Isaac Swayze was a soldier and political figure in Upper Canada. He was born in New Jersey in 1751 into a family of German immigrants. During the American Revolution, according to legend, he served as a secret agent for the British, was arrested, sentenced to death and escaped by exchanging clothes with his wife during a prison visit. In 1783, he was arrested by the British authorities at New York, having been suspected of committed a robbery, released, on condition that he leave town. In 1784, he settled at St. Davids on the Niagara peninsula, he is famous for being the pioneer nurseryman of the Niagara District, having carried trees on his back from New York State to his new homestead at Beaverdams. Swayze created the apple known as the Swayze Pomme Gris. In 1792, he was elected to the 1st Parliament of Upper Canada representing the 3rd riding of Lincoln. In 1795, he led a protest against the wording used on deeds that some people believed would prevent the sale of their own land, he was fined.
He was elected again in Lincoln County in 1800 after a campaign where he was accused of being a horse thief by his competitors, including Silvester Tiffany, who published his accusations in his newspaper, the Niagara Herald. At this time, Swayze supported policies favouring the common folk rather than the rich elite, he was elected again in 1804 and 1816. He was a captain of troops during the War of 1812, his house and barn were destroyed during the conflict. He was a vocal opponent of the reformer Robert Gourlay and helped bring charges of seditious libel against Bartemas Ferguson editor of the Niagara Spectator, for publishing an article written by Gourlay, he died near Niagara in 1828. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Colonel The Hon. Philip VanKoughnet M. P. landowner and political figure in Upper Canada. Born in New Johnstown, 2 April 1790, he was the son of Michael VanKoughnet,'a large landowner' and United Empire Loyalist, he was educated at the elitist school run by John Strachan which automatically placed him among the Family Compact. He fought at the Battle of Crysler's Farm during the War of 1812. In 1816, he was elected to the 7th Parliament of Upper Canada representing Russell. In 1833, he was part of a commission to establish a canal at Cornwall to improve transportation along the Saint Lawrence River, that brought him a personal profit of £10,000. VanKoughnet Island, off the canal, was named for him. In 1832, Philip VanKoughnet inherited his father's extensive lands in Upper Canada adding to them over time until at his death he owned the entirety of the district, his father had named the original settlement'New Johnstown', after Johnstown where the Colonel's grandfather, John, or Johann Eberhardt von Gochnat, had lived on arriving from Alsace in 1751.
In 1836, VanKoughnet was appointed to the Legislative Council of Upper Canada by Lieutenant Governor Sir Francis Bond Head. In 1838, he commanded a battalion of militia at the Battle of the Windmill. In 1870, he was appointed chairman of the Canadian Board of Government Arbitrators, it was said of the Colonel that he had, ‘all the stubbornness of a German, with the patriotism of a Briton’. He had ‘earned the respect of his contemporaries for his sterling qualities and honest patriotism’, holding little regard for the American revolutionaries. On 1 April 1819, he married Harriet Sophia Scott, daughter of Mathew Scott, of the Scotts of Scottsborough, Co. Tipperary. VanKoughnet's father-in-law had been'a eminent and respectable merchant' of Carrick-on-Suir, but following the Irish Rebellion of 1798, he was publicly flogged and wrongly imprisoned for giving grain to the starving Catholic population in his home town. Scott declared himself bankrupt after a lengthy Lawsuit against the man who flogged him, during which time the price of grain fell.
He took his family to America to regenerate his business, but this failed and back in Ireland he took his life in 1812. Mrs VanKoughnet's sister, Catherine Pack, was the great grandmother of the author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes. Philip and Harriet left thirteen children, who after his death on 7 May 1873, divided Cornwall, Ontario between themselves, their eldest son, The Hon. Philip Michael Matthew Scott VanKoughnet, became the Chancellor of Upper Canada, among others they were the grandparents of Lady MacDonald, Lady Van Straubenzee and Mrs F. E. Meredith; the VanKoughnets originated during the Middle Ages in Switzerland, when their name was spelt Von Gochnat'Von = "of Gochnang" after acquiring the lands of Gachnang and Schellenberg in 1336. They remained loyal to the Princes of Austria and were guests of the Holy Roman Emperor at Zurich in 1443, they entrusted their considerable land holdings to Sigismund, Archduke of Austria, but he and the succeeding Holy Roman Emperors used the money raised to fight a series of unsuccessful wars, leading to the loss of their land by 1556.
