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Year 633 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 633 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. October 12 – Battle of Hatfield Chase: King Edwin of Northumbria is defeated and killed by Penda of Mercia and Cadwallon of Gwynedd, at Hatfield Chase. Osric succeeds his uncle Edwin as king of Deira. Prince Eanfrith returns from Pictland to claim his rightful crown of Bernicia. Both revert to paganism. Winter – Cadwallon is besieged by King Osric at York. Ridda Wars: Abu Bakr, caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, launches a military campaign against the Arab tribe of Kindah, which inhabits the region of Najran. March 18 – The Arabian Peninsula is united under the central authority of Abu Bakr; this sets the stage for the fall of the Sassanid Dynasty. April – A Muslim army under Khalid ibn al-Walid invades Mesopotamia, he wins decisive victories in the Battle of Battle of River.

May – Battle of Walaja: The Rashidun Caliphate army under Khalid defeats the Persians and their Arab Christian allies. The Persian army is at least three times the size. Battle of Ullais: Forces of the Rashidun Caliphate under Khalid defeat an entire Persian army near the river Euphrates. Khalid besieges the city of Hira. Siege of Hira: The Muslim Arabs under Khalid attack the fortress city of Hira. After a brief fight the citizens surrender, bring gifts to Khalid. July – Siege of Anbar: A Muslim Arab army under Khalid besieges the fortress city of Anbar; the Persian governor is allowed to retire. Battle of Ein ut Tamr: The Muslim army attacks a Persian frontier post located south of Anbar; the Arab Christian auxiliaries are surrender. August – Battle of Dumat Al-Jandal: A Muslim army under Khalid defeats the rebel Arab Christians at Dumat Al-Jandal. November – Khalid coordinates successful night attacks against the Arab Christians in the Battle of Muzayyah, Battle of Saniyy, Battle of Zumail. Li Chung Feng builds a celestial globe.

December 5 – Fourth Council of Toledo: King Sisenand orders a meeting in the church of St. Leocadia. Paulinus of York flees with Queen Æthelburga and her daughter Eanflæd, age 7, south to Kent, where he is made bishop of Rochester. Eanflæd grows up under the protection of her uncle, King Eadbald of Kent. Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy Jamadevi, queen of Hariphunchai Wilfrid, Anglo-Saxon bishop October 12 or 632 – Edwin, king of Northumbria Osric, king of Deira Suintila, king of the Visigoths Dai Zhou, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty


DX-Ball is a freeware computer game for the PC first released in 1996 by Michael P. Welch and Seumas McNally; the game based on an earlier series of Amiga games known as MegaBall, is patterned after classic ball-and-paddle arcade games such as Breakout and Arkanoid. A level editor was made available as well. DX-Ball has been succeeded by three direct follow-ups: Rival Ball and Super DX-Ball; the game is a Breakout clone: the player controls a paddle at the bottom and deflects a single ball, hitting different colored blocks on the top of the screen without having the ball fall below the screen. Clearing all the blocks results in going to the next. There are 50 levels; as Arkanoid and MegaBall, there is an inclusion of power-ups other than extra balls. Various power-ups appear when hitting random blocks, floating downwards towards the bottom and can be picked up by touching it with the paddle. If only a single block remains on a level and it continues to be untouched by the bouncing ball for a minute or so, an electricity sound begins to build and the block is blasted away by a lightning.

In certain levels, the layout of unbreakable blocks may allow the ball to become stuck in an infinite loop without touching the paddle. If this occurs, all unbreakable blocks will replaced with the breakable ones after a minute or so of the ball being stuck in a bouncing pattern. There are five negative powerups in the game. Neutral powerups can affect the gameplay in both positive and negative ways, depends on the situation, positive ones help in passing the level, while negative ones make the level more difficult. To alert the player, a loud warning sound will be heard. Most of the power-ups are directly taken from MegaBall with different names. New additions include FireBall, Set-Off Exploding, Shrink Ball, Split Ball, Super Shrink, Fast Ball. In addition, there are two unused negative power-ups called Gravity Ball and Magnetism, found in the game's internal coding and is a leftover from MegaBall; these two power-ups were dropped on the game's final development as it requires a more advanced game engine to render their effects yet their icons still remain in the coding files.

