62d Expeditionary Attack Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

62d Expeditionary Attack Squadron
Air Combat Command.png
Britain's Prince Edward, right, talks with two Royal Air Force pilots while visiting the 62nd Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron at Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan, Dec. 20, 2011 111220-F-XH170-520.jpg
Britain's Prince Edward, right, talks with two Royal Air Force pilots attached to the 62nd Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron at Kandahar Airfield
Active 1943–1946, 1946-1951, 1971-1989, 2003-present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Reconnaissance and Attack
Part of Air Combat Command
Garrison/HQ Kandahar Airfield
Engagements European Theatre of Operations
Korean War
War on Terror
War in Afghanistan[1]
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation[1]
Insignia
62d Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron emblem (approved 24 February 1949)[1] 62d Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron - Emblem.png

The 62d Expeditionary Attack Squadron is a provisional United States Air Force unit. It is a provisional squadron of Air Combat Command, attached to the 432d Air Expeditionary Operations Group, stationed at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada. The primary mission of the 62d ERS is to launch and recover all the Air Force Remotely Piloted Aircraft in Afghanistan.

Mission[edit]

The unit operates Unmanned Aerial Vehicles over locations in Central Asia as part of the Global War on Terrorism.[2]

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

162d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron P-51C Mustang[note 1]

Activated as part of IV Fighter Command in early 1943, engaged in Air Defense of the San Francisco area as well as a Replacement Training Unit until the end of 1943. Trained as a North American P-51 Mustang operational squadron, deployed to the European Theater of Operations, being assigned to IX Fighter Command in England. Operated both as a tactical fighter squadron, providing air support to Allied ground forces in France as well as an air defense squadron, attacking enemy aircraft in air-to-air combat over Europe.[3]

Converted to a tactical reconnaissance squadron in August 1944, engaging in hazardous reconnaissance flights over enemy-controlled territory, gathering intelligence for Allied commanders. Advanced eastward across France using forward combat airfields, then into the Low Countries as well as Occupied Germany until the end of combat in Europe, May 1945.[4]

Postwar era[edit]

Remained in Germany as part of the United States Air Forces in Europe occupation forces, returning to MacDill Field, Florida, in December 1945. Equipped with Douglas FA-26C Invaders for night reconnaissance. The FA-26 (later RB-26) was an A-26 with all guns removed and cameras installed throughout the aircraft.

Korean War[edit]

Due to the pressing needs of Far East Air Forces in Japan the 162d and the photo-processing 363d Reconnaissance Technical Squadron moved from Langley Air Force Base to Itazuke Air Base, Japan on 18 August 1950 for Korean War service and began operations as part of the 543d Tactical Support Group, flying RB-26 Invader night reconnaissance missions. It later moved to a forward base, Taegu Air Base (K-2) in South Korea on 8 Oct 1950, returning to Komaki Air Base, Japan on 26 January 1951. The squadron was inactivated on 25 Feb 1951.[1]

Reconnaissance training[edit]

Reactivated in 1971 as the 62d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, being equipped with McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II reconnaissance aircraft. Performed replacement training for reconnaissance pilots, 1971-1982 until its parent 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was re-equipped with General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons and became a tactical fighter squadron. Also operated flight of Martin EB-57E Canberras performing electronic jamming mission with RF-4Cs on simulated combat missions. Retired B-57s in 1976, being the last USAF active-duty squadron to fly the B-57. moved to Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas along with RF-4Cs and continued replacement pilot training mission until RF-4Cs were retired in 1989, then inactivated.[1]

Expeditionary operations[edit]

Reactivated in 2003 as provisional expeditionary reconnaissance squadron by Air Combat Command, operating UAVs as part of the Global War on Terrorism attached to USAFCENT forces in Central Asia.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 382d Fighter Squadron (Single Engine) on 11 February 1943
Activated on 1 March 1943
Redesignated 382d Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 20 August 1943
Redesignated 162d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 25 August 1944
Inactivated on 3 February 1946
  • Redesignated 162d Reconnaissance Squadron, Night Photographic on 9 July 1946
Activated on 29 July 1946
Redesignated 162d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Night Photographic on 14 June 1948
Inactivated on 25 February 1951
  • Redesignated 62d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 12 May 1971
Activated on 15 October 1971
Redesignated 62d Tactical Reconnaissance Training Squadron on 1 July 1982
Inactivated on 31 December 1989
  • Redesignated 62d Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron and converted to provisional status on 26 February 2003
  • Redesignated 62d Expeditionary Attack Squadron on 16 September 2016[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is North American P-51C-1-NT Mustang serial 42-103213. This aircraft was scrapped in Germany on April 15, 1946.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bailey, Carl E. (February 7, 2017). "Factsheet 62 Expeditionary Attack Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved October 6, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Thornton, Renni (June 16, 2010). "62nd ERS reaches 250K flying hours in AOR". 451st Air Expeditionary Wing Public Affairs. Retrieved October 4, 2017. 
  3. ^ Maurer 1983, p. 246.
  4. ^ Maurer 1982, pp. 362–363.
  5. ^ Assignment information in Bailey, except as noted.
  6. ^ a b c Station number in Anderson.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Station number in Johnson.
  8. ^ Station information in Bailey, except as noted.

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.