Year 801 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. Emperor Charlemagne formally cedes Nordalbian territory to the pagan Obotrites. April 3 – King Louis the Pious, son of Charlemagne, captures Barcelona after a siege of several months. Bera is appointed first count of Barcelona. King Eardwulf of Northumbria leads an army into Mercia against his rival, Coenwulf, in order to flush out other claimants to the Northumbrian throne. A synod appears to have been held at Chelsea, as an extant charter records a confirmation of a land grant by Coenwulf, the king of Mercia, part of the council's proceedings. Rabanus Maurus, Frankish Benedictine monk, takes his vows in the monastery of Fulda and receives ordination as a deacon. September 8 – Ansgar, Frankish monk and archbishop June 17 – Drogo of Metz, illegitimate son of Charlemagne Al-Kindi, Muslim philosopher and polymath Waldrada of Worms, Frankish Duchess, married to Conrad II Wang Chengyuan, general of the Tang Dynasty Heathoberht, Bishop of London Rabia Basri, Muslim Sufi mystic and saint
"Mama Look at Bubu" is a song written by Harry Belafonte, Lord Burgess, Lord Melody and performed by Harry Belafonte featuring Bob Corwin's Orchestra & Chorus. It reached #10 on the U. S. R&B chart and #11 on the U. S. pop chart in 1957. It was featured on his 1957 album The Versatile Mr. Belafonte. Steve Karmen released a version of the song entitled "Mama Look-A Boo Boo" as a single in 1957, but it did not chart. Chubby Checker released a version of the song entitled "Mama Look a Boo Boo" on his 1963 album Let's Limbo Some More. Leftover Salmon released a version of the song entitled "Booboo" on their 1993 album Bridges to Bert; the Belafonte Folk Singers released a version of the song entitled "Mama Look a Boo Boo" on their 1997 compilation album All-Time Greatest Hits. Charlie Gracie released a version of the song entitled "Mama Look a Boo Boo" on his 2002 album An Evening with Charlie Gracie, recorded in 1998. A version by Nat King Cole entitled "Mama Look a Boo Boo" was released on his 2003 compilation album Remembering Nat King Cole.
Save Our Shores is a marine conservation nonprofit dedicated to "fostering a thriving Monterey Bay and Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary through clean shores, healthy habitats, living waters.”Over the last 40 years, Save Our Shores has been responsible for establishing the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, preventing offshore oil drilling along the Central Coast of California, developing the nationally renowned Dockwalkers clean boating program, banning single-use plastic bags in over 30 jurisdictions, leading various marine conservation beach cleanups and K-12 educational programs throughout the Monterey Bay area. Today, the organization focuses on advocacy, marine debris, helping community members become ocean stewards; this includes educating the greater community about local watersheds and marine protected areas, tackling the plastic pollution problem by passing local ordinances and hosting cleanups, supporting habitat conservation efforts and empowering community members to help them face oncoming climate change, continuing to implement their historic Sanctuary Stewards and Dockwalker programs.
Save Our Shores has been conducting beach, river and inland cleanups since 1978. The nonprofit hosts its public and school cleanups throughout Santa Cruz and Monterey counties. In 2017, Save Our Shores led a total of 243 cleanups. During these cleanups, Save Our Shores and community volunteers removed over 8 tons of waste. Data is collected from each cleanup to identify pollution and marine debris issues impacting the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary and the Pacific Ocean at large. For example, in 2017, the top three items collected were small plastic pieces cigarette butts, like microplastics, styrofoam pieces. Many of Save Our Shores’ advocacy efforts, including local bans on single-use plastics and polystyrene containers, are driven by cleanup data analysis. Sanctuary Stewards are the core volunteer force of Save Our Shores dedicated to conserving the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary; the program prepares community members to become educators and experts on issues affecting the Monterey Bay and work toward local pollution prevention.
