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Year 836 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Driven by tensions between his favoured Turkish guard and the populace of Baghdad, Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tasim moves his residence to the new city of Samarra, 130 km north of Baghdad. With brief interruptions, the city will remain the seat of the Abbasid caliphs until 892. Danish Vikings arrive in North Devon and Somerset. King Egbert of Wessex fights them at the Battle of Carhampton. July 4 – Pactum Sicardi: Prince Sicard of Benevento signs a 5-year armistice with the duchies of Sorrento and Amalfi, he recognizes the trade of merchants among the three cities in Southern Italy. Malamir, ruler of the Bulgarian Empire, dies after a 4-year reign and is succeeded by his nephew Presian I; because of his young age and inexperience, the Bulgarian state affairs are dominated by his minister and commander-in-chief Isbul. Pietro Tradonico is appointed doge of Venice; the Basilica of St. Castor in Koblenz is constructed; the oldest known mention is made of the city of Soest.

Æthelberht, king of Wessex Al-Musta'in, Muslim caliph Fujiwara no Mototsune, Japanese regent Ibn al-Rumi, Muslim poet Luo Hongxin, Chinese warlord Mihira Bhoja, king of the Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty Wei Zhuang, Chinese poet March 17 – Haito, bishop of Basel Adalram, archbishop of Salzburg Aznar Sánchez, duke of Gascony Herefrith, bishop of Winchester Heungdeok, king of Silla Lambert I, Frankish nobleman Malamir, ruler of the Bulgarian Empire Matfrid, Frankish nobleman Muhammad ibn Idris, emir of Morocco Nicetas the Patrician, Byzantine official Prosigoj, Serbian prince Ralpacan, emperor of Tibet Wala of Corbie, Frankish nobleman Wang Zhixing, general of the Tang Dynasty

Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

Pennsylvania elected its United States representatives at-large on a general ticket for the first and third United States Congresses. General ticket representation was prohibited by the 1842 Apportionment Bill and subsequent legislation, most in 1967; some representatives, including Galusha A. Grow, served at-large after 1842; this was allowed because Pennsylvania had received an increase in the number of its representatives yet its legislature didn't pass an apportionment bill during those years. Representatives were elected statewide at-large on a general ticket. After 1795, most representatives were elected in districts. At-large representatives were elected. No at-large representatives were apportioned after the 78th Congress. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Jean-Baptiste Luton Durival

Jean-Baptiste Luton Durival was an 18th-century French historian and Encyclopédiste. His father was Jacques Durival, Officier de la garde robe de Son Altesse royale, married since 29 October 1712 to Anne Humblot, his mother. Overall, the family consisted of three sons, Nicolas-Luton Durival the elder one Jean-Baptiste Luton and Claude Durival and two daughters Catherine and Marie Anne Durival. While his elder brother was secrétaire des conseils d’État et des finances under Stanisław Leszczyński, Jean-Baptiste took the post of first secretary of Foreign Affairs, premier secrétaire des affaires étrangères, under the Duke Étienne-François de Choiseul and led a diplomatic career. In 1777, he was summoned to the Dutch Republic as Minister of France, he was married to Louise Élisabeth Dufrène. Luton-Durival wrote several articles related to the Art militaire for the Encyclopédie, he was a member of the Académie de Stanislas. Essai sur l’Infanterie française. Détails militaires. Le Point d’honneur Histoire du règne de Philippe, translated with Mirabeau from Watson.

Amsterdam, Description de la Lorraine et du Barrois. Recueil des observations météorologiques. Jean-Baptiste Luton Durival on ARTFL Encyclopédie Project - Robert Morrissey, General Editor. Editor List of his articles for the Encyclopédie on Wikisource

NFL Street 3

NFL Street 3 is the third installment of the NFL Street series, released in November 2006 for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable consoles. This installment featured unlockable features than previous versions. Chad Johnson of the Cincinnati Bengals appears on the cover and was the official spokesperson of the game. With NFL Street 3 you can play your style of football both on the ground and in the air in this newest iteration of the popular NFL STREET franchise. Show off your style and boost your score by performing stunning aerial moves, jumping into the air and collecting special items and game modifiers that hover above the playing field. You will have the ability to control your Gamebreaker and pull off new Power moves that are available to both the offense and the defense; the previous NFL Street titles focused on using stylish moves to show up your opponent on the football field. Whether you were performing no look passes with your QB or went high stepping into the end zone, every successful showboat move you pulled off added to your Gamebreaker meter.

Once full, players could trigger this feature which would run a canned cinematic and give you either an automatic six points or a crushing defensive stop. However, in Street 3, Gamebreakers take place in real time, putting the success of the move squarely in your hands. Offensive players have the most versatility with these Gamebreakers, because just about any one of their standard moves are boosted. Pulling off a typical spin, stiff arm, jump or juke results in a flashier version of that action, along with a shockwave emanating from that player that knocks nearby athletes flat on their backs. Quarterbacks find that their passes get turbocharged; these streak towards their target with such force that it knocks the receiver an additional five yards or so down the field. While defenders have fewer moves, they're just as effective; when you're on the other side of the ball, you can perform a homing interception that lets you pull down any pass in the air. You can perform a homing tackle on an offensive player, which will force them to put the ball on the ground.

