# 81 (number)

| ||||
---|---|---|---|---|

Cardinal | eighty-one | |||

Ordinal |
81st (eighty-first) | |||

Factorization |
3^{4} | |||

Divisors | 1, 3, 9, 27, 81 | |||

Greek numeral | ΠΑ´ | |||

Roman numeral | LXXXI | |||

Binary |
1010001_{2} | |||

Ternary |
10000_{3} | |||

Quaternary |
1101_{4} | |||

Quinary |
311_{5} | |||

Senary |
213_{6} | |||

Octal |
121_{8} | |||

Duodecimal |
69_{12} | |||

Hexadecimal |
51_{16} | |||

Vigesimal |
41_{20} | |||

Base 36 |
29_{36} |

**81** (**eighty-one**) is the natural number following 80 and preceding 82.

## In mathematics[edit]

**81** is:

- the square of 9 and the fourth power of 3.
- a perfect totient number like all powers of three.
^{[1]} - a heptagonal number.
^{[2]} - a centered octagonal number.
^{[3]} - a tribonacci number.
^{[4]} - an open meandric number.
- the ninth member of the Mian-Chowla sequence.
^{[5]} - a palindromic number in bases 8 (121
_{8}) and 26 (33_{26}). - a Harshad number in bases 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10 and 13.
- one of three non-trivial numbers (the other two are 1458 and 1729) which, when its digits (in decimal) are added together, produces a sum which, when multiplied by its reversed self, yields the original number:

- 8 + 1 = 9
- 9 × 9 = 81 (although this case is somewhat degenerate, as the sum has only a single digit).

Look up in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.eighty-one |

The inverse of 81 is 0.012345679 recurring, missing only the digit "8" from the complete set of digits. This is an example of the general rule that, in base *b*,

omitting only the digit *b*−2.

## In astronomy[edit]

- Messier object M81, a magnitude 8.5 spiral galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major, also known as Bode's Galaxy, and the first of what is known as the M81 Group of galaxies
- The New General Catalogue object NGC 81, a spiral galaxy in the constellation Andromeda

## In other fields[edit]

**Eighty-one** is also:

- The number of squares on a shogi playing board
- The year AD
**81**, 81 BC, or 1981. - The atomic number of thallium
- The symbolic number of the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club. 'H' and 'A' are the 8th and 1st letter of the alphabet, respectively.
^{[6]} - The title of a short film by Stephen Burke:
*81*^{[importance?]} - The model number of Sinclair ZX81
- The number of the department in France called Tarn
- The code for international direct dial phone calls to Japan
- One of two ISBN Group Identifiers for books published in India
- Number of stanzas or chapters in the Tao te Ching (in the most common arrangements).
- Number of provinces in Turkey.
- Number of prayers said in the Rosary in each night.
- The 81 is a 1965 song by Candy and the Kisses.
^{[importance?]} - Artemis 81 is a 1981 BBC TV science fiction drama.
- 'The Eighty-One Brothers' is a Japanese fable
^{[7]} - Legend days that one half of a heart with the number 81 is still to be found at seedbox.

## In culture[edit]

The Arabic characters for the numerals 8 and 1 are visible in the left palm of the human hand. In China, 81 always reminds people People's Liberation Army as it was founded on August 1. 81 is used to refer to the motor-club Hell's Angels, since H and A are, respectively, the 8th and 1st letters of the alphabet.

## See also[edit]

## References[edit]

**^**"Sloane's A082897 : Perfect totient numbers".*The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences*. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.**^**"Sloane's A000566 : Heptagonal numbers".*The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences*. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.**^**"Odd squares: a(n) = (2n+1)^2. Also centered octagonal numbers".*The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences*. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.**^**"Sloane's A000073 : Tribonacci numbers".*The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences*. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.**^**"Sloane's A005282 : Mian-Chowla sequence".*The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences*. OEIS Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-29.**^**Kovalevski, Serge F. (November 28, 2013), "Despite Outlaw Image, Hells Angels Sue Often",*The New York Times*.**^**http://www.sacred-texts.com/shi/jft2/jft207.htm The Eighty-One Brothers