Trivially, the game's function could be temporarily transformed into a shoot'em up by using a hidden cheat code that enable the Shooting Paddle power-up at the player's control, at the cost of reduced points. DX-Ball draws its main inspiration from the Amiga game MegaBall, programmed by Mackey Software in 1991–1993 for the Amiga; this game a vast improvement upon Taito's Arkanoid, has several features that carried on to DX-Ball, such as similar power-ups, a large playfield, both shares a same level background textures. In addition, both games include a level editor; the original author released in 2012 the source code of MegaBall under the Apache license. Michael P. Welch designed DX-Ball in 1996 as PC remake of MegaBall, only available for the Amiga platform. According to a message of the programmer in the game's leaderboard screen, it was dedicated for Michael's wife, so that she can play something in the PC, similar to her favorite Amiga game MegaBall. In the message, Michael himself states that his wife enjoys MegaBall more than his own game, Scorched Tanks, his main motivation to design DX-Ball.

Seumas McNally, whose programmed its sequel, has contributed the game's 3D graphic design. DX-Ball expanded technically on the common Breakout-style game formula with smooth 16-bit graphics stylized level designs, a wide array of power-ups, high quality sound effects and unique gameplay elements never seen before in a Breakout clone of its time. One interesting aspect of the game is that it renders on an exceptional 60 fps gameplay with any video cards, giving a vivid look and sophisticated smoothness; the game runs on either Direct Direct X 2 for the optimal quality. This feature was carried on games. In 2002, the game was ported to macOS by Michael S. Austin, the author of CTSP Games and a friend of Michael Welch. While recycling the original gameplay and graphics, the Mac version introduces several new features, including four new in-game music, 2-player hotseat multiplayer, different title screen display, an optional board pack expansion of 150 additional boards; this version is a shareware, as the board expansion pack is only available in the registered version.

The Mac version requires macOS version 6.0 or higher. However, it is not compatible on newer Intel-based Macs such as the iMac. DX-Ball has been succeeded by two direct follow-ups: Rival Ball. While these were developed by Longbow Digital Arts, Michael Welch released a remake in 2004 under BlitWise Productions, known as Super DX-Ball. In addition, Longbow Digital Arts released a spin-off in the same year, known as Rival Ball Tournament. Unlike DX-Ball, these games are not freeware. In an article on shareware named "Home grown" PC Zone #64 June 1998 called DX-Ball a "superb clone". PC Zone #97 Christmas 2000, disappointed with a Hasbro Breakout remake, recommended instead DX-Ball 2 in their review. Original homepage Homepage of DX-Ball - The game and level editor can be downloaded here. DX-Ball Online - web version. DX-Ball at MobyGames

Vast Broadband

Vast Broadband is a cable and internet company serving South Dakota, northwestern Iowa and southwestern Minnesota, more the communities of Sioux Falls, Rapid City, Luverne, Watertown, Storm Lake, Worthington and Belle Fourche among others. Vast Broadband is held by Clarity Telecom. Vast Broadband was formed in 2014 after the close of a deal in which Vast acquired cable systems from WOW! in South Dakota and Iowa, which WOW! had picked up through its acquisition of Knology in 2012. The deal left Vast serving 293,000 residential and business customers making it the 34th largest cable company in the United States. Vast's corporate team would be made up of that of Clarity Telecom. In early 2015, Vast began making major network upgrades increasing internet speeds and adding more channels to their customers this would be the beginning of Vast trying to differentiate itself from WOW!'s products and services

Yushima Station (Iwate)

