click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

MS Celestyal Olympia

MS Celestyal Olympia is a cruise ship owned by the Cyprus-based Celestyal Cruises Louis Cruise Lines. In April 2012 she was named Louis Olympia after operating as the Thomson Destiny for Thomson Cruises, she was built in 1982 at Wärtsilä Hietalahti shipyard in Helsinki, Finland for Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines as MS Song of America. Between 1999 and 2004 she sailed for Sun Cruises as MS Sunbird, she was under charter to the United Kingdom-based Thomson Cruises until April 2012 as the MS Thomson Destiny. She has since sailed for Louis Cruises as MS Louis Olympia, as MS Celestyal Olympia since 2014. Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines had operated throughout the 1970s with three ships, built at the Wärtsilä Hietalahti shipyard in Helsinki, Finland. Two of these had been lengthened towards the end of the decade, but due to increased demand RCCL decided to order a larger new ship, again from the Wärtsilä Helsinki shipyard. For the interior layout of their new ship RCCL decided to adapt a system with cabins to the fore of the ship, furthest from engine noise, public spaces to aft.

This layout was used on ferries built by the Wärtsilä shipyard, but has been used for cruise ships. The public spaces on decks five and seven were built with 1½ times the standard deck height, leading to deck 6 only existing in the forward part of the ship; the Song of America was launched from drydock on 26 November 1981. Following fitting out she was delivered to her owners on 11 November 1982. Following a voyage across the Atlantic, the Song of America entered service with Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines on 5 December 1982 on a cruise from Miami to Nassau, San Juan and St. Thomas; this remained her main itinerary for the early parts of her career with RCCL. In May 1998, the Song of America was sold to Sun Cruises for $94.5 million. Sun Cruises chartered the ship back to RCCL until March 1999. Unlike with earlier ships the RCCL sold, the'sky lounge' around the ship's funnel was not removed before she was handed over to the new owners; the ship was renamed MS Sunbird, rebuilt with additional suites on deck 9 and used for cruising around Europe in the Mediterranean.

During her Sun Cruises service the ship received MyTravel colours. In 2004, Airtours decided to withdraw from the cruise business, the Sunbird was sold to Louis Cruise Lines, who chartered her back to Sun Cruises until May 2004. Following the end of her charter to Sun Cruises, Louis Cruise Lines chartered the Sunbird to Thomson Cruises, who renamed her MS Thomson Destiny. With Thomson, the ship was used for cruising in the Mediterranean, Red Sea, Canary Islands and the west coast of Africa. In the winter of 2009 she cruised in the Caribbean. Thomson Destiny returned to Louis Cruises in April 2012 and started operating under its new name Louis Olympia, she is used on Aegean cruises, to the Aegean Island and the Turkish coast, with its home port being Piraeus. Louis Olympia was used as a floating hotel during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Russia; as part of Louis Cruise Lines re-branding in late 2014, the ship was renamed Celestyal Olympia with an updated livery, to reflect the new corporate identity.

Company Website for Thomson Destiny Official Video Clip of Thomson Destiny Track the current position of the Destiny in real time

Science and engineering in Manchester

Manchester is one of the principal cities of the United Kingdom, gaining city status in 1853, thus becoming the first new city in over 300 years since Bristol in 1542. Regarded as the first industrialised city, Manchester was a city built by the Industrial Revolution and had little pre-medieval history to speak of. Manchester had a population of 10,000 in 1717; as its population and influence burgeoned, Manchester became a centre for new discoveries, scientific breakthroughs and technological developments in engineering. A famous but unattributed quote linked to Manchester is: "What Manchester does today, the rest of the world does tomorrow". Pioneering breakthroughs such as the first'true' canal which spawned'Canal Mania', the first intercity railway station which led to'railway mania' and the first stored-program computer; the city has achieved great success in the field of physics, with the electron, neutron all being discovered by scientists educated or born in Manchester. Famous scientists to have studied in Manchester include John Dalton, James Prescott Joule, J. J. Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, James Chadwick and Alan Turing.

A creative and seen as a bohemian city, Manchester had the highest number of patent applications per head of population in the United Kingdom in 2003. The city is served by the University of Manchester UMIST and the Victoria University of Manchester pre-2004; the university has a total of 25 Nobel Laureates. The city is served by the Museum of Science and Industry celebrating Mancunian, as well as national achievements in both fields. In 1630, astronomer William Crabtree observed the transit of Venus. Crabtree was born in the hamlet of "Broughton Spout", on the east bank of the River Irwell, near the area now known as "The Priory" in Broughton and was educated at The Manchester Grammar School, he worked as a merchant in Manchester. However, in his spare time, his great interest was astronomy, he measured the movements of the planets and undertook precise astronomical calculations. With improved accuracy, he rewrote the existing Rudolphine Tables of Planetary Positions. Crabtree corresponded with Jeremiah Horrocks, another enthusiastic amateur astronomer, from 1636.

A group of astronomers from the north of England, which included William Gascoigne, formed around them and were Britain's first followers of the astronomy of Johannes Kepler. "Nos Keplari" as the group called themselves, were distinguished as being the first people to gain a realistic notion of the solar system's size. Crabtree and Horrocks were the only astronomers to observe and record the transit of the planet Venus across the Sun, as predicted by Horrocks, on 24 November 1639, they predicted the next occurrence on 8 June 2004. The two correspondents both recorded the event in their own homes and it is not known whether they met in person, but Crabtree's calculations were crucial in allowing Horrocks to estimate the size of Venus and the distance from the Earth to the Sun. Horrocks died early in 1641 the day before he was due to meet Crabtree. Crabtree made his will on 19 July 1644, was buried within the precincts of the Manchester Collegiate Church on 1 August 1644, close to where he had received his education.

