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Year 713 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 713 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. June 3 – Emperor Philippicus is blinded and sent into exile by conspirators of the Opsikion army in Thrace, after a reign of 1 year and 6 months, he is succeeded by Anastasios II, a bureaucrat and imperial secretary, who restores internal order and begins the reorganization of the Byzantine army. He executes the officers. Arab–Byzantine wars: The Umayyad Arabs under al-Abbas ibn al-Walid, son of caliph al-Walid I, sack Antioch in Pisidia, which never recovers. King Ealdwulf of East Anglia dies, is succeeded by his son Ælfwald. Queen Cuthburh of Northumbria travels south to found a monastery at Wimborne. Umayyad conquest of Hispania: The Visigothic Kingdom is defeated at the battle of Segoyuela. Prince Theudimer signs the Treaty of Orihuela with Abd al-Aziz, governor of Al-Andalus, is permitted to retain his authority in the area subsequently known as Tudmir.

He keeps the citadel of Orihuela and several other settlements, including Alicante and Lorca on the Mediterranean Sea. Arab forces under Musa ibn Nusayr conquer the fortress city of Mérida, located on the borders of Andalusia, it becomes part of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. Emperor Xuan Zong liquidates the lucrative "Inexhaustible Treasury", run by a prominent Buddhist monastery in Chang'an; this monastery collects vast amounts of money and treasures through multitudes of rich people's repentances, left on the premises anonymously. Although the monastery is generous in donations, Xuan Zong issues a decree abolishing their treasury, on the grounds that their banking practices were fraudulent, collects their riches, distributes the wealth to various other Buddhist monasteries, Daoist abbeys, to repair statues and bridges in the city. In Chang'an, for the annual Lantern Festival of this year abdicated emperor Rui Zong erects an enormous lantern wheel at a city gate, with a recorded height of 200 ft.

The frame is draped in brocades and silk gauze, adorned with gold and jade jewelry, when its total of some 50,000 oil cups is lit, the radiance of it can be seen for miles. Xuan Zong allots the money of 20 million copper coins, assigns about 1,000 craftsmen to construct a hall at a Buddhist monastery with tons of painted portraits of himself, of deities, etc. Xuan Zong wins a power struggle with Princess Taiping, he forces her to commit suicide. During the Tang Dynasty, publication of Kaiyuan Za Bao. First newspaper, hand printed on silk. Construction begins on the Leshan Giant Buddha near Sichuan Province. Upon its completion in 803, it will become the largest stone carved Buddha in the world. Carloman, mayor of the palace Stephen the Younger, Byzantine theologian Zhang Xuan, Chinese painter Ali ibn Husayn, fourth Shia Imam and great-grandson of Prophet Muhammad Ealdwulf, king of East Anglia Huineng, Chinese Zen Buddhist patriarch Li Jiao, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Philippicus, Byzantine emperor Taiping, princess of the Tang Dynasty Suitbert, Anglo-Saxon missionary bishop Ursmar, Frankish abbot and missionary bishop Yijing, Chinese Buddhist monk and traveler

Bill Cameron (journalist)

William Lorne "Bill" Cameron was a Canadian journalist and author. Cameron was born in Vancouver, British Columbia and grew up in Vancouver, La Jolla and Ottawa, Ontario. A Gemini Award and National Magazine Award winner, he was a writer, documentary reporter/producer, TV current affairs host/interviewer, radio broadcaster, newspaper columnist and reporter and TV news anchor. In 1965, Cameron abandoned his studies in English literature at the University of Toronto to pursue an acting career in New York where he began freelancing for CBC Radio as an arts and entertainment critic/reviewer, he returned to Toronto and a new job at the Toronto Star as a columnist and member of the editorial board when he was 25 years of age. In 1970, Cameron was part of a group of young researchers with Senator David Croll's Senate Committee studying poverty in Canada; the four resigned from their jobs, disenchanted with the direction of Croll's committee, wrote, "The Real Poverty Report." Cameron moved to Maclean's Magazine where he was associate editor.