Yushima Station is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the city of Ichinoseki, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Yushima Station is served by the Tōhoku Main Line, is located 427.0 rail kilometers from the terminus of the line at Tokyo Station. Yushima Station has two opposed side platforms connected to the station building by a footbridge; the platforms are not numbered. The station is unattended. Yushima Station opened on 1 July 1954; the station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of the Japanese National Railways on 1 April 1987. Much of the station platform collapsed during the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and was rebuilt by March 2012. Hanaizumi Factory of Kuramoto Seisakusho List of Railway Stations in Japan Official website


Altomünster is a municipality in the district of Dachau in Bavaria in Germany. The market is located northwest of Dachau and in the middle of the triangle formed by the cities of Munich and Ingolstadt; the village lies on the DAH 2 state road. The Angerbach river flows through Altomünster. Markt Altomünster is organised into the following 48 villages: Altomünster, Asbach, Deutenhofen, Erlau, Haag, Hohenried, Humersberg, Irchenbrunn, Lauterbach, Maisbrunn, Oberndorf, Oberschröttenloh, Ottelsburg, Pfaffenhofen, Plixenried, Rametsried, Reichertshausen, Röckersberg, Ruppertskirchen, Schielach, Schloßberg, Schmelchen, Stumpfenbach, Thalhausen, Übelmanna, Unterzeitlbach and Xyger. In 750 A. D. a wandering monk named Alto founded a small monastery. Before 1000, the Guelphs built a Benedictine monastery. Welf I, Duke of Bavaria brought 1,056 monks to colonize the newly founded monastery vineyard in Altdorf, while the nuns established in Altdorf came to Altomünster, they lived there until the dissolution of the monastery in 1488 by Pope Innocent VIII.

Around 1310, the Wittelsbach dukes awarded the residents town rights. On 4 October 1391 town rights were confirmed by Duke Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria. Around 1420, the Ingolstadt dukes built the marketplace. In 1496, Duke George of Bavaria gave nuns of the Order of St. Bridget of Sweden from Maihingen permission to found a monastery at Altomünster. On March 18, 1803, the monastery was dissolved, although it was revived. Today, apart from a branch in Bremen, it is the last monastery of the Order of St. Bridget of Sweden in Germany. In 1823, Altomünster became a rural municipality with market rights; the main reason for this was the closure of the monastery, the main employer paid all the administrative costs. In 1862 a hospital was built. In 1869 a kindergarten was built. In 1882 the Market Savings Bank was founded. In 1888 Altomünster was connected to the telegraph service, followed in 1902 by the telephone service. Between 1907 and 1910 the town was electrified. On 18 December 1913 the Dachau–Altomünster railway opened.

In 1977, a new school complex was inaugurated. On 1 December 1996 the "Spider" discotheque burnt down - three days after the conviction of the manager and "disco mafia accomplice" Karl Heinz S. Since regular Spider revival parties have been held; the council of Altomuenster is composed of 20 elected and volunteer council seats and First Mayor of the market. The municipal election held on 16 March 2014 led to the following conclusions: The Altomünster Primary and Middle School has about 500 pupils. Since October 2011, it has had been part of the Comenius partnership. Declared school partners are the école primaire in Flesselles; the project topic is "Healthy Active Citizens Across Europe". Nagyvenyim

Ketchup Clouds

Ketchup Clouds is a 2012 teen novel by Annabel Pitcher. It tells the story of a girl about the age of 15 who has a dark secret she is afraid to confess to anyone but her pen pal, a murderer on Death Row, it won. The book revolves around a 15-year-old girl who, to keep her identity, calls herself Zoe, claims to live on a Fiction Road, somewhere near Bath, England; the story is told in written letters to a murderer on Death Row, whom she believes is the only person she can confide in, after admitting to killing his wife. Zoe feels like Stuart is the only person she can confess her secret to, because he knows how it feels to have murdered someone that he loved. Zoe lives with her two sisters, 10-year-old Sophie and 6-year-old Dot, deaf and communicates through sign language, she lives with her parents, arguing in the recent weeks surrounding Jane's grudge against Simon's dad, in the light of being revealed as ill. The grudge remains a mystery to Zoe. Zoe is invited to an end of summer party by the most popular boy in her year at school.

