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66 Aquarii

66 Aquarii is a single star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. 66 Aquarii is the Flamsteed designation though the star bears the Bayer designation of g1 Aquarii. It is visible to the naked eye as a faint, orange-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.673. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 7.53 milliarcseconds, the distance to this star is about 430 light-years. This is an evolved giant star with a stellar classification of K3 III, it has expanded to 37 times the radius of the Sun and is radiating 434 times the luminosity of the Sun from its outer envelope at an effective temperature of 4,170 K. This gives it the orange-hued glow of a K-type star, it is a suspected variable star that ranges in magnitude between 4.66 and 4.71. Image 66 Aquarii

John Jackson (bishop)

John Jackson was a British divine and a Church of England bishop for 32 years. Jackson was born in the son of Henry and Lucy Jackson, he was educated at Reading School under Richard Valpy, at Pembroke College, Oxford. In 1835 Jackson began pastoral work as a curate at Henley-on-Thames; this he left in 1836 to become head-master of the Islington proprietary school. Settled in North London, Jackson won a position as a preacher; as evening lecturer at Stoke Newington parish church, he delivered the sermons on ‘The Sinfulness of Little Sins,’ the most successful of his published works. In 1842 he was appointed first incumbent of St. James's, Muswell Hill, while retaining his educational post. In 1845 his university made him one of its select preachers, an honour repeated several times. In 1853 Jackson was Boyle lecturer, in the same year he was made vicar of St James, Piccadilly. Augustus Buckland says that'there his reputation as a good organiser and a thoughtful, if not brilliant, preacher grew". Jackson was appointed'chaplain in ordinary' to the queen in 1847, canon of Bristol in 1853.

Jackson was appointed Bishop of Lincoln in 1853 and consecrated by John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury, on 5 May at St Mary-at-Lambeth. The choice was approved, he welded together the counties of Lincoln and Nottingham, stimulated the educational work of the diocese, raised the tone of its clergy. In convocation he was active, but spoke in the House of Lords. In 1868, Jackson was unexpectedly selected by Benjamin Disraeli prime minister, to be Bishop of London where he continued until his retirement in 1885. According to Buckland, "Jackson had the mind of a lawyer, was a thorough man of business". Despite grave anxieties over ritual prosecutions, he achieved much, valuable. Jackson energetically supported the Bishop of London's Fund, encouraged the organisation of lay help, after much hesitation, created a diocesan conference. At first he was opposed to the ritual movement. Jackson's conflict with controversial cleric Stewart Headlam, whom he dismissed from the curacy at St Mathew's, Bethnal Green, in 1878, was known.

In correspondence with Headlam about the latter's support for the theatrical profession he said, "I have read your letter with great pain. Not for the first time it has caused me to ask pardon of our great Master if I erred, as I fear I did, in admitting you to the Ministry." In years, he displayed more toleration to the ritualists as was expressed in his final action in the case of A. H. Mackonochie. According to Buckland, Jackson was a thorough, patient worker, reserved in manner, but sympathetic. Jackson died on 6 January 1885 and is buried in the churchyard of All Saints Church, London. A memorial to Jackson, by Thomas Woolner, can be seen at Saint Paul's Cathedral along the south wall of the ambulatory, he married Mary Ann Frith in 1838. They had ten daughters; the Sanctifying Influence of the Holy Spirit is indispensable to Human Salvation, Oxford, 1834 Six Sermons on the Leading Points of the Christian Character, London, 1844 The Sinfulness of Little Sins, London, 1849 Repentance: a Course of Sermons, London, 1851 The Witness of the Spirit, London, 1854 God's Word and Man's Heart, London, 1864He wrote the commentary and critical notes on the pastoral epistles in The Speaker's Commentary, New Testament, vol. iii.

