The Hyderabad Information Technology and Engineering Consultancy City, abbreviated as HITEC City, is an Indian Information Technology, Health informatics, Bioinformatics. HITEC City is spread across 200 acres of land under suburbs of Madhapur, Kondapur and Nanakramguda, the technology township is known as Cyberabad. HITEC City is within two kilometers of the commercial suburb of Jubilee Hills. HITEC City was commissioned by Larsen and Toubro Limited through its Special Purpose Vehicle, L&T Hitech City Limited, a joint venture company of L&T Infocity Limited and erstwhile Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation; the project is spread over 300 acres of land and was envisaged to develop 11,000,000 sq ft. of IT space and 4,500,000 sq ft. of residential space in a phased manner. The Project offers multitenanted as well as Built-to-suit facilities, it caters to all segments of the IT Industry including small & medium enterprises, with office areas starting from as small as 2,500 sq ft.
The project was initiated by APIIC with participation of private infrastructure companies like L&T, Raheja corporation, Ascendas IT Park, Vanenburg Corporation, Peepul Capital, SP, RMZ corporation, Divyasree infrastructure, Lancohills technology park, DLF, Emaar MGF and others. The area comprises IT parks such as L&T Infocity, Hitech City2 SEZ, Vanenburg IT Park or The V, Mindspace Cyberabad SEZ, DLF IT SEZ, Tech Mahindra IT SEZ, TCS Synergy park IT SEZ, SEZs of Infosys, Wipro and APIIC, built to suit campuses of several major technology companies. Cyber Towers is the initial phase of HI-TEC City and was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Chandrababu Naidu in November 1998; this was the first tower to be built for promotion of Information Technology and it was marketed by both the officials of APIIC and L&T Infocity Ltd. Companies such as Orbees Business Solutions, Knowledge Matrix India Pvt Ltd. 7 Hills Business Solutions, AppLabs, NTT DATA, Patni Computer Systems, Oracle Corporation, GE Capital, WHISHWORKS, Prithvi Information Solutions, Naia Software Solutions India Pvt Ltd. Four Soft operate and call centers operate from this four-quadrant, 10-story building.
The Cyber Towers building is divided into four quadrants with a large fountain in the middle of the quadrants. Laxmi Cyber City, built in 2007 consists of three blocks. A block- HSBC GLT B block- E&Y, etc. C block- ADP The property is close to 1 Million sft. and shares its heritage with Laxmi Cyber Centre, Laxmi CentrePoint, Laxmi Cyber Point, Laxmi Cyber Towers SEZ etc. Infocity is the first software technology park layout in HITEC CITY which attracted major technology companies like Accenture, Oracle, s2Tech Technologies etc. Hyderabad International Convention Center was built by Emaar MGF of India; the company is part owned by Emaar of UAE. The facility is managed by Accor Hospitality; the Hyderabad International Convention Center with 5,000 seating capacity is India's largest convention facility. It is an integrated 291,000 square foot facility with a 287-room-capacity business hotel, Novotel Hyderabad, covering 15 acres; the center can be configured to increase seating capacity to about 6,500.
Hyderabad International Trade Expositions Limited is a venue for international exhibitions, trade shows, corporate events in India. It was conceptualized by German architects and inaugurated on 14 January 2003 by Commerce Minister Arun Shourie, the Trade Fair Office Building by Andhra Pradesh former Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu. HITEX is located at Madhapur; the facility is spread over nearly 100 acres. GITEX Hyderabad, is the annual IT&C expo organized by the Dubai World Trade Center in association with the Department of IT&C, Government of Andhra Pradesh. CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre was established in the year 2004, as CII's Developmental Institute on Green Practices & Businesses, aimed at offering advisory services on conservation of natural resources; the Green Business Centre was inaugurated by His Excellency Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, the President of India on 14 July 2004; the Services of Green Business Centre include- Energy Management, Green Buildings, Green Companies, Renewable Energy, GHG Inventorization, Green Product Certification, Waste Management and Cleaner Production Process.