In 1974, Cameron was hired by the fledgling national network Global Television as writer and host of the programme "Newsweek". In 1978, Moses Znaimer, president of Toronto's CITY-TV, hired him to anchor the hour-long newscast, CityPulse which aired weeknights at 10 p.m. Cameron left CITY in September, 1983, when talks for his next contract collapsed over issues of salary and style, he was hired immediately by Mark Starowicz executive-producer of the CBC daily current affairs program The Journal. Cameron split his duties between on-air hosting and documentary reporting and remained with The Journal until its demise in 1992. During this period, he periodically hosted Midday, CBC's national noon-hour talk show. Cameron anchored the local television supper hour program, CBC Evening News, which in 1995, won a Gemini award as Best Local News Program. In 1995, Cameron was hired by CBC Newsworld to front the news network's national morning program, CBC Morning, based in Halifax, where he worked until September 1998.

Back in Toronto, he anchored Sunday Report, CBC's National weekend news program, while hosting his own current affairs program on Newsworld during the week. In 1999, Cameron left the CBC for good when contract talks collapsed, acting as the communications vice-president for an online financial marketing firm before returning to journalism from 2000 until late in 2001 as a reporter and columnist for National Post. For a while in the early 2000s, Cameron hosted an interview show in ichannel. During this time, he was awarded the chair in journalistic ethics at Ryerson University's School of Journalism, taught at Ryerson and its Chang School of Continuing Education. Throughout this time, Cameron was an occasional substitute host on CBC Radio's Sunday Morning, on CBC Radio's flagship daily current affairs program As It Happens, on Morningside, CBC's daily radio current affairs program. In 2003, he released a novel Cat's Crossing, published by Random House of Canada, his second novel was never published.

He had a cameo role on the comedy channel series Puppets Who Kill as the newsreader reporting on the latest criminal activities of the show's homicidal puppets, who were cohabitants of a halfway house. In 1980, Cameron's semi-autobiographical play about his teenage years, entitled "The Ramble Show" was staged in Toronto as part of Equity Showcase. Cameron was married to Cheryl Hawkes, at the time a freelance journalist, with the Canadian Press, Reuters, CTV, Maclean's Magazine and CBC TV News, they met when she was writing a profile of him for the Toronto Star's television guide. The couple worked together in the 1990s when Cameron anchored The CBC Evening News, where his wife worked as a writer/producer and on-air reporter; the couple had three children - Patrick and Nicholas. Cameron had a son, Sean Patenaude. Nicholas was killed in an automobile accident in 2018 while a passenger in an Uber. Bill Cameron died of esophageal adenocarcinoma/esophageal cancer on March 12, 2005, after a nine-month battle.

In his last piece of journalism, "Chasing the Crab", Cameron documented his battle with cancer. The essay appeared in the May 2005 issue of The Walrus and won two gold medals at the 2006 Canadian National Magazine Awards in the health and personal journalism categories. After his death, Cameron's widow with the assistance of the Toronto General and Western Hospital Foundation, set up the Bill Cameron Fund to raise money for esophageal cancer research and patient care. On May 31, 2006, the City of Toronto, again on Cheryl Hawkes' initiative, approved Esophageal Cancer Awareness Day. On December 3, 2007, a laneway near the Cameron home in the Dovercourt Road/Bloor Street area of Toronto was named Bill Cameron Lane in his honour. In 2013, the University Health Network opened a patient consultation room in the endoscopy ward of the Toronto General Hospital with monies from the Bill Cameron Fund so that patients could consult with physicians or be alone in situations in which privacy is a consideration.

Adams, I. W. Cameron, B. Hill and P. Penz; the Real Poverty Report. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1971. Bill Cameron on IMDb News: Journalist Bill Cameron dies News:'Walrus,' Bill Cameron winners at magazine awards Veteran Canadian journalist Bill Cameron dies Good night and Good luck profile of Cameron in the Ryerson Review of Journalism CBC Archives: Anchorman Bill Cameron on the movie Network Canadian Commun

