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818

Year 818 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. Vikings known as Rus' plunder the north coast of Anatolia, marking the first recorded raid of Rus' people on territory in the Byzantine Empire. April 17 – King Bernard of Italy, illegitimate son of Pepin of Italy, is tried and condemned to death by Emperor Louis I; the Kingdom of Italy is reabsorbed into the Frankish Empire. The Slavs on the Timok River break their alliance with the Bulgars. Duke Ljudevit of Pannonian Croatia sends emissaries to Louis I, to assert his independence from the Franks. Al-Andalus: A grave rebellion breaks out in the suburbs of Cordoba, against the Umayyad Caliphate. Andalucian Arab refugees arrive in Fez; the Anglo-Saxons, led by King Coenwulf of Mercia, raid Dyfed in Wales. Beginning of the Lemro period: The Sambawa and Pyinsa Kingdoms are founded in present-day Myanmar. Theodulf, bishop of Orléans, is deposed and imprisoned, after becoming involved in a conspiracy with Bernard of Italy. Abu Dawud, Muslim hadith compiler Al-Fath ibn Khaqan, Muslim governor Ariwara no Yukihira, Japanese governor Pepin, count of Vermandois Sahl al-Tustari, Persian scholar April 17 – Bernard of Italy, king of the Lombards October 3 – Ermengarde, queen of the Franks Al-Fadl ibn Sahl, Persian vizier Ali al-Ridha, 8th Shia Imam Cernach mac Congalaig, king of Brega Clement, Irish scholar and saint Felix, bishop of Urgell García I Jiménez, duke of Gascony Hildebold, archbishop of Cologne Michael the Confessor, bishop of Synnada Morman and king of Brittany Muiredach mac Brain, king of Leinster Theophanes the Confessor, Byzantine monk Quan Deyu, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Yuan Zi, general of the Tang Dynasty

Dean Monogenis

Dean Monogenis is an American painter and sculptor who creates architectural settings. He uses a variety of techniques in his painting which results in added lines and textures that he thereafter accentuates. Monogenis graduated from School of the Art Institute of Chicago, BFA in 1996. Monogenis has shown his work internationally at galleries including: Galerie Xippas in France, Switzerland and Greece, Stux Gallery, NYC. Artists he has exhibited with include: Maria Atmatzidou, Lucas Samaras, Darren Almond, Marco Maggi, Panagiota Apostolopoulou, Lydia Andrioti, Nikos Alexiou, Rebeca Bollinger, Amir H. Fallah, Peter Halley, Valerie Jouve, ORLAN, Pepa Prieto, Dan Walsh among others. Monogenis' work has been included in art fairs including: FIAC, VOLTA, Arte BA, Scope, Miami Project, Este Art Fair Monogenis was awarded: The Artist in the Market Place Program from the Bronx Museum of the Arts. FLOW 14 Art at Randall's Island., Visiting Artist Anderson Ranch Editions, Monogenis has held the position Artist in Residence at Spain's CCA Andratx Art Centre The Fountainhead Residency, New York's Pace University, Dyson College of Arts and Sciences

Calum Butcher

Calum James Butcher is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Dundee United. Butcher began his career with Tottenham Hotspur, but didn't make any first team appearances, spending some time on loan to Barnet. After leaving Tottenham in 2011, Butcher played for FC Hjørring in Denmark and English non-league club Hayes & Yeading United before joining Dundee United in Scotland in 2013, he had spells with Burton Albion and Millwall before joining Mansfield in 2017. Butcher was born in Rochford and grew up in Leigh-on-Sea. Butcher considered Steven Gerrard as his role model while growing up. Despite starting his career at Tottenham Hotspur, Butcher grew up supporting Arsenal. Butcher joined Tottenham Hotspur in June 2007 after going through the youth ranks at Ipswich Town and Southend United, he was named as a substitute for Tottenham in their UEFA Cup 1–1 draw with Shakhtar Donetsk on 26 February 2009. Butcher joined Barnet on loan in November 2009 and made his first team debut against Bournemouth in the 1–1 draw on 1 December.

