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612

Year 612 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 612 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. August 13 – Empress Eudokia, wife of Heraclius, dies of epilepsy, she leaves two children, is buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. King Theudebert II is defeated by his brother Theuderic II at Toul, he is captured in battle and, after having his royal paraphernalia taken, is handed over to his grandmother Brunhilda. He is put in a monastery, assassinated with his son Merovech. Theuderic, age 25, becomes sole ruler of Burgundy. Sisebut succeeds Gundemar as king of the Visigoths, he begins a campaign against the remains of Byzantine power in Spania. Goguryeo–Sui War: Emperor Yángdi invades Goguryeo with an expeditionary force of over one million men, named the "24 Armies". Battle of Salsu: A Sui force of 305,000 men is defeated by the Korean general Eulji Mundeok at the Yalu River.

October 22 – Sak K'uk' succeeds her father Aj Ne' Yohl Mat, as queen of the Maya state of Palenque. Columbanus establishes the monastery of Bobbio; the Holy Sponge is brought to Constantinople from Palestine. Arnulf, counselor of Theudebert II, becomes bishop of Metz. Gallus founds the monastery of St. Gallen. May 3 – Constantine III, Byzantine emperor Aisha, wife of Muhammad Germanus of Granfelden, Frankish abbot K'ak' Chan Yopaat, king of Copán Oswiu, king of Northumbria Áed Uaridnach, High King of Ireland Aj Ne' Yohl Mat, king of Palenque Bertha, wife of Æthelberht of Kent Conall Laeg Breg, king of Brega Eudokia, Byzantine empress Gundemar, king of the Visigoths Janaab' Pakal, king of Palenque Theudebert II, king of Austrasia

Street Fighter Alpha: Generations

Street Fighter Alpha: Generations is a 2005 Japanese anime film produced by A. P. P. P. and released by Manga Entertainment based on the Street Fighter Alpha video games by Capcom. Its production is unrelated to 2000's Street Fighter Alpha: The Animation, produced by Group TAC; the film was produced for the English-language market and was not released in Japan until its inclusion as a bonus feature in the DVD release of Street Fighter: The Legend of Chun-Li. The movie begins with Gouki battling his master Goutetsu. Though both combatants show equal potency, in the end, Gouki is the victor, killing Goutetsu with the Raging Demon technique. Gouken arrives in time to find the mangled body of their master Goutetsu and a no longer human-looking Gouki. Gouken scorns Gouki, telling him that his path was set for him and asking why he would do such a thing. Gouki took his master's beaded necklace and walks away unfazed. Sayaka, unable to reach the fight in time, falls down to her knees and vomits, a sign of her pregnancy and her connection to Gouki.

The movie moves forward, introducing Ryu, visiting his master's old dojo. It is there that an apparition of Gouki challenges him; when Ryu comes to his senses, he is greeted by an old man, who says that he, had just witnessed what was a true demon. The old man invites Ryu to his house, where Ryu meets his granddaughter Fuka, offers to train him. Sakura spars with him, which encourages Ryu to accept Gouki's challenge. Ryu seeks out Akuma, the fight begins. During their hard battle Ken confronts the old man and is taken down, it is here. He states that the Satsui no Hadou is a mysterious evil life force that dwells within certain fighters; as this life force is exploited, it grows stronger. Once the person is consumed by the Satsui no Hadou, they cannot be released from its hold, he states that the Satsui no Hadou is ancient, that old warlords knew of its existence. As Ryu and Gouki continue to fight, Ryu becomes desperate and is temporarily possessed by the Satsui no Hadou. However, he realizes that it stops using the power.

Gouki scolds Ryu, saying to him that his path to a great warrior had been clouded and that a true warrior unleashes his full potential. Seeing Ryu as no threat to him anymore, Gouki unleashes a Metsu Hadouken on him, only to have Ryu survive it. Gouki walks away, cursing Gouken and saying that he will meet Ryu again and fight him. Gouki sees an apparition of Sayaka treating his wounds in the past before the scene shifts back to the present with Gouki demonstrating a more human appearance with normal eyes implying that he has regained some of his humanity. Bruised from his fight, Ryu walks away; the movie ends with the old man looking to the sky and addressing an old friend. He states that he was asked by Gouken to take care of a young child, left in his care when his mother died giving birth to the child and was told not to let the child take the path that the father had chosen, but one day, took his eyes off the child for an instant, it was the biggest mistake he had made, he states that he is too old, that his time has come.

