5682 Beresford

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5682 Beresford
Discovery [1]
Discovered byR. H. McNaught
Discovery siteSiding Spring Obs.
Discovery date9 October 1990
Designations
MPC designation(5682) Beresford
Named after
Tony Beresford [1]
(Australian amateur astronomer)
1990 TB · 1969 PP
1983 RV5
Mars crosser[1][2][3]
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 27 April 2019 (JD 2458600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc68.89 yr (25,163 d)
Aphelion2.9826 AU
Perihelion1.6114 AU
2.2970 AU
Eccentricity0.2985
3.48 yr (1,272 d)
77.335°
0° 16m 59.16s / day
Inclination7.9606°
212.78°
138.58°
Earth MOID0.616 AU (240 LD)
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
4.125±0.661 km[4][5]
5.66 km (calculated)[3]
7.33±0.73 km[6]
3.769±0.005 h[a]
0.109[6]
0.20 (assumed)[3]
0.365±0.145[4][5]
S (assumed)[3]
13.60[2][3][5][4]
13.70[1][6]

5682 Beresford, provisional designation 1990 TB is a stony asteroid and sizable Mars-crosser from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 9 October 1990, by astronomer Robert McNaught at the Siding Spring Observatory in Australia.[1] The assumed S-type asteroid has a short rotation period of 3.8 hours.[3] It was named after Australian amateur astronomer Anthony Beresford.[1]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Beresford is a member of the Mars-crossing asteroids, a dynamically unstable group between the main belt and the near-Earth populations, crossing the orbit of Mars at 1.66 AU.[1] It orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.61–2.98 AU once every 3 years and 6 months (1,272 days; semi-major axis of 2.3 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.30 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.[2] The body's observation arc begins with a precovery taken at Palomar Observatory in November 1949, or almost 41 years prior to its official discovery observation at Siding Spring in October 1990.[1]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named after Tony Beresford (Anthony Charles Beresford; born 1942), an Australian amateur astronomer who has been an active observer of artificial satellites as part of the Operation Moonwatch program. He has also been instrumental in the distribution of astronomical information and discoveries in South Australia.[1] The name was suggested by Duncan I. Steel and the official citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 2 April 1999 (M.P.C. 34341).[7]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Beresford is an assumed, stony S-type asteroid,[3] the most common spectral type in the inner region of the Solar System.

Rotation period[edit]

In October 2011, a rotational lightcurve of Beresford was obtained from photometric observations by Brian Skiff. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 3.769±0.005 hours with a brightness variation of 0.08±0.01 magnitude (U=3-), indicative of a spherical shape.[a] The result supersedes an alternative period solution of 7.536±0.002 hours (twice the period) with an amplitude of 0.20 magnitude previously obtained by Robert A. Koff at the Antelope Hills Observatory (H09) in Colorado in October 2004 (U=2).[8][b]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the survey carried out by the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Beresford measures 4.13 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.36(5).[5][4] However, a 2017-WISE-study dedicated to Mars-crossing asteroids determined a larger diameter of 7.33 kilometers due to a much lower albedo of 0.109.[6] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for as stony asteroid of 0.20 and derives a diameter of 5.66 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 13.6.[3]

Sizable Mars-crosser[edit]

With a diameter of up to 7.3 kilometers, Beresford is still one of the smaller "sizable" Mars-crossing asteroids (5–15 km). These include 3581 Alvarez (13.69 km) 1065 Amundsenia (9.75 km), 1139 Atami (9.35 km), 3737 Beckman (14.36 km), 1474 Beira (15.46 km), 1011 Laodamia (7.39 km), 1727 Mette (5.44 km), 1131 Porzia (7.13 km), 1235 Schorria (5.55 km), 985 Rosina (8.18 km), 1310 Villigera (15.24 km), and 1468 Zomba (7 km), which are smaller than the largest members of this dynamical group, namely, 132 Aethra, 323 Brucia (former Mars-crosser), 1508 Kemi, 2204 Lyyli and 512 Taurinensis, all larger than 20 kilometers.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brian A. Skiff (2011) web, rotation period 3.769±0.005 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.08 mag. Quality code is 3-. Summary figures for (5682) Beresford at the LCDB.
  2. ^ Lightcurve plot of (5682) Beresford , by Robert A. Koff at the Antelope Hills Observatory (H09). Rotation period: 7.536±0.002 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.20 mag. Quality code is 2. Summary figures at the LCDB.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "5682 Beresford (1990 TB)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 5682 Beresford (1990 TB)" (2018-10-22 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "LCDB Data for (5682) Beresford". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A. K.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; Kramer, E. A.; Masiero, J. R.; et al. (June 2016). "NEOWISE Diameters and Albedos V1.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2016PDSS..247.....M. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Alí-Lagoa, V.; Delbo', M. (July 2017). "Sizes and albedos of Mars-crossing asteroids from WISE/NEOWISE data" (PDF). Astronomy and Astrophysics. 603: 8. arXiv:1705.10263. Bibcode:2017A&A...603A..55A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629917. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  8. ^ Koff, Robert A. (June 2005). "Lightcurve photometry of asteroids 212 Medea, 517 Edith, 3581 Alvarez 5682 Beresford, and 5817 Robertfrazer". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 32 (2): 32–34. Bibcode:2005MPBu...32...32K. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 9 November 2018.

External links[edit]