They were forced to move to Zurich and its surrounding villages. They remained prominent citizens there and as the Germans came to dominate the area they began to spell their name Von Gochnat. During the Thirty Years War Philip VanKoughnet's ancestor fled to Turckheim and Colmar in Alsace, where the next three successive generations of his family were members of the Grand jury; when the French regained possession of Alsace, Philip's pro-German grandfather was stripped of his status and in 1751 emigrated to North America, where the Dutch settlers, who did not understand the German pretext of'von', corrupted the name to VanKoughnet as it has remained. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
A legislative session is the period of time in which a legislature, in both parliamentary and presidential systems, is convened for purpose of lawmaking being one of two or more smaller divisions of the entire time between two elections. In each country the procedures for opening, in between sessions differs slightly. A session may last for the full term of the legislature or the term may consist of a number of sessions; these may be used as a parliamentary procedural device. A session of the legislature is brought to an end by an official act of prorogation. In either event, the effect of prorogation is the clearing of all outstanding matters before the legislature; each session of a parliament would last less than one year, ceasing with a prorogation during which legislators could return to their constituencies. In more recent times, development in transportation technology has permitted these individuals to journey with greater ease and frequency from the legislative capital to their respective electoral districts for short periods, meaning that parliamentary sessions last for more than one year, though the length of sessions varies.
Legislatures plan their business within a legislative calendar, which lays out how bills will proceed before a session ceases, although related but unofficial affairs may be conducted by legislators outside a session or during a session on days in which parliament is not meeting. While a parliament is prorogued, between two legislative sessions, the legislature is still constituted – i.e. no general election takes place and all Members of Parliament thus retain their seats. In many legislatures, prorogation causes all orders of the body – bills, etc. – to be expunged. Prorogations should thus not be confused with recesses, adjournments, or holiday breaks from legislation, after which bills can resume where they left off. In the United Kingdom, the practice of terminating all bills upon prorogation has altered; this break takes place so as to prevent the upper house from sitting during an election campaign and to purge all upper chamber business before the start of the next legislative session.
It is not uncommon for a session of parliament to be put into recess during holidays and resumed a few weeks exactly where it left off. Governments today end sessions whenever it is most convenient, a new session will begin on the same day that the previous session ended. In most cases, when parliament reconvenes for a new legislative session, the head of state, or a representative thereof, will address the legislature in an opening ceremony. In both parliamentary and presidential systems, sessions are referred to by the name of the body and an ordinal number – for example, the 2nd Session of the 39th Canadian Parliament or the 1st Session of the 109th United States Congress. In Commonwealth realms, legislative sessions can last from a few weeks to over a year; each session begins with a speech from the throne, read to the members of both legislative chambers either by the reigning sovereign or a viceroy or other representative. Houses of parliament in some realms will, following this address, introduce a pro forma bill as a symbol of the right of parliament to give priority to matters other than the monarch's speech.
In the parliament of the United Kingdom, prorogation is preceded by a speech to both legislative chambers, with procedures similar to the Throne Speech. The monarch approves the oration—which recalls the prior legislative session, noting major bills passed and other functions of the government—but delivers it in person, Queen Victoria being the last to do so. Instead, the speech is presented by the Lords Commissioners and read by the Leader of the House of Lords; when King Charles I dissolved the Parliament of England in 1628, after the Petition of Right, he gave a prorogation speech that cancelled all future meetings of the legislature, at least until he again required finances. Prior to 1977, it was common for the federal Parliament to have up to three sessions, with Parliament being prorogued at the end of each session and recalled at the beginning of the next; this was not always the case, for instance. The practice of having multiple sessions in the same parliament fell into disuse, all parliaments from 1978 to 2013 had a single session.
