The 5th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army that traces its origins to 1808. The Armys current regimental numbering system dates from this act, six of the old regiments were consolidated into the new 5th Regiment, which was organized on 15 May 1815 under the command of Colonel James Miller. The current 5th Infantry traces its origins to the oldest of these regiments, the 4th. After three years duty in New England, the 4th assembled near Philadelphia in the spring of 1811. S. In the spring of 1812, the 4th, commanded by then-Lieutenant Colonel Miller, was ordered to report to Brigadier General William Hull and they reached his headquarters at Detroit on 6 July, two days after being notified of the declaration of war. A week later, Hulls force crossed into Upper Canada, forming a base at Sandwich, on 9 August, marching south to rendezvous with a supply train from Ohio, the 4th charged and broke a British-Indian force at the Battle of Maguaga. A week after that, Hull surrendered Detroit and his command, including the 4th, to an inferior force of British. The 4th marched into captivity at Quebec city where the troops spent a month aboard prison ships in the St. Lawrence River before being exchanged on 29 October, the 4th lost 30 more men during the months voyage from Quebec to Boston. The 4th spent the years 1813–14 on the Lake Champlain front, participating in the battles of the Chateauguay and Lacolle Mills, the new 5th Regiments other ancestors also saw considerable action. On the Niagara Frontier, the old 9th Regiment served in Winfield Scotts brigade at the battles of Chippawa, James Miller took over from Ripley in early 1814 after Ripley was promoted to brigadier general and saw the 21st through its most rigorous tests in battle. The 21st fought at York, Sackets Harbor, as part of Ripleys Brigade at Chippawa, Lundys Lane, at Lundys Lane, Jacob Brown, the overall U. S. commander, asked Miller if he could take the British artillery on the high ground dominating the battlefield. Ill try, sir, became the 5th Infantrys regimental motto, perhaps the 5ths most lasting accomplishment was the construction in 1820–24, of Fort St. Anthony, at the mouth of the Minnesota River. On completion, the Army renamed the post in honor of its commanding officer, Fort Snelling became the seed pearl around which the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul grew. The only noteworthy engagement with Indians during this period was in the Black Hawk War of 1832. Even here, the 5th saw limited action, engaging in only in the final act of the war. Bad Axe was the last major fight between whites and Indians east of the Mississippi other than the Seminole resistance in Florida and this set off an immediate diplomatic crisis between the United States and Mexico over the southern boundary of Texas. Mexico claimed that the southern boundary of Texas was the Nueces River. Incoming President James Knox Polk directed Brigadier General Zachary Taylor to form an Army of Observation at Corpus Christi, Texas, on 9 March 1846, Taylors army left Corpus Christi to march to the Rio Grande and assert U. S. sovereignty over the expanded area
Coat of arms
Model of the 4-pounder revolver gun offered to the 5th Infantry Regiment by J.-A. de Brame. on display at the Musée de l'Armée.