Fuka is seen praying in tears. Ryu leaves soon after, beginning his travels again. Street Fighter Alpha: Generations was not as successful as its predecessor, earning a 52% "rotten" score on Rotten Tomatoes. Street Fighter Alpha: Generations Street Fighter Alpha: Generations at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Street Fighter Alpha: Generations on IMDb

El Tor

El Tor is a particular strain of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. Known as V. cholera biotype eltor, it has been the dominant strain in the seventh global cholera pandemic. It is distinguished from the classic strain at a genetic level, although both are in the serogroup O1 and both contain Inaba and Hikojima serotypes, it is distinguished from classic biotypes by the production of hemolysins. It was first identified in 1905 at a quarantine camp on the Sinai Peninsula in El Tor, Egypt by a German physician, Felix Gotschlich; the vibrios were found in the guts of six pilgrims returning from Mecca. Though the pilgrims failed to show ante or post mortem evidence of cholera, the vibrios isolated from the guts were agglutinable within the anti-cholera serum. In 1905, Kraus and Pribram found that the bacteria, which produced soluble hemolysin, were more related to non-cholera vibrios. In the early 1930s, A. Shousha, A. Gardner and K. Venkatraman, all researchers, suggested that only hemolytic vibrios agglutinated with anti-cholera serum should be referred to as El Tor vibrios.

In 1959, R. Pollitzer designated El Tor as its own species V. eltor separate from V. cholera, but six years in 1965, R. Hugh discovered that V. cholerae and V. eltor were similar in 30 positive and 20 negative characteristics. Thus, they were classified as a single species V. cholera: however, Hugh believed the differing features between the two could be of epidemiological importance, so El Tor vibrios were further classified as V. cholerae biotype eltor. El Tor was identified again in an outbreak in 1937 but the pandemic did not arise until 1961 in Sulawesi. El Tor spread through Asia and into the Middle East and Europe. From North Africa it spread into Italy by 1973; the extent of the pandemic has been due to the relative mildness of El Tor, the disease has many more asymptomatic carriers than is usual, outnumbering active cases by up to 50:1. The outbreaks during this time frame are believed to be due to the rapid development of transportation and communication on an international level, as well as decreased sanitation levels in areas with increasing populations.

In the late 1970s there were small outbreaks in the South Pacific. Molecular evidence, that is, a specific pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile, suggests that the distinct genotype of El Tor strain which appeared in Calcutta in 1993, may have spread to Africa. In the country of Guinea-Bissau, it was responsible for an epidemic that began in October 1994 and continued into 1996. An El Tor infection is mild, or at least fatal, patients are asymptomatic for about a week. El Tor is able to survive in the body longer than classical cholera vibrios; this characteristic allows carriers to infect a greater population of people. In fact, V. cholerae biotype eltor can be isolated from water sources in the absence of an outbreak of cases. In extreme cases, persons can become long-term carriers. El Tor is transmitted by the fecal-oral route; this route is the consequence of infected persons defecating near a water source, uninfected persons consuming contaminated water. In addition, the bacteria can be transmitted by consuming uncooked food fertilized with human feces.