The Mindspace IT Park includes residential, recreational and retail spaces. The park provides about 4,000,000 square feet of office space. Spread across 110 acres, this layout provides about 40% open space with telecommunications and civic infrastructure, wide roads, greenery; the district witnessed immediate success with over a million square feet built and occupied within just 14 months of starting the project. The park built to suit facilities. Companies such as Hyundai Mobis, IBM, Accenture, CSC, Bank of America and Novartis have built to suit facilities in the park with 10000 workers within them. Other companies in multitenant facilities include Broadcom, Parexel, Syneos Health, Zensar Technologies Ltd, Tech Mahindra, Accenture, General Electric, OpenText Corporation, Patni Computer Systems, Thomson Reuters and Tieto; as of 2008 March, 20,000 people work in the park. The park is a notified SEZ and is set to accommodate about 55,000 IT workers making it the largest of the IT parks in HITEC CITY.
The park has a Westin Hotel and Inorbit Mall which have been opened in the second
Kannada cinema known as Chandanavana or Sandalwood, is the Indian film industry based in the state of Karnataka where motion pictures are produced in the Kannada language. The Kannada film Industry is sometimes metonymously referred to as Sandalwood; as of 2017, the Kannada film industry based in the city of Bengaluru produces more than 190 films each year. Kannada films are released in more than 1250 single screen and multiplex theaters in Karnataka and most of them are released across the country and in the United Kingdom, United States, UAE, England, Brazil, Nederland, Russia, South Africa, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore and other countries; the first government institute in India to start technical courses related to films was established in 1941 named as occupational institute called the Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic in Bengaluru. In September 1996, two specialized courses and Sound & Television were separated and the Government Film and Television Institute was started at Hesaraghatta, under the World Bank Assisted Project for Technician Development in India.
The industry is known for Kannada language literary works. Some of the works which received global acclaim include B. V. Karanth's Chomana Dudi, Girish Karnad's Kaadu, Pattabhirama Reddy's Samskara, which won Bronze Leopard at Locarno International Film Festival, Girish Kasaravalli's Ghatashraddha which won the Ducats Award at the Manneham Film Festival Germany. Films such as Bedara Kannappa, School Master, Vamshavruksha, Bhootayyana Maga Ayyu, Kaadu Kudure, Ranganayaki, Pushpaka Vimana, Tabarana Kathe, Thaayi Saheba, A, Dweepa, Apthamitra, Mungaru Male, Sangolli Rayanna, Lucia, Mr. and Mrs. Ramachari, RangiTaranga, Uppi 2, Kirik Party, Doddmane Hudga, Kotigobba 2, Killing Veerappan, Tagaru, K. G. F: Chapter 1 are some of the landmark films in recent times. In 1934, the first Kannada talkie, Sati Sulochana, appeared followed by Bhakta Dhruva. Sati Sulochana was shot in Kolhapur at the Chatrapathi studio. In 1949, Honnappa Bhagavathar, who had earlier acted in Gubbi Veeranna's films, produced Bhakta Kumbara and starred in the lead role along with Pandaribai.
In 1955, Bhagavathar again produced a Kannada film, Mahakavi Kalidasa, in which he introduced actress B. Saroja Devi. Rajkumar became famous during this period working in Kannada film industry, his wife Parvathamma Rajkumar founded Film production and distribution company, Vajreshwari Combines. Vamshavruksha, Prema Karanth's Phaniyamma, Kaadu Kudure, Accident, Mooru Daarigalu, Tabarana Kathe, Bannada Vesha and Puttanna Kanagal's Naagarahaavu were released. Vishnuvardhan and Ambareesh were the two stars born from the film Naagarahaavu. Rajkumar and Vishnuvardhan are considered the two pillars of Kannada Cinema. Shankar Nag was starred in works such as Malgudi Days. Tiger Prabhakar, Ananth Nag, Dwarakish, Srinath, M. P. Shankar, Sundar Krishna Urs were the prominent actors who came in this period with Kalpana, Lakshmi, Padma Vaasanthi, Madhavi, Saritha and Jayamala being some of the actresses; the late 80's saw the emergence of V. Ravichandran and Shivarajkumar and Ramesh Aravind with works directed by Rajendra Singh Babu, D. Rajendra Babu, H. R. Bhargava, Sai Prakash, T. S. Nagabharana and M. S. Rajashekar.