You're not guaranteed to be successful if you decide to pull off any one of these Gamebreakers, new to the series. For example, opposing defenders can time their tackles to hit you shortly after your offensive move has dissipated, ball carriers can be far enough down the field that your homing tackle will miss its intended target. What's more, it's now possible to dynamically cancel out the other team's Gamebreaker if you pull off your move at the right time; the added risk or reward to using these actions during a game or racing to collect up to three of them for your team forces you to improve your strategy for these moves during each match up. Redesigning Gamebreakers isn't the only change that's been made to Street 3; the previous game introduced the ability to get vertical by jumping off walls to avoid tackles or make incredible catches. This time around, players will be able to perform aerial moves to further extend their hangtime, helping throw off defenders and adding to their gained yardage count.

It's not explained in the in-game tutorials, but it's something to know about since it's shown off in the intro video of the game: once a player has jumped onto a wall and performs a secondary jump off the wall, there's a small window of time to hit the right analog stick in any one of the four cardinal directions, which will perform a flip or spin in mid-air. This move is good for at least another five or six yards, can sometimes be the difference between breaking a run wide open and turning the ball over on downs. There is one caveat about the new aerials, however. If you've played NFL Street 2, it may feel like you're not gaining anything new with these aerial moves, depending on the stats of the players you select, you might not be able to take advantage of them anyway. Another adjustment with vertical moves is the option to leap off the various boxes and obstacles scattered around every field that you play on. Not only can you use these objects as supplementary blockers or tacklers during a play, but you can use them as both a springboard for the aforementioned aerials as well as for collecting the various icons that are suspended above the gridiron.

This is different than the standard hotspots that were included in Street 2. You can pick up game modifiers that can change the course of the game; some of these are immediate, like receiving free Gamebreakers, while others are conditional, such as your next touchdown counting for 12 points instead of six. You can receive credits that you can redeem for gear such as shoes and other outfits for your players. Now, gear doesn't give you any attribute bonuses, so apart from making your own fashion choices, you may not have a lot of use for these credits. You'll be able to take advantage of all of these changes in Street 3's newly included game types. While pickup games and 5 of the Street Events, like Crush the Carrier and Open Field Showdown make a return to Street 3, they're joined by brand new game types. Bank matches are games where style points on either side of the ball are stored into a central place until one team scores, at which time they receive all the points; the goal is to get enough points to end that match.

Defensive Scoring places an emphasis on trying to stop the offense, every successful stop gives you points. On the other side of the ball, Yards For Points gives you points for each yard that you gain, although rushing yards give you twice as many points as passing plays. For players that like worki

IEC 60870

In electrical engineering and power system automation, the International Electrotechnical Commission 60870 standards define systems used for telecontrol. Such systems are used for controlling electric power transmission grids and other geographically widespread control systems. By use of standardized protocols, equipment from many different suppliers can be made to interoperate. IEC standard 60870 has six parts, defining general information related to the standard, operating conditions, electrical interfaces, performance requirements, data transmission protocols; the 60870 standards are developed by IEC Technical Committee 57. IEC TR 60870-1-1:1988 General considerations. Section One: General principles IEC 60870-1-2:1989 General considerations. Section Two: Guide for specifications IEC TR 60870-1-3:1997 General considerations - Section 3: Glossary IEC TR 60870-1-4:1994 General considerations - Section 4: Basic aspects of telecontrol data transmission and organization of standards IEC 870-5 and IEC 870-6 IEC TR 60870-1-5:2000 General considerations - Section 4: Influence of modem transmission procedures with scramblers on the data integrity of transmission systems using the protocol IEC 60870-5 IEC 60870-2-1:1995 Operating conditions - Section 1: Power supply and electromagnetic compatibility IEC 60870-2-2:1996 Operating conditions - Section 2: Environmental conditions IEC 60870-3:1989 Interfaces IEC 60870-4:1990 Performance requirements IEC 60870 part 5, known as Transmission protocols, provides a communication profile for sending basic telecontrol messages between two systems, which uses permanent directly connected data circuits between the systems.