Defender Limited

Defender Limited is an investment fund. It was incorporated in the British Virgin Islands in 2007. Defender funneled clients' funds to Bernard Madoff's firm as part of a Ponzi scheme run by Madoff. Madoff was arrested in December 2008, pleaded guilty to fraud in 2009, he is serving a 150-year prison term. Defender was formed in May 2007, it was formed with the support of individuals who had encouraged investing with Madoff since 1999. According to the Securities Investor Protection Act Trustee for BLIMIS assets Irving Picard, Defender was created by the Reliance Group; the Reliance Group was, according to Picard, in turn established by Tim Brockmann, an investment manager in Switzerland and Gibraltar. Defender acted as a feeder fund, by funneling clients' funds to Bernard Madoff's firm, Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities, as part of a Ponzi scheme run by Madoff. Madoff was arrested in December 2008, pleaded guilty to fraud in 2009, he is serving a 150-year prison term. In December 2013, Defender sued HSBC Institutional Trust Services Incorporated, an Irish subsidiary of HSBC Bank with registered offices in Dublin, in an Irish court for $539 million.

Defender alleged that the bank failed to conduct adequate due diligence on Madoff, failed to warn Defender that HSBC was not able to confirm the existence of Defender's assets. In December 2018, the High Court of Ireland ruled that Defender's claim against HSBC was reduced by 100% due to Defender's earlier settlement with BLMIS. Defender appealed that decision to the Irish Court of Appeal. On April 16, 2015, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York approved an agreement between Picard on the one hand, Defender and related entities on the other hand; the BLMIS Customer Fund benefited by $93 million. Defender received a $522.8 million claim in the BLMIS liquidation, because Defender had deposited more with BLMIS than Defender withdrew. List of investors in Bernard L. Madoff Securities

Dagfinn Mannsåker

Dagfinn Mannsåker was a Norwegian archivist and historian. He was born at Ullensvang in Norway, he was the brother of Bergfrid Fjose. He took the dr.philos. Degree in 1955, on the thesis Det norske presteskapet i det nittande hundreåret. Sosialhistoriske studiar, he worked as a school teacher from 1954 to 1959, lecturer at the University of Oslo from 1959 to 1965 and national archivist from 1965 to 1982. He edited the academic journal Historisk Tidsskrift for many years, contributed to Norsk Biografisk Leksikon. From 1966 to 1972 he chaired the Norwegian Historical Association. Jacob Aall: liv og gjerning før 1814, Oslo 1944. Det norske presteskapet i det nittande hundreåret. Sosialhistoriske studiar, 1954. Norsk samfunnslære, with Hans Aarnes, 1956. Norsk samfunnslære for realskolen/realskulen, with Hans Aarnes, 1959. Nyare forsking omkring 1814, in the booklet 1814 og 1884, Oslo 1968. Diskresjonsspørsmål og personvern i lokalhistoria, in Heimen, 1977 Dei religiøse folkerørslene og samfunnet ca. 1750 - 1850, in Streiftog i Kirkehistorien, Oslo 1996.

Vegen til Kringsjå. Byggesaka til Riksarkivet fram til 1965, in Arkivmagasinet 1/1998

Aaron Stecker

Aaron Stecker is a former American football running back. He was signed by the Chicago Bears as an undrafted free agent in 1999, he played college football at Western Wisconsin. Stecker played for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, New Orleans Saints, Atlanta Falcons, he earned a Super Bowl ring with the Buccaneers in Super Bowl XXXVII. Used as a backup for most of his career, Stecker started 14 games during his five years with the Saints, often served as a kick returner for both Tampa Bay and New Orleans. On April 20, 2010, Stecker announced that he was retiring from football, although in 2010, he worked out for, but did not sign with, the Green Bay Packers. Stecker attended Ashwaubenon High School in Ashwaubenon and was a letterman in football and baseball, he led the Ashwaubenon football team to the state championship in 1993. His number, 27, has been retired. Stecker began his college career at Wisconsin in 1995, he spent two years with the University of Wisconsin, recording three 100-yard games, a 100-yard kick return for a touchdown, a 63-yard punt return for a touchdown.