Directors Puttana Kanagal and Shankar Nag died. Bhavya, Sudha Rani, Malashri, Anjali Sudhakar, Vanitha Vasu and Shruthi were the notable actress of the era. At present actors like Puneeth Rajkumar Darshan,Sudeep, Shiva Rajkumar, Ganesh, Duniya Vijay, Vijay Raghavendra, Prajwal Devraj, Rakshit Shetty, Sharan, Chiranjeevi Sarja, Dhruva Sarja,MG Srinivas, Prashanth Neel Pawan Kumar [[Dhananjay Rishab Shetty are contributing themselves as in Kannada industry. Heroines like Radhika Pandit, Amulya, Pooja Gandhi, Aindritha Ray, Rashmika Mandanna, Ragini Dwivedi, Shanvi Srivatsava, Rachita Ram, Shruthi Hariharan, Deepa Sannidhi, Meghana Raj, Manvitha Harish, Radhika Chetan, Pranitha Subhash, Avantika Shetty, Shraddha Srinath, Samyuktha Hegde, Parul Yadav, Sanjana are made hit in Kannada cinema. Comedians like Chikkanna, Sadhu Kokila, Bullet Prakash, Kuri Prathap are busy themselves in film shooting. Karnataka State Film Awards Udaya Film Awards Suvarna Film Awards Bangalore International Film Festival Filmfare Awards South SIIMA Awards IIFA Utsavam Mirchi Music Awards South South Scope Awards List of Kannada-language films Media in Karnataka Cinema of India Media of India List of Kannada film actresses Media related to Kannada-language films at Wikimedia Commons
Dandupalya is a 2012 Indian Kannada-language crime film, starring Pooja Gandhi and Raghu Mukherjee in the leading roles. The plot is based on the real-life exploits of a notorious gang named'Dandupalya'; the film was directed by Srinivas Raju and produced by Girish under the Apple Blossom Creations banner. The film was dubbed in Telugu as Dandupalyam, in Tamil as Karimedu and in Malayalam as Kuruthikalam, it was a major critical and commercial success in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh/Telangana and Tamil Nadu, went on to become one of the highest-grossing films in Kannada film industry, being shown for more than 100-days in multiple centres. A sequel to the film Dandupalya 2, was announced in July 2014, began production on 24 March 2016. Srinivas Raju directed the film, it was released on July 2017, to decent reviews by critics and audience. Again Pooja Gandhi played the main character in this film. Arjun Janya was the music director and the cinematography was handled by Venkat Prasad. Dandupalya 3 was shot with part 2 having the same cast.
Part 3 was to be released within a month of part 2. The story revolves around a girl, leader of the gang, who spots houses where women are alone, she goes to the house asking for water. When the women go inside, the entire gang led by Krishna and followed by Hanuma, Thimma and others enter the house and kill the women. Krishna takes a thrill in slitting the throats as he is fond of the noise that comes out from the throat when blood oozes out, they loot the house and escape. They are all shabbily dressed and tough. Inspector Chalapathi takes up the challenge of arresting them. Thimma was carrying stolen Temple ornaments, he was rejected by the jeweller, while getting back trapped by Ravi shankar and all of them would be arrested by police and taken to court. Pooja Gandhi as Lakshmi Raghu Mukherjee Priyanka Kothari as wife of Raghu P. Ravi Shankar as Inspector Chalapathi Makarand Deshpande as Krishna Ravi Kale as Hanuma Jayadev Mohan as Koti Thimma Karisubbu as Muniya Sudharani as wife of Inspector Chalapathi Bhavya as sister of Raghu Doddanna as an Advocate Ramesh Bhat Srinivasa Murthy Harish Rai Prathik Bullet Prakash as Muniya mestry Pradeep Gadhadhar Pooja Gandhi was asked to do the female lead in this film as Lakshmi, is a leader of an infamous notorious gang.
Reluctantly she agreed to do the role, because of potential negative talk in Kannada film industry resulting in loss of her image portraying such characters. She won immense critical acclaim by both critics and audience alike; the film was the witness for Pooja Gandhi's mega comeback and, critically and commercially a big success and brought back Pooja Gandhi into stardom through it. Gandhi received an immense critical appraisal by the both critics and the audience, she has received several awards for her performance as Lakshmi; the film was criticised by social group Bahujan Samaj Horata Samiti, who claimed that its content was offensive. They objected to the film's portrayal of women. Further controversy followed when it was revealed that actress Pooja Gandhi would appear topless in the film. After the release of the movie, Ambedkar Kranthi Sena activists demonstrated in Bengaluru against the film's "glorification of anti-social activities". "According to the dictionary, nudity means that you are not covered with a single item of clothing from head to toe.