Since 1990, it has been the practice for the parliament to be prorogued on the same day that the House is dissolved so that the Senate will not be able to sit during the election period. However, on 21 March 2016, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced that the 44th Parliament, elected in 2013, would be prorogued on 15 April and that a second session would begin on 18 April. Prorogation is now a procedural device, the effect of, to call the Parliament back on a particular date, to wipe clean all matters before each House, without triggering an election. In the Parliament of Canada and its provinces, the legislature is prorogued upon th
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
The Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada was the elected part of the legislature for the province of Upper Canada, functioning as the lower house in the Parliament of Upper Canada. Its legislative power was subject to veto by the appointed Lieutenant Governor, Executive Council, Legislative Council; the first elections in Upper Canada, in which only land-owning males were permitted to vote, were held in August 1792. The first session of the Assembly's sixteen members occurred in Newark, Upper Canada on 17 September 1792. Shortly before the capital of Upper Canada was moved to York in 1796 the Assembly was dissolved and reconvened for twelve more sessions between 1797 and 1840 in modest buildings in the new capital. Members continued to be elected by land-owning males to represent the larger towns. During the War of 1812, American troops set fire to the buildings of the Assembly. Following the war, the Executive and Legislative Councils became dominated by the Family Compact, a clique of wealthy individuals led by John Strachan, which emerged in 1815.
The Compact was opposed to American republicanism and favoured full establishment for the Anglican church in Upper Canada. Their authoritarian style of governance and disregard for the will of the Legislative Assembly led to demands for government, more responsible to the people and the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837. Opposing the Family Compact were an assortment of anti-establishment members, but it did not gain strength until a more formal group of reformers emerged led by William Warren Baldwin starting 1820s and by William Lyon Mackenzie in the 1830s; the 1840 Act of Union united Upper and Lower Canada into the single Province of Canada and, from this point until Confederation in 1867, a joint parliament was held for the united provinces. 1st Parliament of Upper Canada 1792-1796 2nd Parliament of Upper Canada 1797-1800 3rd Parliament of Upper Canada 1801-1804 4th Parliament of Upper Canada 1805-1808 5th Parliament of Upper Canada 1808-1812 6th Parliament of Upper Canada 1812-1816 7th Parliament of Upper Canada 1817-1820 8th Parliament of Upper Canada 1821-1824 9th Parliament of Upper Canada 1825-1828 10th Parliament of Upper Canada 1829-1830 11th Parliament of Upper Canada 1831-1834 12th Parliament of Upper Canada 1835-1836 13th Parliament of Upper Canada 1837-1840 A few members of the Legislature left Canada.
Some left Canada to join the United States Army during the War of 1812. Some were involved in the Rebellion of 1837 and other just abandoned Canada. Most moved to the United States, some left for Great Britain. Navy Hall at Newark First and second Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada at YorkFrom 1824 to 1832, the Assembly sat at temporary locations due to the fire that destroyed the second home: Residence of the Chief Justice of Upper Canada Old York County Court House on King between Toronto and Church Streets Ballroom of York Hotel at York - one session 1813 York General Hospital Third Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada Legislative Council of Upper Canada Executive Council of Upper Canada Lieutenant Governors of Upper Canada, 1791-1841 Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada Handbook of Upper Canadian Chronology, Frederick H. Armstrong, Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1985. ISBN 0-919670-92-X James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac, provincial calendar, for the year of Our Lord 1827: being the third after bissextile or leap year, the eighth year of the reign of His Majesty eorge the Fourth...", 76, ii pp. James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac and astronomical calendar for the year of Our Lord 1828: being bissextile or leap year and the ninth year of the reign of His Majesty King George the Fourth...", 76, ii pp. James G. Chewett, "The Upper Canada almanac, provincial calendar, for the year of Our Lord 1831: being the third after bissextile, or leap year, the second year of the reign of His Majesty King William the Fourth...", 103, ii pp. Government of Ontario site
Prince Edward County, Ontario
Prince Edward County is a single-tier municipality and a census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. Long settled by Indigenous peoples, the county has significant archeological sites; these include the LeVescounte Mounds of the Point Peninsula Complex people, built about 2000 years ago. The county was created by Upper Canada's founding lieutenant-governor John Graves Simcoe on July 16, 1792, it was named after Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, commander-in-chief of British North America. Shortly after the American Revolution, the Crown made land grants to some of the earliest United Empire Loyalists to encourage their settlements in Ontario and provide compensation for property lost in the Thirteen Colonies; the county was composed of three townships named in honour of three of George III's daughters. For many years Prince Edward County has been associated with the wholly mainland Hastings County, its longtime militia unit has been The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, whose most famous member was Farley Mowat.
