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829

Year 829 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. October 2 – Emperor Michael II dies after an 8-year reign in Constantinople, is succeeded by his 16-year-old son Theophilos, as sole emperor of the Byzantine Empire, he continues his father's ideology of iconoclasm. October – Battle of Thasos: Saracens from the newly founded Emirate of Crete annihilate the Byzantine fleet at Thasos, close to the coast of Thrace; the Cyclades and other islands in the Aegean Sea are pillaged. Emperor Louis the Pious appoints his 6-year-old son Charles as ruler of the Frankish subkingdom Alamannia, enraging his eldest son and co-emperor Lothair I, who begins an insurrection. Viking chieftain Halfdan the Black becomes king of Agder, he expands his realm through military conquest and political negotiations, dividing the kingdom of Vestfold with his half-brother Olaf. Giustiniano Participazio, doge of Venice, dies after a 2-year reign, is succeeded by his younger brother Giovanni Participazio, he continues the work of Giustiniano, in construction of St. Mark's Basilica.

King Egbert of Wessex invades Mercia, ousts his rival Wiglaf, attempts to rule directly from Wessex. He is recognized as overlord of other English kingdoms. Winter – Battle of the River Dore: Egbert of Wessex leads his army against the Northumbrians as far as Dore, where he clashes with King Eanred of Northumbria; the Nile River freezes over. The Bai kingdom of Nanzhao captures the city of Chengdu, in Sichuan Province. Ansgar, Frankish abbot of Corvey, is appointed missionary to Sweden by Louis the Pious, at the request of the Swedish king Björn at Haugi; the city of Wiesbaden is first mentioned by biographer of former emperor Charlemagne. September 8 – Ali al-Hadi, 10th Shia Imam Al-Nasa'i, Muslim scholar and hadith compiler Lu Yan, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Yahya I, Muslim sultan June 1 – Li Tongjie, general of the Tang Dynasty July 30 – Shi Xiancheng, general of the Tang Dynasty October 2 – Michael II, emperor of the Byzantine Empire Abu al-Razi Muhammad, Muslim governor Cináed mac Mugróin, king of Uí Failghe Cui Zhi, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Giustiniano Participazio, doge of Venice Leibulf of Provence, Frankish nobleman Li Yi, Chinese poet Li You, general of the Tang Dynasty Muiredach mac Ruadrach, king of Leinster'Umayr ibn al-Walid, Muslim governor Wei Chuhou, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Zheng Yin, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty

North Carolina Transportation Museum

The North Carolina Transportation Museum is a museum in Spencer, North Carolina. It is a collection of automobiles and railway vehicles; the museum is located at the former Southern Railway's 1896-era Spencer Shops and devotes much of its space to the state's railroad history. The museum has the largest collection of rail relics in the Carolinas, its Back Shop building of nearly three stories high is most notable for its size of two football fields long. The museum was founded in 1977, when the Southern Railway deeded 4 acres of land to North Carolina for a transportation museum. Two years another 53 acres was added to the original donation; the museum's first exhibit called People and Time opened in 1983. The museum grew over the years, most notably in 1996, with the opening of Barber Junction, a relocated railroad depot from some 30 miles away, the newly renovated Bob Julian Roundhouse. Barber Junction serves as the museum's Visitor's Center and departure point for the on-site train ride; the Bob Julian Roundhouse serves as the hub for most of the museum's railroad exhibits, but includes aviation exhibits and site history.

Several bays of the Spencer Shops roundhouse, built in 1924, are devoted to locomotives and rolling stock in the museum collection restored by volunteers. It was here. In the first 16 stalls, visitors can walk among the massive locomotives and rail cars on display in an open-air setting. Moving into the enclosed Elmer Lam gallery in stalls 17 through 20, aviation exhibits dominate, with a full size replica Wright Flyer, Piedmont Airlines exhibits, more. Moving into the restoration shop occupying stalls 21 through 32, visitors may see volunteers working on various railroad pieces, manufacturing parts; the remaining five stalls are dedicated to additional enclosed exhibits. The museum is the largest repository of rail relics in North and South Carolina and averages 80,000 visitors annually. About three-thousand people were employed to repair the trains at the Spencer Shops in the first half of the twentieth century; the Flue Shop, where all the flues for steam engines were produced, has become the Bumper To Bumper exhibit, featuring vintage and antique cars.