Sanctuary Stewards give academic presentations, lead beach cleanups, participate in community events, work on various research projects, such as data collection and entry. Developed in 1999, the Dockwalker program provides one-on-one clean boater outreach in local harbors. Dockwalkers share clean boating best practices and provide boaters with clean boating kits, such as supplies to clean up small oil spills and resources to discard used oil and waste products. Due to its success, the Save Our Shores Dockwalker program was adopted and implemented statewide by the California Coastal Commission in 2001. Official website
39th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, which became a Training Division in 1943 after its recovery into India from Burma. The 1st Burma Infantry Division was formed 14 July 1941 at Toungoo in Burma; the Division was part of the British Burma Army. On the outbreak of war, the division was commanded by Major-General James Bruce Scott, it consisted of the 1st and 2nd Burma Infantry Brigades, the 13th Indian Infantry Brigade. Throughout the Japanese conquest of Burma, the division interchanged many units with its fellow Burma Corps component, 17th Indian Infantry Division. At various times the 7th Armoured Brigade, 16th Indian Infantry Brigade, 48th Indian Infantry Brigade, 63rd Indian Infantry Brigade came under command of the division, though only the original three brigades entered India as part of the division at the end of the arduous retreat, reduced to fractions of their original strength; the 1st Burma Division changed to an Indian formation at the end of the 1942 campaign.
While the majority of the Burma Army was reconstituted elsewhere in India, the division headquarters was retained at the front. The 39th division was soon re-roled as a Light Division with two infantry brigades and Mule and jeep transport companies; however this change happened more in name than in anything else as it never began to convert to an mule and jeep based transport and supply system. The decision to convert the division to a training role was undertaken in June 1943 after the poorly executed Arakan offensive when it was realised that the troops being sent into the field, both British and Indian, while not lacking conventional military fighting skills, lacked the necessary knowledge and training to operate in the Burmese jungle; the 39th was joined in its training role by the 14th Indian Infantry Division, the main operational unit during the Arakan offensive and had suffered badly both in terms of casualties and morale as a result. 2nd Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 2nd Battalion, 7th Rajput Regiment 1st Battalion, 9th Jat Regiment 1st Battalion, 8th Gurkha Rifles 5th Battalion, 19th Hyderabad Regiment 7th Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment 9th Battalion, 16th Punjab Regiment 15th Battalion, 14th Punjab Regiment 1st Battalion, 18th Royal Garhwal Rifles 2nd Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry 5th Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment 2nd Battalion, 13th Frontier Force Rifles 29th Gurkha Rifles Training Battalion 7th Battalion, 9th Jat Regiment 7th Battalion, 12th Frontier Force Regiment 17/18th Combined Training Unit Indian State Forces Training Unit 7th Battalion, 10th Baluch Regiment 2nd Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment 24th Light Anti-Aircraft/Anti-Tank Regiment Royal Artillery 9th Field Regiment Royal Artillery 145th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Malerkotla Field Company, Indian State Forces 26th Field Company, Indian Engineers 82nd Field Company, Indian Engineers All these brigades were assigned or attached to the division at some time during World War II 1st Burma Infantry Brigade 2nd Burma Infantry Brigade 13th Indian Infantry Brigade 48th Indian Infantry Brigade 7th Armoured Brigade 63rd Indian Infantry Brigade Magforce 106th Indian Infantry Brigade 113th Indian Infantry Brigade 106th Indian Infantry Brigade 113th Indian Infantry Brigade 115th Indian Infantry Brigade Kempton, Chris.'Loyalty & Honour' The Indian Army September 1939 - August 1947, Part I: Divisions.
Milton Keynes: The Military Press. ISBN 0-85420-228-5. 39 Indian Infantry Division at BritishMilitaryHistory
Reuben Uther was a noted Australian merchant and manufacturer. Born in England, Uther began his career in seal skins before emigrating to Sydney in 1807 where he founded a hat making industry, a region of industry that he subsequently monopolised, he was a signatory to the petition to Major George Johnston calling for the deposing of the Governor of New South Wales, William Bligh, having only lived in the country for one year. Awarded a 400 acre ground by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1812 during the fallout from the Rum Rebellion, Uther expanded his interests to include agriculture - meat production. Admired for his innovative farming techniques in Australia, Uther unsuccessfully petitioned the British Colonial Office during a visit back to England for the government to bequeath him more land upon which to farm, he married in 1812. He expanded his industrial interests to include that of ironmongery and mining, married a second time. Upon his death in 1880 his estate valued at 250,000 Pounds Sterling
Stonogobiops is a genus of gobies native to the Indian and Pacific oceans. This is one of the "shrimp goby" genera, the members of these genera being commensal with various species of shrimps. There are seven recognized species in this genus: Stonogobiops dracula Polunin & Lubbock, 1977 Stonogobiops larsonae Stonogobiops medon Hoese & J. E. Randall, 1982 Stonogobiops nematodes Hoese & J. E. Randall, 1982 Stonogobiops pentafasciata Iwata & Hirata, 1994 Stonogobiops xanthorhinica Hoese & J. E. Randall, 1982 Stonogobiops yasha Yoshino & Shimada, 2001