This noted nature author wrote And No Birds Sang, about his experiences with the Hasty Ps during the Second World War's Italian Campaign. On January 1, 1998, the Town of Picton, the villages of Bloomfield and Wellington, the townships of Ameliasburgh, Hallowell, North Marysburgh and South Marysburgh amalgamated to form a new city with the official legal name of Prince Edward County; each of the former municipalities is now a ward. The following are former municipalities: Ameliasburgh, named after Princess Amelia, youngest daughter of George III Athol Bloomfield Hallowell, named after Captain Benjamin Hallowell ), eminent Loyalist of Boston, he was the father-in-law of Chief Justice John Elmsley. Hillier, organized in 1823, named after Major George Hillier, military secretary to Sir Peregrine Maitland. North Marysburgh, surveyed in 1785 and settled by Loyalist veterans, some of Hessian birth. Named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Sophiasburgh, named for Princess Sophia, one of George III's daughters.
Surveyed in 1785 and 1787, settled by Loyalists from Nova Scotia and the Mainland. South Marysburgh named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Picton, named for Sir Thomas Picton Wellington, named after Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington Prince Edward County is located in Southern Ontario on a large irregular headland or littoral at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, just west of the head of the St. Lawrence River; this headland is surrounded on the north and east by the Bay of Quinte. As the Murray Canal now connects the bay to Lake Ontario across the only land connection, the county is technically an island. Murray Canal is crossed by 2 swing bridges, the single lane county road 64 bridge and the two lane country road 33 bridge. Bay of Quinte is crossed by two, 2-lane bridges of about 850m length - one carrying Provincial Highway 62 near Belleville and the other about 24km east carrying Provincial Highway 49 near Deseronto; the county's mild climate due to the influence of Lake Ontario has led to the establishment of about 50 vineyards and close to 30 wineries.
The lake effect from Lake Ontario results in heavier snowfall than in neighbouring counties. Prince Edward County is an island community encompassing 1,000 square kilometres, with over 500 kilometres of shoreline with beaches and limestone rich soil. Prince Edward County includes the population centres of Picton and Wellington and the communities of Ameliasburg, Carrying Place, Cherry Valley, Cressy, Fawcettville, Hillier, Lake On The Mountain, Mountain View, Rednersville, Rossmore, Salmon Point, Waupoos, Waupoos Island, West Lake and Yerexville. Population trend: Population in 2011: 25,258 Population in 2006: 25,496 Population in 2001: 24,901 Population in 1996: 25,046 Ameliasburgh Township: 5571 Athol Township: 1383 Bloomfield Village: 687 Hallowell Township: 4577 Hillier Township: 1851 North Marysburgh Township: 1312 Picton Town: 4673 Sophiasburgh Township: 2283 South Marysburgh Township: 1018 Wellington Village: 1691 Population in 1991: Ameliasburgh Township: 5357 Athol Township: 1416 Bloomfield Village: 689 Hallowell Township: 4349 Hillier Township: 1804 North Marysburgh Township: 1258 Picton Town: 4386 Sophiasburgh Township: 2110 South Marysburgh Township: 968 Wellington Village: 1426Mother tongue: English as first language: 93.3% French as first language: 1.3% English and French as first language: 0.3% Other as first language: 5.1% Events include the summer Classical Unbound Festival, with performances of classical music in unconventional venues and contexts by foremost Canadian musicians.