Treatment of a cholera infection consists of replenishing lost fluid and electrolytes by intravenous or oral solutions, by antibiotics. El Tor outbreaks can be prevented by better standards of sanitation and boiling water cooking seafood, washing vegetables and fruits before consumption

1984 in India

Events in the year 1984 in the Republic of India. President of IndiaZail Singh Prime Minister of IndiaIndira Gandhi until 31 October, Rajiv Gandhi Chief Justice of IndiaYeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud 5 March – Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders Operation Blue Star. 2 April – Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma is launched into space, aboard the Soyuz T-11. 13 April – India launches Operation Meghdoot, as most of the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir comes under Indian control. 1 June – The Indian government begins Operation Blue Star. 4 June – Indian troops storm the Golden Temple at Amritsar, the Sikhs' holiest shrine. 31 October – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her two Sikh security guards. Her son Rajiv Gandhi succeeds her as Prime Minister. 31 October – 3 November An estimated 2,700-10,000 Sikhs killed during the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi and other areas. 31 October – Birth Anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelThe Iron Man of India. He was the one man who got 550 territories to form the united Republic of India.

3 December – Bhopal disaster: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, kills more than 2,000 people outright and injures anywhere from 15,000 to 22,000 others in one of the worst industrial disasters in history. 24 May - Kasargod district formed in Kerala. Thakazhi shivashankara pillai got Jnanpith Award. India government issued postal stamp of freedom fighter Mangal Pande. Silent valley declared as National Park by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi; the first 3-D film in India My dear kuttichathan was released. PT Usha enters Olympics final in Los Angeles. Shiny Abraham enters Olympics semi final in Los Angeles. Bachendri pal- The first women Everest climber of India reached the summit of Everest. India's first metro- Kolkata metro started. Rajiv Gandhi become India's new prime Minister. Operation woodrose by Indian Army. Violence against sikh in Delhi. Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, autonomous non-governmental organisation seeking to preserve Indian culture and heritage, is founded.

4 January – Jeeva, actor 24 March – Adrian D'Souza, field hockey player 1 April - Murali Vijay, cricketer 16 July – Katrina Kaif, actress 27 August - Y. S. Avinash Reddy and member of parliament from Kadapa 6 September – Diwakar Prasad, boxer 19 September – Kavya Madhavan, actress 6 October – Arun Kumar Talakola, citizen of India 27 October – Irfan Pathan, cricketer 8 November – Nayantara, actress Masumeh Makhija, actress 10 March – I. S. Johar, writer and director 6 June - Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, killed in Operation Blue Star 31 October – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister, assassinated 5 November – Rehman, actor 25 November - Yashwantrao Chavan, chief minister of Maharashtra b. Gopi Krishna, mystic, social reformer and writer. Bollywood films of 1984

So You Think You Can Dance (American season 9)

So You Think You Can Dance, an American television dance competition, returned for its ninth season on May 24, 2012 on FOX Television. Fox and series creator Nigel Lythgoe have each independently confirmed that the weekly results show, a staple of the series in seasons 2-8, has been cut from the show format and that only one episode will air each week for the show's ninth season; this season has marked three firsts in the series history: this season had two winners, as opposed to the single winner format used in previous seasons, a contemporary dancer was not amongst the contestants remaining in the competition in the finale, lastly, a ballet dancer is the winner of the competition. Open auditions for this season were held in the following locations: The Las Vegas callbacks were held at Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. For the first time in nine seasons, contestants were allowed to choose their own groups for the group choreography round, in contrast to previous seasons where the groups were assigned.

With cuts made following each round of choreography, thirty-five dancers remained at the close of the week, prior to the selection of the Top 20. * Only participated on the judge's panel on the round they choreographed. In January 2012, Fox announced that So You Think You Can Dance would be returning for its ninth season in a format similar to that seen in season one. In an interview shortly thereafter, Lythgoe hinted at a format where each week's episode is ended with the revelation of the bottom three couples but after all dancers had performed the new week's routines, giving the judges an additional routine to take into account when deciding which dancers to save and which to send home for that week; this contrasts with the season one format where judges would nominate a bottom three couples and home viewers would vote out two dancers, the results being pre-taped and shown at the beginning of the next week's episode. Lythgoe hinted at which elements of the results show were to be carried over into the new format, suggesting the group and guest dance routines would be shown priority over guest musical acts.