London, 1881. List of bishops of London Papers and correspondence Buckland, Augustus Robert. "Jackson, John". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 29. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 99–100

Jakob Gapp

Jakob Gapp was an Austrian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Marianists. Gapp first served as a soldier on the Italian front during World War I at a point in his life where his religious convictions were not of high importance though his return home from a prisoner of war camp saw him develop socialist views that soon bought him into contact with the Marianists whom he joined, he studied with them and became a member while being ordained and assigned across Austria as a teacher where he became noted for his vehement opposition to the Nazi regime. His bold activism against the Nazi regime saw him flee when it was clear his life was endangering himself and his colleagues and he settled in both France and Spain before returning to France after being duped into accepting two Jewish people who fled from Berlin; these two men were instead the Gestapo who arrested him and transferred him to Berlin where he was imprisoned and sentenced to death. His interrogation transcripts reveal how he deemed Nazism and Roman Catholicism to be incompatible and his strong adherence to his faith prompted Heinrich Himmler and others to refuse his relations to retrieve his remains for it would result in veneration and silent rebellion.

The beatification process for the late priest culminated after Pope John Paul II beatified him on 24 November 1996 in Saint Peter's Square. Jakob Gapp was born on 26 July 1897 in Wattens as the seventh child to Antonia Wach, his niece was Marianne Oberauer. He received a basic education in his hometown and entered the high school that the Order of Friars Minor ran at Hall in 1910, he served as a soldier on the Italian front from May 1915 until 1916 when he was wounded during a battle. On 4 November 1918 he became a prisoner of war in Riva del Garda and was released from his internment on 18 August 1919 but became a prisoner of war due to a miscommunication on the ceasefire agreement, to commence 5 November but never did. Gapp entered the Marianists at Greisinghof on 13 August 1920 for a formation program and began his novitiate on 26 September before being assigned to Graz as a teacher and sacristan from 1921 until 1925, he joined. He made his profession in Antony in France on 27 August 1925, he began his studies for the priesthood in September 1925 at Fribourg in Switzerland and received his ordination as such from Bishop Marius Besson at the Saint Nicholas Cathedral in Fribourg on 5 April 1930.

The new priest served as a teacher and chaplain at several Marianist schools until 1938. He gave up his own heating coal to the poor and collected food and other necessities for them, he preached against the errors of Nazism and how it was incompatible with fundamental Christian ethics and he said himself that it was "irreconcilable with the Catholic faith" thus to be discouraged. Gapp was forced to flee Graz in March 1938. Gapp's superiors sent him to Tyrol in September 1938 believing he would be in danger if he was not moved and it was there that he served as an assistant pastor at Breitenwang-Reutte until October 1938 when the Gestapo ordered him not to teach religion, he refused to wear a swastika badge and to greet people with the'Heil Hitler' out of conscience and once in public rebuked a fellow teacher who told their students to "hate and kill Czechs and Jews". Gapp taught his students that love for all people irrespective of race or religion was crucial to fellowship and taught that people ought to be worshipping God and not Adolf Hitler.

On 11 December 1938 he gave a sermon in which he defended Pope Pius XI from Nazi smears and directed the faithful to read Christian literature and not that which the Nazis propagated. He was advised to flee Austria in January 1939 so travelled to Bordeaux in France where he worked as both a chaplain and librarian. In May 1939 he headed for Spain and served at Marianist communities in Valencia as well as Cádiz and San Sebastian. While in Valencia in 1942 he went to the British consulate hoping to gain a visa to go to England but this attempt failed so settled for reading British newspapers in order to find uncensored news that would tell him the truth about World War II, he read The Tablet, a Christian British newspaper. But Gapp was never free from the Nazis for the Gestapo followed his movements and in 1942 devised a devious plot to draw Gapp out from Spain into their arms along the French border. In 1942 he received word of two Jewish males who fled from Berlin and were at the French border desiring his assistance after learning of him.

Gapp further learned these two were brothers who wanted baptism so left Spain to go and retrieve them. The three went on a picnic close to the border where he found that the two were not Jews but disguised Nazis who abducted him and arrested him in Hendaye on 9 November 1942, it was decided that he would not be sent to the Dachau concentration camp because Gapp was seen to be dangerous to the extent where he needed special surveillance. His resolve while being interrogated prompted Heinrich Himmler to review all interrogation transcripts and comment on his steadfast dedication to Catholicism. Himmler said if the Nazis had one Gapp dedicated to the cause as