But in this scene, I have worn a sari and I am trying to cover my body, except for my back". Says Gandhi about her controversial scene in the film The film was certified an "A" by the Central Board of Film Certification, it was released across Karnataka on 29 June 2012 with the title name as Dandupalya. However, the Telugu and Tamil versions were released one year on 25 Jan 2013 and 24 May 2014 respectively; the film opened to positive reviews from the critics and audience. DNA praising the performance of Gandhi said viewers should not "miss out on Pooja’s performance or... find out how this notorious gang was caught by the daring police inspector, Chalapathi. And if you have watched it, well you now have the sequel to look forward to."Rediff.com rated the film 3/5 and said that Pooja Gandhi "walks away with acting honours. She is a stunner with her vain looks sans makeup throughout the movie and she has lived her role exceptionally well... Ravishankar as the cop is effective... Makrand Deshpande as one of the kingpins of the gang is superb."The Times of India awarded the film 3/5, praising the performances, "Pooja Gandhi walks away with full honours...
Makarand Deshapande is amazing. Ravi Kale is brilliant. Ravishankar gives life to his role of police inspector."Chitraloka wrote, "Gandhi makes a strong come back like Vidya Balan in Bollywood. The'Male girl' took risk like the subdued and simplistic Vidya Balan to take a stunning turn in her choice of roles... Pooja took a calculated risk in accepting a role in Dandupalya, tailor made for Vamps, but the risk seems to be paying off handsomely as her performance in the film is being appreciated and her stature as a dependable actress in the Box office has risen."Filmibeat stated, "The actors in the film amazingly perform in their roles. Firstly, Pooja Gandhi is the lifesaver of the film. For all those, who criticised her for not being a good actress, do watch the film to see the other side of Pooja; the way she smokes beedis and mouthing the dialogues have to be praised. Her entire body language is amazingly excellent and her costume compliment each other. Last but not least, her skin show is a treat for masses."Business Standard stated that the film "is powered by some stellar performances.
Pooja Gandhi as the leader of the gang is brilliant and con
Naveen Kumar Gowda, known by his stage name as Yash, is an Indian actor best known for his work in Kannada cinema. He began as an actor appearing in television shows in Kannada language. Yash made his feature film debut in 2007 with Jambada Hudugi. In his second film, Moggina Manasu, he played the male lead opposite future wife Radhika Pandit; the film was a success and earned him the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. He went on to star in many commercially successful films including Modalasala, Drama, Raja Huli, Gajakesari, Mr. and Mrs. Ramachari, Masterpiece and K. G. F: Chapter 1, his rise to success has been well documented by the media, he has been rated one of the popular actors in Karnataka. Naveen Kumar Gowda was born in Bhuvanahalli, a town in Hassan district of Karnataka to Vokkaliga family, his father, Arun Kumar J. worked in the KSRTC transport service, in the BMTC transport service, his mother, Pushpa, is a homemaker. He has Nandini, his childhood days were spent in Mysore. Soon after his studies, he joined the Benaka drama troupe, formed by noted dramatist B. V. Karanth.
Yash started his acting career with the teleserial Nanda Gokula directed by Ashok Kashyap, which aired on ETV Kannada. He went on to appear in several other teleserials such as Preeti Illada Mele, he had a small role in a 2007 film directed by Jambhada Hudugi. He acted in Moggina Manasu directed by Shashank in 2008, where he appeared in a supporting role alongside his Nanda Gokula co-star Radhika Pandit, he won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in the film. Yash starred in lead roles in the films Rocky, Kallara Santhe, Gokula. In 2010, Yash starred in Modalasala, his next film was Rajadhani in 2011, which got good reviews and his performance was critically acclaimed although the film's return was below average at the box office. The same year, his next film Kirataka was a commercial success. Yash received positive reviews for his performance in the village comedy film. In 2012 Yash had two major releases and Jaanu, both of which met with mixed response upon release and became average grossers at the box office.
His next film of the same year, the romantic comedy Drama directed by Yograj Bhat was a commercial success. The film was one of the major grossers of 2012. In his first release of 2013, Googly, a romance-drama, apart from a special appearance in a song sequence in Chandra who falls for Swati. Directed by Pavan Wadeeyar, the film performed well, was one among the highest-grossing Kannada films of the year. In 2014, he starred in Gajakesari, directed by Krisha, became commercially successful at the box office. Yash's next film Mr. and Mrs. Ramachari opposite Radhika Pandit had its theatrical release on 25 December 2014, opened to positive reviews and collected an estimated ₹50 crore and went on to become one of the highest grossing Kannada cinema, which made him one of the highest-paid actors in Sandalwood. In 2015, he acted in Masterpiece. In 2016, he starred in Santhu Straight Forward which performed well at the box-office by collecting ₹30 crore, his latest film is KGF, made with a budget of 80 crores, released in Kannada along with its dubbed versions in Hindi, Telugu and Malayalam and has the highest production budget in Kannada cinema industry.
