London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
The Hurt Locker
The Hurt Locker is a 2008 American war drama film directed by Kathryn Bigelow and written by Mark Boal released on June 26, 2009. It stars Jeremy Renner, Anthony Mackie, Brian Geraghty, Christian Camargo, Ralph Fiennes, David Morse, Guy Pearce; the film follows an Iraq War Explosive Ordnance Disposal team who are targeted by insurgents, shows their psychological reactions to the stress of combat, intolerable to some and addictive to others. Boal drew on his experience during embedded access to write the screenplay; the Hurt Locker premiered at the 2008 Venice International Film Festival before it was released in the United States on June 26, 2009 by Summit Entertainment. The film earned near universal acclaim from critics, who praised Bigelow's directing, the cast and action sequences; the film was nominated for nine Academy Awards and won six, including Best Picture and Best Original Screenplay, making it the first Best Picture winner by a female director. The film grossed $49.2 million worldwide, making it one of the lowest grossing films to win Best Picture.
In 2004, Sergeant First Class William James arrives as the new team leader of a U. S. Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal unit in the Iraq War, he replaces Staff Sergeant Matthew Thompson, killed by an improvised explosive device in Baghdad. His team includes Specialist Owen Eldridge. James is approached by an Iraqi youth nicknamed "Beckham" attempting to sell DVDs. James takes a liking to him. Sanborn and Eldridge consider James' maverick disposal methods and attitude reckless, raising tensions; when they are assigned to destroy explosives, James returns to the detonation site to pick up his gloves. Sanborn contemplates killing him by "accidentally" triggering the explosives, making Eldridge uncomfortable. Nothing is done and tensions continue to increase. Returning to Camp Victory in their Humvee, the team encounters five armed men in traditional Arab garb and casual attire standing near a Ford Excursion, which has a flat tire. James' team has a tense encounter with their leader, who reveals that they are private military contractors and British mercenaries.
They have captured two prisoners featured on the most-wanted Iraqi playing cards. The group comes under fire. Enemy snipers kill three including their leader. Sanborn and James borrow a gun to dispatch three attackers. During a raid on a warehouse, James discovers a body he believes is Beckham, in which a bomb has been surgically implanted. During evacuation, Lieutenant Colonel John Cambridge, the camp's psychiatrist and a friend of Eldridge, is killed in an explosion. James breaks into the house of an Iraqi professor, seeking revenge for Beckham, but his search reveals nothing. Called to a petrol tanker detonation, James decides to hunt for the insurgents responsible, guessing they are still nearby. Sanborn protests. After they split up, insurgents capture Eldridge after shooting him in the leg. James and Sanborn rescue him; the following morning, James is approached by Beckham, who he believed was dead, walks by silently. Before being airlifted for surgery, Eldridge angrily blames James for his injury.
James and Sanborn's unit is called to another mission in their last two days of their rotation. An innocent Iraqi civilian has had a bomb vest strapped to his chest. James tries to cut off the locks to remove the vest, he abandons the man, killed when the bomb explodes. Sanborn is distraught by the man's death, he confesses to James that he can no longer cope with the pressure, wants to return home and have a son. After Bravo Company's rotation ends, James returns to his ex-wife Connie and their infant son, who still live with him in his house. However, he is bored by routine civilian life. James confesses to his son, he starts another tour of duty, serving with Delta Company, a U. S. Army EOD unit on its 365-day rotation. Jeremy Renner as Sergeant First Class William James Anthony Mackie as Sergeant J. T. Sanborn Brian Geraghty as Specialist Owen Eldridge Guy Pearce as Staff Sergeant Matthew Thompson Christian Camargo as Lieutenant Colonel John Cambridge David Morse as Colonel Reed Ralph Fiennes as the leader of a Private Military Company unit Evangeline Lilly as Connie James Christopher Sayegh as Beckham Malcolm Barrett as Sergeant Foster Sam Spruell as Contractor Charlie The small-budget film was independently produced and directed by Kathryn Bigelow, the screenplay was written by Mark Boal, a freelance writer, embedded as a journalist in 2004 with a U.
