National Assembly (Nigeria)
The National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a bicameral legislature established under section 4 of the Nigerian Constitution. It consists of a Senate with 109 members and a 360-member House of Representatives, the National Assembly, like many other organs of the Nigerian government, is based in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The Senate is chaired by the President of the Nigerian Senate, the first of whom was Nnamdi Azikiwe, the House is chaired by the Speaker of the House of Representatives. At any joint session of the Assembly, the President of the Senate presides, the Assembly has broad oversight functions and is empowered to establish committees of its members to scrutinise bills and the conduct of government officials. The Former President Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan has been accused of being slow to implement policy, many bills, some from as long ago as 2007, are still awaiting the Presidents assent. The Assembly sits for a period of at most four years, after time the President is required to dissolve it.
The Senate has the power to impeach judges and other high officials of the executive including the Federal Auditor-General. This power is, subject to prior request by the President, the Senate confirms the Presidents nomination of senior diplomats, members of the federal cabinet, federal judicial appointments and independent federal commissions. Before any bill may become law, it must be agreed to by both the House and the Senate, and receive the Presidents assent. Should the President delay or refuse assent the bill, the Assembly may pass the law by two-thirds of both chambers and overrule the veto and the Presidents consent will not be required, the present Assembly has not hidden its preparedness to overrule the executive where they disagree. The National Institute for Legislative Studies is an organ of the National Assembly established by an Act of Parliament
A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses. As of 2015, somewhat less than half of the national legislatures are bicameral. Often, the members of the two chambers are elected or selected using different methods, which vary from country to country and this can often lead to the two chambers having very different compositions of members. However, in many Westminster system parliaments, the house to which the executive is responsible can overrule the other house, some legislatures lie in between these two positions, with one house only able to overrule the other under certain circumstances. For example, one house would represent the aristocracy, and the other would represent the commoners as was the case in the Kingdom of England. Others, such as France under the Ancien Régime had a legislature known as the Estates General, which consisted of separate chambers for the clergymen, the nobility. The Founding Fathers of the United States favoured a bicameral legislature, the idea was to have the Senate be wealthier and wiser.
Benjamin Rush saw this though, and noted that, this type of dominion is almost always connected with opulence, the Senate was created to be a stabilising force, elected not by mass electors, but selected by the State legislators. Senators would be more knowledgeable and more sort of republican nobility—and a counter to what Madison saw as the fickleness. He noted further that the use of the Senate is to consist in its proceeding with more coolness, with system and with more wisdom. Madisons argument led the Framers to grant the Senate prerogatives in foreign policy, an area where steadiness, the Senate was chosen by state legislators, and senators had to possess a significant amount of property in order to be deemed worthy and sensible enough for the position. In fact, it was not until the year 1913 that the 17th Amendment was passed, as part of the Great Compromise, they invented a new rationale for bicameralism in which the Senate would have states represented equally, and the House would have them represented by population.
Many nations with parliaments have to some degree emulated the British three-tier model, the older justification for second chambers—providing opportunities for second thoughts about legislation—has survived. An example of controversy regarding a second chamber has been the debate over the powers of the Canadian Senate or the election of the Senate of France. The relationship between the two chambers varies, in cases, they have equal power, while in others. The first tends to be the case in federal systems and those with presidential governments, the latter tends to be the case in unitary states with parliamentary systems. In the United States both houses of the U. S and this is due to their original location in the two-story building that was to house them. In Canada, the country as a whole is divided into a number of Senate Divisions, each with a different number of Senators, Senators in Canada are not elected by the people but are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Muhammadu Buhari GCFR is the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nations head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985. The term Buharism is ascribed to the Buhari military government and he unsuccessfully ran for the office of president in the 2003,2007 and 2011 general elections. In December 2014, he emerged as the candidate of the All Progressives Congress for the March 2015 general elections. Buhari won the election, defeating the incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan and this marked the first time in the history of Nigeria that an incumbent president lost to an opposition candidate in a general election. He was sworn in on 29 May 2015, Buhari has stated that he takes responsibility for anything over which he presided during his military rule, and that he cannot change the past. He has described himself as a converted democrat, Muhammadu Buhari was born to a Fulani family on 17 December 1942, in Daura, Katsina State, to his father Adamu and mother Zulaihat.