It was speculated in the media that Yash had been in a relationship with actress Radhika Pandit for long, after their film, Mr. and Mrs. Ramachari, that saw them portray the lead pair, their third time together in films. Before the two disclosed it in public, their engagement took place in Goa in August 2016, they married on 9 December 2016 in a private ceremony in Bangalore, while Yash had invited everyone from Karnataka for their reception at Bangalore Palace. Their first child, a daughter, was born on 2 December 2018. In 2017 Yash along with his actress wife Radhika Pandit founded an organization and named it as Yasho Marga Foundation which marks their contribution towards the betterment of the society; as a first step, the foundation took up the water crisis issue in Koppal district of Karnataka by investing ₹4 crores towards the desiltation of the lakes and providing pure drinking water to the drought affected areas. • All the films are in Kannada language. Official website Yash on IMDb
Vazhakku Enn 18/9
Vazhakku Enn 18/9 is a 2012 Tamil crime thriller film written and directed by Balaji Sakthivel, starring newcomers Mithun Murali, Urmila Mahanta and Manisha Yadav in the lead roles. Pre-production of the film began in 2008, with the filming commencing in 2010 only, following several delays. Cinematography was handled by Vijay Milton; the film released on 4 May 2012 to high critical acclaim. Its dubbed; the film has received numerous awards and nominations and has spawned several remakes in other Indian languages: Black Butterfly in Malayalam, Case No. 18/9 in Kannada and Chirodini Tumi Je Amar 2 in Bengali. It was among the films shortlisted by the FFI to become India's submission for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film for the year 2012; the story is narrated through flashbacks. Velu, a teenager, works in a roadside shop, he meets Jyothi, a maidservant at a few of the nearby apartments. Velu falls in love with Jyothi. Aarthy lives in one of the apartment buildings. Dinesh is a student. Dinesh is a spoilt brat.
As luck would have it, Aarthy falls for him without knowing his true intentions. Dinesh too is attracted to Aarthy, he seizes the opportunity and shoots video clips of her private moments on his mobile phone and circulates them among his friends via MMS. When Aarthy finds out, she threatens to approach the police. An angry Dinesh tries to murder Aarthy, she sustains serious injuries in the process. The movie picks up speed. Kumaravel negotiates with Dinesh's mother, a school correspondent but refuses to due to her stubborn character and completes the investigation with Dinesh as the culprit of the murder attempt, but Dinesh's mother approaches a minister with whom she has an affair with and he intervenes with Kumaravel for a negotiation between them. They agree on for an amount of ten lakh rupees. Kumaravel talks with Velu to stand in the shoes of Dhinesh, if he wants to cure Jyothi. Velu is sentenced for several years in prison. Kumaravel with the money he got gives nothing to Jyothi, it is informed to Jyothi that Velu did not commit the crime and is falsely accused in order that she must be cured.
She realises that Kumaravel has cheated her and Velu, she gets to the court and throws acid on Kumaravel. Jyothi is arrested and as enquiries run course the judiciary finds Velu as innocent and releases him. Dinesh is arrested and Jyothi is sentenced for years in prison. In the final scene Velu meets Jyothi in prison and proposes his love and tells he will be waiting for her and leaves the cell as the door closes with the disfigured face of Jyothi is shown on screen. Balaji Sakthivel began working on Vazhakku En 18/9 in 2008, after director Linguswamy agreed to produce the film under his Thirupathi Brothers banner, he was working on the scriptment for over 15 months and finished the entire script by early 2010. Sakthivel said that he had completed the middle portion and the climax part of the film but was unsure about how to start the film, taking over one year to finalize on the opening sequences, which he worked on with Linguswamy, he disclosed that the film would focus on relationships and "so-called love" of today's generation, set in a city, describing it as a "teenage thriller".