S. Army EOD team in Iraq, it stars Jeremy Renner, Anthony Mackie, Brian Geraghty. The film premiered at the Venice Film Festival in Italy during 2008. After being shown at the Toronto International Film Festival, it was picked up for distribution in the United States by Summit Entertainment. In May 2009, it was the Closing Night selection for Maryland Film Festival; the film was released in the United States on June 26, 2009 but received a more widespread theatrical release on July 24, 2009. Since the film was not released in the United States until 2009, it was eligible for the Academy Awards only the following year, where it was nominated for nine Academy Awards. Although the film had not recovered its budget by the time of the ceremony, it won six Oscars, including Best Picture, Best Director for Bigelow, Best Original Screenplay for Boal; the Hurt Locker is bas
The BAFTA Fellowship, or the Academy Fellowship, is a lifetime achievement award presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in recognition of "outstanding achievement in the art forms of the moving image". The award is the highest honour the Academy can bestow, has been awarded annually since 1971. Fellowship recipients have been film directors, but some have been awarded to actors and television producers, film editors, screenwriters and to contributors to the video game industry. People from the United Kingdom dominate the list, but it includes over a dozen U. S. citizens and several from other countries in Europe, though none of the latter have been recognized since 1996. In 2010, Shigeru Miyamoto became the first citizen of an Asian country to receive the award; the inaugural recipient of the award was producer Alfred Hitchcock. The award has been made posthumously to the comedy pair Morecambe and Wise, in 1999, to Stanley Kubrick, who died that year and was made a fellow in 2000.
The most recent recipient was the American film editor Thelma Schoonmaker at the 72nd British Academy Film Awards on 10 February 2019. BAFTA official site Fellows of BAFTA
Avatar (2009 film)
Avatar is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, produced, co-edited by James Cameron, stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, Sigourney Weaver. Film's title is based on Sanskrit word Avatar; the film is set in the mid-22nd century, when humans are colonizing Pandora, a lush habitable moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system, in order to mine the mineral unobtanium, a room-temperature superconductor. The expansion of the mining colony threatens the continued existence of a local tribe of Na'vi – a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora; the film's title refers to a genetically engineered Na'vi body operated from the brain of a remotely located human, used to interact with the natives of Pandora. Development of Avatar began in 1994. Filming was supposed to take place after the completion of Cameron's 1997 film Titanic, for a planned release in 1999, according to Cameron, the necessary technology was not yet available to achieve his vision of the film.
Work on the language of the film's extraterrestrial beings began in 2005, Cameron began developing the screenplay and fictional universe in early 2006. Avatar was budgeted at $237 million. Other estimates put the cost between $280 million and $310 million for production and at $150 million for promotion; the film made extensive use of new motion capture filming techniques, was released for traditional viewing, 3D viewing, for "4D" experiences in select South Korean theaters. The stereoscopic filmmaking was touted as a breakthrough in cinematic technology. Avatar premiered in London on December 10, 2009, was internationally released on December 16 and in the United States and Canada on December 18, to positive critical reviews, with critics praising its groundbreaking visual effects. During its theatrical run, the film broke several box office records and became the highest-grossing film of all time, as well as in the United States and Canada, surpassing Cameron's Titanic, which had held those records for twelve years.
It became the first film to gross more than $2 billion and the best-selling film of 2010 in the United States. Avatar was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director, won three, for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects. Following the film's success, Cameron signed with 20th Century Fox to produce four sequels: Avatar 2 and Avatar 3 are filming, will be released on December 18, 2020, December 17, 2021, respectively. Several cast members are expected to return, including Worthington, Saldana and Weaver. In 2154, humans have depleted Earth's natural resources; the Resources Development Administration mines for a valuable mineral — unobtanium — on Pandora, a densely forested habitable moon orbiting the gas giant Polyphemus in the Alpha Centauri star system. Pandora, whose atmosphere is poisonous to humans, is inhabited by the Na'vi, a species of 10-foot tall, blue-skinned, sapient humanoids that live in harmony with nature and worship a mother goddess named Eywa.