The IEC TC 57 WG3 have developed a protocol standard for telecontrol and associated telecommunications for electric power systems. The result of this work is IEC 60870-5. Five documents specify the base IEC 60870-5: IEC 60870-5-1 Transmission Frame Formats IEC 60870-5-2 Data Link Transmission Services IEC 60870-5-3 General Structure of Application Data IEC 60870-5-4 Definition and Coding of Information Elements IEC 60870-5-5 Basic Application Functions IEC 60870-5-6 Guidelines for conformance testing for the IEC 60870-5 companion standards IEC TS 60870-5-7 Security extensions to IEC 60870-5-101 and IEC 60870-5-104 protocols The IEC TC 57 has generated companion standards: IEC 60870-5-101 Transmission Protocols - companion standards for basic telecontrol tasks IEC 60870-5-102 Transmission Protocols - Companion standard for the transmission of integrated totals in electric power systems IEC 60870-5-103 Transmission Protocols - Companion standard for the informative interface of protection equipment IEC 60870-5-104 Transmission Protocols - Network access for IEC 60870-5-101 using standard transport profiles IEC TS 60870-5-601 Transmission protocols - Conformance test cases for the IEC 60870-5-101 companion standard IEC TS 60870-5-604 Conformance test cases for the IEC 60870-5-104 companion standardIEC 60870-5-101/102/103/104 are companion standards generated for basic telecontrol tasks, transmission of integrated totals, data exchange from protection equipment & network access of IEC101 respectively.

IEC TC 57 WG3 generated standards for telecontrol protocols compatible with ISO standards and ITU-T recommendations. These standards include: IEC 60870-6-1 Application context and organization of standards IEC 60870-6-2 Use of basic standards IEC 60870-6-501 TASE.1 Service definitions IEC 60870-6-502 TASE.1 Protocol definitions IEC 60870-6-503 TASE.2 Services and protocol IEC 60870-6-504 TASE.1 User conventions IEC TR 60870-6-505 TASE.2 User guide IEC 60870-6-601 Functional profile for providing the connection-oriented transport service in an end system connected via permanent access to a packet switched data network IEC 60870-6-602 TASE transport profiles IEC 60870-6-701 Functional profile for providing the TASE.1 application service in end systems IEC 60870-6-702 Functional profile for providing the TASE.2 application service in end systems IEC 60870-6-802 TASE.2 Object models "IEC TR 60870-1-1:1988", "IEC 60870-1-2:1989", "IEC TR 60870-1-3:1997", "IEC TR 60870-1-4:1994", "IEC TR 60870-1-5:2000", "IEC 60870-2-1:1995", "IEC 60870-2-2:1996", "IEC 60870-3:1989", "IEC 60870-4:1990" at International Electrotechnical Commission


Benzdorp is a town in the Sipaliwini District of Suriname. Benzdorp is a small village in the southeast of Suriname in the district Sipaliwini and named after the English consul and bullion dealer Benz; the village lies in the jungle of the Tapanahony resort, near the Lawa River that forms the border with French Guiana, an overseas region and further north, in the Marowijne. Near Benzdorp is the rapids of Oemankrassiabra. Downstream lies the town of upstream is Anapaike. To the Southeast, across the Lawa River is the French Guyanese place Maripasoula. Southwest of the village is a mountain ridge with an altitude of 390 meters. Around 1885, gold was found in this area between the Lawa and the Tapanahony rivers, but because there was a dispute at the way in which the border ran between the Dutch and the French colony, the case was submitted to Russian Tsar Alexander III who in May 1891 awarded the area to Suriname. In 1902 Governor Cornelis Lely in Suriname, decided that the Lawa Railway would be built by the Government.

Via the railway line gold would be transported from the Lawa area to Paramaribo. The line would be over 350 km long in total. Due to disappointing gold finds, only the first half of the railway from Paramaribo was laid out and the other half was cancelled. Around 1974 the population of this town has shrunk to about 10 inhabitants. Nowadays near Benzdorp many gold seekers including a large number of garimpeiros are working and living back in the village. Since the beginning of the 90's Benzdorp once again became a gold extraction area in Suriname; the garimpeiros and gowtuman have drawn inland, a new village was founded, that nowadays is referred to the name Benzdorp, but only kilometers away from the original village Benz founded on the banks of the Lawa lag. In the contemporary Benz village an estimated 600 people, of which two thirds come from Brazil and the others Aukaners Maroons. Benzdorp is an Aluku village, they are active as gold miners in this part of their habitat. The Surinamese Government has the rights to gold mining in the Benz village and surroundings, a concession is issued to Grassalco.

Grassalco has contracts with the gold miners who are active on the concession, which in Exchange for a monthly fee, they earn the right to win gold on the concession. In May 2006, the village was flooded when the water of the Lawa reached far beyond the banks as a result of heavy rainfall, where many other Surinamese villages suffered from then. On April 3, 2008, an airplane operated by Blue Wing Airlines crashed upon landing at Lawa Antino Airport near Benzdorp in which 19 people were killed; the Lawa Antino airport is 10 kilometres west of Benzdorp. On May 17, 2013, a private helicopter from French Guiana, tasked with transporting gold during an unregistered flight in the interior of Suriname, crashed near Benzdorp gold mining settlement of Boewese, in the concession of NaNa Resources; the pilot got injured with a leg fracture and was transferred for treatment to Maripasoula in French Guiana