These include: several Model Ts, a Model A, a Ford Model R. A Highway Patrol car from 1935, a Divco Milk Truck, a Lincoln Continental and others are part of the museum's collection. In 2005, the museum's Back Shop underwent a massive renovation, which included repairs to the roof, re-pointing of the brick, a stabilization of the building's floor; this building, where the full overhaul of steam locomotives once took place, is most notable for its size. It is two football fields long and nearly three stories tall. However, it may be most notable for the words "Be Careful," standing some three feet tall, visible from nearly anywhere on the north end of the site. In 2009, the museum opened the Back Shop to the public for the first time, with an access ramp on the south end. In 2017 the backshop was opened allowing more exhibits; the museum has a heritage railroad, which operates passenger excursion trains on a seasonal schedule. Trains are powered by the Norfolk and Western #620, however, at times the Southern #6133 or Southern #2601 is used.

These two engines assist in special events where two or more trains are operating. Though the museum has no operating steam locomotives of its own, but has visiting steam locomotives such as Lehigh Valley Coal 0-6-0T #126, Flag Coal Company 0-4-0T #75, Jeddo Coal Company 0-4-0T #85, all owned by the Gramling Locomotive Works of Ashley, IN. In 2012 and 2013, the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum's Southern 2-8-0 #630 visited the museum offering employee and public excursions to Barber, NC and Winston-Salem, NC. From 2014 to 2015, the Norfolk and Western 611 was restored to operating condition at the museum, ran public excursions departing from Spencer in 2016 and 2017. Destinations included Lynchburg, VA, Asheville, NC, Charlotte, NC, Greensboro, NC; the #611 has been used on site for "At The Throttle" and "Be The Fireman" sessions, Cab Rides, Caboose Rides, it has pulled the Museum's Passenger Train. In 2015, the American 4-4-0 "Leviathan" locomotive visited the museum for the Lincoln Funeral Train event, commemorating 150 years since that event took place.

Tickets can purchased to ride the roundhouse turntable. The museum hosts a number of annual events and some one-time railroading events that bring rail fans from across the country. In 2012, the Bob Julian Roundhouse was the stage for all 20 of Norfolk Southern's Heritage locomotives during a two-day photographic event. In 2014, the museum hosted Streamliners at Spencer, with notable 1930s - 1950s era locomotives gathered around the Bob Julian Roundhouse turntable for a four-day event. Streamliners at Spencer included the Class J 611 Steam Passenger locomotive, visiting from the Virginia Museum of Transportation; this notable locomotive remained in Spencer for repair and restoration work to allow it to once again pull passenger excursions across the southeast. Annual events include Day Out With Thomas, the Polar Express, Fire Truck Show, Automobile shows, A Tractor Show, the Harvest Festival, the Easter Bunny Express, Valentine Wine and Dine trains, the new Brew and Choo Beer Train; the NCTM is host to Boy Scout Rail Camp, which allows for Boy Scouts and Leaders to camp out on the historic facility and earn the railroading merit badge.

It is the largest railroad related scouting event in the nation. The museum contains steam and diesel locomoti

1991 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 20 October 1991, to elect members to the 19th Grand National Assembly. It was the first by the ruling Motherland Party to be contested without its founding leader, Turgut Özal, who had become Turkish president two years previously; the result was a swing against Özal's former party in favour of its fierce centre-right rival, the True Path Party led by Süleyman Demirel. The vote saw. Necmettin Erbakan and his Welfare Party saw a party of religious background returned for the first time in 14 years. Welfare had a increased share of the vote and took several key provinces, including Istanbul in 1994 local elections. Bülent Ecevit's Democratic Left Party scraped through to win seven seats. Voter turnout was 83.9%

Hebridean (train)

The Hebridean was a named passenger train operating in the United Kingdom. The service was introduced on 17 July 1933 by the London and Scottish Railway. Along with its companion, The Lewisman, it was a summer-only express between Inverness and the Kyle of Lochalsh connecting with steamers to the Isle of Skye and Stornoway; the Hebridean departed from Inverness at 7.25am, reaching the Kyle of Lochalsh at 10.31am, returning at 10.45am arriving in Inverness at 2.00pm. It carried a through coach to and from Glasgow Buchanan Street. After the Second World War, the Hebridean was retimed to leave Inverness at 10.40am, arriving into Kyle of Lochalsh at 1.40pm. The name was dropped, but it was reintroduced by British Rail in 1965 on trains departing Kyle of Lochalsh at 11.10am, Inverness at 10.40am

Thomas Gray (surveyor)