In the summer is the renowned Jazz Festival which occurs in the month of August. Some of Canada's most prolific jazz musicians gather in the county for this festival; the Prince Edward County Country Jamboree happens in August in Cherry Valley. With over 40 Top Notch Canadian Country Music Entertainers over 4 Days, its its 5th year this family event has options for day passes and Weekend Passes that include dry/rough camping. Visit at The Prince Edward County Country Jamboree on facebook for more details; the 50's & 60's Rock N Roll Music Festival is held in Cherry Valley. Take a trip back in time for this 3 Day Festival featuring the great music of The 50's & 60's. With over
Grenville County, Ontario
Grenville County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. The county was created in 1792, named in honour of William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Secretary of State in 1790, it consisted of five townships, which were settled by United Empire Loyalists in the late 1700s after the Revolutionary War. Prior to being settled by Europeans, the area was home to many generations of native cultures. Grenville County merged with Leeds County in 1850 to create Grenville County; the county covered an area of 272,261 acres. Prior to European settlement, numerous Native American villages were present in Grenville County; the French occupied this area at present-day Johnstown, in what was to become Edwardsburgh township, at Pointe au Baril in what would be Augusta township. These French settlements date back to 1759 respectively. In the late 1700s, land was surveyed in and around what would become Grenville County to be distributed as land grants to the United Empire Loyalists and their families for their loyalty to the Crown.
The first townships laid out were called the Royal Townships, were situated along the St. Lawrence River where land was most productive and travel was convenient. In the 1790s, three more townships were created further north of the existing townships which became part of Grenville County: Oxford-on-Rideau, South Gower, Wolford townships. Shortly after the Loyalists arrival and Scottish immigrants began to settle in the area as well; the European settlers dotted the new townships with small agricultural communities which were self-sustaining. These communities were established out of necessity, as roads in the area were not well-established during nineteenth century and people were travelling via horse and buggy, or on foot; every few kilometres, a village or hamlet was present. Most residents made their living through small-scale mixed farming operations. In 1850, Grenville county was amalgamated with the neighbouring county of Leeds, to become the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville; this occurred when the area ceased to be divided by districts, Canada began to be divided instead by province.
Prior to confederation, the area of Upper Canada was divided by districts, which held the counties, which held the townships. During the mid-1800s, counties began the districts were dropped. Grenville County consisted of five separate townships, two of which still exist, one under a different name; the five townships were Augusta, Oxford-on-Rideau, South Gower, Wolford. Augusta township, covers an area of 75,083 acres, it was first surveyed in 1783, was named in honour of Princess Augusta Sophia, second daughter of George III. This township is located along the southern border of Leeds and Grenville along the St. Lawrence River. Edwardsburgh township, covers an area of 66,669 acres; the township was first surveyed in 1783. This township is located along the southern border of Leeds and Grenville along the St. Lawrence River, east of Augusta township. Oxford-on-Rideau township, covered an area of 59,350 acres and was first surveyed in 1791; the township was amalgamated in the 1990s with South Gower township and the town of Kemptville to become North Grenville.
This township was located north of both Edwardsburgh and Augusta townships, between Wolford and South Gower. South Gower township, covered an area of 27,709 acres and was first surveyed in 1799; this township was located north of Edwardsburgh. Wolford township covered an area of 46,851 acres and was first surveyed in 1795, it was named for the Devonshire seat of John Graves Simcoe. This township was located west of Oxford-on-Rideau, north of Augusta. In the 1990s, Wolford township became known as its own municipality, was renamed Merrickville–Wolford. 1951 map of Grenville County
Norfolk County, Ontario
Norfolk County is a rural single-tier municipality on the north shore of Lake Erie in Southwestern Ontario, Canada with a 2016 population of 64,044. The largest community in Norfolk County is Simcoe, Ontario with a 2016 population of 13,922; the other population centres are Port Dover, Delhi and Port Rowan, there are many smaller communities. For several years in the late 20th century, the county was merged with Haldimand County but the merged entity was dissolved in 2000. According to the Census of Agriculture of 2016 by Statistics Canada, Norfolk County farmers are Ontario’s Number One growers of asparagus, tart cherries, peppers, rye and zucchini, other vegetables. Farmers in Norfolk County are among Ontario’s top growers of several other crops: sweet corn, potatoes, cucumbers and wax beans, carrots and lettuce. Located on the Norfolk Sand Plain in the Carolinian Life Zone, Norfolk County's soil type is sandy loam, the most fertile land in Ontario. With a mild climate and lengthy growing season, the region has long been the centre of the Ontario tobacco belt.