After two months at Barnet, it was announced that the club had allowed Butcher to return to his parent club. Butcher went on trial at Exeter City and Southend United. At the end of the 2010–11 season, Butcher was released by the club. On 21 July 2011, Danish club FC Hjørring announced that Butcher had signed a one-year contract with the club. Butcher made his debut for the club, in the opening game of the season, a 4–0 loss against Viborg FF Butcher continued to be in the first team until he received a red card in the 77th minutes after a second bookable offence, in a 4–0 loss against Hobro on 29 October 2011. After a red card, however, suffered a shoulder injury that kept him out for months, it wasn't until on 28 April 2012 when he made his return from injury, making his first start in months, in a 4–0 win over Akademisk Boldklub. Despite being sidelined twice as the 2011–12 season progressed to an end, Butcher helped the club finished tenth place in the league. At the end of the season, it was announced that Butcher was to be released by the club and he was expected to return to England.

Butcher was linked with a move to AaB, as well a move to Viborg. However, neither of the move happened. On 7 September 2012, Butcher returned to England with his new club Hayes & Yeading United and he went straight into the squad for the following day's match against Dover Athletic, he started the match, as Hayes & Yeading won 1–0. He scored his first goal for the club, in the Third Round Qualifying of the FA Cup, with a 2–1 win over Salisbury City. On 30 March 2013, Butcher scored his first league goal, in a 4–1 loss against Billericay Town. At the end of the season, Butcher left the club. After leaving Hayes & Yeading United, Butcher joined Dundee United on trial, along with former teammate Kudus Oyenuga; the next day, Manager Jackie McNamara said both Oyenuga and Butcher had impressed during the trial and hinted they might earn a contract. On 4 July 2013, Butcher signed a contract until May 2015 with Dundee United, he made his competitive debut for the Terrors in the opening Scottish Premiership match versus Partick Thistle at Firhill Stadium in Glasgow.

The match ended 0–0. Butcher started in an away league match against United's local Tayside rivals St Johnstone but was sent off for a last man challenge on striker Stevie May. May converted the resulting penalty, he would only make one further appearance for the first team that season. As a result, Butcher was soon sidelined with a fractured foot, ruling him out of the season, but the club's assistant coach Simon Donnelly insisted Butcher could make an impact next season. However, 10 months Butcher made a surprise return to the first team in a 3–0 win over St Mirren; as a result, Butcher switched position into midfielder. He managed to get a run of games in the team and scored his first goal for the club in a 2–1 defeat to St Johnstone, nearly a year on from the match where he was sent off. In the quarter-final of the Scottish Cup against Celtic, Butcher was involved in an incident, which resulted in Paul Paton being sent-off, in a 1–1 draw. In the end, the Scottish FA decided not take action against Butcher, meaning that he was available to play in the Scottish League Cup Final.

The Scottish FA's decision was criticised by Celtic to allow Butcher to play. Butcher started in the final, as Dundee United lost 2 -- 0 to Celtic, his return to the first team saw him make scoring once in the 2014 -- 15 season. With his contract expiring at the end of the 2014–15 season, Butcher was offered a new contract. Upon learning about a new contract offered by the club, Butcher hoped the contract for him must be right or else he's leave, as the contract between both parties had not been reached. However, Butcher turned down a new contract, which he explained that he wasn't happy with the contract length as he was expected. After turning down a new contract with Dundee United, Butcher joined Burton Albion in June 2015 on a two-year contract. Upon joining the club, Butcher was given number twelve shirt for the new season. After appearing twice as an unused substitute bench in the first two matches to the start of the season, Butcher made his Burton Albion debut in the first round of the League Cup, in a 1–0 win over Bolton Wanderers.