He further informed. Sakthivel decided to cast new faces in the lead and most of the character roles as well, with early reports claiming that Naveen Rai and Prajna were being introduced in the lead roles. In May 2010, it was reported that the director had done a screen test and test shoots with the son of senior communist leader and progressive writer C. Mahendran. Only after the completion of filming, Sakthivel revealed the final cast. Filming was supposed to commence in early March 2010, but started in August 2010, with shootings held in and around Dharmapuri. Cinematographer Vijay Milton used a Canon EOS 7D digital camera for the filming. Noted guitarist R. Prasanna, who Sakthivel was supposed to work with in his previous venture Kalloori, was chosen to compose the film's soundtrack and background score, replacing his usual associate Joshua Sridhar; the composer was chosen. The soundtrack was composed by noted guitarist R. Prasanna, making his debut as a feature film composer; the album features two tracks with lyrics penned by Na.
Muthukumar. Prasanna collaborated with several international musicians, including Argentinian singer Sofia Tosello, Venezuelan cuatro player Juancho Herrera, American pianist Victor Gould, Argentinian bassist Andres Rotmistrovsky and Hungarian drummer Ferenc Nemeth along with Indian flautist Kamalakar to create a mix of various genres; the songs subsequently premiered on an FM Radio. The satellite rights of the film were secured by STAR Vijay; the film was given a "U/A" certificate by the Indian Censor Board. Vazhakku Enn 18/9 received high critical acclaim upon release; the Times of India gave it 4.5 out of 5, the highest rating for a Tamil film since its inception in April 2008, with its reviewer M. Suganth calli
Telangana is a state in India situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital, its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, Andhra Pradesh to the east and south; the terrain of Telangana region consists of hills, mountain ranges, thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km. As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts. Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the Cholas, Satavahanas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals. The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars and Ceded Districts, which were handed over to the East India Company; the annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State, the Nizam's dominion, of the considerable coastline it had, to that of a landlocked princely state with territories in Central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state; the Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, continued until Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014. The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.43 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹181,000. The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software and services sector; the state is the main administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory. The cultural hearts of Telangana and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district; the historic city Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and Noor-ul-Ain.
Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship. A popular etymology derives the word "Telangana" from Trilinga desa, a region so called because three important Shaivite shrines were located here: Kaleshwaram and Draksharama. According to Jayadhir Thirumala Rao, a former director of Andhra Pradesh Oriental Manuscripts Library and Research Centre, the name Telangana is of Gondi origin. Rao asserts that it is derived from "Telangadh", which according to him, means "south" in Gondi and has been referred to in "Gond script dating back to about 2000 years". One of the earliest uses of a word similar to Telangana can be seen in a name of Malik Maqbul, called the Tilangani, which implies that he was from Tilangana, he was the commander of the Warangal Fort. A 16th-century travel writer, recorded in his book: During the just reign of Ibrahim Kootb Shah, like Egypt, became the mart of the whole world.
Merchants from Toorkistan and Persia resorted to it. The greatest luxuries from foreign parts daily abounded at the king's hospitable board; the word "Telinga" changed over time to "Telangana" and the name "Telangana" was designated to distinguish the predominantly Telugu-speaking region of the erstwhile Hyderabad State from its predominantly Marathi-speaking one, Marathwada. After Asaf Jahis ceded the Seemandhra region to the British, the rest of the Telugu region retained the name Telingana and the other parts were called Madras Presidency's Circars and Ceded. Telangana was governed by many rulers, including the Maurya Empire, Satavahana dynasty, Vakataka dynasty, Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Kakatiya Dynasty, the Musunuri Nayaks the Delhi Sultanate, the Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Qutb Shahi dynasty, Mughal Empire and Asaf Jahi Dynasty; the Satavahana dynasty became the dominant power in this region. It originated from the lands between the Godavari
Puneeth Rajkumar is an Indian film actor, playback singer and anchor who works in Kannada cinema. He is famously known as Power star, he has been a lead actor in 27 films. His performances in Vasantha Geetha, Chalisuva Modagalu, Eradu Nakshatragalu and Bettada Hoovu were praised, he won the National Film Award for Best Child Artist for his role of Appu in Bettada Hoovu. Puneeth's first lead role was in 2002's Appu, he has appeared as a lead actor in commercially successful films, including Appu, Veera Kannadiga, Aakash, Milana, Raam, Hudugaru and Anjani Putra and is one of the most popular celebrities and highest-paid actors in Kannada cinema. In 2012, he debuted as a television presenter on the popular the game show Kannadada Kotyadhipati, a Kannada version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. Puneeth was born as Lohith at Kalyani Hospital in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, to Rajkumar and Parvathamma Rajkumar, he is their fifth, youngest child. When Puneeth was six years old, his family moved to Mysore, his father brought him and his sister, Poornima, to his film sets until he was ten years old.