In 1997, he transferred to Western Illinois after the emergence of future Heisman Trophy winner Ron Dayne pushed Stecker from his starting role with the Badgers. During the 1997 season, Stecker recorded 2,293 rushing yards en route to winning the Gateway Football Conference player of the year award. Stecker finished his career at Western Illinois as the school's all-time leading rusher, with 3,799 yards in just two seasons; this record was broken by Travis Glasford in 2005, is now held by Herb Donaldson, as of 2008. Stecker spent the 1999 training camp with the Chicago Bears. Before the 2000 season, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers allocated Stecker to the Scottish Claymores of NFL Europe. Stecker led the league in total scrimmage yards through the first two weeks in the season, he wound up garnering Offensive MVP honors. Early in his career in Tampa Bay, Stecker credits Fred McAfee for bolstering his confidence. During the 2000 season, Stecker began returning kickoffs for the Bucs. During his four years with the team, he became a core special teams player, along with sporadic duty as a pass-catching back.

He won Super Bowl XXXVII with the team before leaving after 2003. Signing with the New Orleans Saints before 2004, Stecker became a return scat back. Competing with established backs such as Reggie Bush and Deuce McAllister led to sparse playing time, he was placed on injured reserve during the 2008 season and did not return to the team the following year. Stecker was signed by the Atlanta Falcons in the middle the 2009 season, where he played on special teams, he caught it five times as well. The Packers showed interest in Stecker in 2009. In April 2010, Stecker retired, he was tried out by the Green Bay Packers that year but did not garner a contract offer. Stecker's wife Kara is the daughter of Diane Hendricks and the late Ken Hendricks, founder of ABC Supply, they have two children, Skylar Stecker, son, Dorsett. Skylar is a singer: by age 12 she had sung the national anthem at Wisconsin Badgers, New Orleans Saints, UCLA, Green Bay Packers games

Vinzenz Lachner

Vinzenz Lachner was a German composer and conductor. Born in Rain am Lech, Vinzenz was the youngest brother of Franz Lachner a composer and conductor; the elder Lachner was known as a close friend of composer Franz Schubert. As a composer Vinzenz was self-taught, he was first educated by the municipal organist. After Anton's death, Vinzenz was schooled in Augsburg. Vinzenz scratched out a living by teaching music in Augsburg until his brother Franz arranged for him to become conductor and house musician for Earl Mycielski of Coscevitz in the Grand Duchy of Posen. In 1831 he moved to Vienna to continue his musical training, becoming assistant conductor at the Court Opera and organist at a Protestant church. In 1836 he became court conductor at Mannheim in succession to Franz, where he was so valued that his contract was renewed and extended whenever he received offers from other musical centres. In all he remained there for 37 years, during which Mannheim had the reputation of performing the largest repertoire of operas of any city in Germany.

Lachner travelled and conducted as far afield as London. As an educator, he encouraged many, his students included Fritz Steinbach. Lachner encouraged a number of prominent younger musicians, notably Max Bruch, Hermann Levi, Carl Wolfsohn. See: List of music students by teacher: K to M#Vinzenz Lachner. Instinctively conservative in his tastes, Lachner stood out publicly against the cult of Richard Wagner, but the formation of a Wagner Association in Mannheim at the beginning of the 1870s was the beginning of the end for his career. Wagner himself came to conduct in Mannheim. Having engineered the removal of Franz Lachner from Munich, Wagner campaigned for Vinzenz Lachner to be retired. Vinzenz Lachner retired as court conductor in 1873, he settled afterwards in Karlsruhe. Lachner's compositions include symphonies, festive marches, works for wind orchestra, his song-cycle Frauenliebe und -leben appeared in c1839, not long before Robert Schumann made his better-known settings of Adelbert von Chamisso's poems.

Few of his works have been revived or reprinted, though a recording of the string quartets issued in 2005 reveals a minor master of that genre. Like all the Lachner brothers, he was friendly with Johannes Brahms. In 1879, he wrote a letter to Brahms asking why he had used trombones, a drumroll — trombones being associated with death — early in the pastoral first movement of his Second Symphony. Brahms replied in detail, expressing the "great and genuine" pleasure he received from the letter, calling Lachner's analyses unusually perceptive and insightful saying "I would have to confess that I am, by the by, a melancholic person, that black wings are flapping above us". Lachner died in Karlsruhe after a number of strokes at age 81. "Lachner, Franz". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. Free scores by Vinzenz Lachner at the International Music Score Library Project 30 of his works are held at the Bavarian State Library