These above changes all proved to be in place once the season's performance shows began airing but were accompanied by a number of other format tweaks. These additional changes most notably include the fact that the season will crown two winners and that voting for individual dancers began with the first week of the Top 20 competition with 1-855-GO-HIM## for the guys and 1-855-GO-HER## for the girls as opposed to halfway through the performance show phase, as in previous seasons. Additionally there have been tweaks to the format of the "dance for your life" solos, the last chance efforts which dancers are given to impress judges and remain in the competition if the at-home-viewer votes put them in the bottom 6 dancers. In previous seasons, all dancers who were in danger of elimination were automatically assigned to perform such solos but in season 9 the judges, taking into advisement the dancers' previous performances and the advice of the choreographers who have worked with them, will decide each week which dancers will perform solos.

For example, in Week 2, the first week of the competition to feature eliminations, the judges decided which two of the six dancers in danger they wished to save without asking for additional solos. By contrast, in week 3 they decided that Lindsay Arnold and George Lawrence Jr. would be safe without being required to perform a solo but the remaining four dancers were required to perform, with two eliminated. The ninth season is the first in which dancers have been able to exert some control over the styles they dance for their duets. Season 9's Top 14 show became the first episode in the show's history to feature only one style, the first to feature only one choreographer and the first to feature routines from previous seasons danced by new contestants when it aired as a tribute to long-time contributing choreographer Mia Michaels, with seven of her past contemporary routines danced by season 9 contestants. Contestants are listed in reverse chronological order of elimination. Haley Reinhart's "Free" is played in the montage of a female contestant's elimination, Mikey Wax's "Counting On You" is played in the male contestant's.

^1 Voting will be based on the individual contestants from the start, rather than from Top 10 on. Unlike previous seasons, each week's Bottom 6 / Bottom 4 dancers are determined by the previous week's voting; the judge's panel still chooses which of these bottom dancers will be eliminated each week until the Top Ten. However, not all dancers who are in danger of elimination will perform final solos by default; as no voting had been conducted no dancers were eliminated for the Week 1 show. No voting took place after the Top 6 performance / Top 4 announcement show; the next week's show was followed by voting, the results of which were announced yet one more week on the season's grande finale. Judges: Nigel Lythgoe, Mary Murphy, Zooey Deschanel Performances:*Due to an illness, Janelle was unable to dance in

Lighthouse of Carapacho

The Lighthouse of Carapacho is a beacon/lighthouse located along the cliffs of Ponta da Restinga, near the hamlet of Carapacho, civil parish of Luz on the island of Graciosa, the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores. The 1883 Plano Geral de Alumiamento, proposed the construction of a fourth-order lighthouse, that would flash each minute and have a 19 nautical miles range. On 11 November 1902, the Comissão dos Faróis e Balizas proposed alterations to the General Plan approved in 1883, in which the lighthouse became a fifth-order structure, using a three-flash 10 second variable range beacon, with a range of use between 10–94 nautical miles for clear and tempetuous weather; the lighthouse began function on 26 May 1956, equipped with a diotropic fifth-order optics, with a focal distance of 187.5 millimetres, moved by a clockwork mechanism. This first beacon used an incandescent red acetyline light, in two groups with a 19 nautical miles range. By 1961, the light became a white beacon, improving its range to 20 nautical miles A solar valve system was installed in 1978, that allowed the light to become active or disactived based on the atmospheric conditions.

It was only in 1987. At the same time the optics were substituted by a sixth-order lamp with a focal distance of 150 millimetres and the lamp was upgraded to a 50 Watt/12 Volt halogen light, supported by battery and secured by exterior network, it is situated on the southeastern tip of the island of Graciosa, on a promontory a 1 kilometre from the village of Carapacho. It is comparable to similar structures on the island of São Miguel the lighthouses at Ponta Garça and Ponta do Cintrão; the lighthouse consists of a round concrete tower, constructed with ribs, rising from a one-story building. Accessible by road, the site is open to the public with access to the interior on Wednesday afternoons. List of lighthouses in Portugal Eduardo Carvalho Vieira, Guardiães do Mar dos Açores: uma viagem pelas ilhas do Atlântico, p. 289, ISBN 972-9060-47-9 Aguilar, J. Teixeira de.