His elder brother, Shiva Rajkumar, is a popular actor. Puneeth married Ashwini Revanth from Chikmagaluru on 1 December 1999, they met through a common friend, have two daughters: Drithi and Vanditha. Director V. Somashekar first brought Puneeth onscreen when he was six months old in his thriller film Premada Kanike, starring Rajkumar and Aarathi; this was followed by Vijay's Sanaadi Appanna, based on Krishnamoorthy Puranik's novel of the same name, when Puneeth was one year old. Thayige Thakka Maga starred his father. Two years directors Dorai-Bhagavan cast him as Shyam in Vasantha Geetha; this was followed by K. S. L. Swamy's mythological drama Bhoomige Banda Bhagavantha and B. S. Ranga's Bhagyavantha, in which he recorded his first popular song: "Baana Daariyalli Soorya", composed by T. G. Lingappa; that year, he appeared in two hit films with his father. For the former, Puneeth received his first Karnataka State Film Award for Best Child Actor. In 1983, he appeared in two mythological films: Bhakta Prahlada as the protagonist and Eradu Nakshatragalu, for which he received his second Karnataka State Film Award for Best Child Actor.
In 1984, Puneeth starred with Rajkumar in the thriller Yarivanu and sang "Kannige Kaanuva", written by Rajan-Nagendra. His biggest break as a child actor came in the 1985 drama Bettada Hoovu, directed by N. Lakshminarayan and based on Shirley L. Arora's novel What Then, Raman? For his portrayal of the innocent Ramu, Puneeth received the award for Best Child Artist at the 33rd National Film Awards. In his early teens, he appeared in Shiva Mecchida Kannappa as the young Kannappa with his elder brother, Shiva. Puneeth's final child role was with his father. In April 2002, Puneeth made his film debut as a leading man in the masala film, Appu with actress, Rakshita making her film debut; the musical by Gurukiran, directed by Puri Jagannadh and produced by Parvathamma Rajkumar, in which he played a college boy, was a box office success and his dancing skills were praised by critics. Puneeth with lyrics by Upendra and music by Gurukiran; the film's success spawned remakes in Tamil. Puneeth next appeared in Dinesh Babu's Abhi as a plucky college boy, devoted to his mother.
In the film, based on a true story and produced by Parvathamma Rajkumar, he starred with debutante Ramya. Meher Ramesh's Veera Kannadiga was Puneeth's first 2004 release; the film, written by Puri Jagannadh, was made in Telugu as Andhrawala with N. T. Rama Rao Jr. in the lead role. Paired with debutante Anitha, it showcased his stunt skills. Although the film was criticised for its violence and poor plot, it was successful at the box office. Puneeth next starred in S. Narayan's family drama Maurya, a remake of the Telugu Amma Nanna O Tamila Ammayi, starring Ravi Teja and written by Puri Jagannadh; the remake enhanced Puneeth's reputation as an actor in his own right. He released two films in 2005. Mahesh Babu's Aakash reunited Puneeth with Ramya and he appeared in Veera Shankar's action film Namma Basava, with Gowri Munjal, he recorded songs in both films. Puneeth's only 2006 release was Ajay, produced by Rockline Venkatesh. In the film, a remake of the 2003 Telugu Okkadu, he played a professional kabaddi player who protects a girl endangered by her uncle.
As a result of these films, Puneeth was called the "Powerstar of Sandalwood". Puneeth's first release in 2007 was his production Arasu, directed by Mahesh Babu, in which he played an expatriate businessman who renounces his wealth for the woman he loves. For his performance, he received his first Filmfare Best Actor award. Puneeth's other release that year was Prakash's reaffirmation of traditional family values Milana. Actress Parvathy Parvathy made her debut into Kannada films with this film. Puneeth played the radio jockey Akash. For the film, he received his first Karnataka State Film Award for Best Actor; the actor released two films in 2008: D. Rajendra Babu's Bindaas and Prakash's Vamshi. Puneeth's first 2009 release was Raaj - The Showman. Although the film was criticised, his performance was praised, his other film Raam