74th Air Refueling Squadron

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74thAir Refueling Squadron
Air Force Reserve Command.png
434arw1.jpg
Active 1943–1946 1947–1951 1992–present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Air Refueling
Part of Air Force Reserve Command
Garrison/HQ Grissom Air Reserve Base
Engagements Operation Overlord
Operation Market Garden
Battle of the Bulge
Operation Plunder[1]
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
French Croix de Guerre with Palm
French Fourragère[1]
Insignia
74th Air Refueling Squadron emblem (approved 15 May 1995)[1] 74th Air Refueling Squadron.jpg
74th Air Refueling Squadron emblem (1992-1995) 74th Air Refueling Sq emblem (early).png
Aircraft flown
Tanker KC-135 Stratotanker

The 74th Air Refueling Squadron is a United States Air Force Reserve squadron, assigned to the 434th Operations Group, stationed at Grissom Joint Air Reserve Base, Indiana.

Overview[edit]

Douglas C-47 of the 74th Troop Carrier Squadron.

The 74th ARS operates the KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft conducting aerial refueling missions.

History[edit]

Word War II[edit]

Established in early 1943 as a Douglas C-47 Skytrain transport squadron under First Air Force, later trained under I Troop Carrier Command in the eastern United States. Deployed to England in late 1943, being assigned to IX Troop Carrier Command to participate in the buildup of forces prior to the Allied landings in France during D-Day in June 1944.

Engaged in combat operations by dropping paratroops into Normandy on D-Day (6 June 1944) and releasing gliders with reinforcements on the following day. The unit received a Distinguished Unit Citation and a French citation for these missions.

After the Normandy invasion the squadron ferried supplies in the United Kingdom. The squadron also hauled food, clothing, medicine, gasoline, ordnance equipment, and other supplies to the front lines and evacuated patients to rear zone hospitals. It dropped paratroops near Nijmegen and towed gliders carrying reinforcements during the airborne attack on the Netherlands. In December, it participated in the Battle of the Bulge by releasing gliders with supplies for the 101st Airborne Division near Bastogne.

Moved to France in early 1945, and participated in the Western Allied invasion of Germany, participating in the air assault across the Rhine River in March 1945, each aircraft towed two gliders with troops of the 17th Airborne Division and released them near Wesel.

Returned to the United States in August, 1945, becoming a domestic troop carrier squadron for Continental Air Forces, inactivated July 1946.

Reserve flying and Korean War mobilization[edit]

The squadron trained in troop carrier duties from 1947-1951.

Air refueling operations[edit]

It has performed air refueling missions worldwide since 1992. Since late 1993 the 74th periodically deployed to Italy and other western European locations in support of NATO operations in the Balkans.[1]

Campaigne and Decorations[edit]

  • Campaigns. World War II: Egypt-Libya; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Rome-Arno; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Central Europe.
  • Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citation: France, [6-7] Jun 1944. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Aug 1992 – 31 Aug 1993; 1 Sep 1994-31 Aug 1996. French Croix de Guerre with Palm: 6-7 Jun 1944; 20-28 Aug 1944. French Fourragere.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 74th Troop Carrier Squadron on 30 January 1943
Activated on 9 February 1943
Inactivated on 31 July 1946
  • Activated in the reserve on 15 March 1947
Redesignated 74th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 1 July 1949
Ordered to active service on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 2 May 1951
  • Redesignated 74th Air Refueling Squadron and activated in the reserve on 1 August 1992[1]

Assignments[edit]

  • 434th Troop Carrier Group, 9 February 1943 – 31 July 1946
  • 434th Troop Carrier Group, 15 March 1947 – 2 May 1951
  • 434th Operations Group, 1 Aug 1992 – present[1]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Endicott, Judy G. (December 20, 2007). "Factsheet 74 Air Refueling Sqiadrpm (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved September 21, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Station number in Anderson.
  3. ^ Station number in Johnson.
  4. ^ Station information in Endicott, except as noted.

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]