Knowing that her mum will never allow her to go, Zoe is given permission. Outside the party Zoe starts an interesting conversation with a boy she has never met, but is dragged away by her best friend, before they can learn each other's names. Inside the house she loses him again. In an effort to find him she encounters Max Morgan, they subsequently make out in Max's bedroom, leading to Zoe being topless. Once returned to school, Lauren reveals to Zoe that in her drunken state, Max took a photo of her bare chest, sent it to his friend, who sent it to everyone at school. Zoe confronts Max, who takes no notice of her anger and goes home without apologising. Zoe goes to the annual Bonfire Night celebration and meets the boy from the party, he tells her his name is Aaron. Aaron goes off with a girl who Zoe assumes is his girlfriend. Heart-broken, she runs into Max, who gives an honest apology and kisses her. Upon leaving, Max says his brother is driving him home, Zoe approaches the car to see Aaron, realising that the two are brothers.

That evening Zoe receives a text from Max. Though she prefers Aaron, she thinks that he is taken, so accepts Max's invite. After her dad refuses to explain her mum's grudge against her grandfather, Zoe chooses to believe that if they can have secrets, she can too. So Zoe goes to Max's house, but on leaving, she sees Aaron, lies about visiting his brother. Aaron drives her home, they talk all the way. Aaron gives Zoe his number. An ambulance drives by her house, Zoe goes to a distraught Sophie, who says that Dot fell down the stairs and went unconscious. Zoe takes Sophie in a taxi to the hospital. Dot has a broken wrist. Zoe meets Aaron at the library during her shift, they are about to kiss before Zoe is interrupted by a woman needing assistance, but by the time she'd helped her Aaron is leaving. The pair sees each other at the library more after then. Zoe goes to a party at Lauren's house. Upset, Zoe runs into Max. After making out with each other, Max tries to introduce Zoe to his brother. After a little resistance, Zoe accepts the inevitable and admits to Aaron that she's together with Max.

Max leaves the two alone for a moment and Aaron explains that the girl wasn't his girlfriend but an old childhood friend, bluntly says that there was nothing between him and Zoe anyway. But she believes; as revenge, Zoe goes to his house without Aaron knowing. Sandra gets Aaron to drive her home, they argue the whole way, part on bad terms. On Zoe's parents have a big argument and hint to the fact that it was Jane's fault that Dot is deaf. Zoe meets Aaron in the library but he blanks her, she tries to explain herself but Aaron won't have any of it until Zoe kisses him. They both run out of the library, into the rain, confess their love for each other, they both plan to tell Max what has been going on, but after his dad is due to marry another woman, Aaron says Max is upset and not in the right state to break up, needs Zoe's care during this time. A while Zoe goes to the Spring Fair, where the brothers will be, decides that this is when she has to break up with Max. During the fair, it begins to rain heavily.

Angry and drunk, Max stumbles into a forest and Aaron following. Max catches the pair kissing and goes into a fit of rage, demanding answers, unknowingly edges closer to a fast-moving stream, he fights with Aaron and calls Zoe a'slut' when he tries to grab Zoe and Zoe push him away causing Max to fall into the river, being swept away by the stream and to drown. Aaron calls an ambulance. In her last letter, Zoe is racked by guilt, refuses to visit Sandra and the rest of Max's family. So her mum tells her that her dad was right, that it is her fault Dot is deaf, she explains that she didn't want a third child, in her initial resentment ended up overlooking a mild illness that Dot had. Dot ended up going to the hospital with meningitis. Although being saved, the doctors couldn't save her hearing. Jane's grudge against Zoe's grandfather came from being called a bad mother by him after the whole incident, she explained. Zoe goes to Max's funeral