To explore Pandora's biosphere, scientists use Na'vi-human hybrids called "avatars", operated by genetically matched humans. Dr. Grace Augustine, head of the Avatar Program, considers Sully an inadequate replacement but accepts his assignment as a bodyguard. While protecting the avatars of Grace and fellow scientist Dr. Norm Spellman as they collect biological data, Jake's avatar is attacked by a thanator and flees into the forest, where he is rescued by Neytiri, a female Na'vi. Witnessing an auspicious sign, she takes him to her clan, whereupon Neytiri's mother Mo'at, the clan's spiritual leader, orders her daughter to initiate Jake into their society. Colonel Miles Quaritch, head of RDA's private security force, promises Jake that the company will restore his legs if he gathers information about the Na'vi and the clan's gathering place, a giant tree called Hometree, which stands above the richest deposit of unobtanium in the area; when Grace learns of this, she transfers herself and Norm to an outpost.
Over the following three months, Jake grows to sympathize with the natives. After Jake is initiated into the tribe, he and Neytiri choose each other as mates, soon afterward, Jake reveals his change of allegiance when he attempts to disable a bulldozer that threatens to destroy a sacred Na'vi site; when Quaritch shows a video recording of Jake's attack on the bulldozer to Administrator Parker Selfridge, another in which Jake admits that the Na'vi will never abandon Hometree, Selfridge orders Hometree destroyed. Despite Grace's argument that destroying Hometree could damage the biological neural network native to Pandora, Selfridge gives Jake and Grace one hour to convince the Na'vi to evacuate before commencing the attack. While trying to warn the Na'vi, Jake confesses to being a spy, the Na'vi take him and Grace captive. Seeing this, Quaritch's men destroy Hometree. Mo'at frees Jake and Grace, but they are detached from their avatars and imprisoned by Quaritch's forces. Pilot Trudy Chacón, disgusted by Quaritch's brutality, frees Jake and Norm, airlifts them to Grace's outpost, but during the escape Quaritch fires at them, hitting Grace.
To regain the Na'vi's trust, Jake connects his mind to that of Toruk, a dragon-like predator
Jonathan Stephen Ross is an English television and radio presenter, film critic and comedian best known for presenting the BBC One chat show Friday Night with Jonathan Ross during the 2000s. Ross hosted his own radio show on BBC Radio 2, acted as a film critic and presenter of the Film programme. After leaving the BBC, Ross began hosting a new chat show on ITV, The Jonathan Ross Show. Other regular roles have included being a regular panellist on the comedy sports quiz They Think It's All Over and being a regular presenter of the British Comedy Awards. Ross began his television career as a programme researcher, before débuting as a television presenter for The Last Resort with Jonathan Ross on Channel 4 in 1987. Over the next decade he had several radio and television roles, many through his own production company, Channel X. In 1995 he sold his stake in Channel X, embarked on a career with the BBC. In 1999, Ross took over presenting the Film programme from Barry Norman, began presenting his own radio show, while two years he began hosting Friday Night with Jonathan Ross.
For the chat show, Ross won three BAFTA awards for Best Entertainment Performance, in 2004, 2006 and 2007. By 2006 Ross was believed to be the BBC's highest paid star. In 2005, Ross was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to broadcasting. Ross has been involved in controversies throughout his broadcasting career; as a result, in 2008 he wrote a semi-autobiographical work titled Why Do I Say These Things?, detailing some of his life experiences. Ross has been married to the author and broadcaster Jane Goldman since 1988. Ross and Goldman have together established the television production company Hotsauce TV. Ross is known as an avid fan and collector of comic books and memorabilia, has written his own comic books and America's Got Powers. Ross is known for his distinctive voice, flamboyant style of dress, light-hearted banter and his characteristic difficulty in pronouncing the letter'R'; the son of a lorry driver father and an actress mother, Ross was born in St Pancras, England, on 17 November 1960, but grew up in Leytonstone.