The Bridgewater Canal, opening in 1761 is regarded as the earliest successful canals. The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn and Leigh, in North West England, it was commissioned by Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, to transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester. It was opened in 1761 from Worsley to Manchester, extended from Manchester to Runcorn, from Worsley to Leigh; the Duke invested a large sum of money in the scheme. From Worsley to Manchester its construction cost £168,000, but its advantages over land and river transport meant that within a year of its opening in 1761, the price of coal in Manchester fell by about half; this success helped inspire a period of intense canal building, known as Canal Mania. Along with its stone aqueduct at Barton-upon-Irwell, the Bridgewater Canal was considered a major engineering achievement. One commentator wrote that when finished, " will be the most extraordinary thing in the Kingdom, if not in Europe; the boats in some places are to go underground, in other places over a navigable river, without communicating with its waters...".

John Dalton, was born in Cumberland in 1766, a promising young scientist he moved to Manchester in 1793. He hypothesised the idea of "colour blindness", a theory, alien to all as it had not been formally talked about before. Dalton hypothesised the idea from his own experience, as he suffered from discoloured eyesight himself. Dalton would go on to propose the Dalton atomic theory in which he hypothesised that elements were made of small particles called atoms. Manchester Liverpool Road is a former railway station on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in Manchester, which opened on 15 September 1830; the L&MR station was the terminus of the world's first inter-city passenger railway in which all services were hauled by timetabled steam locomotives. It is now the world's oldest surviving terminal railway station; the station closed to passenger services on 4 May 1844 when the line was extended to join the Manchester and Leeds Railway at Hunt's Bank. Liverpool Road was superseded by Manchester Victoria railway station.

Since Liverpool Road ceased ope

Kimberly Quinn (actress)

Kimberly Pita Quinn is an American actress and film producer. She made her film debut playing a leading role and co-writing in the 1999 independent drama film Winding Roads. Quinn produced and played supporting roles in a number of films, include St. Vincent, Hidden Figures, The Starling, she married to director Theodore Melfi, they together owns production company Goldenlight Films. Quinn began her career appearing in an episodes of television shows include Ned and Stacey, Suddenly Susan, Nash Bridges, Diagnosis: Murder, NYPD Blue, Without a Trace and House. In 1999, she co-wrote and played a leading role in the independent drama film Winding Roads directed by her future husband Theodore Melfi. After decade of small parts, in 2020, she took series regular role in the FX drama series Terriers; the series was canceled after one season. From 2013 to 2014, she starred as Tess Masterson in the ABC Family drama series Twisted. In 2014, Quinn co-starred and co-produced comedy-drama St. Vincent starring Bill Murray and Melissa McCarthy.

She co-produced 2016 Academy Award for Best Picture-nominated biographical drama film Hidden Figures starring Taraji P. Henson; the following year, she produced black comedy El Camino Christmas for Netflix, had a recurring role in the Netflix thriller Gypsy. In 2019, she executive produced with her production company Goldenlight Films, co-starred in the ABC comedy pilot Nana starring Katey Sagal, she and Melfi produced drama film The Starling starring Melissa McCarthy. Quinn set to co-wrote and produce animated film The Fourteenth Goldfish alongside Melfi. Quinn married writer-director Theodore Melfi, they together owns production company Goldenlight Films. Kimberly Quinn on IMDb

Bratt System

The Bratt System was a Swedish system, used 1917–1955 to control alcohol consumption, by rationing of liquor. Every citizen allowed to consume alcohol was given a booklet called motbok, in which a stamp was added each time a purchase was made at Systembolaget; the stamps were based on the amount of alcohol bought. When a certain amount of alcohol had been bought, the owner of the booklet had to wait until next month to buy more. Wine was exempt from rationing, as it was considered less dangerous, with little or no correlation to alcohol-related abuse or violence. Citizens made frequent use of friends' or strangers' booklets, for example by rewarding a young woman with a dinner out in return for the other party consuming most or all of the alcohol incurring the stamps; the rations were changed, but were issued in greater quantities to men and citizens of titles and professions associated with a higher social standing. Named after MD and politician Ivan Bratt, the Bratt system, involving the motbok, was made permanent in 1922 after referendum on a total ban on alcohol had been held.

In this vote, a narrow 51% had voted no to banning alcohol sales. Its primary purpose was to decrease the consumption of alcohol. While a motbok owner could buy unlimited amounts of wine, spirits were restricted; as of December 31, 1948, the average purchase amount allowed per motbok per month was 1.82 litres of spirits. Nationalencyklopedin, 2007 Alcoholic beverages in Sweden Swedish prohibition referendum

Brentford F.C. Hall of Fame

Brentford Football Club is an English professional football club based in Brentford, London. Between 1897 and 1920, the first team competed in the London League, Southern League and Western League. Since 1920, the first team has competed in the Football League and other nationally and internationally organised competitions. All players who have been inducted into the club's Hall of Fame are listed below; the Brentford Hall of Fame was founded in 1991 and the inaugural inductions were former players Idris Hopkins, Joe James and former player and manager Malky MacDonald. Former player Gary Roberts was the most recent inductee in February 2020 and the total number of members is 59; the Hall of Fame is administered jointly by the club and the Brentford F. C. Former Players’ Association. Appearance and goal totals include matches in the Football League, Southern League, FA Cup, League Cup, Football League Trophy, Anglo-Italian Cup, London Challenge Cup, Southern Floodlit Challenge Cup, Football League Jubilee Fund and Empire Exhibition Cup.

Substitute appearances are included. Wartime matches are excluded. "Playing years" corresponds to the years in which the player made their last appearances. "Staff years" corresponds to the years in which the player finished their staff role. Players listed in bold won full international caps whilst with the club. Statistics are correct as of match played 11 February 2020