Seven days on 18 August 2015, Butcher made his league debut for the club, in a 2–1 win over Blackpool. Butcher soon became a first team regular in the first team at Burton Albion, but continued to find himself after picking up a yellow cards several times throughout the season. Butcher scored his first goals on 19 October 2015, in a 3–3 draw against Doncaster Rovers. In the 201

House on Ellicott's Hill

The House on Ellicott's Hill known as Connelly's Tavern, James Moore House, or Gilreath's Hill, is a historic house museum at 211 North Canal Street in Natchez, Mississippi. Built in 1798, it is the oldest surviving building in Natchez from its early territorial period, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974 and a Mississippi Landmark in 2001. The House on Ellicott Hill is a National Historic Landmark and important as a grand and rare surviving example of an early vernacular building form once typical of the Lower Mississippi Valley. Built between 1798 and 1801, the house is one of the first buildings in the Mississippi Territory to exhibit the definitive characteristics of the Federal style; the house features a distinctive roof shape created by surrounding shed roofs attached high on a central gable. This Anglo-American roof shape differs from the French Louisiana vernacular where shed roofs extend from a central hipped roof; the Anglo House on Ellicott Hill relates to its French vernacular contemporaries in Louisiana in the use of bousillage, composed of mud and Spanish moss, in the exterior walls of the frame upper story.

Construction details document the early expansion of the house to the north and south and the early enclosure of a rear loggia. Built into the side of a hill, the façade of the house is two-stories including a raised brick basement. On the rear elevation, where the basement is beneath ground level, the house reads as a single story. A dry moat across the rear provides ventilation for the basement rooms. Eliza Baker in an 1805 letter home to New Jersey describes Natchez as having a number of houses that are similar in form, if not in scale, to the House on Ellicott Hill: …the style which prevails… namely one-story, with this difference--that there is a lower story dug out of the side of the hill presenting two stories in front and but one in the rear… a long gallery or piazza enclosed by Venetian blinds… Buildings that were similar in form to the House on Ellicott Hill inspired English travel writer Fortescue Cuming, in Sketches of a Tour to the Western County, 1807-1809, to write that he was “much struck with the similarity of Natchez to many of the smaller West Indian towns St. Johns Antigua…the houses all with balconies and pizzas.”

He was not the only writer to relate the early architectural character of Natchez to the West Indies. This similarity is understandable since Natchez and the West Indies shared the same mixture of national influences, similar climate, common trade interests; the House on Ellicott Hill stands on property acquired as a Spanish grant in 1797 by Natchez merchant James Moore. Construction began after January 1798, when the site hosted an encampment of soldiers led by Major Isaac Guion, commander of the United States forces ordered to take possession of the Spanish posts east of the Mississippi. A notice in Green’s Impartial Observer, February 21, 1801, indicates that James Moore, by that date, is living on the property. An 1805 city tax roll documents the house as having a tax valuation of $8,000, second in value only to Texada, built ca. 1798, documented as the city's first brick house, valued at $12,000. The architectural integrity of the House on Ellicott Hill is outstanding, with few changes made after the 1820s.

The house retains most of its original millwork, including the fan-lighted doorways of the front and rear elevations, which are arguably the earliest Mississippi expression of this common hallmark of the federal style. The interior millwork of the principal room is finely executed and includes a gouged-carved cornice and a matching pair of gouge-carved mantel pieces, one of, original and the other a matching reproduction dating to the restoration; the room includes a regionally unique ceiling dome that provided extra height for a lighting fixture and was lined with tin to reflect light. The house was purchased in 1934 by the Natchez Garden Club and restored, since it was in a dilapidated condition. Architect Richard Koch worked to restore the house, rebuilding collapsing masonry, repairing carpentry and plasterwork, restoring wood trim, among other things. At the time of the restoration, the house was believed to be a former tavern owned by Patrick Connelly, but research by the Natchez Garden club revealed that the tavern was located one block southeast of the house on Ellicott's Hill.