He is the brother of journalist, television editor, media personality Paul Ross. Their mother put all of her children forward for roles in television advertisements. Ross first appeared in a television advertisement for the breakfast cereal Kellogg's Rice Krispies in 1970, when he was 10 years old, he appeared in an ad for the laundry detergent Persil. Ross was educated at Norlington School for Boys, a comprehensive school and at Leyton County High School for Boys, a comprehensive school, he studied Modern European History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies in London, which today forms part of University College London. Ross began his adult career as a researcher on the Channel 4 show Loose Talk. After leaving this, he worked on various other shows before beginning another research job on Soul Train, which became Solid Soul, it is believed his first appearance on television was as an extra in the 1981 It Ain't Half Hot, Mum episode, The Last Roll Call. Whilst on Solid Soul, he met fellow researcher Alan Marke, the two devised what would prove to be a breakthrough hit for Ross in 1987, The Last Resort with Jonathan Ross.
The two men based their concept on the successful American show Late Night with David Letterman, formed a new production company called Channel X, to produce a pilot. Ross had not planned to be the show's host, but he presented the show from its debut in January 1987. While the series was a co-production with Colin Callender, ownership transferred to Marke and Ross, meaning that the latter retained a great deal of control as well as being presenter; the show was successful for both Ross and for Channel 4, making him one of the major personalities on the channel. A year his documentary series The Incredibly Strange Film Show introduced many to the works of cult filmmakers like Sam Raimi and Jackie Chan. In 1990 and 1991, his television documentary series Jonathan Ross Presents for One Week Only profiled and interviewed directors including Alejandro Jodorowsky, David Lynch, Aki Kaurismaki and in 2014, the Spanish filmmaker, Pedro Almodovar. In 1989, he co-presented the biennial BBC charity telethon Comic Relief, the same year he launched One Hour with Jonathan Ross a short lived chat show on Channel 4.
Its game show segment, "Knock down ginger", introduced comedians such as Vic Reeves, Bob Mortimer, Paul Whitehouse and Charlie Higson to television. In December 1989, Ross appeared on Cilla's Goodbye to the 80s and presented all four members of Queen with the "Top Band of the Eighties" prize in a broadcast for ITV which would turn out to be Freddie Mercury's penultimate public appearance before his death from AIDS in 1991. Ross presented the annual British Comedy Awards each year from 1991 to 2014 with the exception of 2008 following his suspension from the BBC. In 1992 he presented an interview with Madonna about her Erotica Sex Book promotion. Ross has appeared in numerous television entertainment programmes on several channels throughout the 1990s and 2000s, he was a regular panellist on the sports quiz They Think It's All Over, hosted the panel game It's Only TV... But I Like It. Other projects include the BBC joke-quiz Gagtag, the Channel 4 variety show Saturday Zoo, new-acts showcase The Big Big Talent Show, the ITV programme Fantastic Facts.
In 1995, he left Channel X, despite its profitable nature. He was quoted in a 1998 article as stating: It was to do with a deliberate change in my life, moving away from TV as the core of my existence to focus on my family more. So I had to give up everything to do with Channel X, I got onl
Kristen Jaymes Stewart is an American actress and director. She is the recipient of several accolades, including a César Award, making her the first American woman to win it, her films have grossed over $4.3 billion worldwide, she was the highest-paid actress in the world in 2010 and 2012. Born in Los Angeles to parents who worked in show business, Stewart began her career as a child actor in 1999, she gained notice in 2002 for playing Jodie Foster's daughter in the thriller Panic Room, which garnered her a Young Artist Award nomination for Best Leading Actress in a Feature Film. She subsequently starred in Speak, Catch That Kid, Zathura: A Space Adventure, Into the Wild. In 2010, she was awarded the BAFTA Rising Star Award. Stewart went on to gain wide recognition for playing Bella Swan in The Twilight Saga film series, which collectively grossed over $3.3 billion worldwide. Her work in the series established her as one of the highest-paid actresses in the world. Following a role in the fantasy film Snow White and the Huntsman, Stewart eschewed parts in big-budget films in favour of independent productions.
She starred in the dramas Camp X-Ray and Still Alice, the science fiction romance Equals. In 2015, she received critical acclaim for her role opposite Juliette Binoche in Olivier Assayas's French film Clouds of Sils Maria, for which she won the César Award for Best Supporting Actress. Stewart reunited with Assayas the following year in the supernatural thriller for her critically acclaimed role in Personal Shopper and made her directorial debut with the 2017 short film Come Swim. Stewart was raised in Los Angeles. Both of her parents work in the entertainment industry, her father, John Stewart, is a stage manager and television producer who has worked for Fox and on the Comedy Central show @midnight. Her mother, Jules Mann-Stewart, is from Maroochydore, Australia, she is a script supervisor and has directed a film, the 2012 prison drama K-11. She has an older brother, Cameron B. Stewart, two adopted brothers and Taylor. Stewart attended local schools until the seventh grade; as she became more involved in acting, she continued her education by correspondence until completing high school.
As she grew up with a family who worked behind the camera, Stewart thought she would become a screenwriter/director, but never considered being an actor. She recalled, "I never wanted to be the center of attention—I wasn't that'I want to be famous, I want to be an actor' kid. I never sought out acting. I'd write my name on everything."She began acting at 8, after an agent saw her perform in her elementary school's Christmas play. After auditioning for a year, Stewart gained her first role with a small, nonspeaking part in the Disney Channel TV-movie The Thirteenth Year, her next film was The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas, where she played the "ring toss girl". She appeared in the independent film The Safety of Objects, as the tomboy daughter of a troubled single mother. Stewart played a tomboy, diabetic daughter of a divorced mother in the film Panic Room, she was nominated for a Young Artist Award for her performance. After Panic Room's success, Stewart was cast in another thriller, Cold Creek Manor, playing the daughter of characters played by Dennis Quaid and Sharon Stone.
She was nominated again for a Young Artist Award for her performance. About this time in her career, she started homeschooling because of her irregular schedule. Stewart's first starring role was at age 14 in the children's action-comedy Catch That Kid, opposite Max Thieriot and Corbin Bleu; that year Stewart played the role of Lila in the thriller, Undertow. Stewart starred in the Lifetime/Showtime television film Speak, based on the novel by the same name by Laurie Halse Anderson. Stewart, 13 at the time of filming, played a high school freshman, Melinda Sordino, who after being raped nearly stops speaking, her performance was praised, with The New York Times stating "Ms. Stewart creates a convincing character full of pain and turmoil."Stewart appeared in the fantasy-adventure film Zathura: A Space Adventure, playing the role of Lisa Budwing, the irresponsible older sister of two little boys. During their playing a board game, they turn their house into a spacecraft hurtling uncontrollably in outer space.
The film was praised by critics. Her character is immobilized during most of the film; the next year, she played the character Maya in Fierce People, directed by Griffin Dunne. After that film, she received the lead role of Jess Solomon in the supernatural thriller film The Messengers. Stewart appeared as teenager Lucy Hardwicke in In the Land of Women, a romantic drama starring Meg Ryan and Adam Brody; the film, as well as Stewart's performance, received mixed reviews. That same year, Stewart had a small role in the Sean Penn-directed adaptation Into the Wild. For her portrayal of Tracy – a teenage singer who has a crush on young adventurer Christopher McCandless – Stewart received mixed reviews. While Salon.com considered her work a "sturdy, sensitive performance", the Chicago Tribune noted that she did "vividly well with a sketch of a role", Variety's critic Dennis Harvey said, "It's unclear whether Stewart means to be playing hippie-chick Tracy as vapid, or whether it just comes off that way."
The film received Screen Actors Guild nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture. After Into the Wild, Stewart had a cameo appearance in Jumper and appeared in What Just
Christoph Waltz is a German-Austrian film and voice actor and director active in the United States. He is known for his work with American filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, receiving critical acclaim for portraying SS officer Hans Landa in Inglourious Basterds and bounty hunter King Schultz in Django Unchained. For both performances, he earned an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor. Waltz received the Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival and a Screen Actors Guild Award for his portrayal of Landa. Waltz portrayed computer genius Qohen Leth in the science fiction film The Zero Theorem, American plagiarist Walter Keane in the biographical film Big Eyes, James Bond's nemesis Ernst Stavro Blofeld in Spectre, the twenty-fourth Bond film. Waltz was born in Vienna, the son of Johannes Waltz and Elisabeth Urbancic and costume designers, from Germany and Austria, respectively, his maternal grandfather, Rudolf von Urban, was a psychiatrist and psychologist who wrote the book Sex Perfection and Marital Happiness.
