club, he struggled to obtain a spot in the main squad because of poor form. However, with the arrival of Jorge Sampaoli Marino began to improve his form and weight, was one of the key players that helped the team to win the Apertura 2011.
In 2015, he joined to Atlético de Rafaela. Guardian statistics Argentine Primera statistics Marino, Guillermo Andrés at Historia de Boca.com
New Bedford is the future terminus of the MBTA Commuter Rail's New Bedford branch of the South Coast Rail project. Located in New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA; the station will be built as part of the state's effort to extend rail service to Fall River and New Bedford. New Bedford station will be built on the former New Taunton Railroad; the station is anticipated to open in 2023 along with the rest of South Coast Rail Phase 1. In 2019, the planned station name was changed from Whale's Tooth to New Bedford for clarity. Situated east of Acushnet Avenue between Pearl and Willis Streets with a park on the west side of the station, was the Romanesque style Old Colony Railroad Station. List of Old Colony Railroad stations Media related to New Bedford station at Wikimedia Commons
Papilio astyalus, the broad-banded swallowtail or Astyalus swallowtail, is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found from Mexico south to Argentina, it is reported from southern Texas and rare strays can be found up to southern Arizona and northern Texas. The wingspan is 117–120 mm. Adults are on wing from April to October. There are two generations per year; the larvae feed on the leaves of Citrus trees. Adults feed on the nectar including Lantana species. P. a. astyalus P. a. pallas Gray, P. a. bajaensis Brown & Faulkner, 1992 P. a. hippomedon P. a. phanias Rothschild & Jordan, 1906 P. a. anchicayaensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002 Neotropical ecozone. Lewis, H. L. 1974 Butterflies of the World ISBN 0-245-52097-X Page 25, figure N. Mark. Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. Nearctica.com Butterflycorner Images from Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Roseland is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, located on the far south side of the city. It includes the neighborhoods of Fernwood, Princeton Park, the southern portion of West Chesterfield, Sheldon Heights and West Roseland. Roseland was settled in the 1840s by Dutch immigrants, who called the area "de Hooge Prairie", the High Prairie, because it was built on higher, drier ground than the earlier Dutch settlement several miles further south of the Little Calumet River, called "de Laage Prairie", the Low Prairie, now South Holland, Illinois; the community was agrarian until the late 19th century, when the town of Pullman, Chicago was built between Roseland and Lake Calumet. George M. Pullman planned a model industrial city built around a factory that manufactured his "Palace" railway coaches. Modern brick homes were built with electricity and gas utilities. Skilled tradesmen from all over Europe immigrated to the town of Pullman with many settling in nearby Roseland; the Pullman Freight Car Works was built in the 1900s decade on 103rd Street, survives to this day as a distribution center for flat-rolled steel.
Roseland was annexed into Chicago in 1892. The Roseland area became a cosmopolitan community made up of multi cultural and racial backgrounds. There was a large population of Italian Americans just east of Roseland in the Kensington community. Most came to the area from the Little Italy neighborhood on Taylor Street making Kensington the center of South Side Italian life. San Antonia de Padua cathedral was a cultural landmark of the area. Supporting businesses flourished changing the farmland into commercial and residential communities surrounded by a number of industries. Stores on Michigan Avenue served the entire south side of Chicago. Fortunes began to change in the 1960s. Steel mills to the east were shuttered. Pullman scaled back production and closed for good in 1981; the huge Sherwin-Williams paint factory closed for good in 1995. A period of rapid ethnic succession took place; the much lauded mural "I Welcome Myself to a New Place: Roseland Pullman Mural," by Olivia Gude, Jon Pounds, Marcus Jefferson, 1988, was designed to unite the predominantly African American community of Roseland with its nearest neighbor, the predominantly white Pullman community.
Fernwood lies on the western edge between 99th and 103rd Streets. It was considered an "upscale" neighborhood of Roseland and extended west into the Washington Heights community up to Halsted Street. Sometimes referred to as West Roseland, it was incorporated in 1883; the area was known for a gardenlike parkway between 95th and 103rd Streets along Eggelston, known as Fernwood Parkway. The area is noted for one of the worst race riots in Chicago history. In mid August 1947, several black veterans and their families moved into the CHA Fernwood Park Housing Project at 104th and Halsted. Area residents viewed this as one of several attempts by the CHA to initiate racial integration into white communities. A violent mob action resulted which lasted for three days and mobilized over 1,000 law enforcement officers to control. During the 1950s and 1960s the community witnessed the combined effects of blockbusting by unscrupulous real estate agents and the ensuing white flight resulting in complete ethnic transition.
Like the surrounding communities of Roseland and Washington Heights, Fernwood Park remains predominantly African-American. Lilydale is a small enclave of modest homes in the northwest corner of Roseland. In the 1920s and 1930s the thinly populated area was referred to as little more than a "cabbage patch", it consisted of vacant land between 91st and 95th Streets and between State Street and the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad tracks. The 1940s saw a peak in the Second Migration of Black workers from the South seeking jobs and a better life in the industrialized North. Affordable housing for Blacks was limited and restricted to the "Black Belt" on the south side of Chicago. Housing shortages grew more severe with the onset of World War II as defense workers moved into the city to aid the war effort. Lilydale became an attractive area due to its proximity to the steel mills and other defense industries on the south side, it was centrally convenient to railroads and streetcars. Beginning in 1942, Black contractors Matthew Goodwin and "Duke" Hodges began building simple, low cost single family homes and duplexes for a growing working-class black neighborhood.