He is the child of his father. Buhari was raised by his mother, after his father died when he was four years old. He attended primary school in Daura and Maiadua before proceeding to Katsina Model School in 1953, Buhari joined the Nigerian Army by enrolling in the Nigerian Military Training College in 1961. In February 1964, the college was upgraded to an officer commissioning unit of the Nigerian Army, from 1962 to 1963, Buhari underwent officer cadet training at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot in England. In January 1963, Buhari was commissioned a lieutenant and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta. From November 1963 to January 1964, Buhari attended the Platoon Commanders Course at the Nigerian Military Training College, in 1964, he facilitated his military training by attending the Mechanical Transport Officers Course at the Army Mechanical Transport School in Borden, United Kingdom. From 1965 to 1967, Buhari served as commander of the Second Infantry Battalion and appointed major, Second Sector, First Infantry Division.
Other participants in the coup on 28 July 1966 included 2nd Lieutenant Sani Abacha, Lieutenant Ibrahim Babangida, Major Theophilus Danjuma, the counter-coup was very bloody leading to the murder of mostly Igbo officers. Among the casualties were the first military head of state General Aguiyi Ironsi and Lt Colonel Adekunle Fajuyi, the military governor of the Western Region. Buhari was assigned to the 1st Division under the command of Lt. Col Mohammed Shuwa, the 1st division was divided into sectors and battalions with Shuwa assisted by sector commanders Martin Adamu and Sule Apollo who was replaced by Theophilus Danjuma. Buharis initial assignment was as Adjutant and Company Commander 2 battalion unit, the 2 battalion was one of the units that participated in the first actions of the war, they started from Gakem near Afikpo and moved towards Ogoja with support from Gado Naskos artillery squad
Oluyemi Yemi Oluleke Osinbajo is the current Vice President of Nigeria, in office since 29 May 2015. He is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria, Professor of Law and until his inauguration as Vice President, a Senior Partner with SimmonsCooper Partners, Yemi Osinbajo was born into the family of Opeoluwa Osinbajo on 8 March 1957, Creek Hospital, Lagos. Osinbajo is married to Dolapo Osinbajo, a granddaughter of Obafemi Awolowo, Yemi Osinbajo was educated at Corona primary School, in Lagos. Between 1969–1975, he attended Igbobi College Yaba, Nigeria, from 1975–1978, he studied for his undergraduate degree in Law at the University of Lagos, where he was awarded a LLB Law degree. From 1979–1980 he attended Nigerian Law School, in 1981, he was awarded a Master of Laws after attending the London School of Economics. From 1979–1980, Osinbajo served the one year youth service as a legal officer with Bendel Development and Planning Authority. In 1981, he was employed as a law lecturer at the University of Lagos, from 1983 to 1986, he was Senior lecturer of Law at the University of Lagos.
From 1988 to 1992, he was an Adviser to the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Osinbajo began lecturing at the age of 23. From 1997 to 1999 he was made Professor of Law and Head of Department of Public Law, from 1999 to 2007, Osinbajo was Member of Cabinet, Lagos State Ministry of Justice, Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice. From 2007 to 2013 Osinbajo was once employed as a Professor of Law, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law. In 2007, Osinbajo was made Senior Partner, Simmons Cooper Partners, Osinbajo was a Senior lecturer at the Lagos State University. Other past roles include, Staff Member, United Nations Operations in Somalia, Justice Division, United Nations Secretary General’s Committee of Experts on Conduct and Discipline of UN, Peacekeeping Personnel around the globe, Member,2006. Partner in Law Firm of Osinbajo, Kukoyi & Adokpaye, Senior lecturer at faculty of law, Lagos State University Lecturing public law. Yemi Osinbajo was the Pastor in charge of the Lagos Province 48 of The Reedeemed Christian Church of God and he however still insists that he remains the pastor-in-charge of the said province and he is only on loan to the Federal Government.
In his words, Just like Pastor Ibitayo has said we are on loan, I am still the pastor-in-charge of Province 48 in Lagos and my wife remains wife of the pastor-in-charge and wife of the Vice President. After the formation of the All Progressives Congress in 2013, Yemi was tasked, with other notable Nigerians, to design and this culminated in the presentation of the Roadmap to a New Nigeria, a document published by APC as its manifesto if elected to power. The highlights of the Roadmap included a free meal plan. There were a number of programs designed to create opportunities for Nigerias massive youth population
Aminu Waziri Tambuwal
Aminu Waziri Tambuwal is the Governor of Sokoto State. He was elected as Governor after the April 11th General Elections and he is the former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Nigeria. He is an All Progressives Congress member and represented the Tambuwal/Kebbe Federal Constituency of Sokoto State, right Hon. Aminu was born on January 10,1966 in Tambuwal Village in Sokoto State to Waziri Tambuwal. He proceeded to Usman Dan Fodio University, where he studied Law and he completed his one-year compulsory legal studies at the Nigerian Law School, obtained his BL and was called to the Bar in 1992. He started off as Public Relations Officer of the NBA, Sokoto State chapter between 1996 and 1997 and he was a member of the Constitution Review Committee of the NBA. He was the Sokoto branch Secretary of the Association and Assistant National Financial Secretary of the NBA From 2000 and 2002 and he is a member of the Body of Benchers, International Bar Association, and the American Bar Association among others.