Thomas Gray, C. B. entered into the British Board of Trade as a boy clerk in 1851, becoming Head of the Maritime Department by 1869, a position he held for over 20 years, becoming interested in everything related to ships and seafaring. In 1867, as assistant secretary, he wrote a pamphlet entitled "The Rule of the Road" known as "The Rules in Rhyme", which became famous for its well-known mnemonic verses. E.g. Aids to Memory in Four Verses Two Steam Ships meeting; when both side-lights you see ahead — Port your helm and show your RED. Two Steam Ships passing. GREEN to GREEN – or, RED to RED — Perfect safety – go ahead! Two Steam Ships crossing. Note. – This is the position of greatest danger. If to your starboard RED appear, It is your duty to keep clear, but when upon your Port is seen A Steamer's Starboard Light of GREEN, There's not so much for you to do, For GREEN to Port keeps clear of you. All Ships must keep a good look-out, Steam Ships must stop and go astern, if necessary. Both in safety and in doubt Always keep a good look-out.

According to Charles Dickens, Jr. Thomas Gray either owned or at the least operated a little steam launch going by the name of Midge as a hobby. "Midge." – A handsome little steam launch, a special hobby of Mr. Thomas Gray, of the Board of Trade, employed, under the able command of Captain Pitman, R. N. in the suppression of crimps and lodging-house "runners," the two most rapacious and venomous descriptions of vermin by which the Jack of other days was preyed upon. The Midge under a recent provision, boards all homeward-bound vessels on their way up the river, offers to any of the crew who may be desirous of proceeding straight home without waiting for their pay, a ticket to the desired destination, with a sufficient advance to sustain them on the way, the balance of their wages being sent after them from the Merchant Shipping Office in the East India-Road; the Midge's headquarters are at Gravesend, where is a branch Merchant Shipping Office, of which Captain Pitman is the superintendent. The Midge is one of the smartest little craft upon the river, is one of Jack's best and most practical friends.

A variant of this poem was featured in "The Donkeyman's Widow" by Guy Gilpatric, a Glencannon story which appeared in the Saturday Evening Post, 29 January 1938. He was buried at West Norwood Cemetery; the Marine Society awards medals each year to recognise "deeds of professional merit" in relation to any aspect of seafaring

Montague County, Texas

Montague County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas, established in 1857. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,719; the county seat is Montague. The county was organized the next year, it is named for a surveyor and soldier in the Mexican -- American War. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Montague County in the Texas House of Representatives. He carried the county in the 2012 Republican runoff election. On July 9, 2001, Texas Governor Rick Perry issued a state of disaster for Montague County relating to substantial fires which had ravaged large portions of the county. In interviews, Perry called the fire "the most vicious" he'd seen. On September 26, 2009, an historical marker on the Chisholm Trail was unveiled at the site of the former community of Red River Station in Montague County; the 5.5-foot concrete marker is the last of twelve erected in Montague County as part of a joint project of the Texas Lakes Trail and the Montague County Historical Commission to outline the Chisholm Trail.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 938 square miles, of which 931 square miles is land and 7.4 square miles is water. Jefferson County, Oklahoma Love County, Oklahoma Cooke County Wise County Jack County Clay County Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland As of the census of 2000, there were 19,117 people, 7,770 households, 5,485 families residing in the county; the population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 9,862 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.95% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.64% from other races, 1.21% from two or more races. 5.41 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 7,770 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.40% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,048, the median income for a family was $38,226. Males had a median income of $31,585 versus $19,589 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,115. About 10.00% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over. The following school districts serve Montague County: Alvord ISD Bowie ISD Forestburg ISD Gold-Burg ISD Montague ISD Nocona ISD Prairie Valley ISD Saint Jo ISD Slidell ISD In addition, a branch of North Central Texas College operates in Bowie.

U. S. Highway 81 U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 59 State Highway 101 State Highway 175 Bowie Nocona St. Jo Montague Nocona Hills Sunset Red River Station Prior to 1996, Montague County was Democratic in presidential elections; the only Republican Party candidates who managed to win the county from 1912 to 1992 were Herbert Hoover thanks to anti-Catholic sentiment towards Al Smith as well as Richard Nixon & Ronald Reagan in their 49-state landslides of 1972 & 1984, respectively. Since 1996, the county has swung hard to the supporting Republican Party similar to all white-majority rural counties in the Solid South, with its presidential candidates winning by increasing margins in each passing election; as a testament to how Republican the county has swung, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton by a margin of over 75 percent in 2016, compared to an only 4.7 percent margin Bob Dole won the county by 20 years prior at the start of its Republican trend. National Register of Historic Places listings in Montague County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Montague County Buford T. Justice Montague County government's website Montague County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Historic Montague County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.

Montague County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau