21st Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)
The 21st Mechanized Corps was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War. Formed in March 1941, in response to the German victories in the West it was attached to the newly forming 27th Army, held in reserve near Opochka in Soviet Union 130 kilometres South of Pskov in the Special Baltic Military District, it was under the command of Major General Lelyushenko when the German Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941. It consisted of the 42nd and 46th Tank Divisions, the 185th Mechanized Division. A After the Invasion began the Special Baltic Military District was renamed Northwestern Front, Commanded by Colonel General Kutznetsov; the front fielded 11th Armies with the 27th Armies in its second echelon. The 21st Mechanized was engaged in the first battles of Operation Barbarossa during the Baltic Operation. After the spectacular advances by 4th Panzer Group Kutznetsov asked Stavka for the release of Berzarin's 27th Army and the 21st Mechanized Corps on 25 June and was ordered to halt Erich von Manstein's LVI Panzer Corps, closing up to the Daugava River that day both units engaged near Dvinsk.
Next Army Group North sent a special force which captured the bridges at Daugavpils and consolidated with 8th Panzer Division. As the fighting intensified elements of 21st Mechanized Corps broke into the Northern suburbs of the town, with fierce house-to-house fighting. After failing to clear Daugavpils further fighting and attacks by the Luftwaffe succeeded in wearing down its forces during next two days to the extent that by 29 June it had only seven operational tanks, 74 artillery pieces and more than 4,000 men left and was exhausted as a fighting force. On 30 June the Soviet Air Force put in an all out effort which resulted in the loss of 43 aircraft but did not succeed in destroying the principal river crossings over the Daugava River but did succeed in destroying some pontoon bridges.b After continuing a fighting retreat through the Baltic states in July, but in remnants the 21st Mechanized Corps was disbanded in August 1941.c a On 22 June 1941 21st Mechanized Corps consisted of 98 tanks including Soviet Kv-1s, T-26, Bt 7, T-34s models, plus 130 artillery guns.
B On 11 July 1941 Col P Poluboiarov, Northwestern Front armoured directorate reported that the 21st Mechanized Corps had been committed in large formations without cooperation from Artillery and Air Support. It had only'25 Kv-1s, 10 T-26s, 4 Bt 7s and 2 T-34s remaining and'is no longer a mechanized formation, its motorized infantry are most simple infantry reinforced by a few tanks. C On 23 July 1941 Major General Lelyushenko reported that the 21st Mechanized Corps had suffered 6,284 casualties, or 60% of its combat strength during the first month of combat
4th Guards Motor Rifle Division
The 4th Guards Motor Rifle Division was a motorized infantry division of the Soviet Army during the Cold War. The division began its history as the 13th Tank Corps of the Red Army, formed in April 1942 during World War II and fought in the Soviet counterattack against Case Blue, the Battle of Voronezh, the Battle of Stalingrad; the corps lost so many tanks that it was reorganized with a mechanized corps structure in November, though it retained the 13th Tank Corps designation. For its actions the corps became the 4th Guards Mechanized Corps in early 1943 and received the Stalingrad honorific, it continued to fight in combat for most of the rest of the war, receiving the Order of the Red Banner for its role in the Nikopol–Krivoi Rog Offensive of early 1944, the Order of Suvorov, 2nd class for its actions in the Odessa Offensive, the Order of Kutuzov, 2nd class for its actions in the Jassy–Kishinev Offensive. In the final months of the war the corps advanced into Bulgaria, Serbia and southern Czechoslovakia before being withdrawn into the reserve.
Several weeks after the end of the war, the corps was converted into the 4th Guards Mechanized Division and based at Sofia. In the late 1940s it was withdrawn to Ukraine, was based at Lugansk by the time it became the 63rd Guards Motor Rifle Division in 1957, it was renumbered as the 4th Guards Motor Rifle Division to preserve its traditions in 1964, was sent to Termez during the Soviet–Afghan War to replace a division deployed to the latter. When it returned to Lugansk in 1989, the division was reduced to a storage base, disbanded in 1991; the corps was formed during April and May 1942 in the Stalingrad Military District as the 13th Tank Corps, under the command of Major General Pyotr Shurov. It included the 65th, 85th, 88th Tank Brigades as well as the 20th Motor Rifle Brigade and support units; the corps saw its first combat on 10 June in the area of Prikolotnoye southwest of Kupiansk as part of the Southwestern Front. During June and July the corps was part of the 28th Army transferred to the 21st Army to participate in the Battle of Voronezh.
Shruov was mortally wounded in July and replaced by Colonel Trofim Tanaschishin, who would be promoted to major general on 7 December 1942 and to lieutenant general on 30 August 1943. On 23 July 1942 it was transferred to the Stalingrad Front, with which it fought in the Battle of Stalingrad. Due to heavy losses of tanks, in November the corps was reorganized as a mechanized corps with the 1st, 17th, 62nd Mechanized Brigades, though it retained the 13th Tank Corps designation; the corps fought in Operation Uranus, helping to encircle the Axis southern flank, in the repulse of the German counterattack Operation Winter Storm, in the counteroffensive of Operation Little Saturn. For "showing perseverance, courage and organization" in these actions, in addition to the "heroism displayed by its personnel," the corps was made an elite Guards unit, the 4th Guards Mechanized Corps, on 9 January 1943, received the Stalingrad honorific on 27 January, its subordinate brigades accordingly became the 13th, 14th, 15th Guards Mechanized Brigades.
Between January 1943 and mid-January 1944 the corps fought as part of the Southern Front, which became the 4th Ukrainian Front on 20 October 1943. It participated in the Rostov Offensive, the Donbass Strategic Offensive, the Melitopol Offensive during this period. Transferred to the 3rd Ukrainian Front in mid-January 1944, the corps was attached to the 8th Guards Army for the Nikopol–Krivoi Rog Offensive. Between 16 and 18 January it was relocated to support a breakthrough of the flanks on the 46th and 8th Guards Armies, with the objective of capturing the critical rail junction of Apostolovo to link up with forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front and cut off German troops in the Nikopol bridgehead. During the offensive, it helped to capture Nikopol and Apostolovo, earning it the Order of the Red Banner for its "exemplary completion of combat missions" and "valor and courage" on 13 February 1944; the 4th Guards Mechanized was attached to a Cavalry Mechanized Group commanded by Lieutenant General Issa Pliyev for the subsequent Bereznegovatoye–Snigeryovka and Odessa Offensives.
For helping to capture Odessa among other objectives during the latter, the corps was awarded the Order of Suvorov, 2nd class, on 20 April. Among the corps personnel posthumously awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title for their actions in these operations were tank commanders and Junior Lieutenants Boris Grebennikov and Vadim Sivkov, gunner and radio operator Ryadovoy Pyotr Krestyaninov. Tanaschishin was killed in action during the Odessa Offensive at the end of March and replaced by Major General Vladimir Zhdanov, who commanded it for the rest of the war and was promoted to Lieutenant General on 13 September. Attacking in conjunction with the 7th Mechanized and 18th Tank Corps during the August Jassy–Kishinev Offensive, the corps reached the area of Huși and Leova to encircle and destroy a large Axis group of eighteen divisions. For this action it received the Order of 2nd class, on 7 September. In early September the corps swept southward into Bulgaria west during the Belgrade Offensive to capture the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade on 20 October.
For their actions in the latter 214 corps personnel received Yugoslav decorations, Zhdanov was made a Hero of Yugoslavia. The corps was transferred to the 2nd Ukrainian Front in late October, served with it until February 1945; the corps was successively attached to the 46th Army from 1 November, Cavalry-Mechanized Group Pliev from 28 November, the 6th Guards Tank Army from 23 December, the 7th Guards Army from 26 January 1945 during the Budapest Offensive. It sa
20th Guards Motor Rifle Division
The 20th Motor Rifle Division was a formation of the Russian Ground Forces formed within the Soviet Red Army as the 3rd Mechanised Corps. The formation of the corps began in the Western Special Military District in June 1940 on the basis of headquarters and the relevant parts of the 24th Rifle Corps, 7th Cavalry Division, 21st Heavy Tank Brigade, 2nd Light Tank Brigade, 84th Rifle Division, tank battalions of the 113th, 121st and 143rd rifle divisions; the 3rd Mechanised Corps was first formed in July 1940, on 22 June 1941, was stationed at Vilnius in the Baltic Military District under MG A. V. Kurkin, it consisted of 2nd Tank Division, 5th Tank Division, 84th Motorised Division, 15th Motorcycle Regiment, an artillery regiment, engineer and signals battalions. On 22 June, the 2nd Tank Division was located in the forest in Gajzhuny, in the Ionava area, the 5th Tank Division was positioned to defend the Neman bridge near Alitus, the 84th Motorised Division - was in forest in the Kajshadoris area.
On 22 June 1941, the 3rd Mechanised Corps had 31,975 men & 651 tanks, of which 110 were new T-34 and KV-1 types. The Corps was engaged in the first battles of Operation Barbarossa during the Baltic Operation and at the Battle of Raseiniai. On 24 June 1941, a single KV-2 heavy tank of 2nd Tank Division, at a crossroads in front of Raseiniai, managed to cut off elements of the 6th Panzer Division which had established bridgeheads on the Dubysa, it stalled the Division's advance for a full day while being attacked by a variety of antitank weapons, until it ran out of ammunition. General Erhard Raus, the Officer commanding 6th Panzer Division's Kampfgruppe Raus, the unit held up by the lone vehicle, described the incident. Raus said that the vehicle was damaged by several shots from a 88mm anti-aircraft gun firing at the vehicle from behind whilst it was distracted by Panzer 35 tanks from Panzer Battalion 65; the crew were killed by grenades thrown by a Pioneer Engineer unit. The grenades were pushed through two holes made by the gun whilst the turret had started moving again, the other five or six shots having not penetrated completely.
The crew had remarkably only been stunned by the shots which had entered the turret. Afterwards they were buried nearby with honours by the German soldiers of the unit held up. However, by early July the Corps had ceased to exist as a formation, though remnants rejoined Soviet lines later. For example, the 5th Tank Division was at Yelnya by 4 July 1941, consisted of 2,552 men and a total of 2 BT-7 tanks and four armoured cars; the 2nd Tank Division was encircled and destroyed at Raseiniai and the 5th Tank Division was encircled and destroyed at the Battle of Białystok–Minskb and was disbanded shortly after. On 11 July 1941 Col P Poluboiarov, Northwestern Front armoured directorate reported that the 3rd Mechanised Corps had'completely perished' having only 400 men remaining who escaped encirclement with 2nd Tank Division & only 1 BT-7 tank; the Corps was formed for the second time on 18 September 1942 at Kalinin in the Moscow Military District. General Lieutenant M. E. Katukov took command, it was assigned to the 22nd Army of the Kalinin Front.
It took part in Operation Mars alongside the 22nd Army. At the beginning of Operation Mars 3rd Mechanised Corps consisted of 232 tanks. Hamazasp Babadzhanian, who commanded the 3rd Mechanised Brigade of the corps, mentioned this operation in his memoirs, quoting a conversation with 22nd Army commander, V. A. Iushkevich, who said, “We will conduct a rather serious offensive together with Western Front forces—we must liquidate the enemy Rzhev grouping.”The Corps fought in the Battle of Kursk fought across the Ukraine with the Central, 1st Belorussian Fronts. On 23 October 1943, it was awarded ‘Guards’ status and re-designated the 8th Guards Mechanised Corps. In 1944, it took part in the Zhitomir-Berdichev, Korsun-Shevchenkovsky, Proskurov-Chernovits, Lvov-Sandomir battles, gaining the'Carpathian' honorific in April 1944, it ended the war in Berlin after participating in the East Pomeranian offensives. In June 1945, recognising its role in capturing Berlin, it was awarded the honorific'Berlin'.
As part of the occupation forces, it was assigned to the 1st Guards Tank Army. In the immediate post-war period, the Corps was reorganised as the 8th Guards Mechanised Division. In May 1957, it was reorganised as the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division bearing honorifics: Carpathia-Berlin, Red Banner, Order of Suvorov, it was stationed at Grimma in eastern Germany. In 1964, the division was transferred to the 8th Guards Army, it took part in the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia as part of the 1st Guards Tank Army, although when it returned to East Germany, it reverted to the control of the 8th Guards Army. Became part of 1st Guards Tank Army in 1983, until 1993; the division was withdrawn from Germany in June 1993, moved to Volgograd in the North Caucasus Military District. There it was under the command of the reduced 8th Guards Army Corps the 8th Guards Army; the division remained garrisoned in Volgograd, with parts of the division having taken part in the First and Second Chechen Wars. The division was engaged from December 1994 to February 1995 in the First Chechen War.
On December 31, 1994, units of the division, together with the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade and the 81st Guards Motor Rifle Regiment entered Grozny. On January 13, 1995, elements of the division began storming the Council of Ministers building. On January 16, the building of the Council of Ministers was taken. On Ja
28th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)
The 28th Mechanized Corps was a mechanized corps of the Red Army. Formed in March 1941 in Yerevan, the corps in late July became the 47th Army; the 28th Mechanized Corps was formed in March 1941 in Yerevan, part of the Transcaucasian Military District. The corps included the formed 6th Tank Division at Vagharshapat, the 54th Tank Division at Leninakan, the 236th Motorized Division at Ashtarak; the 54th Tank Division was reorganized from the 17th Light Tank Brigade. The 236th Motorized Division was formed from the 41st Light Tank Brigade; the corps was commanded by Major General Vasily Novikov. Its chief of staff was Kombrig Nikolai Trufanov. On 22 June 1941, the corps had 869 tanks, including 131 flamethrower tanks; these were T-26 tanks. The corps was numerically stronger than other higher-numbered mechanized corps due to its location on the Soviet border; the 47th Army was formed around the divisions of the corps on 1 August according to an order dated 26 July, under Novikov's command. The 236th Motorized Division became the 236th Rifle Division, without its tank regiment.
The 47th Army fought in the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran in late August. Glantz, David M.. Colossus Reborn: The Red Army at War: 1941-1943. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700613533. Glantz, David M.. Companion to Colossus Reborn: Key Documents and Statistics. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700613595
12th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)
The 12th Mechanized Corps was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War. Formed in March 1941 in response to the German victories in the West, it served with the 8th Army and was held in reserve near Šiauliai in Lithuania 75 km northwest of Kaunasa in the Special Baltic Military District. Under the command of Major General N. M. Shestopalov when the German Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941, it consisted of the 23rd and 28th Tank Divisions and the 202nd Mechanized Division. After the invasion began the Special Baltic Military District was renamed Northwestern Front, commanded by Colonel General Kutznetsov; the front fielded the 11th Armies along with the 27th Army in its second echelon. The 12th Mechanized was engaged in the first battles of Operation Barbarossa during the Baltic Operation and at the Battle of Raseiniai, by early July it had ceased to exist as a formation, although remnants rejoined Soviet lines later. B c By the end of 22 June, the German armoured spearheads had crossed the Niemen and penetrated 80 kilometres.
The next day, Kutznetsov committed his armoured forces to battle. Near Raseiniai, the XLI Panzer Corps was counter-attacked by the tanks of the Soviet 3rd and 12th Mechanised Corps, but this concentration of Soviet armour was detected by the Luftwaffe, which directed heavy air attacks from Fliegerkorps I Ju 88s against tank columns of the 12th Mechanised Corps south-west of Šiauliai. These attacks were carried out with great success; the Soviet 23rd Tank Division sustained severe losses, with 40 tanks or lorries set ablaze. On 25 June, the Germans destroyed another 30 tanks and 50 lorries; the 28th Tank Division alone lost 84 tanks. The battle would last four days. After escaping the encirclement at Raseiniai and making a fighting retreat through Estonia during July, the remnants of the 12th Mechanized Corps were disbanded in August 1941. However, the 28th Tank Division was reported as part of the Novgorod Operational Group on 1 September 1941, while the 202nd Rifle Division was reported with 11th Army a On 22 June 1941 the 12th Mechanized Corps consisted of 28,832 soldiers, 749 tanks including only lighter Soviet T-26, Bt Series models, plus 23 armoured cars, 92 artillery guns, 221 mortars, 2531 vehicles, 194 tractors and 39 motorcycles.
B Colonel Grinberg, the temporary commander of the 12th Mechanized Corps after the death of his corps' original commander Major General Shestopalov, reported on 29 July that the strength of his corps had fallen to under 17,000 men after the first two weeks of combat. C On 11 July 1941 Colonel P Poluboiarov, from the Northwestern Front armoured directorate, reported that the 12th Mechanized Corps had been in combat for 12 days and had been committed in large formations without infantry support or cooperation from artillery and air support. Subsequently, committed in local counter-attacks, it had only'80 worn out tanks and 15 to 17 armoured cars in total in both tank divisions'. Bergstrom, Christer.. Barbarossa – The Air Battle: July – December 1941. Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-270-5. Glantz, David.. Stumbling Colossus – The Red Army On The Eve of World War. Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-0879-6. Glantz, David.. The Battle for Leningrad 1941–1944. Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1208-4. Newton, Steven H.. Panzer Operations on the Eastern Front – The Memoirs of General Raus 1941–1945.
Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81247-9
Eastern Front (World War II)
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe, Southeast Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. It has been known as the Great Patriotic War in the former Soviet Union and modern Russia, while in Germany it was called the Eastern Front, or the German-Soviet War by outside parties; the battles on the Eastern Front of the Second World War constituted the largest military confrontation in history. They were characterized by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations, immense loss of life due to combat, exposure and massacres; the Eastern Front, as the site of nearly all extermination camps, death marches and the majority of pogroms, was central to the Holocaust. Of the estimated 70-85 million deaths attributed to World War II, over 30 million, the majority of them civilian, occurred on the Eastern Front.
The Eastern Front was decisive in determining the outcome in the European theatre of operations in World War II serving as the main reason for the defeat of Nazi Germany and the Axis nations. The two principal belligerent powers were Germany and the Soviet Union, along with their respective allies. Though never engaged in military action in the Eastern Front, the United States and the United Kingdom both provided substantial material aid in the form of the Lend-Lease to the Soviet Union; the joint German–Finnish operations across the northernmost Finnish–Soviet border and in the Murmansk region are considered part of the Eastern Front. In addition, the Soviet–Finnish Continuation War may be considered the northern flank of the Eastern Front. Germany and the Soviet Union remained unsatisfied with the outcome of World War I. Soviet Russia had lost substantial territory in Eastern Europe as a result of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, where the Bolsheviks in Petrograd conceded to German demands and ceded control of Poland, Estonia, Latvia and other areas, to the Central Powers.
Subsequently, when Germany in its turn surrendered to the Allies and these territories were liberated under the terms of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 at Versailles, Soviet Russia was in the midst of a civil war and the Allies did not recognize the Bolshevik government, so no Soviet Russian representation attended. Adolf Hitler had declared his intention to invade the Soviet Union on 11 August 1939 to Carl Jacob Burckhardt, League of Nations Commissioner, by saying: Everything I undertake is directed against the Russians. If the West is too stupid and blind to grasp this I shall be compelled to come to an agreement with the Russians, beat the West and after their defeat turn against the Soviet Union with all my forces. I need the Ukraine as happened in the last war; the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact signed in August 1939 was a non-aggression agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union. It contained a secret protocol aiming to return Central Europe to the pre–World War I status quo by dividing it between Germany and the Soviet Union.
Finland, Estonia and Lithuania would return to the Soviet control, while Poland and Romania would be divided. The Eastern Front was made possible by the German–Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement in which the Soviet Union gave Germany the resources necessary to launch military operations in Eastern Europe. On 1 September 1939 Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II. On 17 September, the Soviet Union invaded Eastern Poland, and, as a result, Poland was partitioned among Germany, the Soviet Union and Lithuania. Soon after that, the Soviet Union demanded significant territorial concessions from Finland, after Finland rejected Soviet demands, the Soviet Union attacked Finland on 30 November 1939 in what became known as the Winter War – a bitter conflict that resulted in a peace treaty on 13 March 1940, with Finland maintaining its independence but losing its eastern parts in Karelia. In June 1940 the Soviet Union illegally annexed the three Baltic states; the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact ostensibly provided security to the Soviets in the occupation both of the Baltics and of the north and northeastern regions of Romania, although Hitler, in announcing the invasion of the Soviet Union, cited the Soviet annexations of Baltic and Romanian territory as having violated Germany's understanding of the Pact.
Moscow partitioned the annexed Romanian territory between the Ukrainian and Moldavian Soviet republics. Adolf Hitler had argued in his autobiography Mein Kampf for the necessity of Lebensraum: acquiring new territory for Germans in Eastern Europe, in particular in Russia, he envisaged settling Germans there, as according to Nazi ideology the Germanic people constituted the "master race", while exterminating or deporting most of the existing inhabitants to Siberia and using the remainder as slave labour. Hitler as early as 1917 had referred to the Russians as inferior, believing that the Bolshevik Revolution had put the Jews in power over the mass of Slavs, who were, in Hitler's opinion, incapable of ruling themselves but instead being ruled by Jewish masters; the Nazi leadership, saw the war against the Soviet Union as a struggle between the ideologies of Nazism and Jewish Bolshevism, ensuring territorial expansion for the Germanic Übermensch, who according to Nazi ideology were the Aryan Herrenvolk, at the expense of
9th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union)
The 9th Mechanized Corps was a mechanized corps of the Soviet Red Army, formed twice. It was first disbanded in September 1941 after suffering heavy losses; the corps was formed again in August 1943 at Tula. The second formation fought with the 3rd Guards Tank Army, it participated in the Battle of the Dnieper, the Battle of Kiev, the Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, the Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive, the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive. The Battle of Berlin and the Prague Offensive. During the war the corps received the honorifics "Kiev" and "Zhitomir" and was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of Suvorov 2nd class, the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class; the corps was first formed in November 1940 in the Kiev Military District with the 19th and 20th Tank Divisions, the 131st Motorized Division. In March 1941, the 19th Tank Division was transferred to the 22nd Mechanized Corps and was replaced by the 35th Tank Division. On June 22, 1941, the first day of the German invasion, orders went out from headquarters Southwestern Front under Mikhail Kirponos to the mechanized corps to deploy forward as as possible.
The 9th Mechanized Corps moved its units towards the town of Irkutsk, into the path of the advancing 14th Panzer Division, which pushed the 131st Motorized Division out of the town. Meanwhile, south of Irkutsk, the 11th Panzer Division secured Dubno, a vital road hub, against minimal resistance, Kirponos ordered an immediate counter-attacked to retake it. Although still in the process of moving forward towards the battle zone, both the 20th and 35th assembled forward detachments of between 30–40 tanks together with what infantry was to hand, launched them forward, cutting the Irkutsk-Dubno road. At the same time, elements of 19th Mechanized Corps' 43rd Tank Division recaptured Dubno; the German reaction was swift. The 13th Panzer turned east, along secondary roads, took Rovno in the 9th's Mechanized rear. However, on June 29, the 14th Panzer, attempting to advance eastward along the main tank highway, was stopped cold by the 20th Tank Division, was just able to hold Lutsh against "massive attacks".
The corps commander, Konstantin Rokossovsky wrote of this engagement in his memoirs, "The terrain off road was wooded and swampy, keeping the German advance to the road. The artillery Regiment of the 20th Tank Division deployed its newly issued 85mm Guns to cover the road and with direct fire repulsed the advancing Panzers"; the 14th Panzer followed the 13th Panzer Division. Both Panzer divisions of III Panzer Corps pushed on, leaving 25th Panzergrenadier Division to protect their rear against repeated attacks by 9th Mechanized Corps to drive into Rovno; the 25th Panzergrenadier Division reported extreme difficulty in holding back the attacks and suffered "serious losses" in the process. By the beginning of July, German armor had smashed a hole in the center of the Russian line, the 13th Panzer stood at the edge of the Kiev fortified district. In another attempt to restore the front, Kirponos ordered attacks from the 5th Army in the north and 6th Army in the south to accomplish this aim; the army still had three mechanized corps under command: the 9th, the 19th, the 22nd.
The 5th Army forces lunged southward and managed to cut the Zhitomir – Kiev highway, blocking III Panzer Corps' supply lines. The Germans reacted by assigning infantry to push the Russians back to the north. On the 9th of July, the corps was still in the Kiev Special Military District as part of the General reserve. September 20, 1941 from the remnants of the 9th Mechanized Corps of the 5th Army was formed a combined battalion, who joined in the 15th Mechanized Corps; the 9th Mechanized Corps formed again in August 1943 at Tula. Its main sub units were the 69th, 70th, 71st mechanized brigades; the new corps advanced to the Dnieper River and fought at Fastov and around Kiev in November 1943, Zhitomir in January 1944. The corps now formed a component of 3rd Guards Tank Army, fought under its command for the remainder of the war. In April, it was withdrawn for three months rest and retraining before attacking again in the Soviet push to capture Lviv. In January 1945, the corps fought in the Vistula and Oder battles in eastern Germany, in the Battle of Berlin in May 1945.
It became 9th Mechanised Division 82nd Motor Rifle Division on 17 May 1957. It was based at Cottbus until 1958, it was disbanded on 9 May 1958 in the GSFG at Bernau with the 18th Guards Army. The early war corps tank component was massive on paper, but the 9th Mechanized was well below its authorized strength and lacked the latest modern designs that some of the other mechanized units had begun to receive; the 20th Tank Division in particular had only 32 tanks instead of 375, the corps as a whole 300 instead of 1031. Its most common equipment was the BT models. In terms of command and control, personnel training and logistical support, the mechanized corps were not suited to conduct, sustain or survive in the high intensity combat operations of the early conflict The Wehrmacht decimated the mechanized corps in the first month of the war, destroying over 1000 tanks, so that by mid August the Stavka abolished the remaining corps. Kiev.