Tambuwal started learning the ropes from 1999 to 2000, while working as Personal Assistant on Legislative Affairs to Senator Abdullahi Wali. In 2003, he decided to run for a seat as representative of the Kebbe/Tambuwal Federal Constituency. He was elected into the House of Representatives on the platform of the All Nigeria Peoples Party, few months to the 2007 general elections, he defected to the Democratic People’s Party, alongside the former governor of Sokoto State, Attahiru Bafarawa. But when the DPP denied return tickets to former ANPP legislators, Tambuwal swung back to the ANPP, but again, when the ANPP governorship candidate for Sokoto State in the 2007 election, Alhaji Aliyu Wamakko dumped the party for the PDP, Tambuwal followed suit. Tambuwal has held offices in the House. In 2005, he became the Minority Leader of the House until he defected to the PDP, upon his re-election to the House in 2007, he was elected the Deputy Chief Whip. At various times, Tambuwal has been a member of committees including the House Committees on Rules & Business, Judiciary, Inter-Parliamentary.
He was a member of the House Ad hoc Committee on Constitution Review, the legal luminary, Mr Olisa Agabakogba was of the opinion that the police authority goofed in withdrawing Tambuwals aid as police are not meant to interpret and apply the law. In April 11,2015, Tambuwal contested and won the Governorship election of Sokoto State and he was inaugurated on 29 May 2015
People's Democratic Party (Nigeria)
The Peoples Democratic Party is a major contemporary political party in Nigeria. Its policies generally lie towards the centre-right of the political spectrum, currently, PDP controls only 12 states out of 36 states in Nigeria. In 1998 the PDP selected former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo as the candidate in the elections of February 1999. The duo went on to win, being sworn-in in May 1999, the Minister of Finance in this government was Adamu Ciroma, a former secretary of the National Party of Nigeria. In the legislative election held on 12 April 2003, the party won 54. 5% of the vote and 223 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives. Its candidate in the election of 19 April 2003, Olusegun Obasanjo, was re-elected with 61. 9% of the vote. YarAdua was eventually declared the winner of the 2007 general elections, held on April 21, in the Nigerian National Assembly election, the party won 260 out of 360 seats in the House of Representatives and 85 out of 109 seats in the Senate. At the PDPs 2008 National Convention, it chose Prince Vincent Ogbulafor as its National Chairman on March 8,2008, all 26 other candidates, including Egwu and Anyim, withdrew in favor of Ogbulafor.
Meanwhile, Alhaji Abubakar Kawu Baraje was elected as National Secretary, in 2011, after the Peoples Democratic Party saw members defect for the Action Congress of Nigeria, some political commentators suspected that the PDP would lose the Presidency. Following PDP candidate Goodluck Jonathans victory in the 2011 elections, it was reported there were violent protests from northern youth. The longtime slogan of the Peoples Democratic Party has been Power to the people, the party has a neoliberal stance in its economic policies and maintains a conservative stance on certain social issues, such as same-sex relations. The PDP favors free-market policies which support economic liberalism, and limited government regulation, on the other hand, the PDP adopts a more leftist stance towards poverty and welfare. In 2005, President Obasanjo launched Nigerias first National Health Insurance Scheme to ensure that every Nigerian has access to health care services. The PDP strives to maintain the status quo on oil revenue distribution, the PDP is against same-sex relations, and favors social conservatism on moral and religious grounds.
In 2007, the PDP-dominated National Assembly sponsored a bill to outlaw homosexual relations, the party is a moderate advocate of state-autonomy and religious freedom for the Nigerian provinces. In the year 2000 the introduction of Islamic law in states in Northern Nigeria triggered sectarian violence in Kaduna. Out of Nigerias 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, General Muhammadu Buhari won 21 states while President Goodluck Jonathan won 15 states, media related to Peoples Democratic Party at Wikimedia Commons Assemblyonline Nigeria News Peoples Democratic Party Latest News