His maternal grandmother was Burgtheater actress Maria Mayen, his step-grandfather was actor Emmerich Reimers. His great-grandparents worked in theatre. Waltz studied acting at the Max Reinhardt Seminar in Vienna. In the late 1970s, Waltz spent some time in New York City where he studied method acting with Lee Strasberg and Stella Adler, he started as a stage actor, performing at venues such as Zurich's Schauspielhaus Zürich, Vienna's Burgtheater, the Salzburg Festival. He became a prolific television actor in the years 1980 to 2000. In 2000, he made his directorial debut, with the German television production Wenn man sich traut. Before coming to the attention of a larger audience in Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds, he had played Dr. Hans-Joachim Dorfmann in the British TV series The Gravy Train in 1990; the show is a story of intrigue and misdeeds set in the offices of the European Union in Brussels. In Quentin Tarantino's 2009 film Inglourious Basterds, Waltz portrayed SS-Standartenführer Hans Landa, aslo known as "The Jew Hunter".
Clever, multilingual — but self-serving, cunning and murderous — the character of Landa was such that Tarantino feared he "might have written a part, un-playable". Waltz received the Best Actor Award for the performance at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival and received acclaim from critics and the public. In 2009, he began sweeping critics' awards circuits, receiving awards for Best Supporting Actor from the New York Film Critics Circle, the Boston Society of Film Critics, Los Angeles Film Critics Association, for Best Supporting Actor at the 67th Golden Globe Awards and the 16th Screen Actors Guild Awards in January 2010; the following month, he won the BAFTA for Best Supporting Actor, won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He is the only actor to have won an Academy Award for playing a character in a Tarantino film. Tarantino acknowledged the importance of Waltz to his film by stating: "I think that Landa is one of the best characters I've written and will write, Christoph played it to a tee.
It's true that if I couldn't have found someone as good as Christoph I might not have made Inglourious Basterds". Waltz played gangster Benjamin Chudnofsky in The Green Hornet, he played German bounty hunter Dr. King Schultz in Quentin Tarantino's Django Unchained, a role Tarantino wrote for Waltz. During a training accident prior to filming, Waltz injured his pelvis, his role garnered him acclaim once again, with Waltz winning the Golden Globe, the BAFTA, the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. This is the last Tarantino film Waltz has appeared in, many fans hope the two work together again. Waltz has been cast as the former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the film Reykjavik, based on the 1986 peace talks between the United States and USSR. In April 2013, he was selected as a member of the main competition jury at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival, he directed a production of the opera Der Rosenkavalier at the Vlaamse Opera, in Antwerp in late 2013, in Ghent early 2014. In 2014, he was selected as a member of the jury for the 64th Berlin International Film Festival.
He starred as Walter Keane in Tim Burton's Big Eyes, which opened on 25 December 2014, appeared as Ernst Stavro Blofeld in Spectre, the 24th film in the James Bond franchise. In 2015, it was announced that Waltz will direct and star in the film The Worst Marriage in Georgetown, based on the true crime story of the murder of Viola Drath. In July 2016, he portrayed lead villain Captain Leon Rom, a corrupt Belgian captain, in the reboot The Legend of Tarzan. In 2017, Waltz appeared in the films Tulip Downsizing. In 2019, Waltz appeared in the action fantasy Alita: Battle Angel, he directed a production of the opera Falstaff, again at the Vlaamse Opera, in Antwerp in late 2017, in Ghent early 2018. Waltz has three children with his former wife, he is raising a daughter with costume designer Judith Holste. They divide their time among Berlin and Los Angeles. Waltz's native language is German and he is fluent in English and French, he speaks all three of these in Inglourious Basterds and Django Unchained, although his character in Inglourious Basterds spoke Italian, Waltz said on the Adam Carolla Podcast that he is not fluent in Italian.
He is his own voice actor for both the German dubs of each film. Waltz was born in Vienna to a German father who applied for him to become a citizen of Germany after his birth, he received Austrian citizenship in 2010, thus holding citizenshi