To Black trades workers, Lilydale represented an all-too-rare opportunity to use their skills and help resolve their own housing problem. While the homes were modest, they were made of brick and many still stand today, they were intended to be rented to defense workers and sold to veterans after the War. The homes were more affordable than similar homes in the area making them attractive to workers and veterans alike. Today, only about 12 city blocks remain of the original settlement and the area is referred to as a part of Princeton Park. Princeton Park is a community of single-family homes built in 1944 and is located in the northwest corner of the Roseland community area in Chicago, it was a subdivision of low cost multi-family row houses between 91st and 95th streets and Wentworth and Harvard streets. The eastern boundary extended to State Street; this area includes classic bungalows, that were part of the Lilydale community. The project was the creation of banker/real estate developer Donald O'Toole.
The land had been used for farming by the Dutch settlers in the
Catlin Group Limited was a Bermuda-based specialty insurance and reinsurance company. Catlin operated more than 55 offices worldwide, it owned the largest syndicate at Lloyd's of London, based on 2011 gross written premiums. Catlin shares were listed on the London Stock Exchange until it was acquired by XL Group plc in May 2015. Catlin Underwriting Agencies Limited was established as an underwriting agency at Lloyd's of London in 1984 by Stephen Catlin, who today remains chief executive of the Catlin Group. Catlin's first Lloyd's syndicate began underwriting in 1985 on behalf of Lloyd's Names with a premium capacity of £6 million. Syndicate 1003 grew during its early years, outperforming the Lloyd's market as a whole during the period from 1988-1992 when Lloyd's reported huge financial losses. By its 10th anniversary in 1995, Syndicate 1003 had increased its premium capacity to £170 million. During that year, the company received a substantial private equity investment from Western General Insurance Company of Bermuda, controlled by the Pritzker family.
The investment allowed Catlin to establish a second Lloyd's syndicate, which underwrote coverage in parallel with the established Syndicate 1003. While Syndicate 1003 continued to write coverage on behalf of capital supplied by traditional Lloyd's Names, Syndicate 2003 was backed by capital supplied by Catlin. In 1999, Catlin incorporated a holding company in Bermuda called Catlin Westgen Holding Limited and renamed Catlin Group Limited. Catlin was the first of the traditional Lloyd's of London managing agents to establish a holding company in Bermuda, a strategic move copied by several of its peers. Following the World Trade Center tragedy in 2001, Catlin expanded its operations and strengthened its balance sheet. In 2002, Catlin raised US$532 million in private equity funds from a consortium of investors; the equity capital, in the form of convertible preferred stock, was provided by a consortium of private equity investors. It was the only company operating at Lloyd's to receive private equity financing in the wake of 9/11.
Catlin shares were listed on the London Stock Exchange in 2004. The Group's initial public offering, several times oversubscribed, raised nearly $200 million in new capital. In October 2006 Catlin announced that it intended to acquire Wellington Underwriting plc, which managed one of the largest syndicates at Lloyd's and had established underwriting operations in the United States: the acquisition was completed on 18 December 2006. On 9 January 2015, it was announced; the acquisition was completed in May 2015. Catlin organises its operations into six'underwriting hubs': London/UK, United States, Asia-Pacific and Canada; the Group maintains that the underwriting hubs serve to diversify Catlin's underwriting portfolio as the offices within each hub underwrite regional business that would not be written at Lloyd's or in the London market. The offices allow Catlin to work more with clients and their brokers on a local basis; the London/UK hub is composed of Catlin's original operation and includes London wholesale insurance and reinsurance business underwritten by the Catlin Syndicate at Lloyd's, the largest syndicate at Lloyd's of London in terms of premium volume, Catlin UK, which writes UK regional business as well as London market wholesale business.
The Bermuda hub consists of the operations of Catlin Bermuda, which underwrites property and casualty treaty reinsurance and selected classes of specialty insurance. The United States hub, which trades under the Catlin US brand, includes business underwritten by Catlin's 17 US offices; these offices underwrite on behalf of US-based insurers owned by the Catlin Group—Catlin Insurance Company Inc. Catlin Specialty Insurance Company Inc. and Catlin Indemnity Company—as well as the syndicate at Lloyd's. This hub is responsible for Catlin's two Latin American offices, located in São Paulo and Bogota; the Asia-Pacific hub includes offices in Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, which were established in 1999 and were the first offices established by Catlin outside London. The Asia-Pacific hub now includes underwriting offices in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Melbourne and representative offices in Tokyo and Mumbai; the Europe hub was established in 2003 with an office in Cologne. The hub now includes 12 other European offices in Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium and Austria.
It includes the operations of Catlin Re Switzerland Ltd. a Zurich-based reinsurance company that commenced underwriting at 1 January 2011. Catlin Re Swtizerland writes most classes of non-life treaty reinsurance business for clients based in Europe, it writes credit and surety classes of reinsurance for a worldwide client base; the Canada hub underwrites property/casualty insurance and reinsurance for Canadian clients and operates from offices in Toronto, Montreal and Calgary. Altogether, Catlin now operates more than 55 offices in 21 countries; the business underwritten by the hubs is written on behalf of Catlin-owned insurance carriers. These include the Catlin Syndicate and Lloyd's, Catlin UK, Catlin Bermuda, Catlin Re Switzerland and three insurers (Catlin Insurance Company, Catlin Specialty Insuranc