Alterations to the house are associated with the 1930s restoration and include the redesign of the gallery staircase and the removal of the extension of the masonry basement wall that enclosed the northern end of the lower gallery to shelter the gallery staircase. In typical Natchez fashion, the first flight of the dog-leg staircase abutted the front wall and extended across a window; the colonnettes on pedestals supporting the upper gallery and the slender turned columns of the lower gallery date to the mid-1930s restoration. Pre-restoration photographs document crude replacements of balustrade; the House on Ellicott Hill is open to the public as a house museum operated by the Natchez Garden Club, whose mid-1930s restoration marked the first time that an organization acquired and restored a historic building in Mississippi. Opening screens of the 1951 film Show Boat were filmed at the home. List of National Historic Landmarks in Mississippi National Register of Historic Places listings in Adams County, Mississippi House on Ellicott's Hill Official Site Natchez Pilgrimage Tours - provides tours include House on Ellicott's Hill

Hinduism in Seychelles

Hinduism in the Seychelles is the second largest religion after Christianity, with more than 2.4% of the population. The Hindu following in Seychelles has seen an increase in the community with the organization of the Seychelles Hindu Kovil Sangam and the consecration of the Navasakti Vinayagar Temple; the increase in size and popularity of Hinduism caused the Government to declare Taippoosam Kavadi Festival a holiday. 6% of the population of Seychelles are Ethnic Indians. But only 2.4% are Hindus In 1901 there were 332 Hindu families out of a population of 19,237 and 3,500 Tamil speaking people. The organization of the Seychelles Hindu Kovil Sangam in 1984 and the consecration of the Navasakti Vinayagar Temple in May 1992 were landmarks for the resurgence of Indian cultural activities apart from the religious awakening. There were over 2,150 Hindus in the Seychelles as of the 2010 Population and Housing Census, an increase of 500 from the 2002 census; the percentage of Hindus from the 2002 census to the 2010 census increased from 2.1 to 2.4%.

The Seychelles Hindu Kovil Sangam, over a short span of seventeen years, has established and entrenched some strong foundations for the preservation and further flowering of the Hindu culture. The ever-popular kavadi festival and special Hindu festivals are covered in Tamil, English in the national media and there is a wide coverage of such events over national radio and television. Thiru Navasakthi Vinayakar Kovil Victoria The Arulmigu Navasakti Vinayagar Temple is the first and the only Hindu temple in Seychelles that has Ganesha as the presiding deity. Since 1999, Ganesha has been elevated to this position. Apart from the presiding deity, icons of Murugan, Durga, Sreenivasa Perumal and Chandekeswarar are enshrined in the inner mandapam of the temple. Prayers are performed for the different deities on special occasions. Taippoosam Kavadi Festival, which began in Seychelles in the inner courtyard of the temple during 1993, is now conducted in the outer courtyard and a chariot kavadi is taken out in procession.

This festival has gained popularity as a national festival, so much so that as from 1998 the government has declared it a holiday for Hindus. Hinduism in Africa Indian Community in Seychelles Tamil Hindus in Seychelles

Embassy of Indonesia, Bandar Seri Begawan

The Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Bandar Seri Begawan is the diplomatic mission of the Republic of Indonesia to Brunei Darussalam. Since 1 July 2014, the chancery has been located at Simpang 336-43, Kebangsaan Street in Kampong Kawasan Diplomatik. Prior to this location, the embassy was located at Simpang 528, Lot 4498, Muara Street in Kampong Sungai Hanching Baru. Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Brunei were established on 1 January 1984; the first Indonesian ambassador to Brunei was Zuwir Djamal. He presented his letter of credentials to Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah on 13 February 1984; the current ambassador, was appointed by President Joko Widodo on 20 February 2018. Brunei–Indonesia relations List of diplomatic missions of Indonesia List of diplomatic missions in Brunei