However, many farmers have begun the process of diversifying their crop selections to include fruits and vegetables, ginseng and wolfberries as tobacco consumption continues to decrease. Dennis' Horseradish is considered to be one of the longest lasting non-tobacco farming businesses in Norfolk County; the area has an active greenhouse industry. Despite this, farmers have asked governments to reduce the financial losses of moving away from profitable tobacco operations. A significant natural feature of Norfolk is Long Point, a 40 kilometre spit of land projecting into Lake Erie, it plays an important part in eastern North American bird migration, was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. Long Point Provincial Park is located on the point. More than 25% of Norfolk County is considered to be forested; the county seat and largest community is Simcoe. Other population centres are Port Dover and Waterford. By 1669, Europeans had reached what is now Port Dover, the French explorers De Galinee and Dollier de Casson.
They erected a cross with the arms of France claiming sovereignty for King Louis XIV over the Lake Erie region on March 23, 1670. A history of the area written in 1898 indicates an earlier visit to what is now Norfolk County, in October 1626, by a Recollet priest, Laroche-Daillon with two Frenchmen Grenolle and La Vallee; the priest spent three month with the Neutrals First Nation. The same account indicates that two Jesuits and Chaurnonot, visited the Neutrals in this area in 1640; the first European to live in the area, with the Neutrals, was William Smith, son of Abraham Smith. He settled near the current Port Rowan in 1793; this was in the first community, the Long Point Settlement, where mills were built by United Empire Loyalist settlers. In the subsequent years and grist mills were opened and the population increased. After the town site was surveyed in the late 1700s, the area was called Charlotte Villa and was renamed Charlotteville. Norfolk County was created in July 1792 as a constituency for the purposes of returning a member to the new Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, was described as having the following territory:...to be bounded on the north and east by the county of Lincoln and the River La Tranche, now called the Thames, on the south side by the lake Erie until it meets the Barlue, to be called the Orwell River, thence by a line running north sixteen degrees west until it intersects the river La Tranche or Thames, thence up the said river until it meets the northwest boundary of the county of York.
Norfolk County was reduced in size in 1798, with parts going to the counties of Oxford and Haldimand, became part of the London District. It consisted of the following townships: In 1826, the townships of Rainham and Walpole were moved to Haldimand County in Niagara District because of their distance from the London courthouse; the community, now Simcoe, Ontario was first settled when Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe gave land to Aaron Culver in 1795 on the agreement that he would build mills. After they were in operation, a hamlet formed by 1812, although it was burned down by American troops in 1814. Between 1819 and 1823 Culver laid out a village; the settlement consisted of two distinct areas, named by William Bird who arrived in the early 1800s and the Queensway which grew up around Culver's sawmill and grist mill in the 1820s. The post office was called Simcoe; the County had an important role during the War of 1812. Fort Norfolk was built in Charlotteville in 1813 with accommodation for 300 troops.
The Battle of Nanticoke, against American troops, was an important event in 1813. In August 1812, Major General Isaac Brock gathered a force of about regulars and militia at Port Dover. Using boats on the lake, they reached Amherstburg and attacked and captured the American Hull's Army at Detroit; the Americans forces burned Port Dover. The Americans forces burnt Port Dover, Port Ryerse and the Walsingham settlement in 1814. In 1837, Norfolk County was separated from the London District to form Talbot District, Simcoe was declared to be the district town. At the beginning of 1850, the district was abolished, being replaced by Norfolk County for municipal pu